publisher colophon


All websites were accessed in September 2018, unless otherwise noted.

Manuscript Collections

British Library (BL), London, UK.

Case Notes Collections, Queen Square Archives (QSA), London, UK.

East Sussex Record Office (ESRO), UK.

James Ramsay Hunt Casebooks, Hammer Medical Sciences Center, Columbia University, New York, USA.

Louis P. Hamburger Collections, Alan Mason Chesney Medical Archives, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA.

Royal Society of London Archives (RSL), UK.

Talbot Papers, Lambeth Palace Library (LPL), London, UK.

Wellcome Library (WL), London, UK.

Manuscript Collections, Digitized

The Casebooks Project: A Digital Edition of Simon Forman’s & Richard Napier’s Medical Records 1596–1634.

The Cullen Project: The Consultation Letters of Dr. William Cullen (1710–1790) at the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh.

Early English Books Online (EEBO).

Eighteenth Century Collections Online (ECCO).

Migraine Action Art Collection (MAC).

Proceedings of the Old Bailey, 1674–1913 (POB).

17th–18th Century Burney Collection Newspapers (BCN).

The Sloane Letters Project.

Wellcome Library Digital Collections (WL).


ABC News.

Australian Academy of Science.

Commons and Lords Hansard.

Europe PMC.

Google Books.

The Guardian.

Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation.

Internet Archive.


Lifting the Burden Global Campaign Against Headache.

National Migraine Centre.

Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.


The Recipes Project.

Time Magazine Covers.

US Department of Health and Human Services.

Wellcome Collection: Images.


AL Kennedy’s Migraine, presented by AL Kennedy, 3 April 2017, BBC Radio 4.


Almanac in Latin and English, [1464?]. MS 41, WL.

Apothecary’s cash-book, c. 1703–1710. MS 7500, WL.

Ayscough, Lady. Recipe book, 1692. MS 1026/62. WL.

Bald’s Leechbook, c. 950. Royal 12 D XVII, BL.

Bastian, [Henry] Charlton. “Case Notes, Male,” 1891. NHNN/CN/5/8, QSA.

Beevor, Charles Edward. “Case Notes, Male and Female,” 1899. NHMM/CN/17/8, QSA.

Blagden, Charles. Draft of letter to Thomas Curtis, 7 September 1781. Blagden Correspondence, CB/1/3/160, RSL.

Brumwich, Anne, et al. Collection of medical receipts, c. 1625–1700[?]. MS 160, WL.

Buzzard, Thomas. “Case Notes, Male and Female,” 1881. NHNN/CN/4/5, QSA.

“A Collection of Remedies,” mid-fifteenth century. MS MSL 136, WL.

Corlyon, Mrs. A Booke of Diuers Medecines, Broothes, Salues, Waters, Syroppes, and Oyntementes, 1606. MS 213. WL.

Curtis, Thomas. Letter, written from Penpont, to Charles Blagden, physician to the Army, Plymouth, 25 August 1781. Blagden Correspondence, CB/1/3/161, RSL.

Ferrier, David. “Case Notes, Male and Female,” 1896. NHNN/CN/13/12, QSA.

“For ye megrom.” English recipe book, c. 1675–1800. MS 7721/134, WL.

Frederica, Duchess of York. Letter to Sir Henry Halford, 28 May [c. 1819]. DG 24/831/22, LR.

“Guild Book of the Barber Surgeons of York,” c. 1486. Egerton 2572, BL.

Gowers, Sir William Richard. “Case Book, Female,” 1899, NHNN/CN/9/17, QSA.

Gowers, Sir William Richard. “Case Book, Male,” 1898. NHNN/CN/9/14, QSA.

Gowers, Sir William Richard, and John Hughlings Jackson. “Case Notes, Male and Female,” 1870–1877. NHNN/CN/2/1, QSA.

Herschel, John. Diary, 1800s. MS 583/2/3/4. RSL.

Hyde, Bridget. Recipe book, c. 1676–1690. MS 2990/98, WL.

Jackson, Jane. Recipe book, 1642. MS 373/47, WL.

Jackson, John Hughlings. “Case Notes, Female,” 1895. NHNN/CN/8/18, QSA.

Jackson, John Hughlings. “Case Notes, Male and Female,” 1892. NHNN/CN/8/12, QSA.

Klebs, Arnold. Letter to Charles Singer, 29 July 1913. Charles Singer Correspondence: K. PP/CJS.A.10, WL.

“Migril.” Wellcome Foundation Product Literature (Migril), Folder 1: 1957–1960. WF/M/PL/199, WL.

“Migril.” Wellcome Foundation Product Literature (Migril), Folder 2: 1961. WF/M/PL/199, WL.

“Migril.” Wellcome Foundation Product Literature (Migril), Folder 7: 1969. WF/M/PL/199, WL.

Osborne, Sir Thomas. Recipe book, c. 1670–1695. MS 3724/54, WL.

Parker, Jane. Recipe book, 1651. MS 3769/59. WL.

Shaw, Miss. Collection of Medical and Cookery Receipts, c. 1675–1800. MS7721/134, WL.

Sleigh, Elizabeth, and Felicia Whitfeld. Collection of medical receipts, c. 1647–1722. MS 751/5, WL.

St. John, Johanna. Recipe book, 1680. MS 4338, WL.

“Suggestions for New Product—Ergot-Caffeine Combination for Migraine.” Developmental Rejects, May 1948. WF/M/P/07/01, WL.

Sussex County Lunatic Asylum. Thirteenth Annual Report for 1871. Sussex Asylum, Annual Reports, 1869–1878. HC2/2, ESRO.

Sussex County Lunatic Asylum, Fifteenth Annual Report for 1873. Sussex Asylum, Annual Reports, 1869–1878. HC2/2, ESRO.

Talbot, Alathea, Countess of Arundel. Letter to the Countess of Shrewsbury, 1607. MS 3205, LPL.

Thomson, Francis, a persecuted recusant. Letter to Mr. Hicks, undated. Landsdowne MS 108/56, BL.

Townshend Family. Collection of medical and cookery receipts, c. 1636–1647. MS 774, WL.

Publications, Pre-1900

Adams, Thomas. Diseases of the Soule: A Discourse Diuine, Morall, and Physicall. London: George Purslowe, 1616. EEBO.

Addison, Joseph. “The Royal Exchange.” The Spectator, 19 May 1711, 281.

Airy, George Biddell. “III. The Astronomer Royal on Hemiopsy.” London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, ser. 4, 30, no. 200 (July–December 1865): 19–21.

Airy, Hubert. “On a Distinct Form of Transient Hemiopsia.” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 160 (1870): 247–264.

Airy, Wilfred, ed. Autobiography of Sir George Biddell Airy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1896.

Allbutt, Clifford. “Clinical Lecture on Migraine.” Medical Times and Gazette 1807 (14 February 1885): 203–208.

Andral, Gabriel. “Lectures on Medical Pathology: Lecture XVII. Perversions of Sensibility Continued. Vague Nervous Pain of the Head.” The Lancet 20, no. 500 (30 March 1833): 1–5.

Andrews, John. Comparative View of the French and English Nations, in Their Manners, Politics, and Literature. London: T. Longman & G. G. J. & J. Robinson, 1785. ECCO.

Anon. The Admirable Vertue, Property, and Operation of the Quintessence of Rosemary Flowers. London: R. Barker, 1615. EEBO.

Anon. A Closet for Ladies and Gentlewomen. London: Arthur Johnson, 1608.

Anon. “Dr. Graves on the Treatment of Various Diseases.” Medico-Chirurgical Review and Journal of Practical Medicine 19 (1833): 145–148.

Anon. The Great and Wonderful Prophecies of Mr. Patridge, Mr. Coly, Mr. Tanner, and Mr. Andrews. London: printed for J. C., 1689. EEBO.

Anon. Here Begynneth a New Boke of Medecynes. London: J. Rastall, 1526. EEBO.

Anon. “Medical Society of London.” The Lancet 44, no. 1101 (5 October 1844): 57–58.

Anon. A Report of the Cases Relieved and Cured in the Baths Appropriated for the Reception of the Poor. Dublin: J. Chambers, 1777. ECCO.

Anon. “Report on the Treatment of Sick Headache” British Medical Journal (13 January 1872): 46–48.

Anon. “Report on the Treatment of Sick Headache.” British Medical Journal (21 December 1872): 683–684.

Anon. The Servants’ Guide and Family Manual, 2nd ed. London: John Limbird, 1831. Google Books.

Anon. The Shepheards Kalendar. London: Thomas Adams, 1604. EEBO.

Anon. “Subjective Visual Sensations.” British Medical Journal (29 February 1896): 563.

Anstie, Francis E. Neuralgia and the Diseases That Resemble It. London: Macmillan, 1871.

Bacon, Francis. Sylva Sylvarum; Or, A Naturall Historie. London: William Lee, 1627. EEBO.

Barrington, Jonah. Personal Sketches of His Own Times. London: H. Colburn & R. Bentley, 1830.

Barrough, Philip. The Methode of Phisicke Conteyning the Causes, Signes, and Cures of Inward Diseases in Mans Body from the Head to the Foote. London: Thomas Vautroullier, 1583. EEBO.

Beard, George. A Practical Treatise on Nervous Exhaustion. New York: W. Wood, 1880. Internet Archive.

Berkeley, George. Siris: A Chain of Philosophical Reflexions and Inquiries Concerning the Virtues of Tar Water. London: C. Hitch & C. Davis, 1744. ECCO.

Blount, Thomas. Glossographia. London: George Sawbridge, 1661. EEBO.

Bolton Tomson, W. “Vaso-Motor Neuroses.” The Lancet 140, no. 3607 (15 October 1892): 877–879. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(01)88094-6.

Boorde, Andrew. The Breuiary of Helthe for All Maner of Syckenesses and Diseases. London: Wylllyam Myddelton, 1547. ECCO.

———. Hereafter Foloweth a Compendyous Regyment or a Dyetary of Helth. London: Robert Wyer, 1542.

Brewster, David. “LXIX. On Hemiopsy, or Half-Vision.” London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, ser. 4, 29, no. 199 (January–June 1865): 503–507. doi:10.1080/14786446508643912.

Bristowe, J. S. “The Cavendish Lecture on Hysteria and Its Counterfeit Presentments.” The Lancet 125, no. 3225 (20 June 1885): 1113–1117. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(02)00748-1.

Brooke, Henry. The Imposter. Pp. 4–192 in The Poetical Works of Henry Brooke, vol. 3, ed. Henry Brooke. Dublin: Henry Brooke, 1792.

Brunton, T. Lauder. “A Discussion on Headaches and Their Treatment.” British Medical Journal (4 November 1899): 1241–1243.

Buchan, William. Domestic Medicine, 11th ed. London: A. Strahan, 1790. ECCO.

Bullein, William. A Newe Booke Entituled the Gouernement of Healthe. London: John Day, 1558. EEBO.

Cartwright, Thomas. An Hospitall for the Diseased. London: Edward White, 1579. EEBO.

Cave, Jane. “The Head-Ache, Or An Ode to Health” (1794). P. 249 in Eighteenth Century Women Poets: An Oxford Anthology, ed. Roger Lonsdale. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989.

Cheyne, George. The English Malady. London: G. Strahan & J. Leake, 1733. EEBO.

Clendinning, John. “Observations on the Medicinal Properties of the Cannabis Sativa of India.” Medico-Chirurgical Transactions 26 (1843): 188–210.

Clouston, T. S. “Observations and Experiments on the Use of Opium, Bromide of Potassium, and Cannabis Indica in Insanity.” [London?]: [printed by J. E. Adlard], 1870. Internet Archive.

