publisher colophon

NOTES

ABBREVIATIONS

INDIVIDUALS

BC Bennett Cerf
BH Benjamin W. Huebsch
CC Cass Canfield
EL Edna Lewisohn
ES Eugene Saxton
GV George Sylvester Viereck
HM Henry L. Mencken
LH Lancelot Minor Harris
LL Ludwig Lewisohn
LWL Louise Wolk Lewisohn
ML Mary Arnold Lewisohn
SGW Scott Graham Williamson
SW Stephen Wise
SS Saul Spiro
TL Thelma Spear Lewisohn
WB William A. Bradley
WL William Ellery Leonard

MANUSCRIPT COLLECTIONS

BHP Benjamin W. Huebsch Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
COC College of Charleston Archives, College of Charleston
ELP Edna Lewisohn Papers, in the possession of the author
HMP Henry L. Mencken Papers, New York Public Library
JPS Jewish Publication Society Papers, Philadelphia Jewish Archives Center
LHP Lancelot Minor Harris Papers, College of Charleston
LLP I Ludwig Lewisohn Papers, American Jewish Archives, Cincinnati
LLP II Ludwig Lewisohn Papers, Brandeis University, Waltham, Mass.
LLP III Ludwig Lewisohn Papers, College of Charleston
LLP IV Ludwig Lewisohn Papers, Indiana University, Bloomington
LLP V Ludwig Lewisohn Papers, University of Texas, Austin
RHP Random House Papers, Columbia University, New York, N.Y.
SWP Stephen Wise Papers, American Jewish Historical Society, Waltham, Mass.
WBP William A. Bradley Papers, University of Texas, Austin
WLP William Ellery Leonard Papers, Clara Leiser, Executrix
ZOA Zionist Organization of America, Central Zionist Archives, Jerusalem

CHAPTER 28

  1. LL, Notebook, 1 May 1934, LLP II.

  2. LL to Oscar Villard, 4 August 1934, O. G. Villard Papers, Harvard University.

  3. LL, Haven, with Edna Lewisohn (New York: Dial, 1940), 37.

  4. LL to CC, 12 May 1934, LLP II.

  5. TL, “Dangerous Paradise: My Love Life with Ludwig Lewisohn,” Living Romances, April 1940, 43.

  6. LL to CC, 12 May 1934, LL II.

  7. Malcolm Cowley, Exile’s Return (New York: Viking, 1934), 290–91.

  8. LL to CC, 12 May 1934, LLP II.

  9. ML to CC, 23 April 1934, LLP II.

10. LL to CC, 19 May 1934, LLP II.

11. LL to ML, 2 January 1934, LLP II.

12. ML to LL, 2 March–22 April 1934, LLP II.

13. LL to ML, 22 May 1934, LLP II.

14. LL to CC, 22 May 1934, LLP II.

15. LL to CC, 31 May 1934, LLP II.

16. LL to CC, 14 June 1934, LLP II.

17. LL to WL, 18 June 1934, WLP.

18. LL, “An American Comes Home,” Harper’s, October 1934, 514–15.

19. Ibid., 515–16.

20. Ibid., 517.

21. Ibid., 518–20.

22. LL to CC, 14 July 1934, LLP II.

23. Thomas Mann, Diaries, 1918–1939 (New York: Henry Abrams, 1982), 219.

24. LL to Oscar Villard, 4 August 1934, Villard Papers, Harvard University.

25. LL to CC, 4 and 17 August 1934, LLP II.

26. LL to CC, 30 August 1934, LLP II.

27. LL to CC, 4 August 1934, LLP II.

28. LL to CC, 30 August 1934, LLP II.

29. LL to Ramona Herdman, 5 August 1934, LLP II.

30. LL, The Permanent Horizon: A New Search for Old Truths (New York: Harper, 1934), 20.

31. Ibid., 212, 219,

32. Ibid., 219–20.

33. Ibid., 221–22.

34. Ibid., 219.

35. Ibid., 223, 220, 219.

36. Ibid., 220–21.

37. LL to CC, 14 September 1934, LLP II.

38. LL, “The New Meaning of Revolution,” North American Review 238 (September 1934): 210–11, 217–18.

39. Ibid., 213.

40. James Waterman Wise and Pierre Van Passen, eds., Nazism: An Assault on Civilization (New York: Harrison Smith, 1934), 143–60.

