Military art and science -- Russia -- History -- 16th century.
Military art and science -- Russia -- History -- 17th century.
Much has been written about the Military Revolution, a series of
changes in tactics and strategy, the scale of warfare, and the impact
of warfare on society in the late sixteenth century and the first
third of the seventeenth century. However, most of the discussion of
the Military Revolution has centered on Western Europe. The Military
Revolution in Eastern Europe and Russia is often poorly understood. From
the mid-sixteenth to the late seventeenth century, the Russian armed
forces underwent changes in tactics and organization that were truly
revolutionary in their impact on Russian society and helped make Russia
a significant power in Northern and Eastern Europe, laying the groundwork
for the changes that Peter the Great was to bring about.
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Regimental histories.
United States. Army. Minnesota Infantry Regiment, 3rd (1861-1865) -- History.
Minnesota -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Regimental histories.
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry -- United States.
Generalizations about Civil War soldiers extend to the military justice
system: army discipline was very poor, and military justice, implemented
by regimental and general courts-martial, was arbitrary, capricious,
and disproportionate. In contrast, the 3rd Minnesota Volunteer Infantry
Regiment had good discipline, and in its field officer courts, justice
was deliberate, consistent, and compassionate. This article examines
the nature and function of field officer courts, which the 3rd used,
although many units ignored the Congressional Act of July 1862 that
replaced regimental courts-martial with field officer courts. More work
is needed on these largely unknown field officer courts and on army
justice and discipline in the Civil War era.
This article argues that a conservative ideology held by German officers,
both aristocratic and middle class, led the army to retain costly tactical
and training methods. Officers' close control of men massed them in
formations vulnerable to modern firepower, and repetitive "old Prussian
drill" to force discipline led to rigid tactical execution. These methods
survived both the Prussian reform of 1806-15 and the reasoned and needed
tactical reforms undertaken in the 1860s and persisted into World War
I. Only post-World War I reform of the Reichswehr by the renamed
General Staff created tactical independence for the individual soldier.
Examination of the career of Chief of Ordnance Stephen Vincent
Benét suggests that the War Department was a more active place
during the last two decades of the nineteenth century than has been
conventionally asserted. Benét played a significant role in the
American Army's organizational/technological modernization, which had
its modest beginnings before the Spanish-American War and continued,
incrementally, through the Progressive Era.
United States. Assistant Secretary of Defense (Manpower)
In November 1950, Defense Secretary George C. Marshall announced the
appointment of Anna M. Rosenberg as Assistant Secretary of Defense for
Manpower. Apart from the startling fact that he had chosen a woman,
Mrs. Rosenberg was also an immigrant, Jewish, and an ardent supporter
of the New Deal. This article is about Rosenberg's career, her uncanny
ability to solve problems, and the events that propelled her into the
Pentagon. It is also about a woman who eschewed the feminine networks to
hang her hat with men of power. Looking beyond her politics and gender,
Marshall's choice was a brilliant one.
Xuan Loc, Battle of, Xuân Lôc, Long Khánh, Vietnam, 1975.
Vietnam (Republic). Quân luc.
Vietnam (Democratic Republic). Quân dôi.
Dao, Le Minh.
From early to mid-April 1975, the South Vietnamese 18th Division,
defending the strategic road junction of Xuan Loc northeast of Saigon,
held off massive attacks by an entire North Vietnamese Army corps engaged
in a surprise assault to overrun Saigon and quickly end the war. Enduring
extremely heavy fighting, they stopped the communist offensive before
being ordered to retreat and help defend Saigon. While communist
forces were guilty of over-confidence, the 18th Division's superb
performance was largely the result of the combat skills, prior planning,
and inspirational leadership of their commander, Brigadier General Le
Minh Dao, who demonstrated that even in South Vietnam's darkest hour,
the much-maligned soldiers of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam would
fight when led by able officers.
Germany. Kriegsmarine -- History -- World War, 1914-1918.
Submarines (Ships) -- Germany.
As Chief of the Admiralty Staff of the Imperial German Navy, Admiral
Henning von Holtzendorff was the driving force behind the German
declaration of unrestricted U-boat warfare in 1917. In his memorandum
of 22 December 1916, Holtzendorff condensed the key arguments of his
fifteen-month struggle for unrestricted U-boat warfare. He focused on two
issues: the unique opportunity to starve Great Britain into submission
due to the crop failure of 1916 and the declining prospects for German
submarine warfare under cruiser rules in the face of the progressive
arming of allied merchantmen. He also believed that Germany could afford
to risk a confrontation with the United States over the issue.
Leary, William M. (William Matthew), 1934- Perilous missions: Civil Air Transport and CIA covert operations in Asia.
Civil Air Transport -- History.
Bittner, Donald F.
The Royal Marines: From Sea Soldiers to a Special Force, and: By Sea, By Land: The Royal Marines, 1919-1997--An Authorised History, and: The Royal Marines: 1664 to the Present, and: A Short History of the Royal Marines, 1664-2002 (review) [Access article in HTML][Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
Thompson, Julian, 1934- Royal Marines: from sea soldiers to a special force.
Ladd, James D. By sea, by land: the Royal Marines, 1919-1997--an authorised history.
Brooks, Richard. Royal Marines: 1664 to the present.
Donald, Alistair. Short history of the royal marines, 1664-2002.
Great Britain. Royal Marines -- History.
Great Britain. Royal Marines -- History -- 20th century.
Showalter, Dennis E., ed. Future wars: coalition operations in global strategy.
Combined operations (Military science) -- History.
McKernan, Michael, 1945-
The Australian Army, and: The Royal Australian Air Force, and: The Royal Australian Navy, and: Making the Australian Defence Force, and: The Department of Defence, and: Australian Defence: Sources and Statistics, and: An Atlas of Australia’s Wars (review) [Access article in HTML][Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
Grey, Jeffrey. Australian army.
Stephens, Alan, 1944- Royal Australian Air Force.
Stevens, David, 1958-, ed. Royal Australian Navy.
Horner, D. M. (David Murray), 1948- Making the Australian Defence Force.
Andrews, E. M. (Eric Montgomery), 1933- Department of Defence.
Beaumont, Joan. Australian defence: sources and statistics.
Coates, John, 1932- Atlas of Australia's wars.
Australia. Australian Defence Force -- History.
Australia. Royal Australian Air Force -- History -- 20th century.