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Index

Abbott, John, 90, 98

Abortifacients, 61, 219n33. See also Birth control

Adams, Abigail, 59, 61, 74, 120

Aitken, John, 38, 47

Alcott, William A., 96, 137, 165

Allen, Ann, 99

Ambivalence: to breastfeeding, 115, 117, 125; to motherhood, 5, 9–10, 52, 55, 58, 65, 72, 85, 203

American Anti-slavery Almanac, 192, 194, 196–197

American Anti-slavery Society, 191–192

American Revolution, 3, 56, 89, 138

Amory, Mehitable, 74

Anarcha, 42

Anatomical atlases, 15, 25, 29

Anderson, James, 81

Antislavery: movement, 175, 179, 188, 191, 198, 238n12; poetry, 10–11, 177–191; print culture, 175–178, 190–191, 198, 200–201, 204; visual culture, 191–199

The Anti-slavery Harp, 181

Aristotle, 14

Aristotle’s Masterpiece, 20–22, 215n21

Autographs for Freedom, 175

Baillie, Matthew, 34

Ball, Elizabeth Byles, 84

Ballard, Martha, 119, 129

Bard, Samuel, 15, 23, 31, 36, 38, 48, 125

Barwell, Louisa Mary Bacon, 96

Beach, Wooster, 45

Beecher, Catharine E., 99

Bell, Charles, 34

Bellows, Eliza Nevins Townsend, 141, 143

Bernard, Jane Gay (Robertson), 122

Bichat, Marie François Xavier, 35

Biological essentialism, 12, 201

Birth control, 61, 63, 103, 205–206, 220n42. See also Abortifacients; Fertility: limitation of; Norplant

Black, Persis Sibley Andrews, 74–75

Boston Medical and Surgical Journal, 206

Boston Recorder, 186

Bourne, George, 198–199; Picture of Slavery in the United States of America, 198

Breastfeeding: complications with, 62, 87–88, 99–100, 115, 118–121; controversies over, 207–208; early medical arguments for, 91–96; and enslaved women, 62, 131–135; and erotic pleasure, 101–112, 227n71, 228n82, 229n107; for fertility limitation, 62, 220n36; as a pleasure, 87, 97–100, 113–114, 123–124; and poor health, 121–123. See also Daguerreotypes; Wet nurses

Brooke, Margaret, 121

Brown, William Wells, 181

Buchan, William, 40, 88, 95, 97–99, 105–106, 110–112, 227n71

Bull, Thomas, 99

Burns, John, 23, 35, 49

Burr, Esther Edwards, 203

Burton, John, 32, 34, 105

Butler, Samuel Worcester, 83, 222n87

Cabell, Agnes, 73, 121

Cadogan, William, 91–92, 94–95, 100

Calhoun, Jeff, 133

Calvert, Rosalie Stier, 59–60, 63, 65, 68, 74, 142–143

Campbell, John, 118

Carr, Sidney, 82

Cary, Sarah, 125

Channing, Walter, 50, 83

Chesnut, Mary Cox, 66, 119–120, 123

Childbirth: anesthetized, 2, 82–83, 205; birth positions, 49; enslaved women’s narratives of, 79–81; fear of death during, 83–84; fear of pain during, 81–83; medical descriptions of, 44–47, 49–50; pathologization of, 17, 38–41, 43; personal narratives of, 75–81; vocabulary for, 74–75, 83–84

Children’s books, images of mothers in, 149–151, 157

Clitherall, Caroline Elizabeth Burgwin, 134

Cocke, Lucy, 133–134

The Compleat Midwifes Practice, 214nn25–26

Continuity, 2, 6, 9, 52–53, 203, 212n18

Contraceptives. See Birth control

Coolidge, Ellen Wayles Randolph, 69–70, 73, 81–82, 143–144

Corporeality: female, 5, 210; and breastfeeding, 87, 110, 141; and childbearing, 54, 67, 70, 85, 209; and enslaved women, 11, 43, 131, 177–178, 187–188, 190, 192, 195, 198, 200–201; and medical literature, 18; and motherhood, 5, 8, 144, 161–162, 209; and race and class, 39, 116, 141, 204, 212n22; and sentimental motherhood, 171, 199. See also Disembodiment; Embodiment

