Advertising at War
Business, Consumers, and Government in the 1940s
Publication Year: 2012
Published by: University of Illinois Press
Series: The History of Communication
Title Page, Copyright
List of Illustrations
The writing of acknowledgments is a reflective and humbling endeavor. I could never have written this book had it not been for the help and support from a long list of people. I thank James L. Baughman, Stephen Vaughn, and the late Ivan Preston...
The past two decades have witnessed an increased interest in advertising and consumer issues across scholarly disciplines. Fields ranging from business and advertising to sociology, American studies, history, mass communication, art history, anthropology, and psychology are recognizing the centrality of consumption and consumer...
Chapter 1. Prelude to War
The advertising industry concluded the turbulent decade of the 1930s with some sense of accomplishment. Its public relations campaigns appeared to have marginalized the consumer movement’s most radical demands, and the five-year battle over federal regulation of advertising had culminated in the Wheeler-Lea Amendment...
Chapter 2. Advertising Navigates the Defense Economy
Industry leaders, their misgivings fueled by constant alarms, failed to recognize that New Deal actions against advertising had been relatively mild. They continued to monitor influential government officials, worried that a single critical comment might escalate into a crisis demanding the industry’s full attention. America’s...
Chapter 3 The Initial Year of the Advertising Council
In certain key respects, advertising and advertisers themselves underwent major changes in 1942. This chapter explores the first month of the Advertising Council’s existence. It discusses the industry’s challenges in adhering to a common goal and probes...
Chapter 4. The Consumer Movement's Return
Just when things were going well for advertisers in Washington, an old arch-nemesis reentered the scene. After being so active in the 1930s, the consumer movement had kept a low profile throughout the defense period. A few groups, however, including...
Chapter 5. Advertising, Washington, and the Renamed War Advertising Council
One of the first controversies to emerge in connection with wartheme advertising was the extent to which print media should be expected to provide free advertising space to the government. The discussion started early in the war, and the issue was not resolved until the end of 1943, after government sources, the commercial...
Chapter 6. The Increaseing Role of the War Advertising Council
By the end of 1943, the advertising industry had established itself as an indispensable component of the government’s domestic wartime information operations.1 The quarrel over the Office of War Information had resulted in increased government reliance on the War Advertising Council, putting advertisers in a position...
Chapter 7. Peace and the Reconversion of the Advertising Council
The War Advertising Council had been created with the understanding that it would be a temporary organization, to be terminated at the end of the war. Its success at improving the advertising industry’s standing had far exceeded expectations. In just...
Although scholars have acknowledged the importance of advertising and its broad acceptance among policymakers and the general public in the post–World War II era, only limited attention has been paid to the events that facilitated this...
About the Author, Further Reading, Production Notes, Back Cover