All websites were accessed in September 2018, unless otherwise noted.
British Library (BL), London, UK.
Case Notes Collections, Queen Square Archives (QSA), London, UK.
East Sussex Record Office (ESRO), UK.
James Ramsay Hunt Casebooks, Hammer Medical Sciences Center, Columbia University, New York, USA.
Louis P. Hamburger Collections, Alan Mason Chesney Medical Archives, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA.
Royal Society of London Archives (RSL), UK.
Talbot Papers, Lambeth Palace Library (LPL), London, UK.
Wellcome Library (WL), London, UK.
Manuscript Collections, Digitized
The Casebooks Project: A Digital Edition of Simon Forman’s & Richard Napier’s Medical Records 1596–1634. https://casebooks.lib.cam.ac.uk.
The Cullen Project: The Consultation Letters of Dr. William Cullen (1710–1790) at the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh. http://www.cullenproject.ac.uk.
Early English Books Online (EEBO). http://eebo.chadwyck.com.
Eighteenth Century Collections Online (ECCO). https://www.gale.com/primary-sources/eighteenth-century-collections-online/.
Migraine Action Art Collection (MAC). http://www.migraineart.org.uk.
Proceedings of the Old Bailey, 1674–1913 (POB). https://www.oldbaileyonline.org.
17th–18th Century Burney Collection Newspapers (BCN). https://www.gale.com/c/17th-and-18th-century-burney-newspapers-collection/.
The Sloane Letters Project. http://sloaneletters.com.
Wellcome Library Digital Collections (WL). https://wellcomelibrary.org/collections/browse/.
ABC News. http://abcnews.go.com.
Australian Academy of Science. https://www.science.org.au.
Commons and Lords Hansard. https://hansard.parliament.uk/
Europe PMC. https://europepmc.org.
Google Books. https://books.google.co.uk.
The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com.
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. http://www.healthdata.org.
Internet Archive. https://archive.org.
Lifting the Burden Global Campaign Against Headache. www.l-t-b.org.
National Migraine Centre. http://www.nationalmigrainecentre.org.uk/migraine-and-headaches/.
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. http://www.oxforddnb.com.
The Recipes Project. https://recipes.hypotheses.org.
Time Magazine Covers. http://content.time.com/time/coversearch/.
US Department of Health and Human Services. https://www.hhs.gov/.
Wellcome Collection: Images. https://wellcomecollection.org/works/.
AL Kennedy’s Migraine, presented by AL Kennedy, 3 April 2017, BBC Radio 4. http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b08kttk1/.
Almanac in Latin and English, [1464?]. MS 41, WL.
Apothecary’s cash-book, c. 1703–1710. MS 7500, WL.
Ayscough, Lady. Recipe book, 1692. MS 1026/62. WL.
Bald’s Leechbook, c. 950. Royal 12 D XVII, BL.
Bastian, [Henry] Charlton. “Case Notes, Male,” 1891. NHNN/CN/5/8, QSA.
Beevor, Charles Edward. “Case Notes, Male and Female,” 1899. NHMM/CN/17/8, QSA.
Blagden, Charles. Draft of letter to Thomas Curtis, 7 September 1781. Blagden Correspondence, CB/1/3/160, RSL.
Brumwich, Anne, et al. Collection of medical receipts, c. 1625–1700[?]. MS 160, WL.
Buzzard, Thomas. “Case Notes, Male and Female,” 1881. NHNN/CN/4/5, QSA.
“A Collection of Remedies,” mid-fifteenth century. MS MSL 136, WL.
Corlyon, Mrs. A Booke of Diuers Medecines, Broothes, Salues, Waters, Syroppes, and Oyntementes, 1606. MS 213. WL.
Curtis, Thomas. Letter, written from Penpont, to Charles Blagden, physician to the Army, Plymouth, 25 August 1781. Blagden Correspondence, CB/1/3/161, RSL.
Ferrier, David. “Case Notes, Male and Female,” 1896. NHNN/CN/13/12, QSA.
“For ye megrom.” English recipe book, c. 1675–1800. MS 7721/134, WL.