Cox, Esther Bowes, 66–68, 71, 120, 123

Cox, Margaret, 90

Craig, Peggy, 138

Culpeper, Nicholas, 14, 19–20, 22, 26, 32; A Directory for Midwives, 14, 19

Daguerreotypes, breastfeeding, 125–128, 231n36

Dall, Caroline Healey, 62, 65, 71, 79

Darwin, Erasmus, 107, 163, 165; The Botanic Garden, 163

Dawbarn, Mrs., 95, 109

Denman, Thomas, 22–23, 32, 34, 47

Dewees, William Potts, 15, 23, 36, 40–41, 48, 50, 96–99, 106, 137

Disembodiment: and race, 201; in sentimental culture, 161, 204. See also Corporeality; Embodiment

Dissection, 24–25, 28–30

Drinker, Elizabeth Sandwith: breastfeeding, 62, 117, 122; numeracy, 218n10; pregnancy and childbirth, 52–53, 56, 61–62, 66–67, 70, 77–79; wet nurses, 120, 135–136

Du Pont de Nemours, Pierre Samuel, 107, 228n93; Philosophia de l’univers, 107, 228n93

Dyer, E. P., Reverend, 167

Dyer, Martha Tabb Watkins, 75–76

Edwards, Jonathan, 21

Embodiment, 11, 201; and breastfeeding, 148; and enslaved women, 178, 199; in medical literature, 51; women’s expressions of, 13, 55; women’s perceptions of, 8. See also Corporeality; Disembodiment

Enlightenment, 3, 33, 88–90, 106, 169

Enslaved women: in antislavery poetry, 10–11, 177–191; and breastfeeding, 62, 131–135; and childbirth narratives, 79–81; and fertility, 57–58, 64, 218n15; meaning of motherhood for, 9, 54–55, 60, 63–64, 84–85; medical views and treatment of, 41–43, 73, 222n88; sexual vulnerability and coercion, 58–59, 176, 178, 199; visual depictions of, 10–11, 192–199; as wet nurses, 116, 130, 133–134, 143, 226n30, 232n52. See also Antislavery; Slave narratives

Estienne, Charles, 25–26, 28

Ewell, Thomas, 44, 97

Facebook, 207–208

Fertility: fertility revolution, 2; limitation of, 53, 61–63, 67, 220n36; meaning for enslaved women, 57–58, 64; meaning for women, 56–59, 63–65; numeracy, 56, 218n10; rates of, 6, 55–56, 205, 218n8, 218n15. See also Breastfeeding

Fisher, Eliza Middleton, 122, 140–141, 143

Fisher, Sarah Lindley, 74, 230n9

Fisher, Sarah Logan, 55–56, 68–69, 74–76, 81

Flagg, Maria Magdalen, 6, 84

Foucault, Michel, 11–12, 102, 234n5

Fowler, Orson Squire, 109

Fox, Mary Rodman Fisher, 76

Fox, Tryphena, 70–71

Freud, Sigmund, 107

Gaffney, Mary, 64

Gainsborough, Thomas, 157

Galen, 14, 25

Giftbooks, 146–147, 149–153, 156–157, 159–160, 192, 235n25; antislavery giftbooks, 175

Gilman, Caroline Howard, 70, 134

Godey’s Lady’s Book, 151, 157, 160, 170, 179, 238n11

Graham’s Lady’s and Gentleman’s Magazine, 151

Grayson, Mary, 64

Greeley, Sim, 133

Gregg, Margaret, 66

Gregory, George, 45

Gregory, Samuel, 41

Gynecology, 14, 214n14; enslaved women and the development of, 41–43

Hale, Sarah Josepha, 160

Hale, Sarah Preston (Everett), 2, 56–57, 203

Hall, Calista, 63

Hamilton, Alexander, 23, 47, 92–93

Hamilton, James, 28, 31

Haywood, Eliza, 117, 119

Heath, Hannah Williams, 203

Henry, Matilda, 69, 71, 74, 82

Hering, Mary, 74

Hippocrates, 14, 33

Hollick, Frederick, 106–107

Holyoke, Mary, 118, 222n93

Hopkins, Sarah (Bennett), 121

Howard, Horton, 38

Howell, Josephine, 58, 64

Hubbard, Mary, 61

Hume, Sophia, 93

Hunter, William, 28–31; The Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus, 29

