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188 LANGUAGE, VOLUME 66, NUMBER 1 (1990) 7 (sociolinguistics), Ch. 9 (dialectology), and Ch. 10 (bilingualism) are quite short and are largely confined to definitions and rudimentary examples from Spanish; many major issues are at least mentioned, and additional suggestions are given in the bibliography. Ch. 8, on psycholinguistics , covers both first and second language acquisition and offers many examples of Spanish child-language development. The basic tenets of neurolinguistics are also introduced. Ch. 11 covers diachronic linguistics, being a rather disparate collection of observations on the development of Spanish. Despite its brevity, this book effectively introduces the major areas ofHispanic linguistics. Topics given short shrift are in large measure accessible in other currently available works, and the novice reader emerges with a realistic overview of current research, together with the basic tools to engage in further study. [John Lipski , University of Florida.] between palatals (in E's terms, predorsovelars, e.g. [c + ], or laminopostalveolars) and velars. My only serious criticism is that the coverage of acoustic and instrumental phonetics is scanty, limited to one 12-page chapter on acoustic phonetics. This is particularly unfortunate since the book is intended as a basic reference work for students at all levels of training in linguistics as well as a textbook for a first course in phonetics. Moreover, besides interdialectal articulatory variation, Endresen indicates a surprisingly large amount of intradialectal variation . For example, tomta di 'your goblin' is said to be pronounced with apicodental, laminodental , and laminoalveolar articulations in eastern Norwegian. The value of the book would have been enhanced if, in addition to providing students with many interesting research topics, it also provided them with information about research tools such as palatography. [Chet A. Creider, University of Western Ontario.] Fonetikk: Ei elementœr innf0ring. By Rolf Theil Endresen. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget , 1988. Pp. x, 149. This is a short introduction to articulatory phonetics written in a sprightly style and intended for use in colleges and universities. It has been somewhat influenced by Catford (Fundamental problems in phonetics, 1977), but the author does not hesitate to present his own views. Although woven into the text rather than highlighted by special sectioning, there is much discussion of dialectal variation in Norwegian. In this respect and in all others, E's book stands up well in comparison with the combination Kort innftfrring ifonetikk (1983) and Norske fonetikk (1979) by Arne Vanvik, a student of Daniel Jones. Vanvik gives a more traditional presentation of the subject matter and less detail. E's chapter on place ofarticulation gives both the standard monomial IPA nomenclature and a binomial discussion in the manner of Catford 1977. E chooses to represent the aUophonic distinction between dorsopalatal and dorsovelar stops (conditioned as in English by the backness of the following vowel) with the symbols [c] and [k] rather than with [k + ] and [k]. This convention , while perhaps pedagogically justified, is not particularly convenient for Norwegian, where many dialects have phonemic contrasts Papers and studies in contrastive linguistics . Vol. 22. Ed. by Jacek Fisiak . Poznan: Adam Mickiewicz University and Washington, DC: Center for Applied Linguistics, 1988. Pp. 225. The latest volume in this distinguished series in contrastive linguistics (CL) contains 15 articles ; space allows me to discuss briefly only 7 representative ones here. As befits the subject, Fisiak has been very successful in attracting an editorial board and authors from all over the world. As a result, much linguistic experience is represented in this and previous volumes. It has long been the policy of PSCL to conceive of CL as a discipline that includes both theoretical studies in a contrastive framework that are considered prerequisite to studies of linguistic universals and contrastive studies that imply solutions to practical language problems. This volume encompasses both genres. From the theoretical perspective. Lisbeth Falster Jakobsen & J0RGEN Olsen (Copenhagen ), in 'On syntactic levels—One tertium comparationis in CL', aim to contribute to 'theoretically sound and valid models' for describing CL from a 'foreign language grammar' point of view. Their perspective is 'valency theory ' (which could have been explained more ad- BOOK NOTICES 189 equately), and their model distinguishes "rigidly' between formal expression and content and, in order to correct an 'error' in valency theory, further distinguishes...


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