Indians of North America -- Housing -- British Columbia -- History -- 19th century.
Indians of North America -- British Columbia -- Social conditions -- 19th century.
Social problems -- British Columbia -- History -- 19th century.
This article analyzes the relationship between
First Nations housing and reform in British Columbia between 1849 and
1886. Utilizing published and archival evidence drawn from church and
government sources, the essay examines reformers' conceptions of First
Nations housing and their concrete efforts to improve it. The essay
thereby suggests that housing was an important site in the colonial
encounter and that the colonial encounter itself was key to honing and
disseminating new ideals related to housing, gender, and the family.
Mayas -- Mexico -- Pisté -- Politics and government.
This essay explores the history of the political
structure of town and municipal authority in a specific case study of a
Yucatec Maya community. The town is Pisté, a community that has become
a significant tourist center that provides services for the nearby
archaeological and tourist site of Chichén Itzá. A descriptive history
of the town, mostly based in secondary literature and key primary sources
from archives, is presented with two goals in mind. The first objective is
to address ethnographically specific questions regarding the politics of
this community, including the 1989 attempt to redefine itself as a "new"
county according to Mexico's 1917 Revolutionary Constitution. The second
objective is to raise questions and broader issues regarding new social
movements, state formation analyzed from the "bottom-up," the importance
of the authority structure of the town/county as a governmental strategy
of the Mexican state, and the ethnographic and historical study of the
1980s' crises in Yucatán. The case study contributes to Yucatec studies
by pointing attention away from the political-economic core of Mérida,
the usual institutions (church, hacienda, and highly capitalized economic
sectors), and typical topics (e.g., party politics, elite factionalism)
that have been the focus of Yucatec historiography. By directing attention
to areas (communities in the milpa zone) and topics (the political
and cultural forms of rural communities) that have been marginalized
by Yucatec historians but that have been a favored topic of U.S.-based
cultural anthropologists seeking idealized Maya culture, this essay raises
new research questions for which yet another rapprochement is necessary
in Yucatec studies between the fields of history and cultural ethnography.
Mission San Gabriel Arcangel (San Gabriel, Calif.)
Indians of North America -- California -- Government relations.
Insurgency -- California -- History -- 18th century.
This article reinterprets the 1785 Indian rebellion at
Mission San Gabriel in Alta California by reexamining the testimony of
the Indians accused of leading this uprising. For decades, scholarly and
popular discussions of this event have focused on the role of Toypurina,
an Indian woman implicated in the rebellion. This essay, however,
clarifies the roles played by Toypurina, Nicolás José, and others in the
rebellion and emphasizes the importance of eyewitness native accounts to
early California history. Through a careful use of the mission's birth,
marriage, and burial records, this study also uncovers key moments in
the lives of the rebels. These two sources—Indian testimony and
mission registers—help to suggest the rebellion's diverse origins:
the mission Indians' anger at the Spaniards for the suppression of their
ceremonies and the frustration among some Gabrielinos that the creation
of the mission and the congregation of hundreds of Indians at that
one location constituted a threat to existing Gabrielino boundaries of
land use and settlement. The article concludes that an understanding of
colonial California rests not only upon a study of Indian–Spanish
relations but on an examination of the interactions between individuals
and among groups of Indians as well.
Cherokee Indians -- Politics and government -- 19th century.
Alcohol -- Law and legislation -- United States -- History -- 19th century.
In the early-nineteenth-century Cherokee Nation,
alcohol and politics inextricably intertwined. In defiance of the federal
government's attempts to regulate alcohol in Indian country, some Cherokee
headmen encouraged the liquor traffic within the Nation and personally
profited from its operation. In 1819, the Cherokee National Council
passed a law to control spirituous liquors, but this action inflamed
the federal government which recognized tribal alcohol regulation as an
expression of Cherokee nationalism. As a bone of contention between the
Cherokee Nation and the United States, the regulation of alcohol in the
1820s reflected larger struggles over sovereignty.
Many Native American peoples of the Plains kept oral
histories in which periods of time were designated by events. Often
pictorial recordings of these events were created as mnemonic devices
to assist proper memory, which itself was sometimes recorded in written
language. These pictorial calendars occasionally resurface and provide new
insights into the histories of Native Americans. A new pictorial calendar
of the Mandan Indians has recently reappeared. It and the circumstances
of its reappearance are described, and suggestions toward a possible
interpretation are offered.
Sowell, David, 1952- Tale of healer Miguel Perdomo Neira: medicine, ideologies, and power in the nineteenth-century Andes.
Perdomo Neira, Miguel.
Diacon, Todd A.
Racial Revolutions: Antiracism and Indian Resurgence in Brazil, and: Indigenous Struggle at the Heart of Brazil: State Policy, Frontier Expansion, and the Xavante Indians, 1937-1988 (review) [Access article in HTML][Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
Warren, Jonathan W. Racial revolutions: antiracism and Indian resurgence in Brazil.
Garfield, Seth, 1967- Indigenous struggle at the heart of Brazil: state policy, frontier expansion, and the Xavante Indians, 1937-1988.
Indians of South America -- Brazil -- Ethnic identity.