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Latinos, Asian Americans, and the Achievement Gap
Today the achievement gap is hotly debated among pundits, politicians, and educators. In particular this conversation often focuses on the two fastest-growing demographic groups in the United States: Asian Americans and Latinos. In Academic Profiling, Gilda L. Ochoa addresses this so-called gap by going directly to the source. At one California public high school where the controversy is lived every day, Ochoa turns to the students, teachers, and parents to learn about the very real disparities—in opportunity, status, treatment, and assumptions—that lead to more than just gaps in achievement.
In candid and at times heart-wrenching detail, the students tell stories of encouragement and neglect on their paths to graduation. Separated by unequal middle schools and curriculum tracking, they are divided by race, class, and gender. While those channeled into an International Baccalaureate Program boast about Socratic classes and stress-release sessions, students left out of such programs commonly describe uninspired teaching and inaccessible counseling. Students unequally labeled encounter differential policing and assumptions based on their abilities—disparities compounded by the growth in the private tutoring industry that favors the already economically privileged.
Despite the entrenched inequality in today’s schools, Academic Profiling finds hope in the many ways students and teachers are affirming identities, creating alternative spaces, and fostering critical consciousness. When Ochoa shares the results of her research with the high school, we see the new possibilities—and limits—of change.
A Model for Community-Engaged Research, Teaching, and Service
The theory, vision, and implementation of a multidisciplinary collaborative approach to social learning The academy is often described as an ivory tower, isolated from the community surrounding it. Presenting the theory, vision, and implementation of a socially engaged program for the Department of Human and Organizational Development (HOD) in Peabody's College of Education and Human Development at Vanderbilt University, Academics in Action! describes a more integrated model wherein students and faculty work with communities, learn from them, and bring to bear findings from theory and research to generate solutions to community problems. Offering examples of community-engaged theory, scholarship, teaching, and action, Academics in Action! describes the nuanced structures that foster and support their development within a research university. Theory and action span multiple ecological levels from individuals and small groups to organizations and social structures. The communities of engagement range from local neighborhoods and schools to arenas of national policy and international development. Reflecting the unique perspectives of research faculty, practitioners, and graduate students, Academics in Action! documents a specific philosophy of education that fosters and supports engagement; the potentially transformative nature of academic work for students, faculty, and the broader society; and some of the implications and challenges of action-oriented efforts in light of dynamics such as income inequality, racism, and global capitalism. This edited volume chronicles teaching, research, and community action that influences both inside and outside the classroom as well as presents dimensions of a participatory model that set such efforts into action.
Academies belonged to a broad constellation of educational institutions that flourished in the Sung (960-1279), an era marked by profound changes in economy, technology, thought, and social and political order. This study, the first comprehensive look at the Sung academy movement, explains the phenomenon not only as a uh_product of intellectual changes, but also as part of broader social, economic, political, and cultural transformations taking place in Sung China. Academies and Society in Southern Sung China makes extensive use of commemorative inscriptions and other documentation on nearly 500 academies and thus provides a crucial historical perspective on the origins of this key institution.
Le présent ouvrage porte plus spécifiquement sur ces enjeux en situation de stage. Il est conçu afin que les divers acteurs de la formation en milieu de pratique – stagiaires, enseignants et professionnels du milieu scolaire, superviseurs et formateurs universitaires – y trouvent des repères importants pour leur dialogue. Leurs perceptions et leurs attentes à l’égard de leurs rôles respectifs sont mis en lumière, à partir de résultats de recherches, de recensions d’écrits et de réflexions systématiques. Des aspects technologiques jusqu’aux dimensions éthiques, en passant par les enjeux relationnels et identitaires, les auteurs proposent au lecteur un riche questionnement sur les pratiques de supervision, des perspectives originales sur l’apprentissage en contexte de la profession et des pistes concrètes pour un accompagnement concerté des stagiaires en enseignement.
