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179 Notes Chapter 1: These Little Instruments, of Which They Are So Fond 1. Helen H. Roberts, Ancient Hawaiian Music, Bulletin No. 29 (Honolulu: Bernice P. Bishop Museum, 1926); George H. Kanahele, ed., Hawaiian Music and Musicians: An Illustrated History (Honolulu: University Press of Hawaii, 1979) 334–335; Charlotte J. Frisbie, “Helen Heffron Roberts (1888–1985): A Tribute,” Ethnomusicology 33 (winter 1989), 99–100; Lorin Tarr Gill, “Portuguese Were First to Introduce Ukulele in Hawaii Says Miss Roberts,” Honolulu Advertiser Magazine, August 10, 1924, 3. Roberts, a classically trained pianist, thought modern Hawaiian music “banal.” Accounts of the ‘ukulele’s Portuguese origin appeared sporadically, beginning as early as the 1880s. See Augustus Marques, “Music in Hawaii Nei,” Hawaiian Almanac and Annual (Honolulu: Thos. G. Thrum, 1886) 58; Paradise of the Pacific, February 1906, 11; Pacific Commercial Advertiser, December 29, 1909, 11; Nathaniel Emerson, Unwritten Literature of Hawaii: The Sacred Songs of the Hula (Washington , D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1909), 251; “How the Ukulele Came to Hawaii,” Paradise of the Pacific, January 1922, 8–10. 2. “Luck Eludes Song Writer,” New York Times, September 7, 1924, 20:2. In 1923, ‘ukuleles could be had for as little as $1.54 at Macy’s in New York and for $1.90 at Platt Music Co. in Los Angeles (see New York Times, June 8, 1923, 17; Los Angeles Times, October 11, 1923, 15.) 3. “Say It with a Ukulele” was released by Columbia in February 1924 per advertisement, Los Angeles Times, January 27, 1924, G4. Marvin had his first solo recording session, accompanying himself on the ‘ukulele, in June 1924. Michael Pitts and Frank Hoffman, The Rise of the Crooners (Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2002), 161. 4. “Adele Astaire Fascinates,” New York Times, December 2, 1924, 23; Fred Astaire, Steps in Time (New York: Harper and Brothers, 1959), 126–128. 5. Arnold Shaw, The Jazz Age: Popular Music in the 1920s (New York: Oxford University Press, 1987), 136; “Ukelele Craze Breaks Out Anew in Waterbury Due to New Germ,” Bridgeport (CT) Telegram , September 20, 1924. Chicago’s Regal Musical Instrument Co. showed its Red-Head Ukulele at the October 1924 Illinois Product Exposition. “Seven Manufacturers to Exhibit at Exposition,” Music Trade Review (September 27, 1924): 49. Hall’s song was even the choice of a brave young woman who played her ‘ukulele and sang to keep up the spirits of passengers on an ocean liner that caught fire in a fierce storm off the coast of Delaware in 1925. “Liner, Afire in Gale at Sea, Races to Shore Saving 200 Passengers,” Hartford Courant, January 3, 1925, 1. 6. John Hutchens, “‘The Bird of Paradise’ on an Eighteen Year Front,” New York Times, April 6, 1930, 120. The American Film Institute’s Catalog of Motion Pictures lists forty-one films with South 180 Seas settings produced between 1914 (McVeagh of the South Seas) and 1924 (Venus of the South Seas). Pickford appeared in Hearts Adrift (1914); Power in Lorelei of the Sea (1917); and Karloff in The Infidel (1922). 7. “Prince of Wales a Good Drummer,” New York Times, August 16, 1924, 11. 8. Manuel Morais, “Os instrumentos populares de corda dedilhada Madeira,” in Morais, ed., A Madeira e a Música: Estudos c. 1508–1974 (Funchal: Empresa Municipal “Funchal 500 Anos,” 2008), 62. 9. William Shaw, Golden Dreams and Waking Realities: Being the Adventures of a Gold-Seeker in California and the Pacific Islands (London: Smith, Elder and Co., 1851), 249. 10. Francisco Alcafarado, An Historical Relation of the First Discovery of the Isle of Madera (London : William Cademan, 1675), 21. 11. Fernando Augusto da Silva and Carlos Acevedo de Menezes, Elucidario Madeirense (Funchal: Tipografia “Esperança,” 1921) 1:432, 436. 12. T. Bentley Duncan, Atlantic Islands: Madeira, the Azores and the Cape Verdes in SeventeenthCentury Commerce and Navigation (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1972), 9–11; Alberto Vieira, “Sugar Islands: The Sugar Economy of Madeira and the Canaries, 1450–1650,” in Stuart B. Schwartz, ed., Tropical Babylons: Sugar and the Making of the Atlantic World, 1450–1680 (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2004), 64–67. By 1681, Funchal was Portugal’s third busiest port, after Lisbon and Oporto. 13. Hugh Thomas, The Slave Trade: Story of the Atlantic Slave Trade 1440–1870 (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1997), 70–71; Robin Blackburn, The Making of New World Slavery: From the Baroque to the Modern, 1492–1800 (London: Verso, 1997), 108–112. As David Hancock’s research has...


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