Clowes, William. A Prooued Practise for All Young Chirurgians, Concerning Burnings with Gunpowder, and Woundes Made With Gunshot, Sword, Halbard, Pyke, Launce, or Such Other. London: Thomas Orwyn, 1588. EEBO.

Cockayne, Oswald. Leechdoms, Wortcunning, & Starcraft of Early England, vol. 2. London: Longman, Green, Longman, Roberts, & Green, 1863. Internet Archive.

Cogan, Thomas. The Hauen of Health. London: Anne Griffin, 1636. EEBO.

Collins, Thomas. Choice and Rare Experiments in Physick and Chirurgery. London: Francis Eglesfield, 1658.

Copland, William. A Boke of the Properties of Herbes Called an Herball. London: Wyllyam Copland, 1552.

Crichton-Browne, J. “Circles of Mental Disorder—Modern Nervous Diseases.” British Medical Journal (14 August 1880): 262–267.

———. “An Oration on Sex in Education.” The Lancet 139, no. 3584 (7 May 1892): 1011–1018. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(02)14447-3.

Crooke, Helkiah. Mikrokosmographia. London: printed by R. C., 1615. EEBO.

Cullen, William. Nosology: Or, A Systematic Arrangement of Diseases. Edinburgh: William Creech, 1792. ECCO.

Culpeper, Nicholas. The English Physitian Enlarged. London: Peter Cole, 1653. EEBO.

———. Pharmacopeia Londinensis, or, The London Dispensatory. 1653. London: Peter Cole, 1653. EEBO.

Deane, Edmund. Spadacrene Anglica or, The English Spaw Fountaine. London: M. Flesher, 1626. EEBO.

Dodoens, Rembert. A New Herball, or Historie of Plantes, trans. Henry Lyle. London: Edm. Bollifant, 1595. EEBO.

Donovan, Edward. Descriptive Excursions through South Wales and Monmouth in the Year 1804 and the Four Preceding Summers, 2 vols. London: Bye & Law, 1805. Internet Archive.

Elyot, Thomas. The Castel of Helth. London: Thomas Berthelet, 1539. EEBO.

Fothergill, John. “Remarks on That Complaint Commonly Known as Sick-Headache. Read Dec. 14, 1778.” Medical Observations and Inquiries 6 (1757–1784): 103–137. ECCO.

Furnivall, Percy, and Frederick J. Furnivall, eds. The Anatomie of the Bodie of Man, by Thomas Vicary. Oxford: published for the Early English Text Society by N. Trubner, 1888.

Galton, Francis. Inquiries into Human Faculty and Its Development. London: Macmillan, 1883.

Gerard, John. The Herball, or Generall Historie of Plants. London: Adam Islip, Ioice Norton, & Richard Whitakers, 1633. EEBO.

Gowers, W. R. A Manual of Diseases of the Nervous System, vol. 2. London: J. & A. Churchill, 1888.

———. “Subjective Visual Sensations.” Transactions of the Royal Ophthalmological Society of the United Kingdom 15 (1895): 1–38.

Greene, Richard. “The Treatment of Migraine with Indian Hemp.” Practitioner 41 (1888): 35–38.

Guillemeau, Jacques. The Frenche Chirurgerye, or All the Manualle Operations of Chirurgerye. Dort [Dordrecht], Netherlands: Isaac Canin, 1598. EEBO.

Gyer, Nicholas. The English Phlebotomy; or, Method and Way of Healing by Letting of Blood. London: W. Hoskins & J. Danter for A. Mansell, 1592. EEBO.

Hall, Marshall. “On the Threatenings of Apoplexy and Paralysis.” The Lancet 52, no. 1299 (22 July 1848): 92–96.

Heberden, William. Commentaries on the History and Cure of Diseases, 4th ed. London: Payne & Foss, 1816.

Herschel, John. “On Sensorial Vision.” Pp. 400–418 in Familiar Lectures on Scientific Subjects. New York: George Routledge & Sons, 1872.

Jackson, John Hughlings. “Hospital for the Epileptic and Paralysed: A Case of Hemiopia, with Hemianaesthesia and Hemiplegia.” The Lancet 104, no. 2661 (29 August 1874): 306–307. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(02)56459-X.

———. “Hospital for the Epileptic and Paralysed: Case Illustrating the Relation betwixt Certain Cases of Migraine and Epilepsy.” The Lancet 106, no. 2711 (14 August 1875), 244–245.

Jones, John. The Benefit of the Auncient Batthes of Buckstones. London: Tho. East & Henry Myddleton, 1572. EEBO.

Labarraque, Henri. Essai sur la céphalalgie et la migraine, soit comme affection symptomatique, soit comme maladie essentielle. Thèse, médecine. Paris: Rignous, 1837.

Langham, William. Garden of Health. London: Christopher Barker, 1597.

Latham, P. W. “Guarana (Paullinia) Powder a Remedy for Sick-Headache.” British Medical Journal (27 April 1872): 446–447.

———. On Nervous or Sick-Headache, Its Varieties and Treatment. Cambridge: Deighton, Bell, 1873.

———. “On Sick-Headache.” British Medical Journal (4 January 1873): 7–8.

Leconte, M. “Guarana.” The Lancet 100, no. 2557 (31 August 1872): 313–314.

Lees, F. Arnold. “Tetrachloride and Bisulphide of Carbon in Neuralgia.” British Medical Journal (8 June 1878): 850. doi:10.1136/bmj.1.910.850.

Liveing, Edward. On Megrim, Sick Headache, and Some Allied Disorders: A Contribution to the Pathology of Nerve-Storms. London: J. & A. Churchill, 1873.

Lucas-Championnière, Just. La trépanation guidée par les localisations cérébrales: Étude historique et clinique sur la trépanation du crane. Paris: V. A. Delahaye, 1878.

Madden, Richard Robert. The Infirmities of Genius. Philadelphia: Carey, Lea, & Blanchard, 1833. Internet Archive.

Maudsley, Henry. The Pathology of Mind. New York: D. Appleton, 1880. Internet Archive.

Mead, Richard. A Treatise Concerning the Influence of the Sun and Moon upon Human Bodies and the Diseases Thereby Produced, trans. Richard Stack. London: J. Brindley, 1748. ECCO.

Mease, James. A Treatise on the Causes, Means of Prevention, and Cure of the Sick-Headache. Philadelphia: M. Casey & Son, 1819. Internet Archive.

Mediolano, Joannes de. Regimen Sanitatis Salerni. London: Thomas Berthelet, 1528. EEBO.

Migne, Jacques-Paul. S. Hildegardis Abbatissa, vol. 197 of Patrologia Latina. Paris: Migne, 1855.

Mornay, Philippe de. A Discourse of Life and Death: Written in French, Done in English by the Countesse of Pembroke, 2nd ed. London: Matthew Lownes, 1608. EEBO.

Moulton, Thomas. This Is the Myrour or Glasse of Health. London: Rycharde Kele, c. 1540. EEBO.

Murphy, Patrick J. “On Headache and Its Varieties.” The Lancet 63, no. 1590 (18 February 1854): 182–183.

———. “On Headache and Its Varieties.” The Lancet 63, no. 1591 (25 February 1854): 209–210.

———. “On Headache and Its Varieties.” The Lancet 63, no. 1603 (20 May 1854): 540–541.

Osler, William. The Principles and Practice of Medicine. New York: D. Appleton, 1892. Internet Archive.

Paré, Ambroise. The Workes of that Famous Chirurgion Ambrose Parey Translated out of Latine and Compared with the French by Thomas Johnson. London: T. Cotes & R. Young, 1634. EEBO.

Parry, Caleb Hiller. Collections from the Unpublished Medical Writings of the Late Caleb Hillier Parry, 3 vols. London: Underwoods, 1825.

———. Elements of Pathology and Therapeutics, vol. 1, 2nd ed. London: Underwood, 1825.

Partridge, John. The Widowes Treasure. London: Edward White, 1588. EEBO.

Paterson, Daniel. Paterson’s British Itinerary, Being a New and Accurate Delineation of the Direct and Principal Crossroads of Great Britain. London: Carrington Bowles, 1785. ECCO.

Pechey, John. The Compleat Herbal of Physical Plants. London: R. & T. Bonwicke, 1707.

Philiatros. Natura Exenterata. London: H. Twiford, 1655. EEBO.

Pope John XXI. The Treasury of Healthe Conteynyng Many Profitable Medycines. London: Wyllyam Coplande, 1553. EEBO.

Potter, Samuel O. L. Handbook of Materia Medica, Pharmacy, and Therapeutics, 5th ed. Philadelphia: P. Blakiston & Son, 1897.

Prior, Thomas. An Authentic Narrative of the Success of Tar-Water, in Curing a Great Number and Variety of Distempers. Dublin: W. Innys, C. Hitch, M. Cooper, & C. Davis, 1746. ECCO.

Pughe, John, trans. The Physicians of Myddvai, ed. John Williams ab Ithel. Welsh MSS Society. Llandovery, Wales, UK: D. J. Roderic, 1861.

Ross, James. A Treatise on the Diseases of the Nervous System, vol. 1, 2nd ed. New York: William Wood, 1883.

Rowley, William. A Treatise on One Hundred and Eighteen Principal Diseases of the Eyes and Eyelids. London: printed for J. Wingrave, E. Newbery, & T. Hookham, 1790. Google Books.

Salmon, William. The London Almanack: For the Year of Our Lord, 1701. London: W. Horton, 1701. ECCO.

———. Phylaxa Medicina: A Supplement to the London-Dispensatory, and Doron: Being, a Cabinet of Choice Medicines Collected, and Fitted for Vulgar Use, 2nd ed. London: Simon Neale, 1688. Google Books.

Samelson, A. “Guarana against Sick-Headache.” British Medical Journal (11 May 1872): 498. JSTOR.

Smith, Benjamin. Sunshine in the Kitchen; or, Chapters for Maidservants. London: Wesleyan Conference Office, 1872. Google Books.

Speed, John. The Theatre of the Empire of Greate Britaine. London: J. Sudbury & G. Humble, 1611/12.

Symonds, John Addington. “On Headache: Lecture II, Concluded.” Medical Times and Gazette (24 April 1858): 419–422.

Tissot, Samuel A. D. Traité des nerfs et de leurs maladies. Lausanne: François Grasset, 1789. Internet Archive.

Trotter, Thomas. A View of the Nervous Temperament. Boston: Wright, Goodenow, & Stockwell, 1808.

Vicary, Thomas. The English Man’s Treasure. London: Thomas Creede, 1613. EEBO.

Wilks, Samuel. “Epilepsy and Migraine.” The Lancet 132, no. 3389 (11 August 1888): 263–264. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(02)24647-4.

Willis, Thomas. An Essay of the Pathology of the Brain and Nervous Stock. London: T. Dring, 1681.

———. De Anima Brutorum quae Hominis Vitalis ac Sentitiva Est: Exercitationes Duae. Oxford: Ric. Davis, 1672. EEBO.

———. The London Practice of Physick. London: Thomas Basset & William Crooke, 1685. EEBO.

———. Two Discourses Concerning the Soul of Brutes, Which Is That of the Vital and Sensitive of Man, trans. Samuel Pordage. London: Thomas Dring, Ch. Harper, and John Leigh, 1683. and EEBO.

Woakes, Edward. “On Ergot of Rye in the Treatment of Neuralgia.” British Medical Journal 2, no. 491 (3 October 1868): 360–461.

