The Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) was first proposed in Congress by the National Women’s Party in 1923. The U.S. House of Representatives approved it in 1970; the U.S. Senate voted its approval in 1972. Thirty of the necessary thirty-eight states ratified the Amendment in 1973. Today, supporters of ERA actively seek its ratification:
Section 1. Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex.
Section 2. The Congress shall have the power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.
Section 3. This amendment shall take effect two years after the date of ratification. [End Page 271]