Frederica, Duchess of York. Letter to Sir Henry Halford, 28 May [c. 1819]. DG 24/831/22, LR.
“Guild Book of the Barber Surgeons of York,” c. 1486. Egerton 2572, BL.
Gowers, Sir William Richard. “Case Book, Female,” 1899, NHNN/CN/9/17, QSA.
Gowers, Sir William Richard. “Case Book, Male,” 1898. NHNN/CN/9/14, QSA.
Gowers, Sir William Richard, and John Hughlings Jackson. “Case Notes, Male and Female,” 1870–1877. NHNN/CN/2/1, QSA.
Herschel, John. Diary, 1800s. MS 583/2/3/4. RSL.
Hyde, Bridget. Recipe book, c. 1676–1690. MS 2990/98, WL.
Jackson, Jane. Recipe book, 1642. MS 373/47, WL.
Jackson, John Hughlings. “Case Notes, Female,” 1895. NHNN/CN/8/18, QSA.
Jackson, John Hughlings. “Case Notes, Male and Female,” 1892. NHNN/CN/8/12, QSA.
Klebs, Arnold. Letter to Charles Singer, 29 July 1913. Charles Singer Correspondence: K. PP/CJS.A.10, WL.
“Migril.” Wellcome Foundation Product Literature (Migril), Folder 1: 1957–1960. WF/M/PL/199, WL.
“Migril.” Wellcome Foundation Product Literature (Migril), Folder 2: 1961. WF/M/PL/199, WL.
“Migril.” Wellcome Foundation Product Literature (Migril), Folder 7: 1969. WF/M/PL/199, WL.
Osborne, Sir Thomas. Recipe book, c. 1670–1695. MS 3724/54, WL.
Parker, Jane. Recipe book, 1651. MS 3769/59. WL.
Shaw, Miss. Collection of Medical and Cookery Receipts, c. 1675–1800. MS7721/134, WL.
Sleigh, Elizabeth, and Felicia Whitfeld. Collection of medical receipts, c. 1647–1722. MS 751/5, WL.
St. John, Johanna. Recipe book, 1680. MS 4338, WL.
“Suggestions for New Product—Ergot-Caffeine Combination for Migraine.” Developmental Rejects, May 1948. WF/M/P/07/01, WL.
Sussex County Lunatic Asylum. Thirteenth Annual Report for 1871. Sussex Asylum, Annual Reports, 1869–1878. HC2/2, ESRO.
Talbot, Alathea, Countess of Arundel. Letter to the Countess of Shrewsbury, 1607. MS 3205, LPL.
Thomson, Francis, a persecuted recusant. Letter to Mr. Hicks, undated. Landsdowne MS 108/56, BL.
Townshend Family. Collection of medical and cookery receipts, c. 1636–1647. MS 774, WL.
Adams, Thomas. Diseases of the Soule: A Discourse Diuine, Morall, and Physicall. London: George Purslowe, 1616. EEBO.
Addison, Joseph. “The Royal Exchange.” The Spectator, 19 May 1711, 281. http://www2.scc.rutgers.edu/spectator/text/may1711/no69.html.
Airy, George Biddell. “III. The Astronomer Royal on Hemiopsy.” London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, ser. 4, 30, no. 200 (July–December 1865): 19–21.
Airy, Hubert. “On a Distinct Form of Transient Hemiopsia.” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 160 (1870): 247–264.
Airy, Wilfred, ed. Autobiography of Sir George Biddell Airy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1896.
Allbutt, Clifford. “Clinical Lecture on Migraine.” Medical Times and Gazette 1807 (14 February 1885): 203–208.
Andral, Gabriel. “Lectures on Medical Pathology: Lecture XVII. Perversions of Sensibility Continued. Vague Nervous Pain of the Head.” The Lancet 20, no. 500 (30 March 1833): 1–5.
Andrews, John. Comparative View of the French and English Nations, in Their Manners, Politics, and Literature. London: T. Longman & G. G. J. & J. Robinson, 1785. ECCO.