Wollaston, William Hyde. “On Semi-Decussation of the Optic Nerves.” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 114 (1824): 222–231. doi:10.1098/rstl.1824.0013.

Wright, Thomas. Three Chapters of Letters Relating to the Suppression of Monasteries. London: Camden Society, 1843.

Publications, Post-1900

Abramson, J. H., C. Hopp, and L. M. Epstein. “Migraine and Non-migrainous Headaches: A Community Survey in Jerusalem.” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 34, no. 3 (1980): 188–193. doi:10.1136/jech.34.3.188.

Abu-Arafeh, Ishak, Sheik Razak, Baskaran Sivaraman, and Catriona Graham. “Prevalence of Headache and Migraine in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review of Population-Based Studies.” Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 52, no. 12 (2010): 1088–1097. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8749.2010.03793.x.

Adams, J. N., and Marilyn Deegan. “Bald’s Leechbook and the Physica Plinii.” Anglo-Saxon England 21 (1992): 87–114.

Aikin, J. M. “Etiology and Treatment of Migraine.” Journal of the American Medical Association 39, no. 9 (1902): 485–487.

Allan, William. “The Inheritance of Migraine.” Archives of Internal Medicine 42, no. 4 (1928): 590–599. doi:10.1001/archinte.1928.00130210138013.

———. “The Sex Ratio in Migraine.” Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry 27, no. 6 (1932): 1436–1440. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1932.02230180165010.

Alvarez, Walter. How to Live with Your Migraine (Sick) Headaches. Chicago: Wilcox & Follett, 1952.

———. “The Migrainous Personality and Constitution.” American Journal of the Medical Sciences 213, no. 1 (January 1947): 1–8.

American Headache Society. “AHS Meeting Release CGRP.” American Headache Society, 7 June 2017.

Aminoff, Michael J. Brown-Sequard: An Improbable Genius Who Transformed Medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Anderson, Warwick, and Ian R. Mackay. Intolerant Bodies: A Short History of Autoimmunity. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2014.

Anon. “Editorial: Migraine Clinics.” British Medical Journal (10 August 1974): 376. doi:10.1136/bmj.3.5927.376.

Anon. “St. Hildegard.” Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine, History of Medicine Section (1913): vii.

Anthony, Michael, and James W. Lance. “The Role of Serotonin in Migraine.” Pp. 107–123 in Modern Topics in Migraine, ed. J. Pearce. London: Heinemann Medical, 1975.

Anttila, Verneri, Maija Wessman, Mikko Kallela, and Aarno Palotie. “Genetics of Migraine.” In “Neurogenetics, Part II,” ed. Daniel H. Geschwind, Henry L. Paulson, and Christine Klein. Special issue, Handbook of Clinical Neurology, 3rd ser., 148 (2018): 493–503.

Arikha, Noga. Passions and Tempers: A History of the Humours. New York: Harper Perennial, 2007.

Arrizabalaga, Jon. “Problematising Retrospective Diagnosis in the History of Disease.” Asclepio 54, no. 1 (2002): 51–70. doi:10.3989/asclepio.2002.v54.i1.135.

Atkinson, E. Miles. “Nasal Headaches.” British Medical Journal (13 August 1927): 264–266.

Auld, Alexander Gunn. Asthma, Hay Fever, Migraine, and Other Clinical Studies. London: H. K. Lewis, 1936.

Baird, Joseph L., and Radd K. Ehrman. The Letters of Hildegard of Bingen, vol. 1. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Banham, Debby. “Dun, Oxa, and Pliny the Great Physician: Attribution and Authority in Old English Medical Texts.” Social History of Medicine 24, no. 1 (2011): 57–73.

Barker, Hannah. “Medical Advertising and Trust in Late Georgian England.” Urban History 36, no. 3 (2009): 379–398.

Bendelow, Gillian. Pain and Gender. New York: Prentice Hall, 2000.

Bending, Lucy. The Representation of Bodily Pain in Late Nineteenth-Century English Culture. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Benjamin, Marina. “Medicine, Morality, and the Politics of Berkeley’s Tar-Water.” Pp. 165–193 in The Medical Enlightenment of the Eighteenth Century, ed. Andrew Cunningham and Roger French. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Bigal, M. E., R. B. Lipton, P. Winner, M. L. Reed, S. Diamond, and W. F. Stewart. “Migraine in Adolescents: Association with Socioeconomic Status and Family History.” Neurology 69, no. 1 (July 2007): 16–25. doi:10.1212/01.wnl.0000265212.90735.64.

Bildhauer, Bettina. “Medieval European Conceptions of Blood: Truth and Human Integrity.” Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, n.s., 19 (May 2013), S57–S76. doi:10.1111/1467-9655.12016.

Biro, David. The Language of Pain: Finding Words, Compassion, and Relief. New York: W. W. Norton, 2010.

Blau, Joseph Norman. The Headache and Migraine Handbook. London: Corgi, 1986.

———. “Migraine Pathogenesis: The Neural Hypothesis Reexamined.” Journal of Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, and Psychiatry 47 (1984): 437–442.

———. “Problems and Paradoxes in Migraine.” Hemicrania 2, no. 1 (1970), 6–7.

———. “Somesthetic Aura: The Experience of Alice in Wonderland.” The Lancet 352, no. 9127 (15 August 1998): 582.

Bliss, Michael. Harvey Cushing: A Life in Surgery. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.

Booth, Martin. Cannabis: A History. London: Doubleday, 2003.

Borsook, David, Arne May, Peter J. Goadsby, and Richard Hargreaves. “Can Imaging Change Migraine Treatment Paradigms?” Pp. 371–273 in The Migraine Brain: Imaging Structure and Function, ed. David Borsook, Arne May, Peter J. Goadsby, and Richard Hargreaves. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.

Bourke, Joanna. The Story of Pain: From Prayer to Painkillers. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014.

Boyd, Kenneth M. “Disease, Illness, Sickness, Health, Healing, and Wholeness: Exploring Some Elusive Concepts.” Journal of Medical Ethics: Medical Humanities 26, no. 9 (2000): 9–17.

Brain, W. Russell. Diseases of the Nervous System. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1933.

Bramwell, Edwin. “Discussion on Migraine.” British Medical Journal (30 October 1926): 765–775. doi:10.1136/bmj.2.3434.765.

Bray, George W. Recent Advances in Allergy. London: J. & A. Churchill, 1931.

Breuninger, Scott. “A Panacea for the Nation: Berkeley’s Tar-Water and Irish Domestic Development.” Études irelandaises 34, no. 2 (2009): 29–42. doi:10.4000/etudesirlandaises.2618.

Brockbank, William. “Sovereign Remedies: A Critical Depreciation of the 17th-Century London Pharmacopoeia.” Medical History 8, no. 1 (1964): 1–14.

Brumberg, Joan Jacobs. Fasting Girls: The Emergence of Anorexia Nervosa as a Modern Disease. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1988.

Brunton, Thomas Lauder. Hallucinations and Allied Mental Phenomena, reprinted from Journal of Mental Science (April 1902). London: Adlard & Son, 1910. WL.

Buck, R. A. “Woman’s Milk in Anglo-Saxon and Later Medieval Medical Texts.” Neophilologus 96 (2012): 467–485.

Burch, Rebecca C., Stephen Loder, Elizabeth Loder, and Todd A. Smitherman. “The Prevalence and Burden of Migraine and Severe Headache in the United States: Updated Statistics from Government Health Surveillance Studies.” Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain 55, no. 1 (January 2015): 21–34. doi:10.1111/head.12482.

Burke, David. “Professor James Lance, Neurologist.” Interview, 2010. Australian Academy of Science.

Bury, Michael. “Chronic Illness as Biographical Disruption.” Sociology of Health and Illness 4, no. 2 (July 1982): 167–182.

Buse, Dawn C., Elizabeth W. Loder, Jennifer A. Gorman, Walter F. Stewart, Michael L. Reed, Kristina M. Fanning, Daniel Serrano, and Richard B. Lipton. “Sex Differences in the Prevalence, Symptoms, and Associated Features of Migraine, Probable Migraine, and Other Severe Headache: Results of the American Migraine Prevalence and Prevention (AMPP) Study.” Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain 53, no. 8 (September 2013): 1278–1299. doi:10.1111/head.12150.

Bynum, Caroline W. Holy Feast and Holy Fast: The Significance of Food to Medieval Women. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987.

Bynum, William F. “Cullen and the Study of Fevers in Britain, 1760–1820.” Medical History, Suppl. 1 (1981): 135–147.

———. “The Nervous Patient in Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-Century Britain: The Psychiatric Origins of British Neurology.” Pp. 89–102 in The Anatomy of Madness: Essays in the History of Psychiatry, vol. 1, ed. William F. Bynum, Roy Porter, and Michael Shepherd. London: Tavistock, 1985.

Cady, Roger K., Jeanette K. Wendt, John R. Kirchner, Joseph D. Sargent, John F. Rothrock, and Harold Skaggs. “Treatment of Acute Migraine with Subcutaneous Sumatriptan.” JAMA 265, no. 21 (1991): 2831–2835. doi:10.1001/jama.1991.03460210077033.

Cameron, Michael L. Anglo-Saxon Medicine. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

———. “Bald’s Leechbook: Its Sources and Their Use in Its Compilation.” Anglo-Saxon England 12 (1983): 153–182. doi:10.1017/S0263675100003392.

Canning, Kathleen. “The Body as Method? Reflections on the Place of the Body in Gender History.” Gender and History 11, no. 3 (1999): 499–513. doi:10.1111/1468-0424.00159.

Cardinal, Roger. “Outsider Art and the Autistic Creator.” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 364, no. 1522 (2009): 1459–1466. doi:10.1098/rstb.2008.0325.

Carel, Havi. Illness: The Cry of the Flesh. Stocksfield, UK: Acumen, 2008.

Carlebach, Elisheva. Palaces of Time: Jewish Calendar and Culture in Early Modern Europe. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2011.

Carrington, Charles. Rudyard Kipling: His Life and Work. London: Macmillan, 1955.

Casper, Stephen T. The Neurologists: A History of a Medical Specialty in Modern Britain, c. 1789–2000. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press, 2014.

Castle, Terry. “Eros and Liberty at the English Masquerade, 1710–1790.” Eighteenth-Century Studies 17, no. 2 (1983): 156–176.

Caviness, Madeline. Art in the Medieval West and Its Audience. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, 2001.

———. “Artist: ‘To See, Hear, and Know All at Once.’ ” Pp. 110–124 in Voice of the Living Light: Hildegard of Bingen and Her World, ed. Barbara Newman. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998.

———. “Hildegard as Designer of Illustrations.” Pp. 29–62 in Hildegard of Bingen: The Context of Her Thought and Art, ed. Charles Burnett and Peter Dronke. London: Warburg Institute, 1998.

Charleston, Larry, and James Francis Burke. “Do Racial/Ethnic Disparities Exist in Recommended Migraine Treatments in US Ambulatory Care?” Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache 38, no. 5 (April 2018): 876–882.

Charmaz, Kathy, Good Days, Bad Days: The Self in Chronic Illness and Time. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1997.

Chemist and Druggist. Pharmaceutical Formulas. London: Chemist & Druggist, 1904.

Church, Roy A., and E. M. Tansey. Burroughs Wellcome & Co.: Knowledge, Trust, Profit, and the Transformation of the British Pharmaceutical Industry, 1880–1940. Lancaster, UK: Crucible, 2007. WL.

Clarke, C. A. “Gowers’ Mixture.” The Practitioner 180 (February 1958): 215–216.

