• Color Plates
Plate 2.1. Mural depicting Central Asian textiles and musical instruments. From the north wall of the tomb of Xu Xianxiu (d. 571) at Taiyuan, Shanxi (China); 4.5 × 6 m. After Wenwu Tiandi 1 (2003), fig. 1.
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Plate 2.1.

Mural depicting Central Asian textiles and musical instruments. From the north wall of the tomb of Xu Xianxiu (d. 571) at Taiyuan, Shanxi (China); 4.5 × 6 m.

After Wenwu Tiandi 1 (2003), fig. 1.

Plate 2.2a. Interlocking pearl roundels (30 cm in diameter) on a red and black honeysuckle design. Fragment of a fifth-century lacquer coffin found in Tomb M1 at Hudong, Datong, Shanxi (China). After Wenwu 12 (2004), fig. 8.
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Plate 2.2a.

Interlocking pearl roundels (30 cm in diameter) on a red and black honeysuckle design. Fragment of a fifth-century lacquer coffin found in Tomb M1 at Hudong, Datong, Shanxi (China). After Wenwu 12 (2004), fig. 8.

Plate 2.2b. Figures in nomadic dress in filial piety episodes, in a border of palmetto leaves, pearl roundels, and interlocking hexagons. Side of a fifth-century painted lacquer coffin (61 × 175 cm) found at Guyuan, Ningxia. After Ningxia Huizu zizhi qu Guyuan bowuguan and Zhong Ri Yuanzhou lianhe kaogu dui, eds. Yuanzhou gumu jicheng (Beijing: Wenwu chubanshe, 1999), plate 18.
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Plate 2.2b.

Figures in nomadic dress in filial piety episodes, in a border of palmetto leaves, pearl roundels, and interlocking hexagons. Side of a fifth-century painted lacquer coffin (61 × 175 cm) found at Guyuan, Ningxia.

After Ningxia Huizu zizhi qu Guyuan bowuguan and Zhong Ri Yuanzhou lianhe kaogu dui, eds. Yuanzhou gumu jicheng (Beijing: Wenwu chubanshe, 1999), plate 18.

Plate 3.1. The Aqsa Mosque, Jerusalem, with a view toward al-Zahir’s maqṣūra (added ca. 1031).
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Plate 3.1.

The Aqsa Mosque, Jerusalem, with a view toward al-Zahir’s maqṣūra (added ca. 1031).

© Jennifer Pruitt.

Plate 3.2. Al-Zahir’s maqṣūra, with inscriptions featuring Qur’an 17:1 at the top. Aqsa Mosque, Jerusalem.
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Plate 3.2.

Al-Zahir’s maqṣūra, with inscriptions featuring Qur’an 17:1 at the top. Aqsa Mosque, Jerusalem.

© Jennifer Pruitt.

Plate 3.3. Al-Zahir’s maqṣūra, looking toward the central dome and one of four mini domes. Aqsa Mosque, Jerusalem.
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Plate 3.3.

Al-Zahir’s maqṣūra, looking toward the central dome and one of four mini domes. Aqsa Mosque, Jerusalem.

© Jennifer Pruitt.

Plate 3.4. Detail of the concentric circle mini domes in the Aqsa Mosque, ca. 1031.
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Plate 3.4.

Detail of the concentric circle mini domes in the Aqsa Mosque, ca. 1031.

© Jennifer Pruitt.

Plate 4.1. The Apostle Thomas preaches the Gospel in India, from Barlaam and Ioasaph : Mount Athos, Holy Monastery of Iviron, Codex 463, fol. 4r.
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Plate 4.1.

The Apostle Thomas preaches the Gospel in India, from Barlaam and Ioasaph : Mount Athos, Holy Monastery of Iviron, Codex 463, fol. 4r.

Reproduced by permission.

Plate 4.2. Man and Death (Psalm 143:4), from the Theodore Psalter: London, British Library, Ms. Add. 19352, fol. 182v.
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Plate 4.2.

Man and Death (Psalm 143:4), from the Theodore Psalter: London, British Library, Ms. Add. 19352, fol. 182v.

Reproduced by permission of the British Library.

Plate 5.1. Seated Virgin and Child, said to be from the Abbey of Frigolet, France, ca. 1300. Ivory, height: 37.8 cm.
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Plate 5.1.

Seated Virgin and Child, said to be from the Abbey of Frigolet, France, ca. 1300. Ivory, height: 37.8 cm.

Private Collection, reproduced by permission.

Plate 5.2. Seated figure from Tada, Nigeria, late thirteenth–early fourteenth century. Nearly pure copper, height: 53.7 cm. Lagos, Nigerian National Museum, 79.R.18. Image courtesy of Bridgeman Images.
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Plate 5.2.