41. LL, “To My Son,” Opinion 4 (September 1934), clipping, LLP I. Earlier clipping undated, source not given.

42. LL to SW, 21 September 1934, SWP.

43. LL to Ramona Herdman, 6 October 1934, LLP II.

44. Newton Arvin, review of The Permanent Horizon, New Republic, 10 October 1934, 248.

45. Review of The Permanent Horizon, Journal of Philosophy 31 (December 1934): 698.

46. Reinhold Niebuhr, “A Bourgeois Takes His Stand,” Nation, 17 October 1934, 455.

47. LL, Haven, 85–86.

48. SW to LL, [?] September 1934, SWP.

49. ML to LL, 11 October 1934, LLP II.

50. LL to Lewis Gannett, 11 October 1934, Lewis Gannett Papers, Harvard University.

51. TL, “Dangerous Paradise,” 43.

52. “Thelma Spear Lewisohn, Lyric Soprano” (New York: Seven Arts Feature Syndicate, n.d.), WLP.

53. LL to TL, Wednesday and Sunday [n.d.], LLP IV.

54. Ibid.

55. TL, “For L. L.,” [n.d.], SWP.

56. LL to TL, [6 November 1934], LLP IV.

57. LL to TL, [13 November 1934], LLP IV.

58. LL to SW, 30 November 1934, SWP.

59. Robert Asher to Ralph Melnick, 16 March 1980.

60. Martha Asher Friedberg to Ralph Melnick, 9 April 1980.

61. LL to SW, 30 November 1934, SWP.

62. Melvin Urofsky, American Zionism from Herzl to the Holocaust (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1975), 387–88, 394–95.

63. LL to BC, 15 December 1934, RHP.

CHAPTER 29

  1. Harpers’ Sales Manager to Rabbi Margolis, n.d., and “Dr. Ludwig Lewisohn, Engagements …,” LLP II.

  2. LL to TL, [10 January 1935], LLP IV.

  3. LL to Mrs. Spear, [18 February 1935], LLP IV.

  4. LL to TL, 25 February [1935], LLP IV.

  5. LL to SS, 21 February 1935, LLP I; LL to WL, 16 March 1935, WLP; and “Ludwig Lewisohn Divorced in Mexico,” New York Times, 25 February 1935, 3.

  6. LL to TL, 2 March [1935], LLP IV; and “Ludwig Lewisohn Faces Civil Arrest,” New York Times, 3 April 1935, 4.

  7. TL, “Dangerous Paradise,” 43.

  8. TL to SW, 15 March 1935, SWP; and LL to CC, 20 April 1935, LLP II.

  9. LL to WL, 16 March 1935, WLP.

10. LL to BC, 30 March 1935, RHP.

11. BC to LL, 2 April 1935, RHP.

12. LL to CC, 20 April 1935, LLP II.

13. LL to CC, 22 March 1935, LLP II.

14. LL to CC, 27 March 1935, LLP II.

15. WB to LL, 29 March 1935, WBP.

16. LL to CC, 20 April 1935, LLP II.

17. Ibid.

18. CC to LL, 23 April 1935, LLP II.

19. LL to Solomon Solis-Cohen, 3 April 1935, JPS.

20. Julius Grodinsky to CC, 12 June 1935, JPS.

21. CC to Julius Grodinsky, 14 June 1935, JPS.

22. Julius Grodinsky to CC, 27 June 1935, JPS.

23. Sol Liptzin, Generation of Decision: Jewish Rejuvenation in America (New York: Bloch, 1938), 235–44. Alfred Kazin is quoted in Bernard Rosenberg, Creators and Disturbers: Reminiscences by Jewish Intellectuals in New York (New York: Columbia University Press, 1982), 197–98. See also Fred Hobson, Mencken: A Life (New York: Random House, 1994).

24. Harrison Randolph to LL, 3 May 1935, LLP I.

25. Thomas della Torre to LL, 18 May 1935, LLP I.

26. LL to SW, 21 June 1935, SWP.

27. LL to SW, 20 May 1935, SWP.

28. LL to SW, 21 June 1935, SWP.

29. LL to SW, 21 June 1935, SWP; and LL to CC, 20 June 1935, LLP II.

30. LL to CC, 20 June 1935, LLP II.

31. LL to CC, 5 July 1935, LLP II.

32. LL to CC, 19 July 1935, LLP II.

33. LL to CC, 5 July 1935, LLP II.

34. LL to CC, 17 July 1935, LLP II.

35. LL, Notebook, “Miscellaneous” [1933], LLP II.

36. LL, ed., Rebirth: A Book of Modern Jewish Thought (New York: Harper, 1935), 274.

37. Ibid., xiii–xv.

38. Ibid., xxiii–xxvi.

39. Ibid., xxix–xxx.

40. Ibid., xxx–xxxi.

41. Ibid., xxx.

42. Ibid., xxix–xxx.

43. Ibid., xxxi–xxxii.

44. Ibid., 355.

45. Ibid., 340.

46. Ibid., 300.

47. Ibid., 340–41.

48. LL to CC, 19 July 1935, LLP II.

49. LL to CC, 1 August 1935, LLP II.

50. SS, The Jew as Man of Letters: Being Some Notes on Ludwig Lewisohn ([Burlington, Vt.]: Vermont Zionist Youth, Masada, 1935), 3.

