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Contents Acknowledgments xi Note on Weights and Currencies xiii 1 Introduction stuart b. schwartz 1 2 Sugar in Iberia william d. phillips jr. 27 3 Sugar Islands The Sugar Economy of Madeira and the Canaries, 1450–1650 alberto vieira 42 4 The Sugar Economy of Española in the Sixteenth Century genaro rodríguez morel 85 5 Sugar and Slavery in Early Colonial Cuba alejandro de la fuente 115 6 A Commonwealth within Itself The Early Brazilian Sugar Industry, 1550–1670 stuart b. schwartz 158 7 The Atlantic Slave Trade to 1650 herbert klein 201 8 The Expansion of the Sugar Market in Western Europe eddy stols 237 9 The Sugar Industry in the Seventeenth Century A New Perspective on the Barbadian ‘‘Sugar Revolution’’ john j. mccusker and russell r. menard 289 Contributors 331 Index 333 This page intentionally left blank Illustrations, Tables, Figures, and Maps Illustrations The early modern sugar mill 15 The earliest representation of a sugar mill 97 Early planter residence on Española 99 The vertical three-roller mill 136 The mill and the kettle house 137 Identification mark placed on sugar crates 141 Engenhos of Recife and Olinda 160 Brazilian sugar mill and planter’s residence 168 The war for sugar 171 Decorative display made of sugar 239 Sugar and sweets in a bodegón 255 Map of Barbados 291 Tables 2.1 Documented Sugar Mills in Spain 36 3.1 Madeiran Engenhos 55 3.2 Madeira Sugar Production in the First Half of the Sixteenth Century 55 3.3 Estimated Canary Islands’ Sugar Production in 1520 56 3.4 Export of Madeira Sugar to Europe, 1490–1550 71 4.1 Beneficiaries of Royal Loans for the Construction of Ingenios on Hispaniola 91 4.2 Sugar Mills Built on Española before 1590 94 5.1 Origin of Selected Imports in Seville: Percentage Distribution of Their Value, 1560–1620 and 1650–1700 119 5.2 Beneficiaries of Royal Loans for the Construction of Ingenios in Havana, 1602 126 5.3 Contracts with Maestros de Azúcar in Havana, 1599–1608 139 5.4 Sugar Mills in Havana, 1600–1615 142 6.1 Estimates of the Bahian Sugar Crops, 1612 and 1629 165 6.2 Profitability of Engenho São Bento dos Lajes, 1652–1714 182 7.1 Estimates of African Slave Arrivals, by Region, 1451–1650 230 9.1 Commodity Monies Stipulated in Various Transactions, Barbados, 1639–1652 292 9.2 Estimated Population of Barbados, 1630–1690 293 9.3 Proportions of Servants and Slaves per Estate in Barbados in Different Periods, 1635–1670 294 9.4 Purchases of Barbadian Land by English Merchants, 1639–1650 296 9.5 Price of Barbadian Land, 1638–1650 299 9.6 Sale of Slaves from the Ship Marie Bonadventure of London, Capt. George Richardson, Master, and Richard Parr, Merchant, at Barbados, 27 July–17 August 1644 304 9.7 Value of Barbados Commodity Currency in Terms of Barbados Money Currency, from the 1630s 311 Figures 1.1 Comparison of Sugar Prices in Brazil and Morelos, Mexico, 1500–1840 13 1.2 Comparison of Slave Productivity in Sugar 20 5.1 Cuban Exports to Seville, 1560–1699 118 5.2 Petitions of Land for Sugar Mills, Havana, 1590–1700 123 5.3 The Initial Sugar Elite 128 6.1 Sugar Exports and Slave Imports, Dutch Brazil, 1630–1651 169 6.2 Mill Owner and Cane Farmer Arrangements 185 7.1 Mean and Standard Deviation of the Percentage of African Mortality in the Slave Trade by Decade, 1550–1859 228 7.2 Slave Mortality in the Middle Passage, 1550–1799 229 9.1 Price of Land in Barbados, 1638–1650 298 9.2 Amsterdam and London Sugar Prices, 1619–1670 302 Maps 3.1 The Sugar Industry on the Canary Islands 46 3.2 Sugar Production on the Island of Madeira, ca. 1590 49 5.1 Sugar Regions of Cuba and Española 120 ...

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Additional Information

ISBN
9781469603667
Related ISBN
9780807828755
MARC Record
OCLC
652280205
Pages
368
Launched on MUSE
2014-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
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