Branching Out, Digging In
Environmental Advocacy and Agenda Setting
Publication Year: 2006
Published by: Georgetown University Press
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List of Illustrations
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I owe a great deal of thanks to many people whose participation in this project and support during my research and writing made this book possible. My greatest debt is to Peter May at the University of Washington, whose encouragement, guidance, and intellectual advice was unequaled. He was a sounding board for my ideas, helped me clarify my thinking, and read early versions ...
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On July 1, 1993, environmental activists gathered outside Canadian embassies in England, Germany, Austria, Japan, and the United States holding placards and chanting slogans in an attempt to raise international awareness about Canada’s destructive logging practices. These demonstrations composed the first “International Day of Protest” to save the rain forests of Clayoquot Sound, a remote area on the west coast of Vancouver Island, British Columbia. When the campaign to protect the sound was launched nearly...
1. The Expansion and Containment of Policy Conflict
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When Congress started debating the Quincy Library Group Forest Recovery and Economic Stability Act in the spring of 1997, opposition to the legislation by members of the environmental community was palpable. Nevertheless, leaders in the fight against the QLG forest plan were frustrated: They had generally failed to attract the attention of the broader...
Part I: The Expansion of Conflict in British Columbia Forest Politics
2. Forest Policy in British Columbia and the Conflict over Clayoquot Sound
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Forests are central to the ecology, economy, and politics of British Columbia. About two-thirds of the province is forested and is home to a rich diversity of plant and animal species. Forest products are one of the biggest exports in British Columbia, and the forest industry alone is a source of approximately ninety thousand jobs.ï›œ Beginning in the 1990s, forest management rose to ...
3. Constructing the Global: Issue Expansion in Clayoquot Sound, British Columbia
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The expansion of conflict over old-growth logging in Clayoquot Sound, British Columbia, is a dramatic example of how issues can transform from local or regional problems into global ones. For many years, local antilogging groups on Vancouver Island battled the forestry industry in relative obscurity. In the 1980s, environmentalists faced off against prologging forces in a...
4. From Local to Global: Expanding Participation in Clayoquot Sound
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The confl ict in Clayoquot Sound began as a local issue concerning Mac- Millan Bloedel’s plans to log Meares Island. The industry and government’s response to the Meares conflict was not unlike their reaction to land-use conflicts prior to it: They made some concessions to environmentalists but offered these concessions “in the context of a strategy aimed at containing the movement” (J. Wilson 1990, 154). In the immediate wake...
5. Venue Shopping in an International Context
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The previous chapter examined patterns of participation in the Clayoquot Sound case in order to understand why and how it attracted the participation of actors around the globe. Battles over who gets involved in an issue are important components of policy conflicts because the extent of audience participation changes the nature of the conflict and shapes policy outcomes.
Part II: The Containment of Conflict in Northern California
6. U.S. Forest Policy and the Birth of the Quincy Library Group
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Forest policy and politics in the Sierra Nevada mountain range in California, home to nine national forests covering about nine million acres of public land, followed a similar historical path to that of other regions in the western United States. For the first part of the twentieth century, conflict over the use of forest resources was relatively contained as the forest service took a ...
7 Retreating to the Local: Issue Containment in Northern California
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The battle over old-growth forests in the United States captured public attention throughout the 1980s and into the 1990s as the bitter fight over the ancient forests in the states of Washington and Oregon raged in and outside the courtroom. While the Pacific Northwest was the epicenter of the conflict in the United States, northern California was also experiencing its share of ...
8. Allies, Opponents, and Audiences: Containing Participation in the Quincy Library Group
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In 1997, when the U.S. House of Representatives was debating the Quincy Library Group Forest Recovery and Economic Stability Act, 140 environmental groups signed a letter to Congress expressing opposition to the legislation. But the House passed the bill over the objections of the environmental lobby, and passed it overwhelmingly-only one member of Congress, a Republican, ...
9. Lawsuits, Libraries, and Legislatures: The Quincy Library Group and Venue Shopping
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The preceding chapter illustrated how the QLG successfully contained participation in the conflict over its forest management plan. To members and supporters of the QLG, however, the idea that they had contained participation was absurd; members of the QLG note that the core group consisted of nearly thirty people and that meetings often drew more than one...
10. Managing Policy Conflicts
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This book began as an attempt to understand why two confl icts over similar substantive issues took such different trajectories, where one expanded internationally while the other was largely confined to the local level. Since Schattschneider (1960), scholars have recognized that the degree of conflict surrounding an issue shapes its development and resolution. Where there is little or no conflict, policy tends to be made by a relatively small set of policy...
Appendix: Sample Interview Questions
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Page Count: 296
Publication Year: 2006
Series Title: American Governance and Public Policy series