Hutchinson, Ida Blackshear, 58

Imperial motherhood, 4

Infant mortality. See Mortality: infant

Jacobs, Harriet, 79–80

Jenty, Charles, 28–29

Judson, Emily Chubbuck, 143

Kemble, Frances Anne, 57, 60, 122, 132

Ladies’ Literary Portfolio, 184

The Lady’s Magazine and Repository of Entertaining Knowledge, 149

Laurens, Caroline Olivia, 117

Lazarus, Rachel Mordecai, 75–76, 149

Lee, Mary Jackson, 61, 67, 142

Lewis, Eleanor Parke Custis, 66, 84, 121, 125, 221n59

Liberator, 175, 179, 182, 185, 187, 189, 238n11

Liberty Bell, 175, 187

Longfellow, Fanny Appleton, 83

Lowell, Georgina Margaret Amory, 75–76, 123

Mackenzie, Sir Alexander, 39–40

Manigault, Margaret Izard, 62

Man-midwives. See Midwifery: professionalization of

Maternal mortality. See Mortality: maternal

Mauriceau, François, 27–28

Mears, Martha, 35, 95, 105–106

Meigs, Charles, 37, 83

Meredith, Gertrude Gouverneur Ogden, 1, 124–125

Merriman, Samuel, 37

Middle class(es), 4, 7, 56, 138, 146–147, 212n22, 234nn5–6, 234n10

Middle-class culture, 7, 11, 173. See also Sentimental culture

Middleton, Mary Hering, 82

Midwifery: female midwives, 14–16, 22, 29, 72–73, 87; professionalization of, 6, 15, 21–23, 28, 35, 45–46, 72–73

Miss Leslie’s Magazine, 151

Moral mother, 3–4, 90. See also Moral motherhood

Moral motherhood, 89. See also Moral mother

Mortality: infant, 64, 91–92, 131–132, 152, 220n49; maternal, 129–130, 171, 231n44

Moss, William, 91

Mother’s Assistant, and Young Lady’s Friend, 167

Murillo, Bartolomé Esteban, 156

National Anti-slavery Standard, 175

National Era, 188

Neblett, Elizabeth Scott, 53, 60, 82

Nihell, Elizabeth, 16, 44

Norplant, 208

North Star, 175

The Nurse’s Guide, 92–93, 95

Obstetrics. See Midwifery

Olds, Sharon, 209–210

Ostriker, Alicia, 112, 209

Paré, Ambroise, 105

Passionlessness. See Sexuality: passionlessness

Peabody, Mary, 123

Perry, Elizabeth Frances, 57

Pettigrew, Ebenezer, 67

Philanthropist, 185

Photographs. See Daguerreotypes

Plato, 4

Portraits. See Daguerreotypes

Pregnancy: medical depictions of, 20, 23, 29, 36; pathologization of, 17, 38; in public, 70–72; vocabulary of, 67–68, 72, 221n59; women’s descriptions of, 54–60, 68–70, 77, 85. See also Fertility

Randall, Laura Henrietta Wirt, 61, 119

Raynalde, Thomas, 14, 19, 21–22, 26, 45, 49

Read, Catherine, 118

Religion: evangelical, 3, 90, 147, 166, 234n12; Protestantism, 33, 156. See also Second Great Awakening

Republican mother, 3. See also Republican motherhood

Republican motherhood, 4. See also Republican mother

Rich, Adrienne, 112–113

Richardson, Experience (Wight), 53

Richardson, Samuel, 89, 108, 161–162; Clarissa, 162; Pamela, 89, 108, 161–162

Robertson, Eliza Ann Marsh, 70–71

Robinson, Celia, 132

Rogers, Hattie, 58

Romantic love, 99, 101, 103, 109, 111, 160–161, 227n71

Rösslin, Eucharius, 19

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, 89, 92, 94, 225n9; Emile, 89, 225n9

Rueff, Jacob, 26, 28

Russell, Lydia Smith, 138–139

Sansom, Hannah Callender, 84

Scott, Mary, 82

Seaman, Valentine, 23, 36, 49

Searle, Thomas, 96

Second Great Awakening, 147, 234n10

Second-wave feminist movement, 209

Sensibility, 3, 89–90, 146–147, 156, 160, 176, 188; and breastfeeding, 87, 91, 96, 98, 100, 106, 113, 125; in men, 108; and wet nurses, 135, 137