51. Ibid., 4.

52. Ibid., 6.

53. Ibid., 10.

54. Ibid., 7.

55. LL to Clara Leiser, 5 July 1935, WLP.

56. Thomas Mann to LL, 30 July 1935, Thomas Mann Papers, University of Texas, Austin.

57. H. Fosdick to staff, 26 July 1935, LLP II.

58. LL to ES, 30 September 1935, LLP II.

59. LL to BH, 5 December 1935, LLP II.

60. LL to SW, 25 September 1935, SWP.

61. LL to SW, 8 October 1935, SWP.

62. LL to WL, 30 October 1935, WLP.

63. LL to SW, 8 October 1935, SWP.

64. LL to WL, 30 October 1935, WLP.

65. LL to SW, 8 October 1935, SWP; for a detailed accounting of Viereck’s pro-Nazi activities, see Phyllis Keller, States of Belonging: German-American Intellectuals and the First World War (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1979), 176–83.

66. LL to SW, 1 November 1935, SWP.

67. LL to WL, 30 October 1935, SWP.

68. LL to SW, 31 October 1935, SWP.

69. LL to CC, 5 December 1935, LLP II.

70. CC to LL, 7 December 1935, LLP II.

71. This account of Ludwig’s involvement in The Eternal Road production is based upon the following sources: Meyer Weisgal, Meyer WeisgalSo Far (New York: Random House, 1971); Ronald Sanders, The Days Grow Short: Life and Music of Kurt Weill (New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1980); Donald Spoto, Lenya: A Life (Boston: Little, Brown, 1989); Peter Jungk, Franz Werfel: A Life in Prague, Vienna, and Hollywood (New York: Grove Weidenfeld, 1990); and “The Road of Promise,” ZOA.

72. LL, “Max Reinhardt,” Nation, 13 February 1924, 190.

73. Oliver Sayler, ed., Max Reinhardt and His Theatre (New York: Brentano, 1924), 339.

74. Franz Werfel, The Eternal Road, trans. LL (New York: Viking, 1936), vii.

75. Ibid., 144.

76. Ibid., 136.

77. LL, “‘The Eternal Road’: Mr. Lewisohn Plots in Some Background for Werfel’s Coming Play,” New York Times, 15 December 1935, 3, 5; reprinted as “Renaissance of the Drama” in the program of “Max Reinhardt’s Production of The Eternal Road,” 28–29, ZOA.

78. SW to LL, 19 December 1935, SWP.

79. LL to SW, 22 December 1935, SWP.

80. LL to SS, 30 December 1935, LLP I.

81. LL to SS, 2 January 1936, LLP I.

82. LL, “Jews in Trouble,” Atlantic Monthly, January 1936, 53–54; excerpted in “German Jewry’s Poignant Plight,” Literary Digest, 11 January 1936, 18.

83. LL to SS, 13 January 1936, LLP I.

CHAPTER 30

  1. LL to SS, 22 January 1936, LLP I.

  2. LL to SS, 30 January 1936, LLP I.

  3. LL to SS, 9 February 1936, LLP I.

  4. LL to SS, 30 January 1936, LLP I.

  5. LL to TL, [misdated] 17 October 1938, LLP I.

  6. LL to TL, Monday [February 1936], LLP IV.

  7. Frank Gilbreth, “Lewisohn Called an Aloof Youth,” Charleston News and Courier, 24 February 1935, LLP II.

  8. LL to TL, [misdated] 17 October 1938, LLP I.

  9. “Ludwig Lewisohn,” Coastal Topics, March 1936, LLP II.

10. LL to TL, [misdated] 17 October 1938, LLP I.

11. LH to Harrison Randolph, 11 August 1934, LHP.

12. “Lewisohn Speaks of Knowledge in College Address,” Meteor, 13 March 1936, 1; and “Lewisohn Leaves to Return Again,” Charleston News and Courier, 6 March 1936, n.p.

13. Edwin Murphy to Stanley Chyet, 5 January 1962, LLP I.

14. “Lewisohn Leaves to Return Again.”

