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161 Index Abbott, Edith, 9 Abbott, Grace, 9 academic performance, 92; of Brad, 42; of Eric, 63; of Josh, 45; of Kei, 45; of Nino, 46; of Thomas, 47; of Trevor, 47. See also education acceptance of identity changing, 103–106; of Humphrey, 124, 127; of Kei, 103–104, 106, 124, 127; of Trevor, 103, 104–106, 124–127, 127–128. See also patterns of change Addams, Jane, 9 Adolescence (Hall), 9 adolescence as construction, 9, 19 adult correctional facilities, 129–130; youth in, 21–22, 138 adult court, youth sentenced in, 14, 21, 23, 129, 131, 138 advocacy view of juvenile corrections reform, 15, 18–25, 28–29, 129–130, 131 African Americans, 14; mass incarceration and, 30; ratio of in juvenile corrections, 17; on staff at Wildwood House, 41 aftercare status, 113–114, 115, 119; Trevor and, 124. See also community reentry aggression, 72, 89–90 aggression replacement training (ART), 23 aging out of system, 16, 111–112 all-boys facilities, 4 ambivalent pattern of identity change, 100–103, 109, 119–124; of Elijah, 100–101, 102, 119, 121–123, 128, 131; of Jason, 44, 100, 102, 119–121, 122, 128; of Josh, 102, 124; of Mario, 124; of Nino, 102–103, 123–124. See also patterns of change American Association of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 19 American Medical Association, 19 American Psychiatric Society, 19 Annie E. Casey Foundation, 24 Ayers, William, 4 behavioral management system at Wildwood House, 37–39, 51, 124, 132, 133; Mr. Lund and, 100, 101. See also treatment/punishment tension Berkeley Media Studies Group, 27 blended systems of care at Wildwood House, 31, 33, 36–40. See also treatment/punishment tension border crossings, 91–92, 99, 112 boredom, 53, 54 Bortner, M. A., 4 boys, 4, 134–135; child savers’ beliefs about, 10; emotional expression and, 74; juvenile placements of, 16. See also gender; girls; men Brad (Unit C resident), 41–42, 73–74, 75; community reentry, 114–116, 119, 127, 128; criminal history, 42, 108, 130; family of, 42, 108–109, 115, 130; self-preservation of identity of, 108, 114–116, 119, 127, 128; treatment program views of, 93, 108–109, 115–116, 128, 130, 132, 144 brain development, advocacy view and, 19–21 Breckinridge, Sophonisba, 9 Breuer, Ms. (Wildwood House counselor), 65, 87, 91, 113–114 Brown, Jerry, 23 Butts, Jeffrey, 24 cafeteria at Wildwood House, 35 Caleb (Unit C resident), 53, 98 California: juvenile correction legislation in, 26; recidivism in, 17; state-run juvenile facilities in, 22–23 California Street Gang Terrorism and Enforcement Act (1988), 26 Census of Youth in Residential Placement (OJJDP), 16 Chicago school bus beating (2009), 27 children’s rights, 12 child savers, 9–10, 11 class: identity and, 91; masculinity and, 6, 70, 71 “code of the street,” 92 codes of conduct at Wildwood House, 37 code switching, 59, 61, 133, 148 cognitive-behavioral therapies (CBT), 23–24, 36, 50, 58 Columbine high school shooting (1999), 14 community reentry, 6–7, 48, 111–128; of accepting identity-changers, 124–127; aftercare status and, 113–114, 115, 119, 124; of ambivalent identity-changers, 119–124; barriers to success after, 111–112, 113; Brad and, 114–116, 119, 127, 128; Elijah and, 119, 121–123, 128; Eric and, 114, 116–119, 128; family and, 112; gradual process of, 39–40; Humphrey and, 124, 127; Jason and, 119–121, 122, 127, 128, 137; Josh and, 124, 131; Kei and, 124, 127, 137; Mario and, 124; Nino and, 123–124; preparation for, 112–114; recidivism and, 127; of self-preservationists, 106–109, 114–119; support upon, 137; Thomas and, 119, 128; Trevor and, 124–127, 127–128, 137 competition, 69–72, 79–83, 88–89 conditions in juvenile correctional facilities, 22–23 Connelly, Mr. (Wildwood House staff member), 59, 69–70, 80, 83 contracts for Wildwood House residents. See treatment contracts corporal punishment, 73 costs: of correctional placements in US, 2, 17, 18, 26, 136; of program at Wildwood House, 39–40 court. See adult court, youth sentenced in; juvenile court; Supreme Court lawsuits crime prevention, 26 crime rates, 3; decrease in by youths since 1994, 16, 25; public safety and, 25; rise of in 1980s, 13; of violent youth crime, 30 criminal history, 135; of Brad, 42, 108, 130; of Caleb, 53; of Elijah, 42; of Eric, 43; of Humphrey, 44, 76–77; of Jason, 44, 55; of Josh, 44, 56; of Kei, 45, 103–104; of Mario, 45; of Nino, 46, 65; power and, 92; of Terrell...

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Additional Information

ISBN
9780813554143
Related ISBN
9780813554129
MARC Record
OCLC
825179534
Pages
188
Launched on MUSE
2013-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
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