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397 PAPIĆ, Žarana (1949–2002) Sociologist-anthropologist, academic, one of the founders of the feminist movement in Yugoslavia and co-founder (1992) of the Belgrade Women’s Studies Center. Žarana Papić (called Žarka by her family ) was born on 4 July 1949 in Sarajevo, Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia. She was brought up in a family that actively resisted fascism and nationalism and fought for freedom and social justice. Her parents were Milena, born Šotrić (1921–2002) and Radovan Papić (1910–1983). Her father was a high ranking Communist Party official and his position secured the family a higher standard of living and privileged social status. In 1955, her family moved from Sarajevo to Belgrade, where she graduated (in 1968) from the Fifth Belgrade gymnasium as the best student of her generation . Although her family belonged to the privileged social group, both Žarana and her older brother Žarko Papić (economist, minister and diplomat) strove to prove themselves in their chosen fields of work. Žarana Papić belonged to the first generation of Yugoslav feminist theorists in the post-World War II socialist system, and she had a tremendous influence on the development of younger feminists. Throughout her life her appearance, like her personality, revealed strength and fragility, courage and integrity. A woman of unique style and refinement, a cosmopolitan fluent in English and French, she traveled and communicated widely with numerous colleagues from abroad and throughout Yugoslavia, including Sanja Iveković (feminist artist, Women’s Studies Center, Zagreb, Croatia), Chislaine Glasson Deschaumes (coordinator of Transeuropéene, Réseau pour la culture en Europe [Network for European culture] Paris, France), Corrine Kumar (feminist activist from India and coordinator of El Taller International, Tunisia), Rosi Braidotti (feminist professor of philosophy, Utrecht University, the Netherlands), Vjollca Krasniqi (Women’s Kosovo Network, Priština, Kosovo) and Rada Iveković (feminist professor of philosophy, Paris, France). Žarana Papić lived in a flat next to that of her parents in 16 Baba Višnjina Street, a quiet part of Belgrade. A private yet warm woman, many of her numerous friends remember the hospitality of her large room, dominated by her library. Žarana Papić, 1996, at home at her computer 398 From 1968 to 1974, Papić studied for, and obtained a B. A. degree in sociology at the Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade. These years coincided with vibrant left-wing student activity in Yugoslavia, culminating in the student protests of 1968 and opening the doors to modes of intellectual thought that offered alternatives to the rigid ruling socialist ideology. Žarana Papić belonged to a circle of well-educated young people who actively participated in many of the events organized by the most significant institution of alternative thought and culture of that time, the Students’ Cultural Center. On the one hand, the state took care to suppress and limit political uprising among students, but on the other hand, opportunities to act in the sphere of ‘culture’ through youth media were present, hence the Center, which was financed with state money, could afford a very alternative kind of cultural politics (organizing exhibitions, lectures, events, theater and so on). As a young sociologist-anthropologist, Papić was introduced to contemporary feminist theory at the Croatian Sociological Association Conference in Portorož, Slovenia, in 1976. The same year, she attended the first Women’s Studies course at the Inter-University Centre in Dubrovnik, Croatia. She was inspired by feminist theory, especially by the work of feminist anthropologists , by Simone de Beauvoir’s Le Deuxième Sexe (which she must have read in French or English since it was not available in Serbian at that time) and later, by the work of Rosi Braidotti. With Dunja Blažević (the director of the Students’ Cultural Center) and other colleagues, Žarana Papić organized the first international feminist conference in Eastern Europe under the title of “Drug/ca žensko pitanje, novi pristup?— Comrade/ess” (Comrade/ess—the woman question, a new approach?). The conference , which took place in October 1978 in the Students’ Cultural Center in Belgrade, was a key moment in Yugoslav feminism. Its aim was to present the new feminist movement and feminist theory to interested men and women from Yugoslavia, and to this end it invited prominent feminists from all over Europe. Among the participants were Helen Cixous, Haty Garcia and Nil Yalter from France; Jill Lewis, Helen Roberts and Parveen Adams from the UK; Dacia Maraini, Carla Ravaioli and Chiara Saraceno from Italy; Ewa Morawska from Poland; Judit Kele from Hungary; Alice Schwarzer from...


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