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THE SUMMA DE SACRAMENTIS OF ESCORIAL Ç. IV. 2 Escorial Ç. IV. 2 according to the Catalogue1 contains the following, "Fr. Joannis de Rupella, O. M. summa de articulis fidei, de decern praeceptis, de consiliis, et de septem sacramentis." In these pages we offer an edition of the Summa de sacramentis found in this codex, since this brief and sketchy Summa, not authentically Rupellian, in our opinion, nonetheless offers a succinct resume of sacramental doctrine redolent of Rupella's scholastic environment. In order to locate this Summa we must turn our attention to the Summa de articulis fidei and the Summa de praeceptis which accompany it in the codex. The Summa de articulis fidei2 is that of Rupella: Inc. f. Ir. Incipit summa de articulis fidei edita a fratre Iohanne de Rupella. Summa theologicae disciplinae in duobus consistit, scilicet in fide et in moribus, sicut dicitur in prologo super psalterium. . . . Expl. f. i8r. Et sic terminatur istud symbolum, laus, et honor, et gratiarum actio, creatae Trinitati, uno et vero Deo, eius fides in trinto symbolo scripta est, per Iesum Christum in saecula saeculorum, Amen. The matter concurs verbally, making allowance for the variants to be expected, with the incomplete Brussels ms. of the same Summa (Brux. 1470, f. 30V—33r; Escorial Ç. IV. 2, f. ir—3r.) This being the case, and the explicit being the same as that found in the other mss., we may safely conjecture the complete authenticity of the present redaction. A Summa de praeceptis follows the Summa de articulis in the present codex, viz. 1 Cf. Catálogo de los códices latinos de la Real Biblioteca del Escorial, by G. Antolin, O. S.A., vol. II, p. 296. 2 The best description and discussion of the Summa de articulis fidei and the other summae which with it form one integral work of Rupella, may be found in the Prolegomena in Librum III . . . Summae Fratris Alexandri , (p. 212 ff.) where V. Doucet discusses this entire Summa. Here it is necessary only to stress the fact that this entire summa, of which the De articulis fidei forms but the first part, is one integral composition. Otherwise its several divisions might easily be confused with some other summa or opusculi of Rupella. On the question of the several summae of Rupella, we may also confer the more recent work of V. Doucet, namely, Commentaires sur les Sentences (supplément au Répertoire de M. Frédéric Stegmueller) , Ad Claras Aquas (Quaracchi), 1954, P- 56· 58 Summa de Sacramentis — Escorial Ç. IV. 2 59 Inc. f. i8r. Incipit summa de decern praeceptis. Praeceptum est iussio vel Imperium superioris respecta inferioris. Praeceptorum autem aliud est affirmativum, quod est de faciendo, ut honora patrem, etc., et obligat semper, id est, ad omne tempus. Expl. î. 21T. Decima est, Non concupisces rem proximi tui, in quo prohibetur omnis concupiscentia oculorum. (Additur secunda manu: Dicto de praeceptis, sequitur de conciliis). As may be seen, this incipit does not agree with that generally quoted, viz. Dicturi de preceptis, adiuvante Deo, volumus haec declarare: quid sit praeceptum, et qualiter se habeat ad dona, virtutes, et beatitudines . . . The explicit likewises disagrees with that usually quoted, viz. . . . per quae ordinatur in Deum, ordinatur ad se ipsum. V. Doucet gives four quotations from the De preceptis of Rupella from Casan. 1473, none of which are found in the present codex. Likewise, on the testimony of Doucet, the De praeceptis of Rupella is found, 'paucis omissis vel mutatis ,' in the Brevis explanatio praeceptorum found in the Summa Fratris Alexandri. While the present Summa de praeceptis verbally agrees at times with this same Brevis explanatio, the disagreements in content are numerous. Without any further discussion it appears, then, certain enough, that Escorial Ç. IV. 2, De praeceptis, is not from Rupella; otherwise, the other mss. would not be authentic. In the Escorial codex immediately following the De praeceptis one column is devoted to the consideration of the counsels, viz. f. 21 r: Dicto de praeceptis, sequitur de conciliis (Dicto... sequitur secunda manu), f. 21 v. Consilium est de faciendis arduis et perfectis, et differunt consilia a praeceptis, quia consilia sunt de illis sine quibus est Salus . . . (Explicit) Sit tibi patris honor, sit tibi matris...

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Additional Information

ISSN
1945-9718
Print ISSN
0080-5459
Pages
pp. 58-84
Launched on MUSE
2015-07-01
Open Access
No
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