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60 Boyd & Mack/The Collected Works ofNana Asma 'u 26 The date ofthe Hijra is 12499". Language oforiginal: Source oftext: Introduction: Fulfulde Forgive Me Mjmsitqre 1833-1249 Malam Ahmadu d'an M. Muhammed Bashir Work 8 This poem by Asma'u was written either while she was in a mystic retreat, or khalwa99 or immediately after, while the experience was still fresh in her mind. There are many reasons for believing for this to be the circumstance in which she wrote this poem. First, in verse 15 Asma'u refers to the Prophet performing special religious rites "in the cave"; by inference these are worthy of emulation. Second, the work contains a request for help to overcome selfwill (v.2), distress at being unable to express penitence (v.3), and reference to the many faults she had committed (v.6), all ofwhich point to it having been written during a time ofrigorous self examination. The sins she refers to were, in this context, likely to be the blameworthy qualities which students ofthe science of sufism (ihsiin) were taught to guard against. These include: conceit, pride, anger, envy and showing off. Finally, there is reference in Sufi Women (Work 11) to Muhammad Bello's mother, Hauwa, going into retreat. Also, Asma'u says specifically that Muhammad Bello's sister, Fad'ima, (and daughter of Hauwa) "went very often into mystic retreat" (khalwa) (Elegy for my Sister Fad'iroa, Work 15, v.l2). As understood by contemporary scholars, khalwa is a means of strengthening one's character, a "strategy of power [that involves]...a triple test of isolation, lack of sleep,and lack of food [undertaken]...only [by] someone able to conquer his gross appetites and the urge for their immediate satisfaction, and who has given evidence ofa divine presence..." (Triaud 1988: 57-58). By undergoing khalwa, Asma'u was seeking to increase her influence: "Someone who devotes 40 981249 ~ 1833-34 99KhalwQ is very personal experience, a quest for 1ft. divine presence, a kind offHglrt from1fte world. 60 26 Boyd & Mack/The Collected Works ofNana Asma 'u The date ofthe Hijra is 124998 . Forgive Me Mjmsitare 1833-1249 Work 8 Langua~e of ori~inal: Source oftext: Fulfulde Malam Ahmadu cfan M. Muhammed Bashir Introduction: This poem by Asma'u was written either while she was in a mystic retreat, or khalwa99 or immediately after, while the experience was still fresh in her mind. There are many reasons for believing for this to be the circumstance in which she wrote this poem. First, in verse 15 Asma'u refers to the Prophet perfollning special religious rites "in the cave"; by inference these are worthy of emulation. Second, the work contains a request for help to overcome self will (v.2), distress at being unable to express penitence (v.3), and reference to the many faults she had committed (v.6), all ofwhich point to it having been written during a time of rigorous self examination. The sins she refers to were, in this context, likely to be the blameworthy qualities which students ofthe science of sufism (ihsiin) were taught to guard against. These include: conceit, pride, anger, envy and showing off. Finally, there is reference in Sufi Women (Work 11) to Muhammad Bello's mother, Hauwa, going into retreat. Also, Asma'u says specifically that Muhammad Bello's sister, Facfima, (and daughter of Hauwa) "went very often into mystic retreat" (khalwa) (Elegy for my Sister Facfima, Work 15, v.12). As understood by contemporary scholars, khalwa is a means of strengthening one's character, a "strategy of power [that involves]...a triple test of isolation, lack of sleep,and lack of food [undertaken]...only [by] someone able to conquer his gross appetites and the urge for their immediate satisfaction, and who has given evidence of a divine presence..." (Triaud 1988: 57-58). By undergoing khalwa, Asma'u was seeking to increase her influence: "Someone who devotes 40 98 1249 ~ 1833-34 99Khalwa is very personal experience, a quest for the divine presence. a kind offlight from the world. 60 26 Boyd & Mack/The Collected Works ofNana Asma 'u The date ofthe Hijra is 124998 . Forgive Me Mjmsitare 1833-1249 Work 8 Langua~e of ori~inal: Source oftext: Fulfulde Malam Ahmadu cfan M. Muhammed Bashir Introduction: This poem by Asma'u was written either while she was in a mystic retreat, or khalwa99 or immediately after, while the experience was still fresh in her mind. There are many reasons for believing for this to...

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Additional Information

ISBN
9781609170653
Related ISBN
9780870134753
MARC Record
OCLC
605316199
Launched on MUSE
2012-12-20
Language
English
Open Access
No
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