Clower, William T., and Stanley Finger. “Discovering Trepanation: The Contribution of Paul Broca.” Neurosurgery 49, no. 6 (2001): 1417–1425. doi:10.1097/00006123-200112000-00021.

Cody, Lisa Forman. “ ‘No Cure No Money,’ or the Invisible Hand of Quackery: The Language of Commerce, Credit, and Cash in Eighteenth-Century British Medical Advertisements.” Studies in Eighteenth-Century Culture 28 (1999): 103–130.

Cohen, Esther. The Modulated Scream: Pain in Late Medieval Culture. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010.

Cohen, Esther, Leona Toker, Manuela Consonni, and Otniel E. Dror, eds. Knowledge and Pain. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2012.

Cohen, Michèle. Fashioning Masculinity: National Identity and Language in the Eighteenth Century. London: Routledge, 1996.

Coleborne, Catharine. Madness in the Family. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.

Conlee, John, ed. “William Dunbar: Poems, Public and Private.” In William Dunbar: The Complete Works. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 2004.

Cooper, Rachel. “Disease.” Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 33, no. 2 (2002): 263–282.

Cooter, Roger. “The Life of a Disease?” The Lancet 375, no. 9709 (9–15 January 2010): 111–112.

Cornwell, Jocelyn. Hard-Earned Lives: Accounts of Health and Illness from East London. London: Tavistock, 1984.

Crawford, Sally. “The Nadir of Western Medicine? Texts, Contexts, and Practice in Anglo-Saxon England.” Pp. 41–51 in Bodies of Knowledge: Cultural Interpretations of Illness and Medicine in Medieval Europe, ed. Sally Crawford and Christina Lee. Studies in Early Medicine 1. Oxford: BAR, 2010.

Critchley, Macdonald. “Discarded Theories in the Past 50 Years.” Pp. 241–261 in Migraine: Clinical, Therapeutic, Conceptual, and Research Aspects, ed. Joseph N. Blau. London: Chapman & Hall: 1987.

———. “Migraine: General Remarks.” Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine 55 (March 1962): 165–167.

———. “Towards a Definition.” Migraine News 1 (June 1967): 1–2.

Critchley, Macdonald, and Fergus R. Ferguson. “Migraine.” The Lancet 221, no. 5708 (21 January 1933): 123–126.

———. “Migraine.” The Lancet 221, no. 5709 (28 January 1933): 182–187.

Crookshank, F. G. Migraine and Other Common Neuroses. London: Kegan Paul, 1925.

Cumings, John N. “Speculation Not the Way to a Cure.” Migraine News 13 (December 1970): 1, 4.

Cunningham, Andrew. “Identifying Disease in the Past: Cutting the Gordian Knot.” Asclepio 54, no. 1 (2002): 13–34. doi:10.3989/asclepio.2002.v54.i1.133.

Curth, Louise Hill. English Almanacs, Astrology, and Popular Medicine: 1550–1700. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press, 2007.

Daston, Lorraine, and Peter Galison. Objectivity. New York: Zone Books, 2010.

Dawson, Warren R. A Leechbook or Collection of Medical Recipes of the Fifteenth Century. London: Macmillan, 1934.

Deegan, Marilyn. “A Critical Edition of MS B.L. Royal 12. D. xvii: Bald’s Leechbook,” 2 vols. PhD dissertation: University of Manchester, 1988.

Demaitre, Luke. Medieval Medicine: The Art of Healing from Head to Toe. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger, 2013.

Diamond, Seymour, and Mary A. Franklin, Headache through the Ages. Caddo, OK: Professional Communications, 2005.

Didion, Joan. “In Bed” (1968). Pp. 168–172 in The White Album. New York: Farrar, Strauss, & Giroux, 1979.

DiMeo, Michelle, and Sara Pennell, eds. Reading and Writing Recipe Books, 1550–1800. Manchester, UK: University of Manchester Press, 2013.

Dronke, Peter. “Hildegard of Bingen.” Pp. 144–201 in Women Writers of the Middle Ages. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984.

Duden, Barbara. The Woman beneath the Skin: A Doctor’s Patients in Eighteenth-Century Germany. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1998.

Eadie, Mervyn J. “Ergot of Rye—the First Specific for Migraine.” Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 11, no. 1 (2004): 4–7.

———. Headache through the Centuries. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.

———. “Hubert Airy, Contemporary Men of Science, and the Migraine Aura.” Journal of the Royal College of Physicians Edinburgh 39, no. 3 (2009): 263–267.

Eamon, William. “How to Read a Book of Secrets.” Pp. 23–44 in Secrets and Knowledge in Medicine and Science, 1500–1800, ed. Elaine Yuen Tien Leong and Alisha Michelle Rankin. Farnham, Surrey, UK: Ashgate, 2011.

Earles, Melvin P. “The Introduction of Hydrocyanic Acid into Medicine.” Medical History 11, no. 3 (1967): 305–312.

Edvinsson, Lars. “CGRP Receptor Antagonists and Antibodies against CGRP and Its Receptor in Migraine Treatment.” British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 80, no. 2 (2015): 193–199. doi:10.1111/bcp.12618.

———. “The Trigeminovascular Pathway: Role of CGRP and CGRP Receptors in Migraine.” Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain 57 (May 2017): 47–55.

Elliott, R. H. “Migraine and Mysticism.” Postgraduate Medical Journal 8, no. 86 (1932): 449–459.

Entract, J. P. “ ‘Chlorodyne’ Browne.” London Hospital Gazette 73, no. 4 (1970): 7–11, 17. RAMC/750, WL and in BL.

Epstein, Steven. Inclusion: The Politics of Difference in Medical Research. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007.

Evans, Jennifer. “ ‘Gentle Purges Corrected with Hot Spices, Whether They Work or Not, Do Vehemently Provoke Venery’: Menstrual Provocation and Procreation in Early Modern England.” Social History of Medicine 25, no. 1 (2012): 2–19.

Fabbri, Christiane Nockels. “Treating Medieval Plague: The Wonderful Virtues of Theriac.” Early Science and Medicine 12 (2007): 247–283.

Fee, Elizabeth, and Theodore M. Brown. “Using Medical History to Shape a Profession: The Ideals of William Osler and Henry E. Sigerist.” Pp. 139–164 in Locating Medical History: The Stories and Their Meanings, ed. Frank Huisman and John Harley Warner. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004.

Fee, Elizabeth, and Daniel M. Fox. AIDS: The Burdens of History. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988.

Ferrari, M. D. and J. Haan. “Migraine Aura, Illusory Vertical Splitting, and Picasso.” Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache 20, no. 8 (October 2000): 686. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2982.2000.00113.x.

Field, Catherine. “ ‘Many Hands Hands’: Writing the Self in Women’s Recipe Books.” Pp. 49–63 in Genre and Women’s Life Writing in Early Modern England, ed. Michelle M. Dowd and Julie A. Eckerle. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, 2016.

Fissell, Mary. “The Marketplace of Print.” Pp. 108–132 in Medicine and the Market in England and its Colonies, c. 1450–c. 1850, ed. Mark Jenner and Patrick Wallis. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan: 2007.

Flanagan, Sabina. Hildegard of Bingen: A Visionary Life, 2nd ed. London: Routledge, 1998.

Foster, J. B. “General Aspects of Management.” Pp. 138–144 in Modern Topics in Migraine, ed. John Pearce. London: Heinemann Medical, 1975.

Foxhall, Katherine. “Digital Narratives: Four ‘Hits’ in the History of Migraine.” Pp. 512–528 in The Routledge History of Disease, ed. Mark Jackson. London: Routledge, 2017.

Frank, Arthur. “The Rhetoric of Self-Change: Illness Experience as Narrative.” Sociological Quarterly 34, no. 1 (1993): 39–52.

Furdell, Elizabeth Lane. “Boorde, Andrew (c. 1490–1549).” Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004; online ed., January 2008.

Ganidagli, Suleyman, Mustafa Cengiz, Sahin Aksoy, and Ayhan Verit. “Approach to Painful Disorders by Şerefeddin Sabuncuoğlu in the Fifteenth Century Ottoman Period.” Anesthesiology 100, no. 1 (2004): 165–169.

Gavrus, Delia. “ ‘Making Bad Boys Good’: Brain Surgery and the Juvenile Court in Progressive Era America.” Pp.71–99 in Technological Change in Modern Surgery: Historical Perspectives on Innovation, ed. Thomas Schlich and Christopher Crenner. Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press, 2017.

Getz, Faye M. Medicine in the English Middle Ages. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1998.

Ghalioungui, Paul. The Ebers Papyrus: A New English Translation, Commentaries, and Glossaries. Cairo: Academy of Scientific Research and Technology, 1987.

Gil-Sotres, Pedro. “Derivation and Revulsion: The Theory and Practice of Medieval Phlebotomy.” Pp. 110–155 in Practical Medicine from Salerno to the Black Death, ed. Luis García Ballester, Roger French, Jon Arrizabalaga, and Andrew Cunningham, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Glasier, Angie. “A Stunning Look at Life with Migraine through Art.” Migraine Again, 16 July 2017.

Glass, S. J., H. R. Catchpole, and Betsy McKennion. “Migraine and Ovarian Deficiency.” Endocrinology 20, no. 3 (1936): 333–338. doi:10.1210/endo-20-3-333.

Glaze, Florence Eliza. “Medical Writer: ‘Behold the Human Creature.’ ” Pp. 125–148 in Voice of the Living Light: Hildegard of Bingen and Her World, ed. Barbara Newman. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998.

Goadsby, Peter J. “The Vascular Theory of Migraine—a Great Story Wrecked by the Facts.” Brain 132, pt. 1 (January 2009): 6–7. doi:10.1093/brain/awn321.

Goadsby, Peter J., Uwe Reuter, Yngve Hallström, Gregor Broessner, Jo H. Bonner, Feng Zhang, Sandhya Sapra, Hernan Picard, Daniel D. Mikol, and Robert A. Lenz. “A Controlled Trial of Erenumab for Episodic Migraine.” New England Journal of Medicine 377, no. 22 (2017): 2123–2132. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1705848.

Goldberg, Daniel S. “Pain without Lesion: Debate among American Neurologists, 1850–1900.” 19: Interdisciplinary Studies in the Long Nineteenth Century 15 (6 December 2012).

Goltman, Alfred M. “The Mechanism of Migraine.” Journal of Allergy 7, no. 4 (May 1936): 351–355.

Goodman, Louis S. and Alfred Gilman. The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 3rd ed. New York: Macmillan, 1965.

Gormley, Padhraig, Bendik S. Winsvold, Dale R. Nyholt, Mikko Kallela, Daniel I. Chasman, and Aarno Palotie. “Migraine Genetics: From Genome-Wide Association Studies to Translational Insights.” Genome Medicine 8, no. 1 (2016): 86. doi:10.1186/s13073-016-0346-4.

Gorsky, Martin. “Sources and Resources into the Dark Domain: The UK Web Archive as a Source for the Contemporary History of Public Health.” Social History of Medicine 28, no. 3 (2015): 596–616. doi:10.1093/shm/hkv028.

Gowers, W. R. The Border-Land of Epilepsy. London: Churchill, 1907.

Graham, John R. Treatment of Migraine. Boston: Little, Brown, 1956.

Graham, John R., and Harold G. Wolff. “Mechanism of Migraine Headache and Action of Ergotamine Tartrate.” Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry 39, no. 4 (1938): 737–763. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1938.02270040093005.

Green, Gerald, The Last Angry Man. New York: Charles Scribner, 1955.

