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367 oral tradition no other early musician has as many tunes associated with his name, 2. his collection was the first such publication. Many Jackson tunes occur in other music collections of primary importance – e.g.O’Farrell’s Pocket Companion,Bunting’s, Goodman’s, various of O’Neill’s, Roche’s, and the four Breathnach works. And 3. the collection was extremely important for featuring instrumental music only. [SIN] Japan. Among Japan’s total population of nearly 128 million in 2008,the Irish residents officially registered by the Immigration Association amounted to slightly more than 1,000, a figure which has not drastically changed for years.However,the number of Irish pubs has been steadily increasing, and it is estimated that there are more than eighty of these throughout the Japanese archipelago. In some of those one will find Japanese musicians playing Irish traditional tunes. Tokyo. A Tokyo branch of CCÉ was founded in 1991, at a time when only a handful of people knew about it.Since there were no Irish pubs then, musicians gathered in small theatres or restaurants to create sessions. Tokyo CCÉ has now about fifty members and organises music and dancing classes as well as events like ‘Shamrock Festival’. Since more dancers than musicians have been attracted, however, most musicians in the capital area are not attached to the organisation. Sessions are held regularly at pubs such as The Morrigan’s (Yotsuya), Warrior Celt (Ueno), The Dubliners Japanese Irish-music players busking in Galway, 2000 Jackson,Walker. (d.1798). Uilleann pipes, fiddle. Born at Ballingarry, Co. Limerick, he was a noted composer of high-quality tunes and airs. He was described in 1787 by Ferrar as: ‘a native of the county of Limerick and a good musician, who has composed a number of excellent pieces of music, which are much admired for their harmony and expression’. Most active in the latter eighteenth century, he has always been popularly confused with another Jackson – supposedly of Ballybay, Co. Monaghan – a ‘linen lord’, sportsman and benevolent landlord. That individual may be the Jackson referred to in the songs ‘Jackson and Jane’ and ‘The Boys of Mullaghbane’. Many of Walker Jackson’s tunes are still favourites among today’s musicians, notably ‘Jackson’s Morning Brush’ and ‘Jackson’s Coggie’. Jackson’s tunes. Thirteen of his pieces can be found in a volume entitled Jackson’s Celebrated Irish Tunes, first published in 1774, and reprinted in 1790. Interestingly, this features both treble and bass clef, as was customary for any music publication of the time. This arrangement for accompaniment indicates piano, and not as one might expect, the regulators of the pipes. Of the thirteen tunes which appeared in print over two hundred years ago, six are still very popular with musicians today and remarkably these have varied very minimally from the settings first published. Almost another seventy tunes are accredited to Walker Jackson in the oral tradition of Irish music. However, there is not sufficient evidence to substantiate the claim that Jackson actually composed all the tunes bearing his name. Indeed, a slip jig called ‘Cummillum’ that features in his collection predates his time and is commonly known as ‘Drops of Brandy’. On the other hand, a double jig in the same collection called ‘Jackson’s Nightcap’ is played very widely but no reference is made to Jackson in its most frequently used name, ‘Strike the Gay Harp’. It is impossible to ascertain just what other tunes Jackson composed, given the oral tradition and the very nature of traditional music. Jackson’s importance lies in 1. the fact that in the J jig 368 (Shinjuku, Shinagawa and Shibuya), Seamus O’Hara (Meguro),Clann (Meguro),County Clare (Tachikawa) and Hill of Tara (Nakano). Such bars’ territory has also extended to the suburban areas of Tokyo (for example, McCann’s in Kawasaki, The Green Sheep in Yokohama, or Bar Almanac House in Ichikawa). In addition to CCÉ classes, some offer tuition in competition dances and on instruments such as Irish harps, tin whistles, flutes and fiddles. western Japan. Though Tokyo has always been the centre for promoting Irish culture in Japan (St Patrick’s Day parades were organised in nine Japanese cities in 2009, among which Tokyo’s parade was the largest in scale), the western part of Japan or Kansai area has also allured musicians and dancers. Several classes for group and solo dancing are held there regularly.In one such dancing class in Osaka, music...


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