Abstract

El autor, abogado y consultor independiente, nos da cuenta, de primera mano, de la conflictiva Asamblea Constituyente de Bolivia (AC), donde delegados constituyentes elegidos produjeron una nueva constitución política del Estado en 2006-2007. En la AC, movimientos sociales desafiaron modelos de democracia tradicionales representativos, empujando nuevos modelos participativos los cuales incorporaban reivindicaciones étnicos para la justicia. El artículo examina los principales actores (partidos políticos, movimientos sociales, organizaciones no gubernamentales y grupos opositores) y los obstáculos al proceso como la falta de consenso sobre metas y estrategias, la capacidad institucional limitada y una estructura reglamentaria que facilita el veto minoritario de la decisión mayoritaria. El autor concluye que estos problemas finalmente hicieron posible que los intereses y partidos alrededor de la AC dictaran los resultados en lugar de los delegados elegidos.

Abstract

The author, a lawyer and consultant, gives a fi rst-person account of Bolivia's confl ict-ridden Constituent Assembly (CA), in which popularly elected delegates drafted a new constitution in 2006–2007. In the CA, social movements challenged traditional representative models of democracy, pushing new participatory models that incorporated ethnic demands for justice. The article examines the major players (political parties, social movements, nongovernmental organizations, and oppositional groups), as well as the obstacles to the process, including a lack of consensus regarding goals and strategies, limited institutional capacity, and a regulatory structure that allowed minority veto of majority demands. The author concludes that the problems ultimately made it possible that interests and parties outside the CA to dictate the results rather than elected delegates.

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Additional Information

ISSN
1542-4278
Print ISSN
0023-8791
Pages
pp. 5-26
Launched on MUSE
2011-03-12
Open Access
No
Archive Status
Archived
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