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Index Abd ar-Rahman I (emir), 29 Abreu e Brito, Domingos, 161 Aburrazach, Thahir, 33 Accounting practices: limitations of, 4–5; in Brazil, 190–91, 192, 199 (n. 66); and double-entry bookkeeping, 260, 268; and currency, 306–11 Acosta, Francisco de, 98 Aertsen, Pieter, 253 Affaitadi, Gabriel, 65 Affaitadi, Jean-Charles de, 269, 271 Affaitadi, João Francisco, 65–67 Afonso, Martim, 263 Africa: proximity to Madeira and Canary Islands, 57; and gold exports, 201, 202, 203, 205, 210, 212–13, 223; history of slavery in, 201–2; internal slave trade of, 202, 203, 213, 223, 227; international slave trade of, 202, 223, 224; African migration to Spanish America, 205; impact of European contact with, 212; consumer market of, 217–19, 225. See also Atlantic slave trade Afro-Portuguese merchants, 211–12 Agrela de Ornelas, Pedro, 60 Aguilón, Alonso Gutiérrez de, 87, 92, 96, 98 Albert, Archduke, 266 Albuquerque, Afonso de, 45, 51 Albuquerque, Jerónimo de, 160 Albuquerque, Matias de, 164 Albuquerque, Rodrigo de, 87 Alfonsine regulations, 43 Algeciras, 36 Almagro, Diego de, 205 Almeida, António de, 58 Almeida, João Berte de, 54 Alonso, Fernando, 53 Alonso, Pedro, 92 Ampiés, Juan de, 92 Amsterdam, 17, 173–74, 267, 272, 273–74 Anchieta, José de, 263 Andrews, Thomas, 295 Anes, Gonçalo, 181 Anes, Rodrigo, 60 Angola, 67, 206, 212, 215, 218 Antilles, 58, 71, 260 Antonil, Andre João, 163, 164, 178, 179, 187, 192 Antonio, Luca, 65 Antwerp: sugar market of, 17, 71, 238, 258– 67, 270; and Brazilian sugar, 159, 173; and sugar in diet, 249, 250, 251; and sugar refining, 267–72, 274 Arbotoni, Bartolomeo, 254 Archive of the Indies of Seville, 10 Arguim Island, 210 Aristreu, God of Shepherds, 52 Asian trade, 205, 208, 213, 218, 267 Aspectat, Jean-Baptiste des, 271 Astorga, Benito de, 96 Atienza, Pedro de, 87 Atlantic economy: origins of, 1, 20; sugar as commodity in, 5–6; and early Atlantic sugar economies, 8–9; mercantile system of, 12; sugar mills as symbolic of, 21; and Brazil’s sugar industry, 158, 159–66 Atlantic islands, 7, 15, 38. See also Canary Islands; Madeira Atlantic slave trade: and sugar revolution, 1– 2; and population movement, 6; dependence on, 7; and population transformation , 11; and Española, 16, 103, 104, 105; and early Atlantic sugar economies, 17, 201, 213; and Madeira, 57–58, 67, 213; and Genoese merchants, 68; and slave prices, 104, 224–26, 228, 233; and Cuba, 117, 121, 124; and Portugal, 124, 202–4, 209–11, 214, 220, 226; and Barbados, 124, 209, 290, 296–97; and Brazil, 160, 169, 170–71, 189–90; and domestic slavery, 201, 202–3; 334 index and Peru, 205–6, 208; and Mexico, 207; and West Africa, 210; government’s role in, 213–16; economics of free trade era, 216–23; and African slave traders, 219; and introduction of American foods, 223–24; origins of slaves, 226–27; and slave mortality , 228, 229, 230–32 Augusta, João de, 65 Augusti, Quirico degli, 247 Aveiro, Duke of, 159 Ayala de Obidos, Josefa de, 254 Ayllón, Lucas Vázquez de, 90, 92 Azores, 204 Babylon, sugar mill described as, 3–4, 21, 26 (n. 46) Baéz, Andrés, 53 Baez, Manuel, 139 Baeza, Miguel de, 244 Baghdad, 29 Bahia, Brazil: and sugar production, 3, 161, 162, 181, 208; and sugar prices, 12; production levels in, 18, 161, 163, 165, 170; and Madeiran sugar specialists, 75; local conditions in, 159; sugar mills in, 161–62; and Dutch occupation, 162, 164, 166; and technology, 163; and sugar trade, 174; sugar production techniques in, 176–80, 197 (n. 40); and sugar mill owners, 182; and cane farmers, 184, 186 Balbani, Jan, 269 Ballester, Miguel de, 87, 96, 98 Ballesteros, Francisco, 12 Barbados: ingenio in, 2; productivity per slave in, 5; and sugar revolution, 7, 8, 10, 18, 289, 290, 306; Brazil compared to, 12, 18; technology transfer and, 18; managerial strategies in, 18–19; as intermediary between Old and New World, 67; and Atlantic slave trade, 124, 209, 290, 296– 97; Brazilian competition with, 166, 170, 194; and sugar production, 209, 289, 291– 92, 297, 303, 313 (n. 5); Dutch involvement in, 289, 290, 291, 294–95, 297, 306, 315–16 (n. 19), 324 (n. 48); restructuring of sugar industry, 290, 294, 297–98, 300, 301; English involvement in, 291, 295, 296–97; currency in, 306–11, 325–26 (nn. 51, 53), 327–28 (nn. 56, 61, 62) Barbary...

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Additional Information

ISBN
9781469603667
Related ISBN
9780807828755
MARC Record
OCLC
652280205
Pages
368
Launched on MUSE
2014-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
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