Sentimental culture, 146–147, 156, 176–178, 182–183, 185, 201–202, 234nn5–6. See also Sentimentalism

Sentimentalism, 88–89, 91, 97, 146, 151, 234n6; in antislavery print culture, 175–178, 183, 196, 199–200. See also Sentimental culture

Sentimental maternal ideal, 5, 7, 111–112, 114. See also Sentimental mother; Sentimental motherhood

Sentimental mother, 4, 6–10, 86, 113–114, 209; and breastfeeding, 86, 88, 90–91, 98, 101, 125, 204; and enslaved mothers, 181, 191, 198, 199–200; in popular print culture, 146–148, 151–152, 156, 160; and race and class, 7; and sexuality, 111, 113–114; and wet nurses, 143. See also Sentimental maternal ideal; Sentimental motherhood

Sentimental motherhood, 4–6, 97, 123; and enslaved women, 178, 183–184, 189; in popular print culture, 146–148, 166–167; and race and class, 7, 116, 205; and sexuality, 102, 111; and wet nurses, 140, 144–145. See also Sentimental maternal ideal; Sentimental mother

Sexuality: fears of sexual impropriety, 15–16, 18, 21–23, 29, 32, 44–45, 50; medical discussions of, 18–23; and motherhood, 101–103, 108, 111–112, 162, 207–208, 227n71; passionlessness, 102, 228n73; sexual ideology, 18, 102. See also Breastfeeding: and erotic pleasure

Sharp, Jane, 14, 18, 20, 22, 26–27, 32, 46, 136–137, 214n26; Midwives Book (later The Compleat Midwife’s Companion), 14

Sharpe, Louisa, 158

Shippen, William, 15

Shoemaker, Rebecca, 84

Sigourney, Lydia H., 97–98, 100, 113, 171, 183; Letters to Mothers, 100

Simpson, James Young, 82

Sims, James Marion, 42–43

Slave narratives, 8, 54, 175, 179

Smellie, William, 15, 21–23, 28–29, 31–34, 46; Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Midwifery, 15

Smith, Hugh, 92–93, 95, 108–110

Steven, John, 44

Stone, Sarah, 15–16

Stretzer, Thomas, 104; A New Description of Merryland, 104

Surville, Madame de (Marguerite-Eléonore Clotilde de Vallon-Chalys de Surville), 163

Taylor, Ann, 150

Transcendent mother, 11, 148–149, 161, 166–168, 172–175, 177, 183, 186–187, 190, 199, 201, 204

Turner, Rebecca Allen, 123

Tyler, Mary Hunt Palmer, 225n2

Uterus: agency of, 9, 16–18, 32, 35–38, 51; medical descriptions of, 22–23, 32–38, 41, 44, 46, 49; medical illustrations of, 24–31; operations on, 42–43; physicians fear of, 36–38

Van Rymsdyk, Jan, 29

Vesalius, Andreas, 25–26, 28; De humani corporis fabrica, 25

Views of Slavery (broadside), 194, 197–198

Voluntary motherhood, 206

Walker, Mary Richardson, 76–77, 118, 121, 143

Wallace, Willie, 132

Warren, Penelope Skinner, 55, 70

Warrington, Joseph, 48; Obstetric Catechism, 48

Watkins, Mary, 95, 97

Wet nurses: in advertisements, 128–129; enslaved, 116, 130, 133–135, 143, 226n30, 232n52; informal, 129–130, 134–136, 232n52; in prescriptive literature, 87, 93–94, 128, 135–138, 144; rates of use, 129–130, 226n30; visual depictions of, 138–139; women’s attitudes toward, 10, 115–116, 120, 135–136, 138–144, 204

White, Charles, 24, 34, 40, 47

Whitman, Narcissa Prentiss, 117

Williams, Jane, 81

Womb. See Uterus

Womble, George, 62

Zion’s Herald, 180

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Additional Information

ISBN
9781469637204
MARC Record
OCLC
1111955650
Pages
267-272
Launched on MUSE
2019-08-13
Language
English
Open Access
Yes
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