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417 absolutism, 57, 75 Academic Legion (Vienna). See militia, Vienna Agincourt, battle of (1415), 50 agricultural or subsistence crises, 53–54, 76, 125. See also bread, price and supply of; industrial crises Aide-toi, le ciel t’aidera (Paris), 121. See also clubs Alençon, François d’, 23 Alton, Richard, comte d’, 97, 99, 101–2, 119 Aminzade, Ronald, 381n151 Amis du peuple (Paris), 121. See also clubs Anne of Austria, queen regent of France, 54, 56–58, 62, 63, 66, 68, 72, 73, 75, 180–81, 341n78 Anquetil, Louis-Pierre, 146 Antonini, Giacomo, 170 Arbois (Jura), 316 Arbre-sec, rue de l’, 63, 64fig. Argenson, René-Louis, marquis d’, 83 arms and ammunition: access to, 30–31, 121, 112, 155, 159, 172; preparation of, 115; search for or availability of, 3, 86, 99, 110, 138, 140, 173, 187–88, 188fig., 348n41. See also barricade events, preliminaries to army of the line. See military forces arsenal (Paris), 39 Artevelde, Jacob van, 48 artillery, 74, 179, 228, 344n37; in 1789 (October 26–27, Turnhout), 100–101; in 1795 (4 Prairial [May 23], Paris), 87–89; in 1795 (13 Vendémiaire [October 5–6]), 89–91, 232, 378n134; in 1830 (July 27–29, Paris), 105, 106, 107, 183; in 1830 (August 25–September 3, Brussels), 114, 115–16, 213; in 1831 (November 22–23, Lyon), 213; in 1832 (June 5–6, Paris), 6–7, 43, 213; in 1848 (February 22–25, Paris), 184; in 1848 (June 12–17, Prague), 159; in 1848 (June 23–26, Paris), 127, 380n148; in 1871 (May 21–28, Paris), 214; role in decline of barricade, 214–19 Assemblé générale des électeurs (Paris), 84, 342n12 asymmetry of power, 179, 182, 184, 206–7; barricades’ role in overcoming, 206–12, 228, 233 Ateliers nationaux. See National Workshops Auber, Daniel-François, 109 Aubry-le-boucher, rue, 3, 211, 213 Auneau, battle of (1587), 25, 326 Austerlitz, pont d’. See pont d’Austerlitz Index Appendix A, the database of barricade events, is organized chronologically in order to assist the reader in accessing the information it contains. Its contents have not, therefore, generally been included in this index. 418 Index Austria and Austrian empire. See empire, Austrian Austrian army. See military forces, Austrian Austrian Southern Netherlands. See Belgian provinces Baczko, Bronisław, 221, 381n152 Baden, 133, 144 Bakunin, Mikhail, 162–64, 361nn120,122,125, 364n150 banquets, political or reform: in Budapest, 139; in Paris, 120, 125, 181 Barbès, Armand, 160, 194, 201 Barras, Paul, 90 barrels. See barricade materials barricade, classic era of (long nineteenth century ), 92, 108, 196, 234 barricade, continuities in use of, xi–xii, 10, 227, 232, 238–39 barricade, defensive character of (alleged or real), 10, 179, 196 barricade, discontinuities in use of, xii. See also barricade form, changes in; insurgents: adjustments to military tactics barricade, efficacy of, 10, 12, 176, 212–19, 220–21; in 1588 (May 12–13, Paris), 31, 38, 100, 102, 179; in 1791 (June 21–22, Varennes), 86; in 1830 (July 27–29, Paris), 105; in 1830 (August 25–September 3, Brussels), 112; in 1848 (February 22–25, Paris), 136, 212 barricade, evolution of, xii, 219, 378n137 barricade, iconic status of, 198, 223, 233, 238, 241, 382n155 “barricade,” industrial or monumental, 15–16, 16fig., 192, 196, 233, 378n133 barricade, internationalization of, 151–52, 157, 158fig., 176, 222, 233 barricade, invention of, 22–23, 31, 36, 42, 51. See also barricade origins barricade, lore of, 47, 71 barricade, mythification of, 108, 125, 198, 232–35, 369n67 barricade, neighborhood basis of, 9, 15, 31, 36, 44, 61fig., 62, 70, 72, 105, 180, 186, 193, 222, 233 barricade, persistence of, xi, xiv, 91, 145, 177, 220–24, 238–39 barricade, prehistory of, 44–51 barricade, selective permeability of: in 1588, 36, 38, 180; in 1648, 63, 64fig., 73, 180, 366n8; passwords used to ensure, 36 barricade, spurious examples of, 15–17, 74–75, 321n18. See also “barricade,” industrial barricade, strategies for repression of, 90–91, 105, 127–28, 136, 219–20, 344n37, 380n148 barricade, term or concept: absence of, 17–18; derivation of, 12, 18, 227, 321n21; definition of, xi, xiii, 1, 10–20; first usage of, 17, 42–44, 51, 329n74; as synonym for revolution, 108, 234; in various European languages, 18–19 barricade consciousness, 9, 18, 27, 52, 71, 78, 83– 84, 91, 108, 145–48, 152–53, 165, 175, 176, 222, 229, 231, 234, 235, 241, 315, 354n38, 355n58, 357n79; transmission of, 145–52 barricade construction, 12–13...

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Additional Information

ISBN
9780520947733
Related ISBN
9780520266322
MARC Record
OCLC
808600979
Pages
454
Launched on MUSE
2014-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
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