In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:

20. While the exit polls asked many voters if they supported expanded offshore drilling, this question was not asked to exit poll respondents in Texas. 21. “Texas Statewide Survey” (October 15–22, 2008), Department of Government, University of Texas, /htm/poll/files/200810-summary.pdf (accessed June 28, 2009). 22. Stewart M. Powell and Kyle Pendergast, “Campaign 2008; Once-Key Issues Vanish from Race,” Houston Chronicle, November 3, 2008, 1A. 23. The Texas sections in the Almanac of American Politics over the last two decades cover the effectiveness of the state’s different districting plans. 24. Lulac v. Perry, 548 U.S. 399 (2006). 25. Nathan L. Gonzalez, “Texas 22: Top of the List,” June 22, 2007, -6-texas-22.htm (accessed January 30, 2009). 26. Fund-raising numbers are available from 27. All historical election results in this paper come from the Congressional Quarterly Voting and Elections Collection, CQ-Voting-and-Elections-Collection.html (accessed June 28, 2009). 28. For political scientists, the 1976 Texas campaign is most famous for the story of Ford biting into a tamale—husk and all—at a market in San Antonio. The story is told in the opening of Samuel Popkin’s seminal book The Reasoning Voter (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, second edition, 1994). 29. We defined rural as counties that were not part of metropolitan area as defined by the U.S. Census Bureau. The urban counties are those at the center of a metropolitan area. So Bexar (the home of San Antonio) is the urban county in the San Antonio metropolitan area. We included both Dallas and Tarrant (Fort Worth) counties as urban. Counties that are part of a metropolitan area, but are not the center of the urban area, are coded as suburban. This is of course a crude definition. For examples, both authors grew up in Harris County, which we code as urban. But both authors would identify their neighborhoods as suburban. But since county is the unit of measurement for votes going back historically, we use this crude, if instructive, measure. 30. Karl Rove, “History Favors Republicans in 2010,” Wall Street Journal, November 13, 2008, (accessed June 28, 2009). 31. Paul Burka, “State of Play,” Texas Monthly, August 2008, 128–33. 32. Nate Silver, “Dean Defends Lieberman Decision, Speaks of ‘Mandate for Reconciliation,’”, November 18, 2008, http://www. 33. Peter Wallsten, “Democrats Set Sights on Texas: Some Believe Latinos Can Help Change the State from Red to Blue,” Los Angeles Times, November 9, 2008. 34. Again, Obama won among all age eighteen to twenty-nine voters in the state 54 to 45 percent. He won this group because minorities make up approximately 44 percent of young voters, and he won nearly all African American young voters, and two-thirds of young Latinos. 35. It should be noted that small town voters nationally did not just bitterly cling to the Republican Party. Nationally, McCain gained 3 points among smalltown voters over George W. Bush in 2004. 274 ★ Notes to Pages 200–210 36. East Texas is defined as east of Interstate 35 to San Antonio, and north of Interstate 37, which runs from San Antonio to Corpus Christi. This separates East Texas from West Texas (west of I-35, north of I-10) and South Texas (south of I-10 and I-37). 37. See the map from the New York Times, available online at http://elections. 38. Population data come from the Texas State Data Center and Office of the State Demographer, and are available at 13. 1. See, for instance, Howard Fineman, “The Virginians; Want to Know How The Campaigns Ahead Will Unfold,” Newsweek, December 26, 2005, 70. 2. John McGlennon, “Virginia: The Triumph of Experience over Hope,” The American Review of Politics 26 (Summer, 2005) 245–65. 3. Michae Shear,, “’Macaca Moment’ Marks Shift in Momentum,” Washington Post, September 3, 2006, 1C. 4. Anne E. Kornblut, “A Tightening Potomac Primary?” Washington Post, February 6, 2008, 22A. 5. “Profile of the Virginia Primary Voters,” New York Times, http://politics. virginia%20primary%20exit%20polls&st=Search (accessed November 25, 2008). 6. V. O. Key, Southern Politics...


Additional Information

Related ISBN
MARC Record
Launched on MUSE
Open Access
Back To Top

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Without cookies your experience may not be seamless.