The Journal of Higher Education

The Journal of Higher Education
Volume 77, Number 2, March/April 2006

CONTENTS

    Luna, Andrew L.
  • Faculty Salary Equity Cases: Combining Statistics with the Law
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    Subject Headings:
    • College teachers -- Salaries, etc. -- United States.
    • Sex discrimination in employment -- Law and legislation -- United States.
    • Forensic statistics -- United States.
    Abstract:
      Researchers have used many statistical models to determine whether an institution's faculty pay structure is equitable, with varying degrees of success. Little attention, however, has been given to court interpretations of statistical significance or to what variables courts have acknowledged should be used in an equity model. This article discusses the differences between statistics and the law, using prominent faculty salary court decisions as an aid in fine-tuning an institutional faculty salary study.
    Anderson, Deborah J.
    Cheslock, John Jesse, 1972-
    Ehrenberg, Ronald G.
  • Gender Equity in Intercollegiate Athletics: Determinants of Title IX Compliance
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    Subject Headings:
    • United States. Education Amendments of 1972. Title IX.
    • College sports -- Law and legislation -- United States.
    • Sex discrimination in higher education -- Law and legislation -- United States.
    • College sports -- United States -- Statistics.
    • Sex discrimination in higher education -- United States -- Statistics.
    Abstract:
      Using new data on intercollegiate athletes, this article shows that recent improvement in Title IX compliance among NCAA Division I institutions was previously overestimated, and provides the first estimates of compliance in Divisions II and III. In addition, regression analyses investigate how institutional characteristics relate to the extent of noncompliance.
    Pascarella, Ernest T.
    Cruce, Ty.
    Umbach, Paul D.
    Wolniak, Gregory C.
    Kuh, George D.
    Carini, Robert M.
    Hayek, John C.
    Gonyea, Robert M.
    Zhao, Chun-Mei.
  • Institutional Selectivity and Good Practices in Undergraduate Education: How Strong is the Link?
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    Subject Headings:
    • Universities and colleges -- United States -- Evaluation.
    • Education, Higher -- Aims and objectives -- United States -- Longitudinal studies.
    • College students -- United States -- Longitudinal studies.
    Abstract:
      Academic selectivity plays a dominant role in the public's understanding of what constitutes institutional excellence or quality in undergraduate education. In this study, we analyzed two independent data sets to estimate the net effect of three measures of college selectivity on dimensions of documented good practices in undergraduate education. With statistical controls in place for important confounding influences, an institution's median student SAT/ACT score, a nearly identical proxy for that score, and the Barron's Selectivity Score explained from less than 0.1% to 20% of the between-institution variance and from less than 0.1% to 2.7% of the total variance in good practices. The implications of these findings for what constitutes quality in undergraduate education, college choice decisions, and the validity of national college rankings are discussed.
    Hearn, James C.
    Lewis, Darrell R.
    Kallsen, Lincoln.
    Holdsworth, Janet M.
    Jones, Lisa M.
  • "Incentives for Managed Growth": A Case Study of Incentives-Based Planning and Budgeting in a Large Public Research University
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    Subject Headings:
    • Universities and colleges -- United States -- Finance -- Case studies.
    • Universities and colleges -- United States -- Administration -- Case studies.
    • Universities and colleges -- Decentralization -- United States -- Case studies.
    Abstract:
      Implementing an incentives-based budget system at a large public research university significantly redirected internal funds while producing notable organizational and financial surprises. For example, units did not increase their "hoarding" of students, contrary to some expectations. The findings point to several issues for further analysis and research.
    Gasman, Marybeth.
  • Salvaging "Academic Disaster Areas": The Black College Response to Christopher Jencks and David Riesman's 1967 Harvard Educational Review Article
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    Subject Headings:
    • Jencks, Christopher. American Negro college.
    • Riesman, David, 1909-
    • African American universities and colleges -- History -- 20th century.
    • African American universities and colleges -- Press coverage -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
    • United States -- Race relations -- History -- 20th century.
    Abstract:
      In 1967, the Harvard Educational Review published an article entitled "The American Negro College" by Christopher Jencks and David Riesman. The article dealt a stinging blow to Black colleges—labeling them "academic disaster areas." Using a historical methodology, I show the strategic ways in which Black college leaders and the United Negro College Fund responded, highlighting their attempts to salvage the image of Black colleges.
    Titus, Marvin A.
  • Understanding the Influence of the Financial Context of Institutions on Student Persistence at Four-Year Colleges and Universities
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    Subject Headings:
    • College dropouts -- United States -- Prevention.
    • Universities and colleges -- United States -- Finance.
    Abstract:
      Using resource dependency theory as a conceptual framework, this study explores the relationship between the financial context of four-year institutions and student persistence. This research reveals that student persistence is positively related to the percent of revenue derived from tuition and negatively related to percent of expenditures on administration.

Books Reviews

    Baez, Benjamin.
  • Leveling the Playing Field: Justice, Politics, and College Admissions (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Fullinwider, Robert K., 1942- Leveling the playing field: justice, politics, and college admissions.
    • Lichtenberg, Judith.
    • Universities and colleges -- United States -- Admission.
    Forest, James J. F.
  • The Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education: Contributions of Research Universities (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Becker, William E., ed. Scholarship of teaching and learning in higher education: contributions of research universities.
    • Andrews, Moya L., ed.
    • Education, Higher -- Research -- United States.



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