Seated figure from Tada, Nigeria, late thirteenth–early fourteenth century. Nearly pure copper, height: 53.7 cm. Lagos, Nigerian National Museum, 79.R.18. Image courtesy of Bridgeman Images.

Plate 6.1. Beryozovo Cup: Byzantine, twelfth century. Gilded silver, height: 11.6 cm; diameter: 18.5 cm. St. Petersburg, The State Hermitage Museum, inv. no W-3.
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Plate 6.1.

Beryozovo Cup: Byzantine, twelfth century. Gilded silver, height: 11.6 cm; diameter: 18.5 cm. St. Petersburg, The State Hermitage Museum, inv. no W-3.

© The State Hermitage Museum / photo by Vladimir Terebenin.

Plate 6.2. Detail of Plate 6.1, showing lobes decorated with human and animal figures.
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Plate 6.2.

Detail of Plate 6.1, showing lobes decorated with human and animal figures.

© The State Hermitage Museum / photo by Vladimir Terebenin.

Plate 6.3. Detail of Plate 6.1, showing female figure at a banquet.
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Plate 6.3.

Detail of Plate 6.1, showing female figure at a banquet.

© The State Hermitage Museum / photo by Vladimir Terebenin.

Plate 6.4. Detail of the Beryozovo Cup (see Plate 6.1), showing interior of the vessel displaying an image of Saint George.
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Plate 6.4.

Detail of the Beryozovo Cup (see Plate 6.1), showing interior of the vessel displaying an image of Saint George.

© The State Hermitage Museum / photo by Vladimir Terebenin.

Plate 6.5. Cup: Byzantine, eleventh century. Silver, height: 5 cm; diameter: 14 cm. St. Petersburg, The State Hermitage Museum, inv. no. W-1193.
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Plate 6.5.

Cup: Byzantine, eleventh century. Silver, height: 5 cm; diameter: 14 cm. St. Petersburg, The State Hermitage Museum, inv. no. W-1193.

© The State Hermitage Museum / photo by Svetlana Suetova, Konstantin Sinyavskiy.

Plate 6.6. Detail of cup (see Plate 6.5), showing interior of the vessel displaying an image of Saint Theodore.
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Plate 6.6.

Detail of cup (see Plate 6.5), showing interior of the vessel displaying an image of Saint Theodore.

© The State Hermitage Museum / photo by Svetlana Suetova, Konstantin Sinyavskiy.

Plate 6.7. Cup with heroic figures under arches: Byzantine, twelfth century. Gilded silver, height: 9.5 cm; diameter: 17 cm. St. Petersburg, The State Hermitage Museum, inv. no W-72.
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Plate 6.7.

Cup with heroic figures under arches: Byzantine, twelfth century. Gilded silver, height: 9.5 cm; diameter: 17 cm. St. Petersburg, The State Hermitage Museum, inv. no W-72.

© The State Hermitage Museum / photo by Vladimir Terebenin.

Plate 6.8. Comparison of decorative borders in the rims of Plates 6.1 (top) and 6.7 (bottom).
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Plate 6.8.

Comparison of decorative borders in the rims of Plates 6.1 (top) and 6.7 (bottom).

© The State Hermitage Museum / photos by Vladimir Terebenin.

Plate 6.9. Detail of cup (see Plate 6.8), showing interior of the vessel.
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Plate 6.9.

Detail of cup (see Plate 6.8), showing interior of the vessel.

© The State Hermitage Museum / photo by Vladimir Terebenin.

Plate 6.10. Lid from a cup: Byzantine, twelfth century. Silver, height: 9 cm; diameter: 16 cm. St. Petersburg, The State Hermitage Museum, inv. no. W-1193.
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Plate 6.10.

Lid from a cup: Byzantine, twelfth century. Silver, height: 9 cm; diameter: 16 cm. St. Petersburg, The State Hermitage Museum, inv. no. W-1193.

© The State Hermitage Museum / photo by Vladimir Terebenin.

Plate 6.11. Comparison of motifs showing an acrobat standing on his hands and drinking from his cup: details of Plates 6.10 (left) and 6.1 (right).
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Plate 6.11.

Comparison of motifs showing an acrobat standing on his hands and drinking from his cup: details of Plates 6.10 (left) and 6.1 (right).

© The State Hermitage Museum / photos by Vladimir Terebenin.

Plate 6.12. Plate: Byzantine, twelfth century. Silver, height: 5.5 cm; diameter: 29 cm. Photo courtesy of the Benaki Museum, Athens.
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Plate 6.12.

Plate: Byzantine, twelfth century. Silver, height: 5.5 cm; diameter: 29 cm. Photo courtesy of the Benaki Museum, Athens.

Plate 6.13. Comparison of motifs showing rider figures: details of Plates 6.12 (left) and 6.4 (right).
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Plate 6.13.