Green, Monica. “Constantine the African.” Pp. 145–147 in Medieval Science, Technology, and Medicine: An Encyclopedia, ed. Thomas F. Glick, Steven J. Livesey, and Faith Wallis. New York: Routledge, 2005.

———, ed. A Cultural History of the Human Body in the Middle Ages. Oxford: Berg, 2010.

———. “In Search of an ‘Authentic’ Women’s Medicine: The Strange Fates of Trota of Salerno and Hildegard of Bingen.” Dynamis 19 (1999): 25–54.

———. “Medical Books.” Pp. 277–292 in The European Book in the Twelfth Century, ed. Erik Kwakkel and Rodney M. Thomson. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018.

Haan, Joost, and Michel D. Ferrari. “Picasso’s Migraine: Illusory Cubist Splitting or Illusion?” Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache 31, no. 9 (May 2011): 1057–1060. doi:10.1177/0333102411406752.

Hachinski, V. C., J. Porchawka, and J. C. Steele. “Visual Symptoms in the Migraine Syndrome.” Neurology 23, no. 6 (June 1973): 570–579. doi:10.1212/WNL.23.6.570.

Haig, Alexander. Uric Acid as a Factor in the Causation of Disease, 5th ed. London: J. & A. Churchill, 1900.

Ham, Chris, and K. G. M. M. Alberti. “The Medical Profession, the Public, and the Government.” British Medical Journal (6 April 2002): 838–842. doi:10.1136/bmj.324.7341.838.

Hampshire, Edward, and Valerie Johnson. “The Digital World and the Future of Historical Research.” Twentieth Century British History 20, no. 3 (2009): 396–414. doi:10.1093/tcbh/hwp036.

Hanington, Edda. “Migraine: A Platelet Disorder.” The Lancet 318, no. 8249 (3 October 1981): 720–723.

———. “Preliminary Report on Tyramine Headache.” British Medical Journal (27 May 1967): 550–551. PubMed, PMCID: PMC1842472.

Hanington, Edda, and A. Murray Harper, “The Role of Tyramine in the Aetiology of Migraine, and Related Studies on the Cerebral and Extracerebral Circulations.” Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain 8, no. 3 (October 1968): 84–97. doi:10.1111/j.1526-4610.1968.hed0803084.x.

Hansen, Bert. Picturing Medical Progress from Pasteur to Polio. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2009.

Hansen, Jakob Møller, Anne Werner Hauge, Jes Olesen, and Messoud Ashina. “Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide Triggers Migraine-Like Attacks in Patients with Migraine with Aura.” Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache 30, no. 10 (October 2010): 1179–1186. doi:10.1177/0333102410368444.

Harrison, Mark. “From Medical Astrology to Medical Astronomy: Sol-Lunar and Planetary Theories of Disease in British Medicine, c. 1700–1850.” British Journal for the History of Science 33, no. 1 (2000): 25–48. doi:10.1017/S0007087499003854.

Hartsock, C. L., and F. J. McGurl. “Allergy as a Factor in Headache.” Medical Clinics of North America 22, no. 2 (March 1938): 325–331.

Hay, Kenneth Michael. “Migraine.” The Physician 1 (1984): 579–582.

———. “The Treatment of Pain Trigger Areas in Migraine.” Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners 26, no. 166 (1976): 372–376. Europe PMC and PubMed, PMCID: PMC2158206.

Headache Classification Subcommittee of the International Headache Society (IHS). The International Classification of Headache Disorders, 2nd ed. Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache 24, Suppl. 1 (2004): 1–160.

———. The International Classification of Headache Disorders, 3rd ed. Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache 38, no. 1 (2018): 1–211. doi:10.1177/0333102417738202.

Hembry, Phyllis. The English Spa, 1560–1815: A Social History. London: Athlone Press, 1990.

Henryk-Gutt, Rita, and W. Linford Rees. “Psychological Aspects of Migraine.” Journal of Psychosomatic Research 17, no. 2 (1973): 141–153. doi:10.1016/0022-3999(73)90015-9.

Herzberg, David. Happy Pills in America: From Miltown to Prozac. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009.

Heyck, H. “Pathogenesis of Migraine.” Pp. 1–28 in Research and Clinical Studies in Headache: An International Review, vol. 2, ed. Arnold P. Friedman. Basel: S. Karger, 1969.

Hitchcock, Tim. “Confronting the Digital: Or How Academic History Writing Lost the Plot.” Cultural and Social History 10, no. 1 (2013): 9–23. doi:10.2752/147800413X13515292098070.

Hoffman, Kelly M., Sophie Trawalter, Jordan R. Axt, and M. Norman Oliver. “Racial Bias in Pain Assessment and Treatment Recommendations, and False Beliefs about Biological Differences between Blacks and Whites.” PNAS 113, no. 16 (2016), 4296–4301.

Hogan, Susan. Healing Arts: The History of Art Therapy. London: Jessica Kingsley, 2001.

Horden, Peregrine. “What’s Wrong with Early Medieval Medicine?” Social History of Medicine 24, no. 1 (2011): 5–25. doi:10.1093/shm/hkp052.

Humphrey, Patrick P. A. “The Discovery and Development of the Triptans, a Major Breakthrough.” Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain 48, no. 5 (May 2008): 685–687. doi:10.1111/j.1526-4610.2008.01097.x.

———. “The Discovery of Sumatriptan and a New Class of Drug for the Acute Treatment of Migraine.” Pp. 310 in The Triptans: Novel Drugs for Migraine, ed. Patrick Humphrey, Michel Ferrari, and Jes Olesen. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.

———. “5-Hydroxytryptamine and the Pathophysiology of Migraine.” Journal of Neurology 238, Suppl. 1 (1991): S38–S44.

Humphrey, Patrick P. A., and Peter J. Goadsby. “The Mode of Action of Sumatriptan Is Vascular? A Debate.” Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache 14, no. 6 (December 1994): 401–410. doi:10.1046/j.1468-2982.1994.1406401.x.

Hurst, A. F. “Migraine and Its Treatment.” British Medical Journal (12 July 1924), 60–61. doi:10.1136/bmj.2.3315.60.

Jackson, Mark. Allergy: The History of a Modern Malady. London: Reaktion Books, 2007.

———. Asthma: The Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.

———. The Borderland of Imbecility: Medicine, Society, and the Fabrication of the Feeble Mind in Late Victorian and Edwardian England. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press, 2000.

———. “Perspectives on the History of Disease.” Pp. 1–18 in The Routledge History of Disease, ed. Mark Jackson. London: Routledge, 2017.

Jacyna, L. Stephen, and Stephen T. Casper, The Neurological Patient in History. Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press, 2012.

Johnson, E. S., N. P. Kadam, D. M. Hylands, and P. J. Hylands, “Efficacy of Feverfew as Prophylactic Treatment of Migraine.” British Medical Journal (31 August 1985): 569–573.

Johnson, Pamela Hansford. “The Consumer’s End.” In “Report of a Symposium on Migraine.” Journal of the College of General Practitioners, Suppl. 4 (November 1963): 3–4.

Jordanova, Ludmilla, “Beth Fisher.” Collaboration with Contemporary Artists, January 2010.

———. “The Body of the Artist.” Pp. 43–46 in Self Portrait: Renaissance to Contemporary, ed. Anthony Bond and Joanna Woodall. London: National Portrait Gallery & Art Gallery of New South Wales, 2005.

———. “Historical Vision in a Digital Age.” Cultural and Social History 11, no. 3 (2014): 343–348. doi:10.2752/147800414X13983595303237.

———. The Look of the Past: Visual and Material Evidence in Historical Practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.

———. “The Social Construction of Medical Knowledge.” Social History of Medicine 7, no. 3 (1995): 361–381. doi:10.1093/shm/8.3.361.

Kamen, Paula. All in My Head. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press, 2005.

Karwautz, A., C. Wöber-Bingöl, and C. Wöber. “Freud and Migraine: The Beginning of a Psychodynamically Oriented View of Headache a Hundred Years Ago.” Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache 16, no. 1 (February 1996): 22–26. doi:10.1046/j.1468-2982.1996.1601022.x.

Kassell, Lauren. “Casebooks in Early Modern England: Medicine, Astrology, and Written Records.” Bulletin of the History of Medicine 88, no. 4 (2014): 595–625. doi:10.1353/bhm.2014.0066.

———. Medicine and Magic in Elizabethan London: Simon Forman, Astrologer, Alchemist, and Physician. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.

———. “Paper Technologies, Digital Technologies: Working with Early Modern Medical Records.” Pp. 120–1356 in Edinburgh Companion to the Critical Medical Humanities, ed. Anne Whitehead and Angela Woods. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2016.

Keen, Elizabeth. The Journey of a Book: Bartholomew the Englishman and the Properties of Things. Canberra: Australian National University E Press, 2007.

Kelly, Fran. “Experience ‘Maison Migraine.’ ” Fran Hunt: (Fran Kelly) Prop Maker, 13 June 2016.

Kelly, James. “ ‘Drinking the Waters’: Balneotherapeutic Medicine in Ireland, 1660–1850.” Studia Hibernica 35 (2008/9): 99–146.

Kempner, Joanna. “Invisible People with Invisible Pain: A Commentary on ‘Even My Sister Says I’m Acting Like a Crazy to Get a Check’; Race, Gender, and Moral Boundary Work in Women’s Claims of Disabling Chronic Pain.” Social Science and Medicine 189 (2017): 1–3. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2017.06.009.

———. Not Tonight: Migraine and the Politics of Gender and Health. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2014.

Kettenmann, Andrea. Frida Kahlo, 1907–1954: Pain and Passion. Cologne: Taschen, 1992.

Key, Felix M., Muslihudeen A. Abdul-Aziz, Roger Mundry, Benjamin M. Peter, Aarthi Sekar, Mauro D’Amato, Megan Y. Dennis, Joshua M. Schmidt, Aida M. Andrés, and Takashi Gojobori. “Human Local Adaptation of the TRPM8 Cold Receptor along a Latitudinal Cline.” PLoS Genetics 14, no. 5 (May 2018): e1007298. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1007298.

Koehler, P. J. and P. C. Tfelt-Hansen, “History of Methysergide in Migraine.” Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache 28 (2008): 1126–1135. doi:10.1111/j.1468–2982.2008.01648.x.

Koehler, P. J. and T. W. M. van de Wiel, “Aretaeus on Migraine and Headache.” Journal of the History of the Neurosciences 10, no. 3 (2001): 253–261, 256. doi:10.1076/jhin.

Lance, James W., and Jes Olesen. “Preface.” In “The Classification and Diagnostic Criteria for Headache Disorders, Cranial Neuralgias, and Facial Pain.” Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache 8, no. 7, Suppl. (July 1988): 9.

Langham, Mike, and Colin Wells. A History of the Baths at Buxton. Leek, Staffordshire, UK: Churnet Valley Books, 1997.

Lardreau, Esther. “A Curiosity in the History of Sciences: The Words ‘Megrim’ and ‘Migraine.’ ” Journal of the History of the Neurosciences: Basic and Clinical Perspectives 21, no. 1 (2012): 31–40. doi:10.1080/0964704X.2011.57638.

———. La migraine, biographie d’une malade. Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 2014.

Lardreau-Cotelle, Esther. “Migraine.” BIU Santé, January 2008.

Lashley, Karl Spencer. “Patterns of Cerebral Integration Indicated by the Scotomas of Migraine.” Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry, 46, no. 2 (August 1941): 331–339.

Lassen, L. H., P. A. Haderslev, V. B. Jacobsen, Helle Klingenberg Iversen, B. Sperling, and J. Olesen. “CGRP May Play a Causative Role in Migraine.” Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache 22, no. 1 (February 2002): 54–61.

