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NOTES CHAPTER ONE 1 H. Tadmor, "The Period of the First Temple, the Babylonian Exile and the Restoration," pt. 2 in A History ofthe Jewish People, ed. H. H. Ben-Sasson (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1976), 182. 2 Nal).man Avigad, Corpus of West Semitic Stamp Seals, revised by Benjamin Sass Gerusalem: Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, 1997),30. 3 Ezra 1:2-4; 6:3-5. James B. Pritchard, The Ancient Near East, An Anthology of Texts and Pictures, vol. 1 (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1958),206-208. 4 Bezalel Porten and Ada Yardeni, eds. and trans., Textbook of Aramaic Documents from Ancient Egypt, vol. 2 Gerusalem: Hebrew University Press, 1989). 5 Victor Tcherikover, Hellenistic Civilization and the Jews, trans. S. Applebaum (New York: Atheneum, 1977),39-5l. 6 Tcherikover and Fuks, Corpus Papyrorum Judaicarum, vol. 1 (Cambridge, Mass.: Magnes Press, Hebrew University Press, Harvard University Press, 1957), 1-3. 7 Jean Baptiste Frey, Corpus Inscriptionum Judaicarum: Jewish Inscriptions from the Third Century B.C. to the Seventh Century A.D., (CI/), vol. I, Europe (reprinted and with a new introduction by Baruch Lifshitz) (New York: K'tav, 1975); this work is a collection of all these ancient inscriptions with French translations. 8 Emil Schilier, A History ofthe Jewish People in the Time ofJesus, ed. with an introduction by Nahum N. Glatzer (New York: Schocken, 1961), 176-184. 9 Josephus, The Jewish Wars, vol. 6 of Josephus Flavius, The Complete Works ofJosephus, trans. H. St. J. Thackeray (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1925), 351-358; 479. 10 Yigael Yadin, Bar Kokhba: Rediscovery ofthe Legendary Hero ofthe Last Jewish Revolt against Rome (New York: Random House, 1971). 11 Yigael Yadin, "Expedition D: The Cave of Letters," Israel Expedition Journal 12 (1962): 235-238. 12 Jacob Neusner, There We Sat Down: Talmudic Judaism in the Making (New York: Ktav, 1972),13. 13 Yadin, "Expedition D: The Cave of Letters," 235-238; Yadin, Bar Kokhba, 233. 14 Naphtali Lewis, Greek Papyri, vol. 2 of the Documents from the Bar Kokhba Period in the Cave ofLetters Gerusalem: Israel Exploration Society and Hebrew University, 1989), 29. 15 Tcherikover and Fuks, Corpus Papyrorum, vol. 2, 246-247. 16 Lewis, The Documents,47-64. 279 280 Notes for pp. 6-13 17 H. J. Poletsky, "The Greek Papyri from the Cave of Letters," Israel Exploration Journal 12 (1962): 26l. 18 Tcherikover and Fuks, Corpus Papyrorum, vol. 2, 246-247. 19 Tal Han, Integrating Women into Second Temple History (Tiibingen: Mohr Siebeck, 1999), 217-233. 20 Tcherikover and Fuks, Corpus Papyrorum, vol. 2, 22-24. 21 Ibid. 22 Bezalel Porten, The Elephantine Papyri: Three Millennia of Cross Cultural Continuity and Change (Leiden: Brill, 1996), 177-183, Doc. B28. Note that Mibtahiah's name is spelled with a p in this document. 23 Bernadette Brooten, Women in the Ancient Synagogue (Atlanta, Ga.: Scholar's Press, 1982; Brown Judaic Studies, Brown University). 24 Ross S. Kraemer, Her Share of the Blessings: Women's Religions Among Pagans, Jews and Christians in the Greco-Roman World (New York: Oxford University Press, 1992), 118, 122-123. For a copy of the original inscription see Frey, CIJ, vol. I, #74l. 25 For information on Shelamzion, see Tal Han, Jewish Women in Greco-Roman Palestine (Tiibingen: J. c. B. Mohr, 1995),69; Ross Kraemer, "Jewish Mothers and Daughters in the Greco-Roman World," The Jewish Family in Antiquity, ed. S. Cohen (Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press, 1993), 100-101; Lewis, The Documents, 71-82. 26 Frey, CIJ, Rufina, #74l. 27 Frey, CIJ, Sophia #73lc. 28 Porten and Yardeni, Textbook ofAramaic Documents, vol. 2, Contracts, 60-63, Doc. B3.3. 29 Frey, CIJ, #738; Kraemer, Her Share ofthe Blessings, 84; 108; 119. 30 Tcherikover and Fuks, Corpus Papyrorum, vol. 2, 16-18. 31 Kraemer, Her Share ofthe Blessings, 118. 32 Bonnie S. Anderson and Judith P. Zinsser, A History of Their Own, vol. 1 (New York: Harper & Row, 1988),4l. 33 Tcherikover and Fuks, Corpus Papyrorum, vol. 2, 16-18. 34 Ibid., vol. 2, 19-20; includes an annulment of a contract for a wet nurse named Martha from 14 B.C.E. 35 Kraemer, Her Share ofthe Blessings, vol. I, 171-173. 36 nan, Jewish Women in Greco-Roman Palestine, 192. 37 Leonie Archer, Her Price Is Beyond Rubies: The Jewish Woman in Graeco-Roman Palestine (Sheffield, England: Journal for the Study of the Old Testament Press, 1990), 161-162. But see Michael Satlow, "Reconsidering the Rabbinic Ketubah Payment," in The Jewish...


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