Soviet Union -- Politics and government -- 1953-1985.
Soviet Union -- Foreign relations -- Europe, Eastern.
Beriia, L. P. (Lavrentii Pavlovich), 1899-1953.
Part 2 of this three-part article discusses the aftermath of the June
1953 East German uprising, particularly the arrest on 26 June of Lavrentii
Beria, who until then had been one of the most powerful figures in Moscow.
Beria's arrest came not because of any high-level disagreements about
policy, but simply because Beria's rivals wanted to remove him from the
post-Stalin succession struggle. Newly released documents shed valuable
light on the plot against Beria, which was intricate and extremely risky,
yet ultimately successful.
So far, scholars of international politics have displayed relatively
little inclination to use new evidence from Cold War-era archives to test
their theories and generalizations. This indifference is unfortunate. The
new archival evidence and memoirs can--and should--provide a reality
check for theoretical debates. It is time for students of international
relations to recognize the crucial link between historical explanation
and theoretical propositions.
United States -- Foreign relations -- Europe, Western.
Europe, Western -- Foreign relations -- United States.
When World War II ended, millions of refugees were left in Europe,
unable or unwilling to return to their former homes. A number of leading
U.S. officials wanted to form an armed Volunteer Freedom Corps out of
these displaced groups. The corps would have supplemented--and perhaps
eventually replaced--U.S. troops stationed in Europe. American officials
favored the plan because they believed it would reduce the U.S. military
burden, alleviate the refugee crisis, and provide a bulwark against
Soviet expansion. The proposal was never implemented, however, because
of objections from West European governments. The recurring episode
illustrated the tensions within NATO during the Cold War.
The complicated and violent interactions between Ukrainians and Poles
during and after World War II have been the subject of competing Ukrainian
and Polish historical interpretations. This article sifts through the
historical evidence to determine why Ukrainian and Polish memories of
that period are so much at odds. The fate of the contested territories
of Eastern Galicia and Volhynia was decided ultimately by the Soviet
Union, which imposed new borders on Poland. Once those borders had been
established, the transfer of Poles from the newly enlarged Soviet Ukraine
and the forced removal of Ukrainians from eastern Poland consolidated an
"ethnically cleansed" postwar order.