Latour, Bruno. “How to Be Iconophilic in Art, Science, and Religion.” Pp. 418–440 in Picturing Science Producing Art, ed. Carrie Jones and Peter Galison. London: Routledge, 2008.

———. “On the Partial Existence of Existing and Nonexisting Objects.” Pp. 247–269 in Biographies of Scientific Objects, ed. Lorraine Daston. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000.

Lawlor, Clark. From Melancholia to Prozac. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.

Leão, Aristides. “Spreading Depression of Activity in the Cerebral Cortex.” PhD dissertation, Harvard University, 1943.

Leder, Drew. The Absent Body. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990.

LeJacq, Seth Stein. “Medical Recipes, Storytelling, and Surgery in Early Modern England.” Social History of Medicine 26. no. 3 (2013): 451–468. doi:10.1093/shm/hkt006.

Leonardi, Matilde, and Colin Mathers, “Global Burden of Migraine in the Year 2000: Summary of Methods and Data Sources.” World Health Organization, Global Burden of Disease Working Paper, 2000.

Leong, Elaine. “Collecting Knowledge for the Family: Recipes, Gender, and Practical Knowledge in the Early Modern English Household.” Centaurus 55 (2013): 81–103. doi:10.1111/1600-0498.12019.

———. “ ‘Herbals She Peruseth’: Reading Medicine in Early Modern England.” Renaissance Studies 28, no. 4 (2014): 556–578. doi:10.1111/rest.12079.

———. “Just Who Is This Johanna St. John?!?” The Recipes Project, 23 April 2013.

———. “Making Medicines in the Early Modern Household.” Bulletin of the History of Medicine 82, no. 1 (2008): 145–168. doi:10.1353/bhm.2008.0042.

Lev, Efrayim, and Zohar Amar. Practical Materia Medica of the Medieval Eastern Mediterranean According to the Cairo Genizah. Leiden: Brill, 2008.

Levene, J. R. “Sir G. B. Airy, F.R.S (1801–1892) and the Symptomatology of Migraine.” Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 30, no. 1 (1975): 15–23.

Levine, Philippa, and Alison Bashford, eds. The Oxford Handbook of the History of Eugenics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Levy, Andrew. A Brain Wider than the Sky. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2009.

Lipton, Richard B, Sandra W. Hamelsky, and Walter F. Stewart. “Headache: Epidemiology and Impact.” Pp. 45–62 in Wolff’s Headache and Other Head Pain, 8th ed., ed. Stephen D. Silberstein, Richard B. Lipton, and David W. Dodick. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Loder, Stephen, Huma U. Sheikh, and Elizabeth Loder. “The Prevalence, Burden, and Treatment of Severe, Frequent, and Migraine Headaches in US Minority Populations: Statistics from National Health Survey Studies.” Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain 55, no. 2 (February 2015), 214–228. doi:10.1111/head.12506.

Lomas, D., and R. Howell. “Medical Imagery in the Art of Frida Kahlo.” British Medical Journal (23 December 1989): 1584–1587. doi:10.1136/bmj.299.6715.1584.

Long, Brian. “An Eleventh-Century WebMD: The Viaticum of Constantine the African.” Constantine Africanus, 22 May 2018. Accessed 13 July 2018.

Lorch, Marjorie. “Language and Memory Disorder in the Case of Jonathan Swift: Considerations on Retrospective Diagnosis.” Brain 129 (2006): 3127–3137.

Loughran, Tracey. “Shell-Shock and Psychological Medicine in First World War Britain.” Social History of Medicine 22, no. 1 (2009): 79–95. doi:10.1093/shm/hkn093.

Löwy, Ilana. “Biotherapies of Chronic Disease in the Inter-War Period: From Witte’s Peptone to Penicillium Extract.” Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 36, no. 4 (2005): 675–695. doi:10.1016/j.shpsc.2005.09.002.

Lu, Gwei-Djen, and Joseph Needham, Celestial Lancets: A History and Rationale of Acupuncture and Moxa. London: Routledge, 2002.

MacDonald, Michael. Mystical Bedlam: Madness, Anxiety, and Healing in Seventeenth-Century England. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981.

MacGregor, [E.] Anne. “Menstrual Migraine: The Role of Oestregen.” MD dissertation, University of London, 2008.

MacGregor, E. Anne, Jason D. Rosenberg, and Tobias Kurth, “Sex-Related Differences in Epidemiological and Clinic-Based Headache Studies.” Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain 51, no. 6 (June 2011): 843–859.

Maniyar, Farooq H., and Peter J. Goadsby. “Migraine—Some Theories and Controversies.” Pp. 19–28 in The Migraine Brain: Imaging Structure and Function, ed. David Borsook, Arne May, Peter J. Goadsby, and Richard Hargreaves. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.

Margoshes, Pamela. “Don’t Say My Migraines Are All in My Head.” Washington Post, 27 August 1986.–3ae4–4e9a-b0aa-135afca12093/.

Martelletti, Paolo. “The Application of CGRP(r) Monoclonal Antibodies in Migraine Spectrum: Needs and Priorities.” BioDrugs 31, no. 6 (2017): 483–485.

Martin, Emily. “Blood and the Brain.” Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, n.s., 19 (2013): S172–S184. doi:10.1111/1467-9655.12022.

Mathew, Ninan T., Eva Stubits, and Mool P. Nigam. “Transformation of Episodic Migraine into Daily Headache: Analysis of Factors.” Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain 22. no. 2 (March 1982): 66–68. doi:10.1111/j.1526-4610.1982.hed2202066.x.

Mayer, Anna K. “When Things Don’t Talk: Knowledge and Belief in the Inter-War Humanism of Charles Singer.” British Journal for the History of Science 38, no. 3 (2005): 325–347.

McGough, Laura J. “Syphilis in History: A Response to Two Articles.” Clinical Infectious Diseases 41 (2005): 573–574.

Micale, Mark. Hysterical Men: The Hidden History of Male Nervous Illness. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2008.

Migraine Action. “A Brief History of Migraine Action.” Migraine Action.

Migraine Trust. “Diagnosis and Management.” Facts and Figures.

———. “Feverfew.” In “Treatments,” Living with Migraine.

Milner, Peter. “Note on a Possible Correspondence between the Scotomas of Migraine and Spreading Depression of Leão.” Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 10, no. 4, Suppl. (November 1958):705–710.

Moffat, William M. “Treatment of Menstrual Migraine.” Journal of the American Medical Association 108, no. 8 (20 February 1937): 612–615.

Moisse, Katie, Mikaela Conley, and ABC News Medical Unit. “Grammy Reporter Serene Branson Suffered Complex Migraine, Not Stroke, Doctor Says.” ABC News, 17 February 2011.

Moore, Martin D. “Reorganising Chronic Disease Management: Diabetes and Bureaucratic Technologies in Post-War British General Practice.” Pp. 420–438 in The Routledge History of Disease, ed. Mark Jackson. London: Routledge, Taylor, & Francis Group, 2017.

Moscoso, Javier. Pain: A Cultural History, trans. Sarah Thomas and Paul House. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012.

Moskowitz, Michael A. “Holes in the Leaky Migraine Blood-Brain Barrier Hypothesis?” Brain 140, no. 6 (2017): 1537–1539. doi:10.1093/brain/awx099.

Mukherjee, Siddhartha. The Emperor of All Maladies. London: Fourth Estate, 2011.

Murray, T. Jock. Multiple Sclerosis: The History of a Disease. New York: Demos, 2005.

Musselman, Elizabeth Green. Nervous Conditions: Science and the Body Politic in Early Industrial Britain. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2006.

National Institutes of Health. “Estimates of Funding for Various Research, Condition, and Disease Categories (RCDC).” Research Portfolio Online Reporting Tools (RePORT), 3 July 2017.

National Health Service. “Botox Gets Nod for Migraine.” NHS Choices, 11 May 2012.

National Health Service England. “Clinical Commissioning Policy: Occipital Nerve Stimulation for Adults with Intractable Chronic Migraines and Medically Refractory Chronic Cluster Headaches.” NHS England, July 2015.

Newman, Barbara. “Hildegard of Bingen: Visions and Validation.” Church History 54, no. 2 (June 1985): 163–175.

———. “ ‘Sibyl of the Rhine’: Hildegard’s Life and Times.” Pp. 1–29 in Voice of the Living Light: Hildegard of Bingen and Her World, ed. Barbara Newman. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998.

———. “Three-Part Invention: The Vita S. Hildegardis and Mystical Hagiography.” Pp. 189–210 in Hildegard of Bingen: The Context of Her Thought and Art, ed. Charles Burnett. London: Warburg Institute, 1998.

———, ed. Voice of the Living Light: Hildegard of Bingen and Her World. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998.

Nuttall, Jenni. “On His Heid-Ake: A Medieval Migraine.” Stylisticienne: Her Newe Poetrye, 14 February 2015.

Olesen, J., I. Lekander, P. Andlin-Sobocki, and B. Jönsson. “Funding of Headache Research in Europe.” Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache 27, no. 9 (September 2007): 995–999. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2982.2007.01397.x.

Olesen, J., P. Tfelt-Hansen, L. Henriksen, and B. Larsen. “The Common Migraine Attack May Not Be Initiated by Cerebral Ischaemia.” The Lancet 318, no. 8244 (29 August 1981): 438–449. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(81)90774-1.

O’Neal, Rebecca. “A Love of ‘Words as Words’: Metaphor, Analogy and the Brain in the Work of Thomas Willis.” PhD dissertation, Queen Mary University of London, 2017.

Oppenheim, Janet. Shattered Nerves: Doctors, Patients, and Depression in Victorian England. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Osborn, Sally A. “The Role of Domestic Knowledge in an Era of Professionalisation: Eighteenth-Century Manuscript Medical Recipe Collections.” PhD dissertation, University of Roehampton, 2016.

Osler, William. The Evolution of Modern Medicine: A Series of Lectures Delivered at Yale University on the Silliman Foundation in April, 1913. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1922.

Overy, C., and E. M. Tansey, eds. Migraine: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Understanding, c. 1960–2010. Wellcome Witnesses to Contemporary Medicine 49. London: Queen Mary, University of London, 2014.

Owen, Gilbert Roy. “The Famous Case of Lady Anne Conway.” Annals of Medical History 9 (1937): 567–571.

Pardee, Irving H. “Pituitary Headaches and Their Cure.” Archives of Internal Medicine 23, no. 2 (1919): 174–184. WL.

Parry, T. Wilson. “Neolithic Man and the Penetration of the Living Human Skull.” The Lancet 218, no. 5651 (19 December 1931): 1388–1390.

Pearce, J. M. “Historical Aspects of Migraine.” Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry 49, no. 10 (1986): 1097–1103. doi:10.1136/jnnp.49.10.1097.

Peitzman, Steven J. Dropsy, Dialysis, Transplant; A Short History of Failing Kidneys. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2007.

Peterlin, B. Lee, Saurabh Gupta, Thomas N. Ward, and Anne MacGregor. “Sex Matters: Evaluating Sex and Gender in Migraine and Headache Research.” Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain 51, no. 6 (June 2011): 839–842. doi:10.1111/j.1526-4610.2011.01900.x.

Pilloud, Séverine, and Micheline Louis-Courvoisier. “The Intimate Experience of the Body in the Eighteenth Century: Between Interiority and Exteriority.” Medical History 47, no. 4 (2003): 451–472. doi:10.1017/S0025727300057343.

Podoll, Klaus. “Further Competitions Inspired by the Migraine Art Concept.” Migraine Aura Foundation, 13 November 2004. Migraine Aura Foundation website accessed 22 February 2018; URL no longer valid.