Comparison of motifs showing rider figures: details of Plates 6.12 (left) and 6.4 (right).

Plate 6.14. Candlestick: Ghurid or Ghaznavid, from eastern Iran or Afghanistan, ca. 1150–1200. Brass, height: 33 cm; diameter: 40 cm. Copenhagen, The David Collection, inv. no. 27 / 1971. Photograph: Pernille Klemp.
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Plate 6.14.

Candlestick: Ghurid or Ghaznavid, from eastern Iran or Afghanistan, ca. 1150–1200. Brass, height: 33 cm; diameter: 40 cm. Copenhagen, The David Collection, inv. no. 27 / 1971. Photograph: Pernille Klemp.

Plate 6.15. Detail of Plate 6.14 : lobes depicting plants and animals. Photograph: Pernille Klemp.
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Plate 6.15.

Detail of Plate 6.14 : lobes depicting plants and animals. Photograph: Pernille Klemp.

Plate 6.16. Saint George and Saint Theodore attacking a snake: Byzantine, eleventh century. Wall painting from Yılanlı Kilise (Snake Church), Göreme, Cappadocia (Turkey). Photo: David Ball / Alamy Stock Photo.
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Plate 6.16.

Saint George and Saint Theodore attacking a snake: Byzantine, eleventh century. Wall painting from Yılanlı Kilise (Snake Church), Göreme, Cappadocia (Turkey). Photo: David Ball / Alamy Stock Photo.

Plate 6.17. Dirham of Nasir al-Din Muhammad from Danishmendid, Malatya (Turkey), 1162–78. Copper alloy, diameter: 3 cm. American Numismatic Society, 1916.215.840. Courtesy of the American Numismatic Society.
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Plate 6.17.

Dirham of Nasir al-Din Muhammad from Danishmendid, Malatya (Turkey), 1162–78. Copper alloy, diameter: 3 cm. American Numismatic Society, 1916.215.840. Courtesy of the American Numismatic Society.

Plate 6.18. Saint George on horseback, ca. 1060. Wall painting from Deir Mar Musa al-Habashi, near Nebk, Syria. Photo courtesy of the Paul van Moorsel Centre, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam / Mat Immerzeel.
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Plate 6.18.

Saint George on horseback, ca. 1060. Wall painting from Deir Mar Musa al-Habashi, near Nebk, Syria. Photo courtesy of the Paul van Moorsel Centre, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam / Mat Immerzeel.

Plate 6.19. Copper coin featuring Saint George on the obverse: Antiochene Mint of Roger of Salerno, Crusader, 1112–19. Oxford, Ashmolean Museum, acc. no. HCR43814.
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Plate 6.19.

Copper coin featuring Saint George on the obverse: Antiochene Mint of Roger of Salerno, Crusader, 1112–19. Oxford, Ashmolean Museum, acc. no. HCR43814.

Image © Ashmolean Museum, University of Oxford.

Plate 7.1a–b. Silver, niello, and steel dagger, front and back: twelfth–thirteenth century, 38.5 cm. Just below the handle on the front is the warrior-saint killing a dragon (see Figure 7.1). Vaduz, Lichtenstein: Furusiyya Art Foundation (R-937). Images courtesy of the Furusiyya Art Foundation, Vaduz.
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Plate 7.1a–b.

Silver, niello, and steel dagger, front and back: twelfth–thirteenth century, 38.5 cm. Just below the handle on the front is the warrior-saint killing a dragon (see Figure 7.1). Vaduz, Lichtenstein: Furusiyya Art Foundation (R-937). Images courtesy of the Furusiyya Art Foundation, Vaduz.

Plate 8.1. Detail of the back of a gilded bronze mirror with landscape, figures, and divinatory symbols, dating to the eighth century: Shōsō-in, Nara (Japan). The Shōsō-in Treasures, courtesy of the Imperial Household Agency.
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Plate 8.1.

Detail of the back of a gilded bronze mirror with landscape, figures, and divinatory symbols, dating to the eighth century: Shōsō-in, Nara (Japan). The Shōsō-in Treasures, courtesy of the Imperial Household Agency.

Plate 8.2. Banner of a bodhisattva standing under a canopy on a lotus, ca. 850 CE: ink and colour on silk, originally from Cave 17, Dunhuang (China). Currently in the Stein Collection, British Museum. Courtesy of the British Museum.
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Plate 8.2.

Banner of a bodhisattva standing under a canopy on a lotus, ca. 850 CE: ink and colour on silk, originally from Cave 17, Dunhuang (China). Currently in the Stein Collection, British Museum. Courtesy of the British Museum.

Additional Information

ISSN
2377-3553
Print ISSN
2377-3561
Launched on MUSE
2020-07-24
Open Access
Yes
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