In this Book

Chicago Lawyers
summary

What determines the systematic allocation of status, power, and economic reward among lawyers?  What kind of social structure organizes lawyers’ roles in the bar and in the larger community?

As Heinz and Laumann convincingly demonstrate, the legal profession is stratified primarily by the character of the clients served, not by the type of legal service rendered.  In fact, the distinction between corporate and individual clients divides the bar into two remarkably separate hemispheres.  Using data from extensive personal interviews with nearly 800 Chicago lawyers, the authors show that lawyers who serve one type of client seldom serve the other.  Furthermore, lawyers’ political, ethno-religious, and social ties are very likely to correspond to those of their client types.  Greater deference is consistently shown to corporate lawyers, who seem to acquire power by association with their powerful clients.

Heinz and Laumann also discover that these two “hemispheres” of the legal profession are not effectively integrated by intraprofessional organizations such as the bar, courts, or law schools.  The fact that the bar is structured primarily along extraprofessional lines raises intriguing questions about the law and the nature of professionalism, questions addressed in a provocative and far-ranging final chapter.

This volume, published jointly with the American Bar Foundation, offers a uniquely sophisticated and comprehensive analysis of lawyers’ professional lives.  It will be of exceptional importance to sociologists and others interested in the legal profession, in the general study of professions, and in social stratification and the distribution of power.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-x
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  1. List of Tables
  2. pp. xi-xii
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  1. List of Figures
  2. pp. xiii-xiv
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  1. Foreword
  2. Marshall Robinson
  3. pp. xv-xvi
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  1. Foreword
  2. Spencer L. Kimball
  3. pp. xvii-xviii
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. xix-xxvi
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  1. Part I. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-2
  1. 1. The Scope and Nature of the Study
  2. pp. 3-28
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  1. Part II. Lawyers' Roles: The Predominance of Client-centered Structure
  2. pp. 29-30
  1. Introduction. Defining the Fields of Law
  2. pp. 31-35
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  1. 2. The Organization of Lawyers' Work
  2. pp. 36-58
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  1. 3. Social Differentiation Within the Profession
  2. pp. 59-83
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  1. 4. Honor Among Lawyers
  2. pp. 84-134
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  1. Part III. Lawyers' Lives: Social Background, Social Values, and Career Mobility
  2. pp. 135-136
  1. 5. Social Values Within the Profession
  2. pp. 137-166
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  1. 6. The Patterns of Lawyers' Careers
  2. pp. 167-208
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  1. Part IV. Lawyers' Ties: Networks of Association, Organizations, and Political Activities
  2. pp. 209-210
  1. 7. Networks of Collegial Relationships
  2. pp. 211-231
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  1. 8. The Organized Bar
  2. John P. Heinz, Edward O. Laumann, Charles L. Cappell, Terence C. Halliday, and Michael Schaalman
  3. pp. 232-273
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  1. 9. The Constituencies of "Notable" Chicago Lawyers
  2. pp. 274-316
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  1. Part V. Conclusion
  2. pp. 317-318
  1. 10. The Hemispheres of the Legal Profession: Summary and Speculation
  2. pp. 319-388
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  1. Appendix A. The Chicago Bar Project
  2. pp. 389-433
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  1. Appendix B. Selected Characteristics of Lawyers by Field of Law Practiced
  2. pp. 434-452
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  1. Name Index
  2. pp. 453-456
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  1. Subject Index
  2. pp. 457-470
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