Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences

Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
Volume 58, Number 4, October 2003


Contents

Articles

    Nutton, Vivian.
    Nutton, Christine.
  • The Archer of Meudon: A Curious Absence of Continuity in the History of Medicine
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    Subject Headings:
    • Surgery -- France -- Paris -- Historiography.
    Abstract:
      A contemporary chronicler described an apparent vivisection performed in Paris in 1475. Over the centuries, the story changed in every particular until it was believed to describe one of the triumphs of French surgery, the first surgical lithotomy. Widely known in the late nineteenth century, it had disappeared from histories of medicine by 1914, after its putative hero had been revealed as a historical phantom. This paper first examines the original story in the context of medicine in late medieval Paris. It then discusses the curious development of the story as an example of the growth and disappearance of a medical myth.
    Keywords:
      anatomy, historiography, lithotomy, nephrectomy, Paris, surgery, vivisection.
    Tomes, Nancy, 1952-
  • Reflections on September 11th: A Symposium
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    Subject Headings:
    • September 11 Terrorist Attacks, 2001 -- Congresses.
    • Medical care -- United States -- Congresses.
    Abstract:
      The events of September 11 and their aftermath have focused new attention on the state of the American health care system and its role in homeland defense. In this symposium, a panel of historians reflect on the unprecedented events of September 11 and attempt to put them into broader historical context. From three different vantage points—the history of bioterrorism, disaster response, and environmental hazard—they suggest the need to resist overly simplistic conceptions of notions of security, risk, and heroism.
    Keywords:
      bioterrorism, disaster response, environmental risk, health care policy.
    King, Nicholas Benjamin.
  • The Influence of Anxiety: September 11, Bioterrorism, and American Public Health
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    Subject Headings:
    • September 11 Terrorist Attacks, 2001 -- Psychological aspects.
    • Bioterrorism -- United States.
    • Public health -- United States.
    Abstract:
      Contemporary American responses to the threat of bioterrorism represent a mixture of familiar and novel themes in the history of public health. As in previous eras, bioterrorism preparedness raises questions about microbial transgression of borders, civil liberties, and the place of biomedical and surveillance technology in public health. However, bioterrorism also presents an historically specific assemblage of risks and responses, illustrating larger changes in the contours of American public health and its place in global society. More historical inquiry into bioterrorism is urged.
    Keywords:
      bioterrorism, biological weapons, public health, infectious disease, historiography, surveillance, biotechnology.
    Fairman, Julie.
    Gilbride, J.
  • Gendered Notions of Expertise and Bravery
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    Subject Headings:
    • September 11 Terrorist Attacks, 2001 -- Personal narratives.
    • Disaster medicine -- New York (State) -- New York.
    Abstract:
      This paper explores the highly gendered nature of expertise and bravery from the perspective of "hospital stories," using the narrative generated by a nurse working in a burn unit on September 11, 2001. Through the use of narrative, the instability of gender as a way to categorize thought and action is thrown open to a more nuanced and broader analysis of the less visible, but just as compelling aspects of disasters and crises.
    Keywords:
      nursing, disaster response, professional identity, burn unit.
    Sellers, Christopher C.
  • September 11 and the History of Hazard
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    Subject Headings:
    • September 11 Terrorist Attacks, 2001 -- Psychological aspects.
    • Public health -- New York (State) -- New York.
    Abstract:
      Health professionals carved up the postdisaster world of Manhattanites in contrasting ways, describing its new contours in expert terms of toxins, populations and pathology. Among their discoveries were a "World Trade Center cough" and a dramatic increase in psychological ailments. But precisely their focus on the body or the psyche, along with specific, measurable bits of the urban environment known to have disease links, such as asbestos or anthrax, meant that health professionals themselves had little to say about other senses of hazard stirred up by the disaster.
    Keywords:
      urban health, public health, air pollution, occupational disease, World Trade Center cough, posttraumatic stress disorder, terrorist attacks, hazards of modern life.
    Anderson, Warwick, 1958-
  • How's the Empire? An Essay Review
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    Subject Headings:
    • Haynes, Douglas Melvin. Imperial medicine: Patrick Manson and the conquest of tropical disease.
    • Bewell, Alan, 1951- Romanticism and colonial disease.
    • Collingham, E. M. (Elizabeth M.) Imperial bodies: the physical existence of the Raj, c. 1800-1947.
    • Manson, Patrick, Sir, 1844-1922.
    • Diseases -- Great Britain -- Colonies -- History.

