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This paper analyzes the evolution of life expectancy in Algeria since Independence in 1962, using an epidemiological transition framework. The general transition trend was fitted with an S-logistic function, while a break-point analysis – including jumps – was performed to detect methodological changes and extreme event effects. Results show evidence of the epidemiological transition of the Algerian population. Apparent jumps in the time series of life expectancy evolution appear to be due to updates of the correction factors for death under registration, misestimation of the population structure during the intercensal periods, and impacts of the civil war during the 1990s.