Public libraries -- Social aspects -- Québec (Province) -- History.
The province of Québec, the sole province in Canada where the citizens are a French-language majority, is also the only province with its own national library. The Bibliothèque nationale du Québec and other significant libraries around the world collect and preserve memory in ways that create a context for cultural recall. The first part of this article traces the heated debates that took place in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries over the creation of a public or municipal library in Montréal. The second part traces the events leading to the development of the Bibliothèque nationale du Québec and its subsequent merger in 2005 with the Bibliothèque municipale de Montréal to form the Grande Bibliothèque, or "the new national library of Québec." The stages of evolution of the Bibliothèque nationale/Grande Bibliothèque, in parallel with the development of public libraries in Québec, can be viewed as a reflection of the evolution and metamorphosis of society and cultural memory in Québec throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries to the present.
Public libraries -- Collection development -- Utah -- Ogden -- History.
Book donations -- Social aspects -- Utah -- Ogden -- History.
Early library boards espoused the positive effects of socially beneficial and culturally substantive knowledge. The Ogden (Utah) Carnegie Free Library board was no exception. However, when the library opened in 1903, it included a large number of donated materials that reflected a library mission beyond education and self-improvement. Ogden's community and social leaders, many of whom were library board members, donated a wide range of material, creating a public library that responded to and reflected the community's needs and interests, not merely those expressed in public statements and official documents. This information yields insights into the donors' views of the broad role of the public library in the community as well as their desire to establish an individual, ethnic, religious, and political presence in the communal institution of the library.
African American librarians -- New York (State) -- New York.
Chicago native Regina Anderson Andrews (1901–93) was a librarian in the New York Public Library (NYPL) system for nearly half a century beginning in 1923 at the 135th Street branch (now the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture) until her retirement from the Washington Heights branch in 1967. Andrews broke the color barrier by becoming the first African American supervising librarian in NYPL history. Her accomplishment was not an easy one. This article illustrates Andrews's groundbreaking career as a librarian and activist, including her fight, with W. E. B. Du Bois as a powerful ally, against the NYPL administration for opportunities for promotion and equal pay.