Recent Dissertations in the History of Medicine

Book Reviews

    Barrera, Antonio.
  • Searching for the Secrets of Nature: The Life and Works of Dr. Francisco Hernández, and: The Mexican Treasury: The Writings of Dr. Francisco Hernandez (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Varey, Simon, 1951-, ed. Searching for the secrets of nature: the life and works of Dr. Francisco Hernández.
    • Chabrán, Rafael, ed.
    • Weiner, Dora B., ed.
    • Hernández, Francisco, 1517-1587. Mexican treasury: the writings of Dr. Francisco Hernández.
    • Varey, Simon, 1951-, ed.
    • Hernández, Francisco, 1517-1587.
    • Natural history -- Mexico -- Pre-Linnean works.
    Kaplan, Barbara Beigun, 1943-
  • The Wild Girl, Natural Man, and the Monster: Dangerous Experiments in the Age of Enlightenment (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Douthwaite, Julia V. Wild girl, natural man, and the monster: dangerous experiments in the Age of Enlightenment.
    • Philosophical anthropology -- France -- History -- 18th century.
    Flannery, Michael A., 1953-
  • Medicine and Slavery: The Diseases and Health Care of Blacks in Antebellum Virginia (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Savitt, Todd Lee, 1943- Medicine and slavery: the diseases and health care of Blacks in antebellum Virginia.
    • Medicine -- Virginia -- History -- 19th century.
    Pitcock, Cynthia DeHaven.
  • Doctor to the Front: The Recollections of Confederate Surgeon Thomas Fanning Wood, 1861-1865 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Wood, Thomas Fanning, 1841-1892. Doctor to the front: the recollections of Confederate surgeon Thomas Fanning Wood, 1861-1865.
    • Koonce, Donald B., ed.
    • Wood, Thomas Fanning, 1841-1892.
    Pernick, Martin S.
  • A Traffic of Dead Bodies: Anatomy and Embodied Social Identity in Nineteenth-Century America (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Sappol, Michael. Traffic of dead bodies: anatomy and embodied social identity in nineteenth-century America.
    • Dead -- Social aspects -- United States -- History -- 19th century.
    Durbach, Nadja, 1971-
  • Charity and the London Hospitals, 1850-1898 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Waddington, Keir, 1970- Charity and the London hospitals, 1850-1898.
    • Hospitals -- England -- London -- History -- 19th century.
    Seidelman, William E.
  • Medical Films, Ethics and Euthanasia in Nazi Germany: The History of Medical Research and Teaching Films of the Reich Office for Educational Films/Reich Institute for Films in Science and Education, 1933-1945 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Schmidt, Ulf. Medical films, ethics and euthanasia in Nazi Germany: the history of medical research and teaching films of the Reich Office for Educational Films/Reich Institute for Films in Science and Education, 1933-1945.
    • Motion pictures in medicine.
    Eghigian, Greg, 1961-
  • Images of Disease: Science, Public Policy, and Health in Post-War Europe (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Löwy, Ilana, 1948-, ed. Images of disease: science, public policy, and health in post-war Europe.
    • Krige, John, ed.
    • Medical policy -- Europe -- History -- 20th century -- Congresses.
    Cho, Philip S.
  • Chinese Medicine in Contemporary China: Plurality and Synthesis (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Scheid, Volker, 1958- Chinese medicine in contemporary China: plurality and synthesis.
    • Medicine -- China.
    Keirns, Carla C.
  • Machines in Our Hearts: The Cardiac Pacemaker, the Implantable Defibrillator, and American Health Care (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Jeffrey, Kirk. Machines in our hearts: the cardiac pacemaker, the implantable defibrillator, and American health care.
    • Cardiac pacing -- History.
    Harris, Ben.
  • Departing from Deviance: A History of Homosexual Rights and Emancipatory Science in America (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Minton, Henry L. Departing from deviance: a history of homosexual rights and emancipatory science in America.
    • Homosexuality -- Research -- United States.



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