Abstract

The Iran-Iraq war remains one of the longest conflicts in the history of the modern Middle East. The war would define Iran’s foreign policy orientation, as the exigencies of the conflict conditioned its approach to the United States, the Arab world, and even Israel. Along the way, Iran’s leaders made a series of mistakes and miscalculations that ensured a stalemated conflict. Subordinating strategy to ideology and misplaced hopes that Iraq’s population would rise to welcome Iranians as liberators contributed to prolonging a devastating war.

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Additional Information

ISSN
1940-3461
Print ISSN
0026-3141
Pages
pp. 365-383
Launched on MUSE
2010-09-02
Open Access
No
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