Podoll, Klaus, and Derek Robinson. “Lewis Carroll’s Migraine Experiences.” The Lancet 353, no. 9161 (17 April 1999): 1366. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(05)74368-3.

———. Migraine Art: The Migraine Experience from Within. Berkeley, CA: North Atlantic Books, 2008.

———. “Migraine Experiences as Artistic Inspiration in a Contemporary Artist.” Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 93, no. 5 (May 2000): 263–265. doi:10.1177/014107680009300515.

Porter, Roy, Health for Sale: Quackery in England. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press, 1989.

———. “The Patient’s View: Doing Medical History from Below.” Theory and Society 14, no. 2 (1985): 175–198.

Pressman, Jack D. Last Resort: Psychosurgery and the Limits of Medicine. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Puledda, Robert Messina, and Peter J. Goadsby. “An Update on Migraine: Current Understanding and Future Directions.” Journal of Neurology 264, no. 9 (2017): 2031–2039.

Rachford, Benjamin Knox. Neurotic Disorders of Childhood. New York: E. B. Treat, 1905.

Rankin, Alisha. Panaceia’s Daughters: Noblewomen as Healers in Early Modern Germany. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013.

Rapoport, Allan, and John Edmeads. “Migraine: The Evolution of Our Knowledge.” Archives of Neurology 57, no. 8 (2000): 1221–1223.

Rasmussen, Birthe Krogh. “Epidemiology of Headache.” Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache 15, no. 1 (February 1995): 44–67. doi:10.1046/j.1468-2982.1995.1501045.x.

Rawcliffe, Carole. Medicine and Society in Later Medieval England. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Alan Sutton, 1995.

Rawson, Malcolm D., and L. A. Liversedge, “The Clinical Pharmacology of Migraine.” Pp. 145–156 in Modern Topics in Migraine, ed. John Pearce. London: Heinemann Medical, 1975.

Raz, Mical. The Lobotomy Letters: The Making of American Psychosurgery. Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press, 2013.

Regush, Nicholas. “Migrainekiller.” Mother Jones (September/October 1995): 26–31, 70. Google Books.

Richardson, William “Topcliffe, Richard (1531–1604).” Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004; online ed., January 2008. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/27550.

Risse, Guenter B., and John Harley Warner, “Reconstructing Clinical Activities: Patient Records in Medical History.” Social History of Medicine 5, no. 2 (1992): 183–205. doi:10.1093/shm/5.2.183.

Robbins, Nathaniel M., and James L. Bernat. “Minority Representation in Migraine Treatment Trials.” Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain 57, no. 3 (27 January 2017): 525–533.

Robinson, Richard. “News from the American Headache Society Annual Meeting: Positive Trial Results for Anti-Migraine Drugs Targeting CGRP Could ‘Change the Way Neurologists Practice,’ Experts Say.” Neurology Today 17, no. 13 (6 July 2017): 31–32. doi:10.1097/01.NT.0000521716.95578.

Rocca, Julius. “Galen and the Uses of Trepanation.” Pp. 253–271 in Trepanation: History, Discovery, Theory, ed. Robert Arnott, Stanley Finger, and Christopher Upham Murray Smith. Amsterdam: Swets & Zeitlinger, 2003.

Rose, F. Clifford. “The History of Migraine from Mesopotamian to Medieval Times.” Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache 15, no. 15 (October 1995): 1–3. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2982.1995.tb00040.x.

———. “An Overview from Neolithic Times to Broca.” Pp. 347–363 in Trepanation: History, Discovery, Theory, ed. Robert Arnott, Stanley Finger, and Christopher Upham Murray Smith. Lisse, Netherlands: Swets & Zeitlinger, 2003.

Rosenberg, Charles. “What Is Disease? In Memory of Owsei Temkin.” Bulletin of the History of Medicine 77, no. 3 (2003): 491–505. doi:10.1353/bhm.2003.0139.

Rosenberg, Charles, and Janet Golden. Framing Disease: Studies in Cultural History. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1992.

Rydzewski, Wladyslaw. “Serotonin (5-HT) in Migraine: Levels in Whole Blood in and between Attacks.” Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain 16, no. 1 (March 1976): 16–19. doi:10.1111/j.1526-4610.1976.hed1601016.x.

Sacks, Oliver. Hallucinations. London: Picador, 2012.

———. Migraine. New York: Vintage Books, 1992.

———. Migraine: Understanding the Common Disorder. London: Pan Books, 1985.

Sanders-Bush, Elaine. The Serotonin Receptors. Clifton, NJ: Humana Press, 1988.

Scarry, Elaine. The Body in Pain: The Making and Unmaking of the World. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Schimmel, Paul. Sigmund Freud’s Discovery of Psychoanalysis: Conquistador and Thinker. Hove, East Sussex, UK: Routledge, 2014.

Schuster, David G. “Neurasthenic Nation: The Medicalization of Modernity in the United States (1869–1920).” PhD dissertation, University of California, Santa Barbara, 2006.

Schwartz, Michael. “Is Migraine an Allergic Disease?” Journal of Allergy 23, no. 5 (1952): 426–428. doi:10.1016/0021-8707(52)90006-3.

Scott, Ann, Mervyn Eadie, and Andrew Lees. William Richard Gowers, 1845–1915: Exploring the Victorian Brain. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.

Sengoopta, Chandak. “A Mob of Incoherent Symptoms: Neurasthenia in British Medical Discourse, 1860–1920.” Pp. 97–115 in Cultures of Neurasthenia: From Beard to the First World War, ed. Roy Porter and Marijke Gijswijt-Hofstra. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2011.

———. The Most Secret Quintessence of Life: Sex, Glands, and Hormones. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006.

Seymour, Michael. Bartholomaeus Anglicus and his Encyclopedia. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, 1992.

———, ed. On the Properties of Things: John Trevisa’s Translation of Bartholomaeus Anglicus De Proprietatibus Rerum; A Critical Text, 3 vols. Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1975–1988.

Sharratt, Mary. “Were Hildegard’s Visions Caused by Migraine?” “Christianity,” Feminism & Religion, 8 July 2015.

Shaw, Jane. Miracles in Enlightenment England. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2006.

Shuttleworth, Sally. The Mind of the Child: Child Development in Literature, Science, and Medicine, 1840–1900. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Sicuteri, Federigo. “Prophylactic and Therapeutic Properties of 1-Methyl-Lysergic Acid Butanolamide in Migraine.” International Archives of Allergy and Immunology 15, no. 4–5 (1959): 300–307.

Sicuteri, Federigo, A. Testi, and B. Anselmi. “Biochemical Investigations in Headache: Increase in the Hydroxyindoleacetic Acid Excretion during Migraine Attacks.” International Archives of Allergy and Immunology 19, no. 1 (1961): 55–58.

Silberstein, Stephen D., David W. Dodick, Marcelo E. Bigal, Paul P. Yeung, Peter J. Goadsby, Tricia Blankenbiller, Melissa Grozinski-Wolff, Ronghua Yang, Yuju Ma, and Ernesto Aycardi. “Fremanezumab for the Preventive Treatment of Chronic Migraine.” New England Journal of Medicine 377, no. 22 (2017): 2113–2122. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1709038.

Silberstein, S[tephen] D., J. Olesen, M.-G. Bousser, H.-C. Diener, D. Dodick, M. First, P. J. Goadsby, H. Göbel, M. J. A. Lainez, J. W. Lance, et al. “The International Classification of Headache Disorders, 2nd ed. (ICHD-II)—Revision of Criteria for 8.2 ‘Medication-Overuse Headache.’ ” Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache 25, no. 6 (June 2005): 460–465. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2982.2005.00878.x.

Silvas, Anna, ed. and trans. Jutta and Hildegard: The Biographical Sources. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1999.

Singer, Charles. From Magic to Science. New York: Dover, 1958.

———. “Science.” Pp. 106–148 in Mediaeval Contributions to Modern Civilization, ed. F. J. C. Hearnshaw. London: George G. Harrap, 1921.

———. “The Scientific Views and Visions of Saint Hildegard (1098–1180).” Pp. 1–55 in Studies in the History and Method of Science, vol. 1, ed. Charles Singer. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1917.

Singh, Inder, Inderjit Singh, and Devinder Singh. “Progesterone in the Treatment of Migraine.” The Lancet 249, no. 6457 (31 May 1947): 745–747. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(47)91493-1.

Skwire, Sarah E. “Women, Writers, Sufferers: Anne Conway and An Collins.” Literature and Medicine 18, no. 1 (1999): 1–23. doi:10.1353/lm.1999.0010.

Slack, Paul. “Mirrors of Health and Treasures of Poor Men: The Uses of the Vernacular Medical Literature of Tudor England.” Pp. 237–274 in Health, Medicine, and Mortality in the Sixteenth Century, ed. Charles Webster. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979.

Slight, David. “Migraine.” Canadian Medical Association Journal 35, no. 3 (September 1936): 268–273. Europe PMC and PubMed, PMCID: PMC1561861.

Smith, Alan G. R. Servant of the Cecils: The Life of Sir Michael Hickes, 1543–1612. London: Cape, 1977.

Smith, Lisa W. “ ‘An Account of an Unaccountable Distemper’: The Experience of Pain in Early Eighteenth-Century England and France.” Eighteenth-Century Studies 41, no. 4 (2008): 459–480. doi:10.1353/ecs.0.0015.

———. “Imagining Women’s Fertility before Technology.” Journal of the Medical Humanities 31, no. 1 (2010): 69–79. doi:10.1007/s10912-009-9097-1.

———. “Women’s Health Care in England and France (1650–1775).” PhD thesis, University of Essex, 2002.

Smith, Matthew. Another Person’s Poison: A History of Food Allergy. New York: Columbia University Press, 2015.

Smith, Timothy. “Some Insurance Companies May Be Placing Unfair Restrictions on Access to New Migraine Prevention Treatments.” National Headache Foundation, 5 July 2018.

Smith, Wesley D. Hippocrates, vol. 7. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1994.

Snyder, Laura J. The Philosophical Breakfast Club. New York: Broadway, 2011.

Solomon, S., S. Diamond, N. Mathew, and E. Loder. “American Headache through the Decades: 1950–2008.” Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain 48, no. 5 (May 2008): 671–677. doi:10.1111/j.1526-4610.2008.01120.x.

Staines, Richard. “Novartis/Amgen’s migraine drug hits market at lower than expected price.” Pharmaforum, 18 May 2018.

Stein, Claudia. “ ‘Getting’ the Pox: Reflections by an Historian on How to Write the History of Early Modern Disease.” Nordic Journal of Science and Technology Studies 2, no. 1 (2014): 53–60.

Steiner, Timothy J., Lars J. Stovner, and Gretchen L. Birbeck. “Migraine: The Seventh Disabler.” Journal of Headache and Pain 14, no. 1 (2013): 1. doi:10.1186/1129-2377-14-1.

Steiner, Timothy J., Lars J. Stovner, and Theo Vos. “GBD 2015: Migraine Is the Third Cause of Disability in Under 50s.” Journal of Headache and Pain 17, no. 1 (2016): 104–107. doi:10.1186/s10194-016-0699-5.

Stewart, H. C. “Ergometrine for Migraine.” British Medical Journal (24 November 1945): 745. doi:10.1136/bmj.2.4429.745.

Stewart, Walter F., Richard B. Lipton, and Joshua Liberman. “Variation in Migraine Prevalence by Race.” Neurology 47, no. 1 (1 July 1996): 52–59.

