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Like many indigenous groups that have endured centuries of subordination, the Berber/Amazigh peoples of North Africa are demanding linguistic and cultural recognition and the redressing of injustices. Indeed, the movement seeks nothing less than a refashioning of the identity of North African states, a rewriting of their history, and a fundamental change in the basis of collective life. In so doing, it poses a challenge to the existing political and sociocultural orders in Morocco and Algeria, while serving as an important counterpoint to the oppositionist Islamist current. This is the first book-length study to analyze the rise of the modern ethnocultural Berber/Amazigh movement in North Africa and the Berber diaspora. Bruce Maddy-Weitzman begins by tracing North African history from the perspective of its indigenous Berber inhabitants and their interactions with more powerful societies, from Hellenic and Roman times, through a millennium of Islam, to the era of Western colonialism. He then concentrates on the marginalization and eventual reemergence of the Berber question in independent Algeria and Morocco, against a background of the growing crisis of regime legitimacy in each country. His investigation illuminates many issues, including the fashioning of official national narratives and policies aimed at subordinating Berbers in an Arab nationalist and Islamic-centered universe; the emergence of a counter-movement promoting an expansive Berber “imagining” that emphasizes the rights of minority groups and indigenous peoples; and the international aspects of modern Berberism.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright Page
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  1. Contents
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  1. Note on Transcription and Terminology
  2. pp. ix-x
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xi-xii
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-10
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  1. Part I. Entering History
  2. pp. 11-12
  1. One. Origins and Conquests: Africa, the Mediterranean Basin, Arabia
  2. pp. 13-36
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  1. Two. The Colonial Era
  2. pp. 37-62
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  1. Part II. Independence, Marginalization, and Berber Reimagining
  2. pp. 63-64
  1. Three. Morocco and Algeria: State Consolidation and Berber "Otherness"
  2. pp. 65-101
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  1. Four. Algerian Strife, Moroccan Homeopathy, and the Emergence of the Amazigh Movement
  2. pp. 102-126
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  1. Part III. Reentering History in the New Millennium
  2. pp. 129-130
  1. Five. Berber Identity and the International Arena
  2. pp. 131-152
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  1. Six. Mohamed VI’s Morocco and the Amazigh Movement
  2. pp. 153-182
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  1. Seven. Bouteflika’s Algeria and Kabyle Alienation
  2. pp. 183-201
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  1. Conclusion. Whither the State, Whither the Berbers?
  2. pp. 202-210
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 211-254
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  1. Sources
  2. pp. 255-278
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 279-292
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Additional Information

ISBN
9780292734784
Related ISBN
9780292725874
MARC Record
OCLC
741751261
Pages
304
Launched on MUSE
2012-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
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