Le cas de Relais-femmes
L’organisme Relais-femmes est passé de la formation à un accompagnement-formation qui se détache nettement des pratiques traditionnelles de formation et de transmission unilatérale des connaissances. Ce modèle novateur, qui suppose un dialogue constructif entre les parties en présence pour coproduire des connaissances et qui réserve une place importante à l’autoévaluation comme exercice de mise à distance, est présenté dans cet ouvrage. Sept conditions incontournables forgent la démarche d’accompagnement-formation : 1. une approche féministe ; 2. des changements de pratiques par des remises en question ; 3. une pratique réflexive-interactive approfondie ; 4. une mise à distance pour éviter les biais engendrés par les émotions ; 5. la coconstruction et l’intégration d’une posture de collaboration professionnelle ; 6. l’équité et la cohérence entre paroles et actions ; 7. des traces écrites nécessaires à l’évaluation de l’évolution. La lecture de cet ouvrage contribue à l’appropriation de ces incontournables, appropriation qui ne peut se passer de discussions entre collègues, d’expérimentations et de retours sur les actions. L’ouvrage permet de constater la richesse des retombées de l’accompagnement-formation, qui permet d’accroître la capacité d’action des groupes et leur autonomie dans la sélection et la coproduction de connaissances utiles à leur pratique collective, qui met en valeur la contribution des connaissances des unes et des autres que permet une dynamique réflexive-interactive et qui fait ressortir l’importance du travail en collégialité vers des objectifs partagés.
Pour s'approprier une réforme en éducation
Comment favoriser l'implantation d'un changement en éducation comme celui de la réforme québécoise actuelle ? Comment intervenir dans une approche socioconstructiviste de l'apprentissage ? Les auteures de ce livre proposent aux personnes intervenant auprès des enseignantes et des enseignants, aux directions d'école, aux services pédagogiques et à tout autre secteur engagé dans ce processus, un programme de formation à l'accompagnement socioconstructiviste illustré par 15 activités qui permettent de s'approprier un changement comme celui prôné par le programme de formation de l'école québécoise. Les activités présentées concernent autant le développement de bases conceptuelles que la réflexion sur des pratiques, le partage d'expériences et la modélisation de la démarche d'accompagnement.
The Impact on Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students
For years, school reform efforts targeted either students in regular education or those with special needs, but not both. As a result of the No Child Left Behind legislation (NCLB) and its focus on accountability, administrators established policies that would integrate the needs of students who previously were served under separate frameworks. Using the NCLB structure as a starting point, Stephanie W. Cawthon’s new book Accountability-Based Reforms: The Impact on Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students discusses key assumptions behind accountability reforms. She specifically examines how elements of these reforms affect students who are deaf or hard of hearing, their teachers, and their families. Cawthon begins by providing a brief introduction to the deaf education context, offering detailed information on student demographics, settings, and academic outcomes for deaf students. She then outlines the evolution of accountability-based education reforms, following with a chapter on content standards, assessment accommodations, accountability as sanctions, and students with disabilities. The remaining chapters in Accountability-Based Reforms closely examine educational professionals, accountability, and students who are deaf or hard of hearing; school choice policies and parents; and deaf education and measures of success. Each chapter presents an overview of an important component of accountability reform, available research, and how it has been implemented in the United States. These chapters also offer recommendations for future action by educators, parents, researchers, and education policymakers.
Today's diverse and financially burdened students enter higher education eager to succeed at institutions originally designed for culturally homogenous and predominantly white middle-class populations. They are expected to learn from faculty trained primarily as researchers. Unsurprisingly, student dropout and faculty burnout rates are high, leading some conservatives to demand that higher education purge itself of "unqualified" students and teachers. But, as Achieving Against the Odds demonstrates, new and better solutions emerge once we assume that both faculty and students still possess a mutual potential for learning when they meet in the college classroom.
This collection -- drawing on the experiences of faculty at the University of Massachusetts-Boston -- documents a complex and challenging process of pedagogical transformation. The contributors come from a wide range of disciplines -- American studies, anthropology, Asian American studies, English, ESL, history, language, political science, psychology, sociology, and theology. Like their students, they bring a variety of backgrounds into the classroom -- as people of color, women, gays, working class people, and "foreigners" of one sort or another. Together they have engaged in an exciting struggle to devise pedagogies which respond to the needs and life experiences of their students and to draw each of them into a dialogue with the content and methodology of their disciplines. Courageously airing their own mistakes and weaknesses alongside their breakthroughs, they illuminate for the reader a process of teaching transformation by which discipline-trained scholars discover how to promote the learning of diverse students.
As one reads their essays, one is struck by how much these faculty have benefited from the insights they have gleaned from colleagues as well as students. Through argument and examples, personal revelation and references as well as students. Through argument and examples, personal revelation and references to authority, they draw the reader into their community. This is a book to inspire and enlighten everyone interested in making higher education more truly democratic, inclusive and intellectually challenging for today's students.