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Abbot, John C., 50 abolition, 12 Abromson, Laura, 288n17 Adams, Charles, 198 Adams, Sherman, 200 advertisements: for enlistment in the Union Navy, 190–91 African American children: smallpox vaccines and, 323n81 African Americans: aid to Union prisoners of war, 153–58; conscription by the Confederacy, 261, 288n16; demographics in 1861, 1; in the District of Columbia, 60–61; issue of equal rights and, 14; in the Port Royal area, 64–65; recruitment and, 286n38; Sherman’s “March to the Sea” and, 59–60, 251–52, 271; smallpox vaccines and, 323n81; in spying and intelligence gathering, 159–67, 310n62. See also black pilots; black sailors; black soldiers; contrabands; contraband sailors African American women: early escapes to Union forces, 33–34; as nurses and hospital workers, 308n20; as spies, 161–62, 310n62. See also contraband women A. Houghton (hospital ship), 143 Aiken, William, 293n16 Aiken’s Landing, 95 Aiken’s plantation, 95, 293n16 Alabama (USS), 195–96, 301n27 Albatross (USS), 77, 173, 331n41 alcohol consumption, 203–4 Alert, 183, 215 Alexandria, 327n32 Allen (bark), 217 Alliance, 327n32 Allison, 212–13 Almy, John J., 42–43 Almy, Thomas, 119 Alston, A., 315n35 Altamaha River, 93, 108, 158 ambushes, 213–14 Amelia Island, 107 Amelia River, 107 American Freedman’s Inquiry Commission, 18, 55, 64 Ammen, Daniel: on contrabands at Port Royal, 293n12; Edisto area contraband colonies and, 68, 69, 70, 71; expedition up Port Royal Sound and, 46; the George Huston affair and, 184; Jacksonville expedition and, 240–41; pilots and, 312n5 Anacostia (USS), 31, 236, 287n3 Anderson, Aaron, 273 Anderson, George, 216, 217 Anderson, Nelson, 172 Anderson, Robert, 288n17 Index 346 Index Angling, John, 258 Annie Dee, 114 Antietam, 22 Aquia Creek, 248 Aries, 27 armed boat parties, 213–14, 219 army-navy expeditions: Aylett expedition, 235–36; Bull’s Bay operation, 264; capture of Wilmington and, 263; contribution of contrabands to, 229; Draper raid, 236–38, 325n17; effect on African Americans in Virginia, 246–48; effect on Georgia Sea Island contrabands, 243–45; against guerrilla bands, 235; to Jacksonville, 238–42; North Atlantic Blockading Squadron and, 235; operations against the Confederate “Coast Guard,” 245–46; St. Mary’s River expeditions, 229–31; Stono River operation, 242–43 Army of Northern Virginia, 275 Army of the Potomac, 52–54, 301–2n33. See also Peninsular campaign Aroostook, 117, 120, 121 Ashepoo River, 47, 65, 66, 245 Atlanta (CSS). See Fingal (Confederate ironclad) Atlantic Blockading Squadron: fugitive slaves and, 5; Port Royal area and, 44–49; Roanoke Island and, 49–50. See also North Atlantic Blockading Squadron; South Atlantic Blockading Squadron Augusta (USS), 114, 212, 301n27 Ayler, William, 172, 183 Aylett expedition, 235–36 Babcock, Charles, 58, 247 Bache, Alexander D., 9, 169 Bailey (schooner), 34–35, 101 Bailey, Daniel, 205 Balch, George, 87–89, 108, 253–54, 296n52, 331n41 Barclay, William, 273 Barnard, Francis E., 87 Barnes, John S., 213 Barrett’s Island, 82 Bartlett, Stephen, 206, 223–24 Barton, Kento, 113–14 baskets, 151 Batten Island, 179–80, 314n21 Baxter, I. B., 37, 81, 87, 88, 89, 296n52 Bayard, James A., Jr., 13, 283n16 Beall, J. Y., 245, 246, 327n32 Bear Inlet, 181–82 Bear’s Bluff, 69 Beaufort (CSS), 276, 305n65 Beaufort, North Carolina, 192; abuse of black laborers at, 308n19; capture of, 173–75; “underground” railway and, 2 Beaufort, South Carolina: black refugees and, 46–49, 135, 136; New York Herald description of, 289n25; W. T. Sherman sends contrabands to, 60; W. T. Sherman’s troops and, 251; Union occupation, 46–49, 135, 136 Beaufort contraband camp, 63, 64 Beaufort County, 289n23 Beaufort Creek, 65 Beaumont, J. C., 94 Beauregard, P. G. T., 121, 253 Bell, Alexander Graham, 269 Bell, H. H., 21 Ben De Ford, 88, 230, 314n23 Ben Morgan (hospital ship), 143 Bennett, Michael, 193 Benson, John, 166 Bermuda, 27 Berry, Benjamin, 317n17 Bibb, 294n28, 332n51 Bienville (USS), 112–13, 113, 301n27, 309n25 Index 347 Birtwistle, James, 260 Bisbee, H., Jr., 240 Black Creek, 184 black pilots, 172–88, 266; capture of Fort Macon and, 173–75; casualties, 182–85; Charleston blockade and, 178; commanders’ views of, 311–12n3; cowardly behavior, 185–86; giving credit to, 181–82; importance of, 188; numbers of, 188; Pilot Town colony, 179–80; proposed Union attack on Savannah and, 175–77; Robert Smalls, 187; Union aid and assistance to, 178–79; Union rescue of the families of, 180–81 Black River, 88, 89, 272–73, 331n41 Black River batteries, 88–89 black sailors: percent of all American merchant seamen, 2; in the...

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Additional Information

ISBN
9780813173481
Related ISBN
9780813125541
MARC Record
OCLC
496122978
Pages
400
Launched on MUSE
2012-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
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