In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:

225 n o t e s Prologue 1 Kōnōdo no PCB ya suigin kenshutsu: Shiretoko de shinda shachi (High Levels of PCB and Mercury Found in the Orcas That Died at Shiretoko), Chūnichi Web Press, 9 March 2005, detail_062.shtml. For more on PCB poisoning and its physiological affects, see Kentaro Higuchi, ed., PCB Poisoning and Pollution (Tokyo: Kodansha; New York: Academic Press, 1976). 2 To narrate environmental “declension” means to emphasize the decline or deterioration of environmental health in one’s research. I claim my “declensionist” status while being sympathetic with Gunther Peck’s argument that “declensionism may work best when at its bleakest, but it also risks dissuading people from working to protect environments they care about.” See Gunther Peck, “The Nature of Labor: Fault Lines and Common Ground in Environmental and Labor History,” Environmental History 11, no. 2 (April 2006): 232. 3 Shachi jūnitō ryūhyō de ugokezu Rausu no kaigan (Twelve Orcas Lodged in Ice Floe along Rausu Coast), Yomiuri On-Line (Hokkaidō hatsu), 8 February 2005, htm; Ryūhyō no shachi ittō okitsu e Shiretoko jūittō suijaku shinuka (Of the Orcas Lodged in the Ice Floe: One Heads to Open Sea and Eleven Weaken and Probably Will Die), Kyodo News On-Line, 8 February 2005, webapp/journal/cid_979065/detail; Koichi Haraguchi, Yousuke Hisamichi, Sachie Moriki, and Tetsuya Endo, “Organohalogen Contaminants and Metabolites in Killer Whale (Orcinus orca) and Melon-Headed Whale (Peponocephala electra) from Japanese Coastal Water,” Organohalogen Compounds 68 (2006): 185–54. 226 Notes to Introduction Introduction: Knowing Nature 1 This theme of death as an expression of sincerity was explored by Ivan Morris in The Nobility of Failure: Tragic Heroes in the History of Japan (New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1975). Some accounts of Minamoto no Yoshitsune’s (1159–89) ritualized disembowelment, such as in the fifteenth-century Gikeiki (The Chronicle of Yoshitsune), described him as dramatically ripping out his own intestines: “Seizing the sword, Yoshitsune plunged it into his body below the left breast, thrusting it in so far that the blade almost emerged through his back. Then he cut deeply into his stomach and, tearing the wound wide open in three directions, pulled out his intestines” (100). However, as Eiko Ikegami has demonstrated , by the Tokugawa period (1600–1868), “A trend toward a tamer form of seppuku was unmistakable. The former glamorization of violence was clearly fading.” Often, instead of disemboweling himself, the samurai motioned toward his short sword or fan, which was a signal to the executioner to slice off his head. See Eiko Ikegami, The Taming of the Samurai: Honorific Individualism and the Making of Modern Japan (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1995), 257. 2 Bitō Masahide, “The Akō Incident, 1701–1703,” Monumenta Nipponica 58, no. 3 (Summer 2003): 152. See also Ikegami, Taming of the Samurai, 223–240. Four other Monumenta Nipponica articles make up the “Three Hundred Years of Chūshingura” series. They are Henry D. Smith II, “The Capacity of Chūshingura,” Monumenta Nipponica 58, no. 1 (Spring 2003): 1–37; James McMullen, “Confucian Perspectives on the Akō Revenge: Law and Moral Agency,” Monumenta Nipponica 58, no. 3 (Autumn 2003): 293–311; Federico Marcon and Henry D. Smith II, “A Chūshingura Palimpsest: Young Motoori Norinaga Hears the Story of the Akō Rōnin from a Buddhist Priest,” Monumenta Nipponica 58, no. 4 (Winter 2003): 439–61; and Hyōdō Hiromi and Henry D. Smith II, “Singing Tales of the Gishi: Naniwabushi and the Forty-Seven Rōnin in Late Meiji Japan,” Monumenta Nipponica 64, no. 4 (Winter 2007): 459–508. 3 Ikegami, Taming of the Samurai, 238. See also Masao Maruyama, Studies in the Intellectual History of Tokugawa Japan, trans. Mikiso Hane (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1974), 71–72. 4 Norie Huddle and Michael Reich, with Nahum Stiskin, Islands of Dreams: Environmental Crisis in Japan, foreword by Paul R. Ehrlich and afterword by Ralph Nader (New York and Tokyo: Autumn Press, 1975), 75–77. 5 Kawana Hideyuki, Dokyumento Nihon no kōgai: Kōgai no gekka (Documentation of Japan’s Industrial Pollution: Intensification of Industrial Pollution) (Tokyo: Ryokufu Shuppan, 1987), vol. 1, 257–58. 6 On hemophiliac beagles, see Stephen Pemberton, “Canine Technologies, Model Patients: The Historical Production of Hemophiliac Dogs in American Biomedicine ,” in Industrializing Organisms: Introducing Evolutionary History, ed. Susan R. Schrepfer and Philip...


Additional Information

Related ISBN
MARC Record
Launched on MUSE
Open Access
Back To Top

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Without cookies your experience may not be seamless.