Stone, Marvin J. “Samuel Wilks: The ‘Grand Old Man’ of British Medicine.” Proceedings of Baylor University Medical Center 23, no. 3 (July 2010): 263–265. Europe PMC and PubMed, PMCID: PMC2900981.

Sutherland, E. Harvey. Migraine Clinic: A Seven-Year Survey of Preventive Treatment. London: Saint Catherine Press, 1957.

Sweet, Victoria. Rooted in the Earth, Rooted in the Sky: Hildegard of Bingen and Premodern Medicine. New York: Routledge, 2006.

Symonds, C. P. “Discussion on Migraine.” Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine 20, no. 7 (May 1927): 1097–1110. PubMed, PMCID: PMC2100823.

Taavitsainen, Irma. “Transferring Classical Discourse Conventions into the Vernacular.” Pp. 37–72 in Medical and Scientific Writing in Late Medieval English, ed. Irma Taavitsainen and Päivi Pahta. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Talley, Colin L. A History of Multiple Sclerosis. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2008.

Tekle Haimanot, Redda. “Burden of Headache in Africa.” Journal of Headache and Pain 4, no. 1 (2003): S47–S54.

Tfelt-Hansen, P[eer C.]. “History of Headache Research in Denmark.” Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache 21, no. 7 (September 2001): 748–752. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2982.2001.00242.x.

Tfelt-Hansen, Peer C., and Peter J. Koehler. “History of Use of Ergotamine and Dihydroergotamine in Migraine from 1906 Onward.” Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache 28, no. 8 (August 2008): 877–886. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2982.2008.01578.x.

———. “One Hundred Years of Migraine Research: Major Clinical and Scientific Observations from 1910–2010.” Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain 51, no. 5 (May 2011): 752–788. doi:10.1111/j.1526-4610.2011.01892.x.

Thomson, Mathew. “Neurasthenia in Britain: An Overview.” Pp. 77–95 in Cultures of Neurasthenia: From Beard to the First World War, ed. Roy Porter and Marijke Gijswijt-Hofstra. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2011.

———. Psychological Subjects: Identity, Culture, and Health in Twentieth-Century Britain. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.

Thomson, William A. R. Spas That Heal. London: Adam & Charles Black, 1978.

Throop, Priscilla, trans. Causes and Cures of Hildegard of Bingen, 2nd ed. Charlotte, VT: MedievalMS, 2008.

Torres-Ferrús, M., M. Quintana, J. Fernandez-Morales, J. Alvarez-Sabin, and P. Pozo-Rosich. “When Does Chronic Migraine Strike? A Clinical Comparison of Migraine according to the Headache Days Suffered per Month.” Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache 37, no. 2 (February 2017): 104–113.

Travitsky, Betty, and Anne Lake Prescott. Seventeenth-Century English Recipe Books: Cooking, Physic, and Chirurgery in the Works of W. M. and Queen Henrietta Maria, and of Mary Tillinghast. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, 2008.

Tredgold, Alfred Frank. “II. The Feeble-Minded—a Social Danger.” Eugenics Review 1, no. 2 (July 1909): 97–104.

Triptan Cardiovascular Safety Expert Panel. “Consensus Statement: Cardiovascular Safety Profile of Triptans (5-HT1B/1D Agonists) in the Acute Treatment of Migraine.” Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain 44, no. 5 (May 2004): 414–425. doi:10.1111/j.1526-4610.2004.04078.x.

Turner, David M. “Disability and Crime in Eighteenth-Century England.” Cultural and Social History 9, no. 1 (2012): 47–64. doi:10.2752/147800412X13191165982953.

Twarog, Betty M., and Irvine H. Page. “Serotonin Content of Some Mammalian Tissues and Urine and a Method for Its Determination.” American Journal of Physiology-Legacy Content 175, no. 1 (September 1953): 157–161.

Underwood, Emily. “FDA Just Approved the First Drug to Prevent Migraines: Here’s the Story of Its Discovery—and Its Limitations.” Science Magazine, 18 May 2018.

Urbach, Erich, and Philip M. Gottlieb. Allergy, 2nd ed. London: Heinemann, 1946.

Van Arsdall, Anne. Medieval Herbal Remedies: The Old English Herbarium and Anglo-Saxon Medicine. New York: Routledge, 2002.

Vaughan, Warren T. “Allergic Migraine.” Journal of the American Medical Association 88, no. 18 (1927), 1383–1386. WL.

———. Allergy and Applied Immunology. London: Henry Kimpton, 1934.

Vick, Randy M., and Kathy Sexton-Radek. “Art and Migraine: Researching the Relationship between Artmaking and Pain Experience.” Art Therapy 22, no. 4 (2005): 193–204. doi:10.1080/07421656.2009.10129371.

Voigts, Linda Ehrsam. “Fifteenth-Century English Banns Advertising the Services of an Itinerant Doctor.” Pp. 245–278 in Between Text and Patient: The Medical Enterprise, ed. Florence Eliza Glaze and Brian K. Nance. Florence: SISMEL—Edizioni del Galluzzo, 2011.

Voigts, Linda E[hrsam], and Michael R. McVaugh. A Latin Technical Phlebotomy and Its Middle English Translation. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1984.

Volger, B. K., M. H. Pittler, and E. Ernst. “Feverfew as a Preventive Treatment for Migraine: A Systematic Review.” Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache 18, no. 10 (December 1998): 704–708.

Wailoo, Keith. Pain: A Political History. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2014.

Wainscott, Gillian, F. M. Sullivan, G. N. Volans, and Marcia Wilkinson. “The Outcome of Pregnancy in Women Suffering from Migraine.” Postgraduate Medical Journal 54, no. 628 (February 1978): 98–102. doi:10.1002/pnp.137.

Walker, Vera. “The Place of Allergy.” In “Report of a Symposium on Migraine.” Journal of the College of General Practitioners, Suppl. 4 (November 1963): 21–25.

Wallis, Faith. Medieval Medicine: A Reader. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2010.

Wallis, Patrick. “Consumption, Retailing, and Medicine in Early Modern London.” Economic History Review 61, no. 1 (2008): 26–53.

Walsham, Alexandra. “Holywell: Contesting Sacred Space in Post-Reformation Wales.” Pp. 211–236 in Sacred Space in Early Modern Europe, ed. Will Coster and Andrew Spicer. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

———. The Reformation of the Landscape: Religion, Identity, and Memory in Early Modern Britain and Ireland. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Waters, W. E. “Controlled Clinical Trial of Ergotamine Tartrate.” British Medical Journal (9 May 1970): 325–327. doi:10.1136/bmj.2.5705.325.

Waters, W. E., and P. J. O’Connor. “Prevalence of Migraine.” Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry 38 (1975): 613–616.

Wear, Andrew. Knowledge and Practice in English Medicine, 1550–1680. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Weatherall, Mark W. “The Migraine Theories of Liveing and Latham: A Reappraisal.” Brain 135, no. 8 (2012): 2560–2568. doi:10.1093/brain/aws020.

Weisz, George. Chronic Disease in the Twentieth Century: A History. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2014.

Weller, Toni. History in the Digital Age. London: Routledge, 2013.

Whitaker-Azmitia, Patricia Mack. “The Discovery of Serotonin and Its Role in Neuroscience.” Neuropsychopharmacology 21, no. 2 (August 1999), 2S–8S. doi:10.1016/S0893-133X(99)00031-7.

Wickersheimer, Ernest. “Textes médicaux chartrains des IXe, Xe, et XIe siècles.” Pp. 164–176 in Science, Medicine, and History: Essays on the Evolution of Scientific Thought and Medical Practice Written in Honour of Charles Singer, ed. E. Ashworth Underwood. London: Oxford University Press, 1953.

Wigley, Samuel. “The Best 80s Sci-Film Posters.” BFI: Film Forever, 29 October 2014.

Wilkinson, Marcia. “Are Classical and Common Migraine Different Entities?” Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain 25, no. 4 (June 1985): 211–212. doi:10.1111/j.1526-4610.1985.hed2504211.x.

———. “Clonidine for Migraine.” The Lancet 294, no. 7617 (23 August 1969): 430.

———. “Migraine—Treatment of Acute Attack.” British Medical Journal (26 June 1971): 754–755.

Wilkinson, Marcia, and Hansruedi Isler. “The Pioneer Woman’s View of Migraine: Elizabeth Garrett Anderson’s Thesis ‘Sur la migraine.’ ” Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache 19, no. 1 (January 1999), 3–15. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2982.1999.1901003.x.

Wilkinson, Marcia, and Jane Woodrow. “Migraine and Weather.” Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain 19, no. 7 (November 1979): 375–378. doi:10.1111/j.1526-4610.1979.hed1907375.x.

Williams, Kevin. Read All About It! A History of the British Newspaper. Abingdon, UK: Routledge, 2009.

Wilper, Andrew, Steffie Woolhandler, David Himmelstein, and Rachel Nardin. “Impact of Insurance Status on Migraine Care in the United States: A Population-Based Study.” Neurology 74, no. 15 (2010): 1178–1183.

Wilson, Adrian. “On the History of Disease Concepts: The Case of Pleurisy.” History of Science 38, no. 3 (2000): 271–319. doi:10.1177/007327530003800302.

Wilson, Peter. “National Migraine Art Competition.” Migraine Newsletter 3 (August 1980): 11.

Withey, Alun. “ ‘Persons That Live Remote from London’: Apothecaries and the Medical Marketplace in Seventeenth- and Eighteenth-Century Wales.” Bulletin of the History of Medicine 85 (2011): 222–247.

Woldeamanuel, Yohannes W., and Robert P. Cowan. “Migraine Affects 1 in 10 People Worldwide Featuring Recent Rise: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Community-Based Studies Involving 6 Million Participants.” Journal of the Neurological Sciences 372 (2017): 307–315. doi:10.1016/j.jns.2016.11.071.

Wolff, Harold G. Headache and Other Head Pain. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1948.

Woolf, Virginia. “On Being Ill” (1930). The Moment, and Other Essays, published 1947.

World Health Organization. “Headache Disorders.” Updated 8 April 2016.

———. “WHO Model List of Essential Medicines, 20th List, March 2017, amended August 2017.” Reprint of text on the WHO Medicines website.

Wright, C. E., ed. Bald’s Leechbook: British Museum Royal Manuscript 12 D.xvii. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger, 1955.

Wrobel Goldberg, Stephanie, and Stephen David Silberstein. “Targeting CGRP: A New Era for Migraine Treatment.” CNS Drugs 29 (2015): 443–452.

Yearl, Katherine Keblinge. “The Time of Bloodletting.” PhD dissertation, Yale University, 2005.

Yeh, Ju-Fen. “Monoclonal Antibodies for Chronic Pain: A Practical Review of Mechanisms and Clinical Applications.” Molecular Pain 13 (2017): 1–14. doi:10.1177/1744806917740233.

Young, William B. “De-stigmatizing Migraine—with Words.” Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain 58, no. 2 (15 November 2017): 319–321. doi:10.1111/head.13209.

Ziegler, Dewey K. “The Headache Symptom: How Many Entities?” Archives of Neurology 42, no. 3 (1985): 273–274. doi:10.1001/archneur.1985.04060030091014.

Zilkha, K. J. “Clinics.” Migraine News 1 (June 1967): 3.

Zimmer, Carl. Soul Made Flesh: The Discovery of the Brain—and How It Changed the World. London: Arrow Books, 2005.

Additional Information

Related ISBN
MARC Record
Launched on MUSE
Open Access
Creative Commons
Back To Top

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Without cookies your experience may not be seamless.