Anon. The Admirable Vertue, Property, and Operation of the Quintessence of Rosemary Flowers. London: R. Barker, 1615. EEBO.
Anon. A Closet for Ladies and Gentlewomen. London: Arthur Johnson, 1608.
Anon. “Dr. Graves on the Treatment of Various Diseases.” Medico-Chirurgical Review and Journal of Practical Medicine 19 (1833): 145–148.
Anon. The Great and Wonderful Prophecies of Mr. Patridge, Mr. Coly, Mr. Tanner, and Mr. Andrews. London: printed for J. C., 1689. EEBO.
Anon. Here Begynneth a New Boke of Medecynes. London: J. Rastall, 1526. EEBO.
Anon. “Medical Society of London.” The Lancet 44, no. 1101 (5 October 1844): 57–58.
Anon. A Report of the Cases Relieved and Cured in the Baths Appropriated for the Reception of the Poor. Dublin: J. Chambers, 1777. ECCO.
Anon. “Report on the Treatment of Sick Headache” British Medical Journal (13 January 1872): 46–48.
Anon. “Report on the Treatment of Sick Headache.” British Medical Journal (21 December 1872): 683–684.
Anon. The Servants’ Guide and Family Manual, 2nd ed. London: John Limbird, 1831. Google Books.
Anon. The Shepheards Kalendar. London: Thomas Adams, 1604. EEBO.
Anon. “Subjective Visual Sensations.” British Medical Journal (29 February 1896): 563.
Anstie, Francis E. Neuralgia and the Diseases That Resemble It. London: Macmillan, 1871.
Bacon, Francis. Sylva Sylvarum; Or, A Naturall Historie. London: William Lee, 1627. EEBO.
Barrington, Jonah. Personal Sketches of His Own Times. London: H. Colburn & R. Bentley, 1830.
Barrough, Philip. The Methode of Phisicke Conteyning the Causes, Signes, and Cures of Inward Diseases in Mans Body from the Head to the Foote. London: Thomas Vautroullier, 1583. EEBO.
Berkeley, George. Siris: A Chain of Philosophical Reflexions and Inquiries Concerning the Virtues of Tar Water. London: C. Hitch & C. Davis, 1744. ECCO.
Blount, Thomas. Glossographia. London: George Sawbridge, 1661. EEBO.
Bolton Tomson, W. “Vaso-Motor Neuroses.” The Lancet 140, no. 3607 (15 October 1892): 877–879. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(01)88094-6.
Boorde, Andrew. The Breuiary of Helthe for All Maner of Syckenesses and Diseases. London: Wylllyam Myddelton, 1547. ECCO.
———. Hereafter Foloweth a Compendyous Regyment or a Dyetary of Helth. London: Robert Wyer, 1542.
Brewster, David. “LXIX. On Hemiopsy, or Half-Vision.” London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, ser. 4, 29, no. 199 (January–June 1865): 503–507. doi:10.1080/14786446508643912.
Bristowe, J. S. “The Cavendish Lecture on Hysteria and Its Counterfeit Presentments.” The Lancet 125, no. 3225 (20 June 1885): 1113–1117. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(02)00748-1.
Brooke, Henry. The Imposter. Pp. 4–192 in The Poetical Works of Henry Brooke, vol. 3, ed. Henry Brooke. Dublin: Henry Brooke, 1792.
Brunton, T. Lauder. “A Discussion on Headaches and Their Treatment.” British Medical Journal (4 November 1899): 1241–1243.
Buchan, William. Domestic Medicine, 11th ed. London: A. Strahan, 1790. ECCO.
Bullein, William. A Newe Booke Entituled the Gouernement of Healthe. London: John Day, 1558. EEBO.
Cartwright, Thomas. An Hospitall for the Diseased. London: Edward White, 1579. EEBO.
Cave, Jane. “The Head-Ache, Or An Ode to Health” (1794). P. 249 in Eighteenth Century Women Poets: An Oxford Anthology, ed. Roger Lonsdale. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989.
