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notes 219 The following abbreviations are used within the notes: AFP Agence France Presse AP Associated Press CC Christian Century CDSP Current Digest of the Soviet Press Cong. Rec. Congressional Record CSM Christian Science Monitor DDE Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library, Abilene, Kans. DSB Department of State Bulletin DSJP Daily Summary of the Japanese Press FBIS Foreign Broadcast Information Service Daily Report FRUS Foreign Relations of the United States HAR Hispanic American Report HST Harry S. Truman Presidential Library, Independence, Mo. IA (M) International Affairs (Moscow) JKF John F. Kennedy Library, Boston, Mass. LBJ Lyndon B. Johnson Library, Austin, Texas NA National Archives, Washington, D.C. NR New Republic NT (M) New Times (Moscow) NYHT New York Herald Tribune NYT New York Times OF Official Files POF President’s Office Files PPP Public Papers of the Presidents P. Rev. Peking Review PC Pittsburgh Courier R. Dig. Reader’s Digest RG Record Group S.E. Post Saturday Evening Post SMCP Survey of Mainland China Press Soc 14, 14–1 Social Conditions 14 or 14–1 220 TGNC Texas Good Neighbor Commission UPI United Press International USIA United States Information Agency USIS United States Information Service USN&WR U.S. News & World Report Introduction 1. “Disorders Halted in Tennessee City,” NYT, February 27, 1946; “Outbreak in Tennessee Jail,” NYT, March 1, 1946; “Tennessee Race Trouble Ends as State Highway Patrolmen Appear,” Atlanta Daily World, February 27, 1946; Nat D. Williams, “Tenn. Policemen Mow Down Two Negroes in City Jail,” Atlanta Daily World, March 2, 1946. 2. “Races in Turmoil: Reasons Why—Here and Abroad,” Newsweek, September 15, 1958, 25. 3. Ann K. Johnson, Urban Ghetto Riots, 1965–1968: A Comparison of Soviet and American Press Coverage, 23. 4. Robert W. Ikard, No More Social Lynchings, 41, 70–71. The casket picture inspired an editorial cartoon in the Washington Afro-American depicting armed Tennessee lawmen invading the funeral home that contained the casket (ibid., 68). “Hitlerism Is Not Dead,” Chicago Defender, March 9, 1946. “Tragedy in Mink Slide,” Time, March 11, 1946; “Terror in Mink Slide,” Newsweek, March 11, 1946, 28–29. 5. Ikard, No More Social Lynchings, see especially 7–9, 11–28, 76–77, 102–4. See also Dorothy Beeler, “Race Riot in Columbia, Tennessee: February 25–27, 1946.” 6. Daily Worker, June 30, Columbia, Tennessee, riot file, Philleo Nash files, Box 6, HST. The Times criticized the prosecution for “flamboyant flap doodle” and others, presumably the Communists, for exploiting “the trial and the riots.” It praised the jurors for “manfully” facing up to their duty to acquit the defendants of an offense for which “the overwhelming majority of them were patently not responsible” (NYT, October 6, 1946). Vincent Sheen presented the verdict as an affirmation of Americanism (NYHT, October 11, 1946, reprinted by the Nation, October 14, 1946, 472–73). Time, more cynically, recorded the verdict as “a minor miracle,” requiring the questioning of 736 potential jurors to find “twelve reasonably unprejudiced” individuals for the jury. Still, it ended on an idealistic note, using Sheen’s praise for the effect of the verdict— making “us realize the full splendor of our destiny as a nation” (“Mink Slide: The Aftermath,” Time, October 14, 1946, 29). 7. Daily Worker, March 9, 1946, Columbia, Tennessee, riot file, Philleo Nash files, Box 6, Harry S. Truman. 8. An AP dispatch was the first Columbia story that the Times ran (NYT, February 27, 1946). 9. Johnson, Urban Ghetto Riots, 36. Notes to Pages 1–2 221 10. For a sample of the civil rights/Cold War literature, see Thomas Borstelmann, The Cold War and the Color Line: American Race Relations in the Global Arena; Mary L. Dudziak, Cold War Civil Rights: Race and the Image of American Democracy; Azza Salama Layton, International Politics and Civil Rights Policies in the United States, 1941–1960; Renee Romano, “No Diplomatic Immunity: African Diplomats, the State Department, and Civil Rights, 1961– 1964.” Some, such as Justin Hart and Thomas Guglielmo, have argued that the struggles of Mexican Americans for civil rights affected U.S. foreign policy as early as World War II; see Justin Hart, “Making Democracy Safe for the World: Race, Propaganda, and the Transformation of U.S. Foreign Policy during World War II”; and Thomas A. Guglielmo, “Fighting for Caucasian Rights: Mexicans, Mexican Americans, and the Transnational Struggle for Civil Rights in World War II Texas.” 11. Hart, “Making Democracy Safe,” 52. 12. N. Bolkhovitinov, The Beginnings of Russian–American Relations, 1775– 1815, 46. 13. Charles P. Cullop, Confederate Propaganda in...


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