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mississippi t mississippi river | 89 miles below Greenwood and opposite Southworth’s Landing . Union forces burned the above-water portions of the vessel. (OR, 24:3:372; ORN, 25:133, 136, 756; Chief of Engineers Report 1873, 483; Chief of Engineers Report 1874, 365; CWC, 6-299; EAS, 190; WPD, 421.) CSS Sharp (J. M. Sharp). Confederate. Side-wheel transport steamer and dispatch boat, 218 tons. Length 147 feet, beam 29 feet, depth 6 feet 6 inches. Built in 1859 at Jeffersonville , Ind. Was burned to prevent its capture in the Yalobusha River in early February 1864. Was raised and rebuilt as the J. M. Sharp in 1865. (ORN, 25:136, 756; CWC, 6-301; WCWN, 249; MSV, 106; WPD, 233.) Thirty-fifth Parallel (Parallel). Confederate. Side-wheel steamer, 419 tons. Protected by cotton bales. Built in 1859 at Cincinnati. Ran into trees and was disabled in the narrow Tallahatchie River on March 10, 1863, when the USS Chillicothe and USS Baron De Kalb approached. Burned on March 13, 1863. (OR, 24:1:397; ORN, 25:286; CWC, 6-315; WCWN, 249; MSV, 210; WPD, 450.) ➢ Vessels without Names ironclad. Confederate. Twin screw side-wheel ram. Length 310 feet, beam 70 feet, armor 4.5-inch iron, 4 engines. Designed along the lines of the CSS Louisiana. Was burned in the stocks at Yazoo City to prevent its capture on May 20–21, 1863. (ORN, 25:8; Pratt, Western Waters, 133, 230; WCWN, 209.) steamer. Confederate. Possibly the Hine or Beaufort, is located downstream of the wrecks of the Dot, Charm, and Pau1 Jones in the Big Black River. Probably sank on May 17, 1863. (Vicksburg National Park Service ranger, pers. comm.) vessels. Confederate. Six large ships, three large flatboats were captured and destroyed by a Union small boat expedition from the USS Cowslip and USS Vincennes on June 2, 1864, in Biloxi Bay. (ORN, 21:792.) Mississippi River Domination of the Mississippi River was a major Union objective in the West. By occupying the Mississippi River, the Confederacy would be divided, and Texas beef and other supplies would be cut off from the Confederate armies in the East. Union riverboats under the command of Flag Officer Andrew H. Foote, then Flag Officer Charles H. Davis, and finally Rear Adm. David D. Porter steamed southward from Cairo, Ill., while Rear Adm. David G. Farragut’s deep-water ships steamed northward from occupied New Orleans. Confederate vessels the Admiral, CSS Grampus, L. B. Winchester, CSS John Simonds, CSS Kanawha Valley, CSS Mohawk, CSS Red River, Yazoo, and the floating battery CSS New Orleans were trapped and scuttled at Island No. 10 in March–April 1862. Another Confederate fleet was destroyed at the Battle of Memphis on June 6, 1862, with the loss of the cottonclad gunboats the CSS Colonel Lovell, CSS General Beauregard, CSS General Bragg, CSS General M. Jeff Thompson, CSS General Sterling Price, and CSS General Sumter. As the Confederate steamboats abandoned the Mississippi River for smaller rivers and streams, Confederate strongholds fell at Grand Gulf, Mississippi; Port Hudson, Louisiana; and Vicksburg, Mississippi. The Union fleets were united, and the Mississippi River became a lifeline to supply Union troops attacking and occupying the Confederacy ’s heartland. Confederate spies continually set Union steamboats on fire with bombs and incendiaries. At St. Louis Confederate agents burned the Union steamers the Cherokee, Edward F. Dix, Glasgow, Northerner, Sunshine, and Welcome on July 5, 1863; and the Imperial, Hiawatha, Jesse K. Bell, and Post Boy on September 13, 1863. The Ruth, with a Union army payroll of $2.6 million destined for Maj. Gen. Big Black River Yazoo River T a l l a h a t c h i e R i v e r B i g S u n f l o w e r R i v e r Arkansas River Y alobusha R i v er M i s s i s s i p p i R i v e r Civil War Shipwrecks Mississippi River Delta Area (NOT ALL WRECKS ARE SHOWN) Thirty Fifth Parallel Greenwood Ft. Pemberton Yazoo City Vicksburg Dunleith Allen Collier Fanny Bullit Frontier City James Watson Blue Wing No. 2 Sallie Wood Lebanon B. M. Runyan Minnesota & 3 barges Golden Age R.J. Lockland John Walsh Scotland CSS J.F. Paragoud R.E. Hall CSS Ferd Kennet Arcadia CSS Ben McCulloch CSS Magenta CSS Magnolia CSS St. Mary CSS Prince of Wales CSS B.P. Cheney Freestone CSS Mary E. Keene CSS Mobile...


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