Cheyne, George. The English Malady. London: G. Strahan & J. Leake, 1733. EEBO.
Clendinning, John. “Observations on the Medicinal Properties of the Cannabis Sativa of India.” Medico-Chirurgical Transactions 26 (1843): 188–210.
Clouston, T. S. “Observations and Experiments on the Use of Opium, Bromide of Potassium, and Cannabis Indica in Insanity.” [London?]: [printed by J. E. Adlard], 1870. Internet Archive.
Clowes, William. A Prooued Practise for All Young Chirurgians, Concerning Burnings with Gunpowder, and Woundes Made With Gunshot, Sword, Halbard, Pyke, Launce, or Such Other. London: Thomas Orwyn, 1588. EEBO.
Cockayne, Oswald. Leechdoms, Wortcunning, & Starcraft of Early England, vol. 2. London: Longman, Green, Longman, Roberts, & Green, 1863. Internet Archive.
Cogan, Thomas. The Hauen of Health. London: Anne Griffin, 1636. EEBO.
Collins, Thomas. Choice and Rare Experiments in Physick and Chirurgery. London: Francis Eglesfield, 1658.
Copland, William. A Boke of the Properties of Herbes Called an Herball. London: Wyllyam Copland, 1552.
Crichton-Browne, J. “Circles of Mental Disorder—Modern Nervous Diseases.” British Medical Journal (14 August 1880): 262–267.
———. “An Oration on Sex in Education.” The Lancet 139, no. 3584 (7 May 1892): 1011–1018. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(02)14447-3.
Crooke, Helkiah. Mikrokosmographia. London: printed by R. C., 1615. EEBO.
Cullen, William. Nosology: Or, A Systematic Arrangement of Diseases. Edinburgh: William Creech, 1792. ECCO.
Culpeper, Nicholas. The English Physitian Enlarged. London: Peter Cole, 1653. EEBO.
Deane, Edmund. Spadacrene Anglica or, The English Spaw Fountaine. London: M. Flesher, 1626. EEBO.
Dodoens, Rembert. A New Herball, or Historie of Plantes, trans. Henry Lyle. London: Edm. Bollifant, 1595. EEBO.
Donovan, Edward. Descriptive Excursions through South Wales and Monmouth in the Year 1804 and the Four Preceding Summers, 2 vols. London: Bye & Law, 1805. Internet Archive.
Elyot, Thomas. The Castel of Helth. London: Thomas Berthelet, 1539. EEBO.
Fothergill, John. “Remarks on That Complaint Commonly Known as Sick-Headache. Read Dec. 14, 1778.” Medical Observations and Inquiries 6 (1757–1784): 103–137. ECCO.
Furnivall, Percy, and Frederick J. Furnivall, eds. The Anatomie of the Bodie of Man, by Thomas Vicary. Oxford: published for the Early English Text Society by N. Trubner, 1888.
Galton, Francis. Inquiries into Human Faculty and Its Development. London: Macmillan, 1883.
Gerard, John. The Herball, or Generall Historie of Plants. London: Adam Islip, Ioice Norton, & Richard Whitakers, 1633. EEBO.
Gowers, W. R. A Manual of Diseases of the Nervous System, vol. 2. London: J. & A. Churchill, 1888.
———. “Subjective Visual Sensations.” Transactions of the Royal Ophthalmological Society of the United Kingdom 15 (1895): 1–38.
Greene, Richard. “The Treatment of Migraine with Indian Hemp.” Practitioner 41 (1888): 35–38.
Guillemeau, Jacques. The Frenche Chirurgerye, or All the Manualle Operations of Chirurgerye. Dort [Dordrecht], Netherlands: Isaac Canin, 1598. EEBO.
Gyer, Nicholas. The English Phlebotomy; or, Method and Way of Healing by Letting of Blood. London: W. Hoskins & J. Danter for A. Mansell, 1592. EEBO.
Hall, Marshall. “On the Threatenings of Apoplexy and Paralysis.” The Lancet 52, no. 1299 (22 July 1848): 92–96.
