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243 For a definition of what constitutes a barricade, see chapter 1. For the purposes of this database, a “barricade event” is any instance of collective action involving the construction by insurgents of one or more barricades that takes place on one or more consecutive days in one or more adjacent towns. The following inventory of barricade events has been compiled from readings and archival research as well as from helpful leads provided by generous colleagues . In geographical and chronological terms, my aim has been to embrace all of Europe from the origin of the barricade in the sixteenth century to the end of the nineteenth century, by which time the barricade had become a worldwide phenomenon (which would have greatly complicated the task of tracking its spread in a systematic fashion). Even within those limits, my confidence in the accuracy and completeness of the information presented here is uneven. It is greatest with respect to Parisian events, both because that is the history I know best and because insurrections that took place in that city inevitably attracted attention and were, as a consequence, well documented. I am far less sanguine regarding barricade events in provincial France, many more of which would undoubtedly be unearthed by a more systematic survey of regional newspapers and departmental archives than I was able to undertake. As for the rest of Europe, much less the world beyond, I am certain that numerous events have eluded me, even beyond the sixty odd ambiguous cases that I have not included in this list because the information available to me was too fragmentary or the documentation too uncertain for me to categorize them with real assurance. In the interest of correcting the deficiencies of this database over time, I would be grateful to any reader willing to communicate to me circumstantial details, along with appropriate references, concerning barricade events I have mischaracterized or omitted.1 APPENDIX A Database of European Barricade Events 244 Appendix A A CLASSIFICATION SCHEME FOR BARRICADE EVENTS My goal has been to devise a framework that would at once provide a shorthand description of each individual barricade event, permit comparisons to be made among different incidents, and make it possible to reconstruct the physical and temporal distribution of barricade events taken as a whole. As with any attempt to reduce a complex reality to a simple set of categories, this effort involves a degree of arbitrariness, and the result unfortunately fails to capture the idiosyncratic nature of specific events, especially when, as frequently happens , the accounts presented in historical sources are ambiguous (or, as they are all too often, flatly contradictory) regarding key details. The best I can do is to offer my rationale for the choices made in defining each of the following thirteen fields: Field 1 (numeric, three digits): “Event Number”: A unique number assigned to each documented barricade event contained in this database. Field 2 (numeric, four digits): “Year”: The year in which the barricade event began. Field 3 (numeric, two digits): “Month”: The month in which the barricade event began. Field 4 (numeric, two digits): “Day”: The day on which the barricade event began. Field 5 (numeric, two digits): “Duration”: The duration of the barricade event in calendar days. Field 6 (alphabetic): “Country”: The country or governmental entity in which the barricade event occurred. Field 7 (alphabetic): “Province, Département, or Principality”: The secondorder administrative entity in which the barricade event occurred. (The use of départements, though admittedly anachronistic for events that occurred prior to March 1790, is intended to facilitate the identification and comparison of the numerous instances of barricade construction in France.) Field 8 (alphabetic): “City or Town”: The city or town in which the barricade event occurred. Field 9 (numeric, one digit): “Number of Insurgents”: 1 = “small” (1 to 99) 2 = “medium” (100 to 999) 3 = “large” (1000–9,999) 4 = “exceptionally large” (>10,000). Database of European Barricade Events 245 Field 10 (numeric, one digit): “Number of Insurgent Dead” (or, if information is lacking, one-third the number of insurgent wounded): 0 = “none” (0) 1 = “small” (1 to 9) 2 = “medium” (10 to 99) 3 = “large” (100–999) 4 = “exceptionally large” (>1,000). Field 11 (numeric, two digits): “Number of Barricades”: 02 = “small” (1 to 9) 04 = “medium” (10 to 99) 08 = “large” (100–999) 16 = “exceptionally large” (>1,000). Field 12 (numeric, two digits): “Magnitude”: This is an ad hoc indicator of the total magnitude of each barricade event. It is equal to...


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