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303 Afterword At long last, Carrie Prudence Winter became Mrs. Charles Atwood Kofoid on June 30, 1894. She was married by her father at the family home in Connecticut and soon dropped the name Carrie. She took her middle name and became Prudence W. Kofoid. Carrie Winter, the schoolteacher, was forever left behind in Honolulu, and it was Prudence Kofoid who stepped forward to begin an energetic life as the wife of a distinguished university professor. After the wedding, the couple went to the University of Michigan, where Charlie served as instructor in vertebrate morphology for one year. They then moved to the University of Illinois for another teaching appointment. In 1903, they settled in Berkeley, where Charles succeeded his colleague William Ritter as chair of the department of zoology at the University of California. While in Honolulu, Carrie had spent much time envisioning their future home: “I will try to be always loving and kind and gentle and thoughtful and have things warm and cheerful when you come home. And I am sure it will be a very beautiful house too.” In 1905, Prudence had her beautiful house designed and built by Julia Morgan, an architect best known for her design of Hearst Castle. Located near the Berkeley campus, the Craftsman home of the Kofoids was run on the strictest principles of cleanliness and good order, with everything exactly in its place, true to the housekeeping standards of Kawaiaha ‘o Female Seminary. The grass mat that Carrie had commissioned from Moloka‘i for ten dollars was placed not on the floor of the study, as originally intended , but on the ceiling, where it remains today. The Kofoids had no children of their own, but their lives were busy and their home was always open to university students, colleagues, visiting missionaries , booksellers, and teachers. On holidays , those with no family nearby had a place at the Kofoid table. Like other missionary teachers from Kawaiaha‘o, Prudence wasted no time in Carrie Winter Kofoid, 1904. Portrait by Frederick A. Webster, Oakland. furthering her education. She studied history at the University of Illinois under Evarts B. Green. Her master’s thesis, “Puritan Influences in the Formative Years of Illinois History,” was completed in 1906. She became proficient in Latin and Russian and assisted her husband in the translation of scientific articles . Charles gained international prestige as a scientist, and a reputation as a hard-working oceanographer. He accompanied Alexander Agassiz, the preeminent oceanographer in America, on the Eastern Tropical Pacific Expedition of 1905 and was closely associated with Ritter, a former Harvard colleague, in founding a west coast marine laboratory, now known as the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. His early work on plankton was praised by the great oceanographers of Europe, who received him and Prudence during a year-long visit from 1908 to 1909. That trip yielded a book, The Biological Stations of Europe, which was used as a guide by a generation of young American scientists anxious to work in the best laboratories abroad. During World War I, Prudence was an active member of the YWCA, serving on the California Field Committee while her husband enlisted and worked as a bacteriologist in the Sanitary Corps of the U.S. Army. Kofoid witnessed the flu epidemic of 1918 as it devastated soldiers in military camps, and cautioned his wife to avoid crowds. When he returned to Berkeley, medical students and the sons of missionaries who wanted careers in science sought his courses in biology. Throughout their lives, Prudence used her missionary connections at home and abroad to foster her husband’s career in science, and he found jobs for her protégés. During the two world wars, they united their efforts to assist scientists and other scholars who were refugees. Together they acquired a personal library of over forty-thousand rare books, eventually donating them to the University of California. The Berkeley Gazette followed the Kofoids’ social and professional activities closely. They were pillars of the Berkeley Congregational Church, and Prudence was a founding member of the Women’s Club at Berkeley. For twentythree years she served as president of the Women’s Board of the Pacific of the Congregational Church, and she was an active member of its Board of Missions . The Kofoids and their friends were among the influential Progressive Republicans who supported political reform and the arts and who championed the protection of California’s natural environment. Prudence used the...


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