Heberden, William. Commentaries on the History and Cure of Diseases, 4th ed. London: Payne & Foss, 1816.
Herschel, John. “On Sensorial Vision.” Pp. 400–418 in Familiar Lectures on Scientific Subjects. New York: George Routledge & Sons, 1872.
Jackson, John Hughlings. “Hospital for the Epileptic and Paralysed: A Case of Hemiopia, with Hemianaesthesia and Hemiplegia.” The Lancet 104, no. 2661 (29 August 1874): 306–307. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(02)56459-X.
———. “Hospital for the Epileptic and Paralysed: Case Illustrating the Relation betwixt Certain Cases of Migraine and Epilepsy.” The Lancet 106, no. 2711 (14 August 1875), 244–245.
Jones, John. The Benefit of the Auncient Batthes of Buckstones. London: Tho. East & Henry Myddleton, 1572. EEBO.
Labarraque, Henri. Essai sur la céphalalgie et la migraine, soit comme affection symptomatique, soit comme maladie essentielle. Thèse, médecine. Paris: Rignous, 1837.
Langham, William. Garden of Health. London: Christopher Barker, 1597.
Latham, P. W. “Guarana (Paullinia) Powder a Remedy for Sick-Headache.” British Medical Journal (27 April 1872): 446–447.
———. On Nervous or Sick-Headache, Its Varieties and Treatment. Cambridge: Deighton, Bell, 1873.
———. “On Sick-Headache.” British Medical Journal (4 January 1873): 7–8.
Leconte, M. “Guarana.” The Lancet 100, no. 2557 (31 August 1872): 313–314.
Lees, F. Arnold. “Tetrachloride and Bisulphide of Carbon in Neuralgia.” British Medical Journal (8 June 1878): 850. doi:10.1136/bmj.1.910.850.
Lucas-Championnière, Just. La trépanation guidée par les localisations cérébrales: Étude historique et clinique sur la trépanation du crane. Paris: V. A. Delahaye, 1878.
Madden, Richard Robert. The Infirmities of Genius. Philadelphia: Carey, Lea, & Blanchard, 1833. Internet Archive.
Maudsley, Henry. The Pathology of Mind. New York: D. Appleton, 1880. Internet Archive.
Mead, Richard. A Treatise Concerning the Influence of the Sun and Moon upon Human Bodies and the Diseases Thereby Produced, trans. Richard Stack. London: J. Brindley, 1748. ECCO.
Mease, James. A Treatise on the Causes, Means of Prevention, and Cure of the Sick-Headache. Philadelphia: M. Casey & Son, 1819. Internet Archive.
Mediolano, Joannes de. Regimen Sanitatis Salerni. London: Thomas Berthelet, 1528. EEBO.
Migne, Jacques-Paul. S. Hildegardis Abbatissa, vol. 197 of Patrologia Latina. Paris: Migne, 1855.
Mornay, Philippe de. A Discourse of Life and Death: Written in French, Done in English by the Countesse of Pembroke, 2nd ed. London: Matthew Lownes, 1608. EEBO.
Moulton, Thomas. This Is the Myrour or Glasse of Health. London: Rycharde Kele, c. 1540. EEBO.
Murphy, Patrick J. “On Headache and Its Varieties.” The Lancet 63, no. 1590 (18 February 1854): 182–183.
———. “On Headache and Its Varieties.” The Lancet 63, no. 1591 (25 February 1854): 209–210.
———. “On Headache and Its Varieties.” The Lancet 63, no. 1603 (20 May 1854): 540–541.
Osler, William. The Principles and Practice of Medicine. New York: D. Appleton, 1892. Internet Archive.
Paré, Ambroise. The Workes of that Famous Chirurgion Ambrose Parey Translated out of Latine and Compared with the French by Thomas Johnson. London: T. Cotes & R. Young, 1634. EEBO.
Parry, Caleb Hiller. Collections from the Unpublished Medical Writings of the Late Caleb Hillier Parry, 3 vols. London: Underwoods, 1825.
———. Elements of Pathology and Therapeutics, vol. 1, 2nd ed. London: Underwood, 1825.
