The Changing Faces of Inequality in South Korea in the Age of Globalization [Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
Equality -- Korea (South)
Consumption (Economics) -- Social aspects -- Korea (South)
Education -- Social aspects -- Korea (South)
Social classes -- Korea (South)
Globalization -- Social aspects -- Korea (South)
The social and cultural landscape of inequality in South Korea has changed significantly
in the recent period. This article investigates the emerging pattern of social inequality
in South Korea since the financial crisis in 1997–1998, focusing on changes in three
major areas of social life: work, consumption, and education. The general trend of change
has been increasing job insecurity for white-collar workers, the rise of consumption as
a dominant basis of class distinction, and the intensification and globalization of educational
pursuits. The study explores how these changes are connected to the glob -
alization process and how South Korea’s middle class is being transformed in this
This article assesses the authenticity of the recently publicized Hwarang segi manuscripts
by comparing the information they contains relating to the hwarang and Silla Buddhists
and Buddhism to the information found in the traditional Chinese Buddhist materials and
the Korean literary materials dating to the mid-Koryŏ period. The evidence suggests that
the manuscripts are not “authentic” or “genuine,” but are probably an in-progress historical
fiction dating to the colonial period, because they concoct problematic genealogies
for known figures, because they promote Buddhist identities for sixth-century figures that
are anachronistic, and because they deploy specialized terminology inconsistently.
Park, Mee Hae.
Pan ch’inyŏng Wedding Rites, Residential Rules, and the Status of Women in Sixteenth-Century Chosŏn: An Analysis Based on Miam-ilgi, the Diary of Yu Hŭi-ch’un [Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
Yu, Hŭi-chʻun, 1513-1577. Miam-ilgi.
Marriage customs and rites -- Korea -- History -- Chosŏn dynasty, 1392-1910.
Korea -- Social life and customs -- 1392-1910.
Women -- Korea -- Social conditions -- 1392-1910.
This study focuses on wedding rites, residential rules, and the status of women in the
mid-Chos0n dynasty. Based on Miam-ilgi (
), a diary of Yu H1i-ch’un (
a famous sixteenth-century Korean Confucian scholar, the marriage of his grandson
Kwang-sŏn ( 光先) is examined. The nuptial procedure consisted of the discussion of
marriage, the sending of presents to the bridal house, and finally the ceremony itself,
nominally called pan ch’inyŏng (). In the wedding described in the diary, the
bride continued to live in her natal home while the bridegroom alternated between residing
at his and his in-laws’ home. Despite the fact that it was a departure from the strict
patrilocality advocated by Confucian principles, the diary makes it clear that even Yu
H1i-ch’un retained some characteristics of the traditional customs. The bridegroom’s stay
with his paternal grandfather implies the significance of socioeconomic factors and the
experience necessary to serve as the successor of the Yu family. This article argues that
the characteristics of pan ch’inyŏng wedding and variations in the practices thereof is
evidence of the flexibility of marriage procedures, residential patterns, and the status of
women within a patrilineal society.
Imperial Japan’s Preparations to Conscript Koreans as Soldiers, 1942–1945 [Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
Japan -- Armed Forces -- Recruiting, enlistment, etc.
Draft -- Korea -- History -- Japanese occupation, 1910-1945.
World War, 1939-1945 -- Participation, Korean.
On May 9, 1942, the Japanese colonial government of Korea announced that beginning
in December 1944 Korean men would be drafted into the Japanese military. By the end
of World War II, 110,000 Korean conscripts served with the Japanese armed forces. Why
did the Japanese postpone the enlistment of Korean recruits for thirty months after the
initial announcement? This article examines the reasons for the delay. It argues that Japan
needed the time to expand Korean proficiency in the Japanese language, to provide basic
military training, to solidify its ideological control over Koreans, and to rectify the
dilapidated Korean family registry system.
Barnes, Gina Lee.
Korea and Japan in East Asian History: A Tripolar Approach to East Asian History (review) [Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
Hong, Wontack. Korea and Japan in East Asian history: a tripolar approach to East Asian history.