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337 Appendix 1 Unit Sizes and Designations INFANTRY Army: 180,000 to 240,000. Commanded by a general. Army Corps: 36,000 to 40,000. Commanded by a lieutenant general. Division: 12,000 to 14,000. Commanded by a major general. Brigade: 4,000 to 4,400. Commanded by a brigadier general. Battalion: 1,000 to 1,100. Commanded by a lieutenant colonel. Company: 224. Commanded by a captain. Platoon: 60. Commanded by a lieutenant. In addition, each division included other positions, such as quartermasters and supply personnel, artillery men, cavalry, ordnance and medical officers, and engineers. Although battalions were supposed to number between 1,000 and 1,100 men, the high casualty rate usually meant that the number of active soldiers was between 600 and 800. Regiments, such as the 35th Regiment of Simcoe Foresters, numbered usually from 1,000 to 5,000 men. In Fighting Men, Leslie Frost deals with only 393 members of the 35th—those who came from Orillia, Ontario. It and other local regiments were referred to as “The Volunteers,” because membership was voluntary. Because of their long history and deep Canadian roots, they were much revered in their communities. Leslie Frost resented the breakup of the 35th, which had been formed in 1866 in response to the Fenian Raids. Captain Frost became part of the 5th Reserve Battalion in England. To get to France, he had to revert to lieutenant. In France, Lieutenant Leslie Frost was a member of the 9th Platoon, “C” Company, 20th Battalion, 4th Brigade, 2nd Canadian Infantry Division of the Canadian Corps of the Canadian Expeditionary Force under the command of Sir Arthur Currie. Until the CEF was given status equivalent to an army, it was part of the British Army (BEF), whose commander was Sir Douglas Haig. MACHINE GUN CORPS In France, Lieutenant (later Captain) Cecil Frost was a member of the 6th Machine Gun Company, 2nd Brigade, Canadian Machine Gun Corps, 2nd Canadian Division of the CEF. In April 1918, when the CMGC was reorganized , Captain Cecil Frost became a member of “L” Battery, 3rd Company, 2nd Brigade CMGC, attached to 2nd Infantry Division of the CEF. Sources: Winston Groom, A Storm in Flanders: The Ypres Salient, 1914–1918 (New York: Grove Press, 2002), xii; and Brian McFadzen and Owen Cooke. 338 APPENDIX 1 ...


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