Partridge, John. The Widowes Treasure. London: Edward White, 1588. EEBO.
Paterson, Daniel. Paterson’s British Itinerary, Being a New and Accurate Delineation of the Direct and Principal Crossroads of Great Britain. London: Carrington Bowles, 1785. ECCO.
Pechey, John. The Compleat Herbal of Physical Plants. London: R. & T. Bonwicke, 1707.
Philiatros. Natura Exenterata. London: H. Twiford, 1655. EEBO.
Pope John XXI. The Treasury of Healthe Conteynyng Many Profitable Medycines. London: Wyllyam Coplande, 1553. EEBO.
Potter, Samuel O. L. Handbook of Materia Medica, Pharmacy, and Therapeutics, 5th ed. Philadelphia: P. Blakiston & Son, 1897.
Prior, Thomas. An Authentic Narrative of the Success of Tar-Water, in Curing a Great Number and Variety of Distempers. Dublin: W. Innys, C. Hitch, M. Cooper, & C. Davis, 1746. ECCO.
Pughe, John, trans. The Physicians of Myddvai, ed. John Williams ab Ithel. Welsh MSS Society. Llandovery, Wales, UK: D. J. Roderic, 1861.
Ross, James. A Treatise on the Diseases of the Nervous System, vol. 1, 2nd ed. New York: William Wood, 1883.
Rowley, William. A Treatise on One Hundred and Eighteen Principal Diseases of the Eyes and Eyelids. London: printed for J. Wingrave, E. Newbery, & T. Hookham, 1790. Google Books.
Salmon, William. The London Almanack: For the Year of Our Lord, 1701. London: W. Horton, 1701. ECCO.
———. Phylaxa Medicina: A Supplement to the London-Dispensatory, and Doron: Being, a Cabinet of Choice Medicines Collected, and Fitted for Vulgar Use, 2nd ed. London: Simon Neale, 1688. Google Books.
Smith, Benjamin. Sunshine in the Kitchen; or, Chapters for Maidservants. London: Wesleyan Conference Office, 1872. Google Books.
Speed, John. The Theatre of the Empire of Greate Britaine. London: J. Sudbury & G. Humble, 1611/12.
Symonds, John Addington. “On Headache: Lecture II, Concluded.” Medical Times and Gazette (24 April 1858): 419–422.
Tissot, Samuel A. D. Traité des nerfs et de leurs maladies. Lausanne: François Grasset, 1789. Internet Archive.
Trotter, Thomas. A View of the Nervous Temperament. Boston: Wright, Goodenow, & Stockwell, 1808.
Vicary, Thomas. The English Man’s Treasure. London: Thomas Creede, 1613. EEBO.
Wilks, Samuel. “Epilepsy and Migraine.” The Lancet 132, no. 3389 (11 August 1888): 263–264. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(02)24647-4.
Willis, Thomas. An Essay of the Pathology of the Brain and Nervous Stock. London: T. Dring, 1681.
———. De Anima Brutorum quae Hominis Vitalis ac Sentitiva Est: Exercitationes Duae. Oxford: Ric. Davis, 1672. EEBO.
———. The London Practice of Physick. London: Thomas Basset & William Crooke, 1685. EEBO.
———. Two Discourses Concerning the Soul of Brutes, Which Is That of the Vital and Sensitive of Man, trans. Samuel Pordage. London: Thomas Dring, Ch. Harper, and John Leigh, 1683. http://tei.it.ox.ac.uk/tcp/Texts-HTML/free/A66/A66518.html and EEBO.
Woakes, Edward. “On Ergot of Rye in the Treatment of Neuralgia.” British Medical Journal 2, no. 491 (3 October 1868): 360–461.
Wollaston, William Hyde. “On Semi-Decussation of the Optic Nerves.” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 114 (1824): 222–231. doi:10.1098/rstl.1824.0013.
Wright, Thomas. Three Chapters of Letters Relating to the Suppression of Monasteries. London: Camden Society, 1843.
