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notes Abbreviations am Additional Manuscripts, British Museum, London bism Bharat Ithihas Shamshodak Mandal, Poona ior India Office Records, British Library, London mmpp Madras Military and Political Proceedings mmsp Madras Military and Secret Proceedings mscp Military Select Committee Proceedings nai National Archives of India, Delhi pro Public Records Office, London wop War Office Papers tna Tamil Nadu Archives, Madras Introduction 1. McNeill, The Pursuit of Power; Porter, War and the Rise of the State. 2. Hanson, The Western Way of War, xii, 227–28. 3. Parker, The Military Revolution, 118. 4. Parker, The Military Revolution, 130. 5. Keegan, A History of Warfare, 387–91. 6. Hanson, Carnage and Culture, 5, 440–41. This book is fraught with contradictions and unsubstantiated statements, including the lumping of Western and non-Western military evolution into stereotyped packages. Hanson’s argument that Western military and political culture from the Greeks to the present has followed a clearly defined linear progression is patently false. Similarly, his argument that non-Western military systems (Asians in particular) failed to develop similar military systems is also weak. For a detailed dismantling of Hanson’s book see Lynn, Battle, 12–27. 7. Although Lynn’s work concentrates primarily on European military culture , his two chapters dealing with Indian and Chinese military culture offer some interesting insights into the evolution of differing Asian military systems. See Lynn, Battle. 8. Rosen, Societies and Military Power, 258–61. 9. Alavi, The Sepoys and the Company, 4, 1–3. 10. Keegan, The Face of Battle. 307 Notes to Pages 3–7 1. Warfare in Prehistoric and Classical India 1. Organized research on the Indus valley civilization remains scant, with few attempts at a detailed and in-depth reconstruction of the archaeological evidence. See Thapar, Interpreting Early India, 114. 2. Wheeler, Early India and Pakistan, 106–7; Wheeler, The Indus Valley Civilization , 15. 3. See Wheeler, ‘‘Harappa, 1946,’’ 59. 4. Wheeler, ‘‘Harappa, 1946,’’ 64; Wheeler, The Indus Valley Civilization, 20, fig. 4, and plan facing p. 20. 5. Wheeler, The Indus Valley Civilization, 27, fig. 6. 6. Stein, An Archeological Tour in Gedrosia, 60; Stein, Archeological Reconnaissances, 70–71. 7. McIntosh, A Peaceful Realm, 93–94. 8. Kenoyer, Ancient Cities, 56. 9. Kenoyer, Ancient Cities, 56. 10. Kenoyer, ‘‘The Indus Valley Tradition.’’ 11. Wheeler, The Indus Valley Civilization, 61. 12. Wheeler, The Indus Valley Civilization, 58. See also MacKay, Further Excavations , 1:461, 2:pl. 121, 13–14, pl. 128, 7–11, pl. 131, 18, and pl. 132, 28–30. See also Vats, Excavations at Harappa, 1:391, 2:pl. 125, 13–14. 13. MacKay, Further Excavations, 1:459. See also Pant, Studies, 19–27. 14. Stein, An Archeological Tour in Waziristan and North Baluchistan, 38, 54. 15. Griffiths, trans., The Hymns of the Rigveda, 1:R.V. I-53.7 (cf. I-32.6), I-33.12, I-61.5, I-130.7, I-131.4, I-174.2, II-20.7, III-34.1, IV-16.13 (cf. I-53.8), I-54.6, II-14.6, I-130.3. 16. Griffiths, trans., The Hymns of the Rigveda, 1:R.V. VI-16.39, VII-6.2. 17. Thapar, Interpreting Early India, 101–3. 18. Renfrew, ‘‘Archaeology and Linguistics,’’ 15–24. See also Renfrew, Archaeology and Language; Thapar, Early India, 13. 19. Feuerstein, Kak, and Frawley, In Search, 114. 20. The Anatolia location of the earliest Aryan speakers is Colin Renfrew’s thesis and is partly adopted by Feuerstein, Kak, and Frawley, In Search, 54–55. 21. Thapar refers to this period as the era of chieftainships and kingships, 1600–1200 bc (Early India, 31). 22. The Sankhayana Svauta Sutra (Puranas) is the first to speak of a climactic struggle that proved disastrous for the Kaurava tribe. See Winternitz, A History, 470–71. 23. For more information on the historical accuracy and the possible time frame of the Mahabharata epic see Sircar, The BharataWar; and Roy, Date. Roy gives 308 Notes to Pages 7–12 a precise time frame of 1424–1414 bc (Date, 148). See also Thapar, From Lineage to State, 16–17. 24. Hopkins, The Social and Military Position, 253–54. 25. Hopkins, The Social and Military Position, 150–63, 179–203. 26. Hopkins, The Social and Military Position, 263–64. 27. Singh, Ancient Indian Warfare, 175. 28. Thapar, Early India, 31. 29. Thapar, Early India, 31. 30. Herodotus (born c. 490–480 bc), The Histories, bk. 3, 97, in Majumdar, The Classical...

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Additional Information

ISBN
9780803240612
MARC Record
OCLC
60714474
Pages
440
Launched on MUSE
2012-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
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