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Preface Epigraph: Paul Jarrico, “Notes for an Autobiography,” January 1, 1984, Paul Jarrico Papers, in the possession of Lia Benedetti Jarrico. After I had perused them, Lia Benedetti Jarrico donated the bulk of Jarrico’s voluminous papers to the Margaret Herrick Library of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). At the time of this writing, they had not been catalogued, so I can provide only descriptions and dates of the documents I am citing. Items from the collection will hereafter be cited as PJP-MHL if they are at the Margaret Herrick Library, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, Beverly Hills, CA, and as PJP-LBJ if they remain in the possession of Lia Benedetti Jarrico. 1. Los Angeles Times, November 3, 1997, F3; LA Weekly, November 7–13, 1997, 28. 1. The Early Years, 1915–36 Epigraph: Paul Jarrico to Sylvia Jarrico, October 1, 1943, PJP-LBJ. 1. The universal military service statute (1874) required all Russian males between sixteen and twenty to register for conscription. The conscriptees were chosen by lot for fifteen-year terms. Males who were only sons could request an exemption, and many Jewish families with more than one son sent the others to families without sons. Aaron, however, told his son that they were both the oldest sons of the oldest sons and so on, going back to a revered sixteenth-century rabbi known as Tosvos Yomtov. 2. Nora Levin, While Messiah Tarried: Jewish Socialist Movements, 1871–1917 (New York: Schocken Books, 1977), 2–5, 258–59; A. L. Patkin, NOTES The Origins of the Russian-Jewish Labour Movement (Melbourne: F. W. Cheshire, 1947), 217–21. 3. Israel Shapiro, “A Young Man Must Not Sleep,” [ca. 1936], PJP-MHL. 4. In 1923, Aaron traveled to Riga (Latvia) to bring his mother, sister, and sister’s family to the United States. He had to bribe border guards to let them out of the Soviet Union. 5. Sylvia Jarrico, interview by the author, September 20, 2002; Paul Jarrico, note, November 1, 1993, PJP-MHL. Rose died from tuberculosis, as did many other Jewish immigrants. Aaron and Chaim helped found the Jewish Consumptive Relief Association and a sanatorium for tuberculars in Duarte. This city of tents became the City of Hope. Ed was sixteen years old when Jarrico was born. Jarrico described him as having a “nice face, well made, good features, not smart, but pleasant, experienced, wears nice clothes well, nice looking.” Zelma Gussin, Sylvia Jarrico’s younger sister, described Ed as “a rag-a-muffin,” a boarder whom Rose Gussin took in and then married. Zelma Wilson, Rebel and Architect, Oral History Program, University of California, Los Angeles (1994), interview in 1994 by Marlene L. Laskey, collection 300/399, Department of Special Collections, Charles E. Young Research Library, University of California, Los Angeles, 40. There is no genealogy in Jarrico’s records for Jennie’s birth family. Jennie had two sisters and one brother, but Jarrico’s sketchy genealogy does not indicate whether any of them married or had children. 6. Sylvia Jarrico, interview; Lillian Blake, interview by the author, June 22, 2002. Insulin as a treatment for diabetes was discovered in 1921 and became widely available in 1923. But home testing and dosing remained a clumsy process until the late 1940s. Jennie was one of the first patients in Southern California to inject herself, but she always struggled to keep her blood sugar stabilized. 7. Paul Jarrico, Hollywood Blacklist: Paul Jarrico, Oral History Program, University of California, Los Angeles (1991), interview in 1988 and 1990 by Larry Ceplair, collection 300/360, Department of Special Collections, Charles E. Young Research Library, University of California, Los Angeles, 9. Jarrico and I began and finished this oral history in the summer of 1988. Five of the tapes were stolen from the oral history office in January 1989, and we redid those tapes in March 1990. 8. Ibid.; Jarrico, note, n.d., PJP-MHL; Sylvia Jarrico, interview; Blake, interview. 9. Max Vorspan and Lloyd P. Gartner, History of the Jews of Los Angeles (San Marino, CA: Huntington Library, 1970), 109–24. 10. Israel Shapiro, “Success Story,” [ca. 1931], PJP-MHL. In the law school yearbook, Chaim summarized the socialist doctrine and urged 256 NOTES TO PAGES 4–6 NOTES TO PAGES 7–11 257 other law students to investigate and study thoroughly the principles of socialism. Stare Decisis, Being the Year Book of the Students of the College of Law, University of Southern California...


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