In this Book

buy this book Buy This Book in Print
summary

For over a century French officials in Indochina systematically uprooted métis children—those born of Southeast Asian mothers and white, African, or Indian fathers—from their homes. In many cases, and for a wide range of reasons—death, divorce, the end of a romance, a return to France, or because the birth was the result of rape—the father had left the child in the mother's care. Although the program succeeded in rescuing homeless children from life on the streets, for those in their mothers' care it was disastrous. Citing an 1889 French law and claiming that raising children in the Southeast Asian cultural milieu was tantamount to abandonment, colonial officials sought permanent, "protective" custody of the children, placing them in state-run orphanages or educational institutions to be transformed into "little Frenchmen."


The Uprooted offers an in-depth investigation of the colony's child-removal program: the motivations behind it, reception of it, and resistance to it. Métis children, Eurasians in particular, were seen as a threat on multiple fronts—colonial security, white French dominance, and the colonial gender order. Officials feared that abandoned métis might become paupers or prostitutes, thereby undermining white prestige. Métis were considered particularly vulnerable to the lure of anticolonialist movements—their ambiguous racial identity and outsider status, it was thought, might lead them to rebellion. Métischildren who could pass for white also played a key role in French plans to augment their own declining numbers and reproduce the French race, nation, and, after World War II, empire.


French child welfare organizations continued to work in Vietnam well beyond independence, until 1975. The story of the métis children they sought to help highlights the importance—and vulnerability—of indigenous mothers and children to the colonial project. Part of a larger historical trend, the Indochina case shows striking parallels to that of Australia's "Stolen Generation" and the Indian and First Nations boarding schools in the United States and Canada. This poignant and little known story will be of interest to scholars of French and Southeast Asian studies, colonialism, gender studies, and the historiography of the family.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. restricted access
    • Download PDF Download
  1. Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
  2. pp. i-vi
  3. restricted access
    • Download PDF Download
  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-viii
  3. restricted access
    • Download PDF Download
  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. ix-xii
  3. restricted access
    • Download PDF Download
  1. Abbreviations
  2. pp. xiii-xiv
  3. restricted access
    • Download PDF Download
  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-16
  3. restricted access
    • Download PDF Download
  1. 1. Founding of the Métis Protection Societies, 1870–1908
  2. pp. 17-38
  3. restricted access
    • Download PDF Download
  1. 2. Frenchmen’s Children, 1909–1929
  2. pp. 39-60
  3. restricted access
    • Download PDF Download
  1. 3. The Great Depression and Centralization, 1929–1938
  2. pp. 61-85
  3. restricted access
    • Download PDF Download
  1. 4. War, Political Loyalty, and Racial Demography, 1938–1945
  2. pp. 86-105
  3. restricted access
    • Download PDF Download
  1. 5. The Last French Island in Indochina, 1945–1956
  2. pp. 106-131
  3. restricted access
    • Download PDF Download
  1. 6. Victims of Decolonization, 1957–1980
  2. pp. 132-164
  3. restricted access
    • Download PDF Download
  1. Epilogue
  2. pp. 165-174
  3. restricted access
    • Download PDF Download
  1. Appendix: Fédération des Oeuvres de l’Enfance Française d’Indochine
  2. pp. 175-178
  3. restricted access
    • Download PDF Download
  1. Notes
  2. pp. 179-224
  3. restricted access
    • Download PDF Download
  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 225-246
  3. restricted access
    • Download PDF Download
  1. Index
  2. pp. 247-260
  3. restricted access
    • Download PDF Download
  1. About the Author
  2. pp. 261-262
  3. restricted access
    • Download PDF Download
  1. Other Volumes in the Series
  2. pp. 263-266
  3. restricted access
    • Download PDF Download

Additional Information

ISBN
9780824858117
Related ISBN
9780824847579
MARC Record
OCLC
947119148
Pages
288
Launched on MUSE
2016-05-19
Language
English
Open Access
No
Back To Top

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Without cookies your experience may not be seamless.