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FrRevol_301-350.indd 33 3/16/12 1:08 PM CHAPTER XI The Foreign Troops Driven from France in z792. The prisoners ofOrleans1 had shared the fate ofthose ofParis,Z the priests had been massacred at the foot of the altars, and the royal family were captives in the temple. M. de Ia Fayette, faithful to the constant desire of the nation, a constitutional monarchy, had quitted his army3 rather than take an oath contrary to that which he had so lately sworn to the King. A National Convention was formed, and the Republic was proclaimed4 almost under the eyes ofthe victorious monarchs, whose armies were then only forty leagues from Paris: yet the greater part of the French officers had emigrated;5 and what remained of the troops had never fought in a war, and the administration was in a most deplorable state. There was a grandeur in such a resolution taken in the midst of the most imminent perils; it instantly revived in every heart the interest which the French nation once inspired; and ifthe conquering soldiers, on their returning to their homes, had overthrown the revolutionary faction, the cause of France would have once again been gained. 1. In early September 1792, fifty-three political prisoners from Orleans were massacred at Versailles as they were being transferred to Saumur. 2. On September 2, 1792, at the Carmes Prison in Paris. 3ยท La Fayette went over to the Austrians on August 19, 1792. He was later arrested and imprisoned at Olmiltz (1794-97). 4- On September 21, 1792, a day after the battle of Valmy, which stopped the march of foreign troops toward Paris. 5. Two-thirds of the French army officers (including those in the navy) had emigrated by September 1792. 333 FrRevol_301-350.indd 34 3/16/12 1:08 PM PART III General Dumouriez/ in this first campaign of 1792, displayed talents which can never be forgotten. He knew how to employ with ability the military force, which had its basis in patriotism but has since been made the tool ofambition. Amidst all the horrors which disgraced the year 1792, the public spirit which then showed itself had something in it truly admirable . The citizens, now become soldiers, devoted themselves to their country; and personal interests, the love of money and of power, had as yet no share in the efforts of the French armies. Europe consequently felt a sort of respect for the unexpected resistance which she experienced. Soon, however, the madness of crime possessed the prevailing party, and since then, every vice followed every evil deed-sad amelioration for mankind! 6. Dumouriez (1739- 1823) replaced La Fayette as the leader of the Army of the North on August 17, 1792. In April 1793, he, too, defected to the enemy. He returned to France in 1803. 334 ...


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