Abramson, J. H., C. Hopp, and L. M. Epstein. “Migraine and Non-migrainous Headaches: A Community Survey in Jerusalem.” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 34, no. 3 (1980): 188–193. doi:10.1136/jech.34.3.188.
Abu-Arafeh, Ishak, Sheik Razak, Baskaran Sivaraman, and Catriona Graham. “Prevalence of Headache and Migraine in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review of Population-Based Studies.” Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 52, no. 12 (2010): 1088–1097. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8749.2010.03793.x.
Adams, J. N., and Marilyn Deegan. “Bald’s Leechbook and the Physica Plinii.” Anglo-Saxon England 21 (1992): 87–114.
Aikin, J. M. “Etiology and Treatment of Migraine.” Journal of the American Medical Association 39, no. 9 (1902): 485–487.
Allan, William. “The Inheritance of Migraine.” Archives of Internal Medicine 42, no. 4 (1928): 590–599. doi:10.1001/archinte.1928.00130210138013.
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Alvarez, Walter. How to Live with Your Migraine (Sick) Headaches. Chicago: Wilcox & Follett, 1952.
———. “The Migrainous Personality and Constitution.” American Journal of the Medical Sciences 213, no. 1 (January 1947): 1–8.
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Anon. “St. Hildegard.” Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine, History of Medicine Section (1913): vii.
Anthony, Michael, and James W. Lance. “The Role of Serotonin in Migraine.” Pp. 107–123 in Modern Topics in Migraine, ed. J. Pearce. London: Heinemann Medical, 1975.
Anttila, Verneri, Maija Wessman, Mikko Kallela, and Aarno Palotie. “Genetics of Migraine.” In “Neurogenetics, Part II,” ed. Daniel H. Geschwind, Henry L. Paulson, and Christine Klein. Special issue, Handbook of Clinical Neurology, 3rd ser., 148 (2018): 493–503.
Arikha, Noga. Passions and Tempers: A History of the Humours. New York: Harper Perennial, 2007.
Arrizabalaga, Jon. “Problematising Retrospective Diagnosis in the History of Disease.” Asclepio 54, no. 1 (2002): 51–70. doi:10.3989/asclepio.2002.v54.i1.135.
Atkinson, E. Miles. “Nasal Headaches.” British Medical Journal (13 August 1927): 264–266.
Auld, Alexander Gunn. Asthma, Hay Fever, Migraine, and Other Clinical Studies. London: H. K. Lewis, 1936.
Baird, Joseph L., and Radd K. Ehrman. The Letters of Hildegard of Bingen, vol. 1. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.
Banham, Debby. “Dun, Oxa, and Pliny the Great Physician: Attribution and Authority in Old English Medical Texts.” Social History of Medicine 24, no. 1 (2011): 57–73.
Barker, Hannah. “Medical Advertising and Trust in Late Georgian England.” Urban History 36, no. 3 (2009): 379–398.
Bendelow, Gillian. Pain and Gender. New York: Prentice Hall, 2000.
Bending, Lucy. The Representation of Bodily Pain in Late Nineteenth-Century English Culture. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.
Benjamin, Marina. “Medicine, Morality, and the Politics of Berkeley’s Tar-Water.” Pp. 165–193 in The Medical Enlightenment of the Eighteenth Century, ed. Andrew Cunningham and Roger French. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.
Bigal, M. E., R. B. Lipton, P. Winner, M. L. Reed, S. Diamond, and W. F. Stewart. “Migraine in Adolescents: Association with Socioeconomic Status and Family History.” Neurology 69, no. 1 (July 2007): 16–25. doi:10.1212/01.wnl.0000265212.90735.64.
Bildhauer, Bettina. “Medieval European Conceptions of Blood: Truth and Human Integrity.” Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, n.s., 19 (May 2013), S57–S76. doi:10.1111/1467-9655.12016.
Biro, David. The Language of Pain: Finding Words, Compassion, and Relief. New York: W. W. Norton, 2010.
Blau, Joseph Norman. The Headache and Migraine Handbook. London: Corgi, 1986.
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