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Abstract

We consider the semilinear wave equation with power nonlinearity in one space dimension. We first show the existence of a blow-up solution with a characteristic point. Then, we consider an arbitrary blow-up solution $u(x,t)$, the graph $x\mapsto T(x)$ of its blow-up points and $\scr{S}\subset \Bbb{R}$ the set of all characteristic points and show that $\scr{S}$ has an empty interior. Finally, given $x_0\in \scr{S}$, we show that in selfsimilar variables, the solution decomposes into a decoupled sum of (at least two) solitons, with alternate signs and that $T(x)$ forms a corner of angle $\pi\over 2$ at $x_0$.

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