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Although Gandhi has been the subject of hundreds of books and an Oscar-winning film, there has been no sustained study of his engagement with major figures in the Indian Independence Movement who were often his critics from 1920–1948. This book fills that gap by examining the strengths and weaknesses of Gandhi’s contribution to India as evidenced in the letters, speeches, and newspaper articles focused on the dialogue/debate between Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru, Rabindranath Tagore, Sri Aurobindo, Bhim Rao Ambedkar, Annie Besant, and C. F. Andrews. The book also covers key groups within India that Gandhi sought to incorporate into his Independence Movement—the Hindu Right, Muslims, Christians, and Sikhs—and analyzes Gandhi’s ambiguous stance regarding the Hindi-Urdu question and its impact on the Independence struggle.

Table of Contents

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  1. Cover
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  1. Frontmatter
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  1. Title Page
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. v-vi
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. p. vii
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-15
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  1. Part I: Critiques of Gandhi by Individuals
  2. pp. 17-27
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  1. 1. The Convergence of Distinct Worlds: Nehru and Gandhi
  2. pp. 19-39
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  1. 2. Gandhi, Ambedkar, and Untouchability
  2. pp. 41-66
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  1. 3. Of Many Mahatmas: Besant, Gandhi, and Indian Nationalism
  2. pp. 67-86
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  1. 4. Sri Aurobindo’s Dismissal of Gandhi and His Nonviolence
  2. pp. 87-105
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  1. 5. Tagore and Gandhi
  2. pp. 107-128
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  1. Part II: Critiques of Gandhi by Groups
  1. 6. The Hindu Mahasabha and Gandhi
  2. pp. 131-151
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  1. 7. Gandhi and the Christian Community
  2. pp. 153-169
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  1. 8. The Mahatma and the Sikhs
  2. pp. 171-191
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  1. 9. Indian Muslim Critiques of Gandhi
  2. pp. 193-216
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  1. 10. Gandhi and the Hindi-Urdu Question
  2. pp. 217-237
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  1. Conclusion: A Debate for Our Times
  2. pp. 239-257
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  1. Appendix: Chronology of Gandhi, His Critics, and the Independence Movement
  2. pp. 259-269
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 271-274
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 275-287
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