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Vision impairment has a significant impact on quality of life. Seventy percent of existing vision impairment in Canada is estimated to be correctable with prescription glasses. The sizeable proportion of correctable vision impairment appears related to the barriers to access to vision care in Canada. The objective of this scoping review is to determine gaps in the understanding of barriers to accessing vision care for vulnerable populations in Canada. The Arksey and O'Malley methodological framework was adopted. Studies published in English between 2005 and September 2017 on access to primary vision care by vulnerable populations in Canada were reviewed. Electronic databases used included Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid EMBASE, SCOPUS, ProQuest, and CINAHL. The Behavioural Model of Health Services Use was used to elucidate gaps in the literature. To develop relevant policies around vision care, efforts should be made to assess all dimensions of access for vulnerable populations across Canada.