Index
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237 Index Abu-Lughod, Lila, 99–100 Adventure travel: first contact narratives, 162–63; in New Guinea, 160–62, 171–73 Affiliation, online and onground, 27–28 Age cohort, Cyborganic as, 16 Agency, 2, 115, 190 AI. See Artificial intelligence Amazon Amerindians/Amazonians: cyberconnectivity, 150–55; modern technology and, 148–50 Amazonia, caboclos in, 181, 185–88, 190–91, 196(n1) Analytical metaphors, cyborgs as, 53 Anício da Silva, Brasilino, 186–87, 187; collaboration with, 188–89, 190–91; on tourists, 193, 194, 197(n7) Animality, 223–24 Anonymity, 90; group and identity in, 100– 101; as moral value, 94–95 Anonymous, 6, 89, 102, 125; identity in, 94–95, 98, 99; participation in, 90–91; raids and pranks by, 96–97; viruses and hacking by, 91–92 Anstice, Mark, 158, 171, 175(nn6, 7); First Contact, 160; Mek and, 164–67 Anthropology, 2, 28(n6), 218, 227, 231, 232; collaboration in, 188–91, 194–95; culture concept in, 99–100; expertise of, 170–74; and informants, 179–80; multiple modernities, 217, 219–22; participation in, 195–96; TV reality shows and, 157–59; as tourism, 193–94 Apache open-source software project, 11 Appadurai, Arjun, 233; Modernity at Large, 221 Arab Spring, 90 Arembepe, 188 Artificial intelligence (AI), 5, 9, 53; Chinese Room experiment and, 51–52; conversational, 54, 65–66 Artisans, in Brazil, 177–78 Assange, Julian, 6 Page numbers in italics indicate illustrations. 238 Index Autism treatments, avatars used in, 62–65 Avatar (film), 131 Avatars, 131–32, 133; in autism treatments, 62–65; gender of, 135–37; Second Life, 114–15; South Asian, 118, 122–26 Az_Tiffany, 54; conversation with, 55–58 /b/: identities on, 92–94; viruses and hacking on, 91–92 Back-channels, 18 Barcelos, fieldwork near, 185–88 BasementDad, 96 Bay Area countercultures, 15, 16–17 Belle epoch (Brazil), 207 Bijlmer, H.J.T., 162 Biopower, 9 Blogs, 11; family use of, 71–72 Body, and cyberculture, 35–36 Bollywoodization: of digital diasporas, 120– 26; of mass media, 117, 118 Bots, 2, 68(n14). See also Chatbots; Sexbots Boundaries, human-machine, 50–52, 68(n17) Boyer, Dominic, on expertise, 170–71 Brainstorms (Rheingold), 11 Brand, Stewart, 16 Brazil, 200; caboclos in, 8, 185–87, 196(n1); fieldwork in, 178–79, 189–91; hippy culture in, 177–78, 182–83, 187–88, 196– 97(nn3, 4, 5); marginalized populations in, 179–81, 191–94 Brilliant, Larry, 16 Brumann, Christoph, 99 Burning Man Tribe.net forum, death notices, 79–81 Caboclos, 8, 179, 181–82, 192, 196(n1), 197(n7); fieldwork on, 185–87, 188–91 Cadet detector, 20 Call centers, in India, 108–9 Call-center workers: in digital diaspora, 119– 20; space-time orientation of, 118–19 Cannibal Tours, 158; anthropological response to, 171–73 Casey, Edward, 74; Remembering: A Phenomenological Study, 73 Cata-bagulho, 207 Cataclysm, 140 Celebrity, 6; Anonymous prank and raids on, 96–97, 102(n5) Centro (São Paulo), 200, 213(nn4, 10), 214(n13); anti-nóias campaign in, 209–10, 213–14(n12); history of, 201–4; institutionalized violence in, 208–9; Nova Luz project, 206–7; space use in, 204–5; urban renewal in, 207–8 Chanology, 95 Chatbots, 54; scripts of, 55–57. See also Sexbots Chatrooms, 5, 54; human-bot interactions, 57–62; space bar, 19–24; Yahoo!, 66, 67–68(n11) Chess, AI, 50, 66–67(n2) Children, anthropological fieldwork and, 189–90 Chinese Room though experiment, 51–52, 53 Church of Scientology, Anonymous protests against, 90, 95 CI. See Conservation International Cicada Films/Productions, 158, 168; “first contact” adventures, 163–64 CNET.com, 11 Codi_1984, 55–56 Coleman, Gabriella, 95, 96 Collaboration, in anthropological fieldwork, 188–91, 194–96 Collective actions, of Anonymous, 90–91 Collins, Jane, Reading National Geographic, 159 Colocation, 18, 23 Colonialism: first contact accounts as, 160– 62; in TV reality shows, 158–59, 162–67 Communication, 19, 133 Communication skills, Virtual Peers program, 64, 65, 69(n24) Community, communities, 18, 36; mass media and, 117–18; mediated networks, 106–7; on Tribe.net, 78–81 Companion species, cyborgs as, 61–62, 68(n18) Computers, Waiwai use of, 150–55 Conklin, Beth, 149–50 Conservation International (CI), 150 Conversation, 93; AI creation of, 54–55; chatbot, 55–58 Countercultures, Bay Area, 15, 16–17 Coupling, bot-human, 60–61 Craig’s List, 11, 79 Crime e Cotidiano: A Criminalidade em São Paulo 1870–1924 (Fausto), 202 Criminality, in São Paulo, 208–9 Cultural critiques, Anonymous actions...



Subject Headings

  • Anthropology -- Philosophy.
  • Cybernetics -- Philosophy.
  • Online social networks.
  • Computers and civilization.
  • Virtual reality.
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