15. LL to TL, [misdated] 17 October 1938, LLP I.

16. SW to TL, 31 October 1935, SWP.

17. TL to SW, 26 February 1936, SWP.

18. SW to TL, 3 March 1936, SWP.

19. LL to TL, [misdated] 17 October 1938, LLP I.

20. LL to CC, 30 March 1935, LLP II.

21. BC to LL, 2 April 1935, RHP.

22. CC to LL, 10 April 1936, LLP II.

23. LL to CC, 11 April 1936, LLP II.

24. SW to LL, 31 March 1936, SWP.

25. LL to SW, 2 April 1936, SWP.

26. Ibid.

27. LL, “A Defense of the Acquisitive Instinct,” Forum 95 (April 1936): 245–48.

28. LL, Trumpet of Jubilee (New York: Harper, 1937), 339–41.

29. Ibid., 343–45.

30. Ibid., 4 (first published as “Prologue to a Novel—I,” Opinion 6 [September 1936]: 14).

31. Ibid., 24–25 (first published as “Prologue to a Novel—II,” Opinion 6 [October 1936]: 19).

32. Ibid., 25–26 (first published as “Prologue to a Novel—II”).

33. Notes found among the papers of Edna Manley Lewisohn, LLP I.

34. LL, Trumpet of Jubilee, 233–35.

35. LL to SW, 19 April 1936, SWP.

36. LL to Hayim Greenberg, 6 May 1936, Central Zionist Archives, Jerusalem.

37. LL, “In My Old Sterile Days …,” Barrett-Lewisohn Papers, University of Virginia.

38. P. M. Gingold to LL, 11 May 1936, LLP I; and Maldwin Fertig to Frederick Greenman, 14 May 1936, Menorah Archives, American Jewish Archives, Cincinnati.

39. LL to SW, 19 May 1936, SWP.

40. LL to Jacob Billikopf, 20 May [1936], SWP.

41. Jacob Billikopf to Julian Mack, n.d. (written on ibid.), SWP.

42. SW to LL, 22 May 1936, SWP.

43. LL to Oswald Garrison Villard, 22 May 1936, Villard Papers, Harvard University.

44. SW to LL, 26 May 1936, SWP.

45. SW to LL, 9 June 1936, SWP.

46. LL to Arthur Hays, 10 June 1936, SWP; and Melvin Urofsky, A Voice That Spoke for Justice: The Life and Times of Stephen S. Wise (Albany: SUNY Press, 1982), 137.

47. LL to SW, 10 June 1936, SWP.

48. SW to LL, 16 June 1936, SWP.

49. SW to LL, 24 July 1936, SWP.

50. TL to SW, [late] July 1936, SWP.

51. LL, Haven, 259.

52. Harry Stuart Vedder Jones to LH, 4 July 1936, LHP.

53. Harry Stuart Vedder Jones to LH, 5 August 1939, LHP.

54. LL to Oswald Garrison Villard, 22 May 1936, Villard Papers, Harvard University.

55. Harry Stuart Vedder Jones to LH, 5 August 1939, LHP.

56. LL, “On the Idea of a Jewish University in the United States,” in LL, The Answer; The Jew and the World: Past, Present, and Future (New York: Liveright, 1939), 275–76.

57. Ibid., 278–79.

58. Ibid., 281, 285–87.

59. LL, “Who Is For and Against Roosevelt?” (N.p.: Good Neighbor League, [1936]), n.p.

60. CC to LL, 24 June 1936, LLP II.

61. LL to CC, 25 June 1936, LLP II.

62. SW to LL, 31 March 1936, SWP.

63. LL to SW, 2 April 1936, SWP.

64. Martin Buber to LL, 4 June and 26 November 1936, from photocopies of privately held correspondence.

65. Albert Viton, “Why Arabs Kill Jews,” Nation, 3 June 1936, 708–9.

66. LL to Hayim Greenberg, 14 August 1936, Central Zionist Archives, Jerusalem.

67. LL to Nation, 5 July 1936, Nation, 8 August 1936, 167–68.

68. LL, “I Don’t Want to Be Called Jew,” Seven Arts Feature Syndicate, 1936.

69. LL, “The Liberals and We,” Seven Arts Feature Syndicate, 1936.

70. LL, “Fine Children and American Jewry,” Seven Arts Feature Syndicate, 1936.

71. LL, “Professional Jew,” Seven Arts Feature Syndicate, 1936.

72. LL, “Radicalism Once More,” Seven Arts Feature Syndicate, 1936.

73. LL, “The Liberal Cause,” Seven Arts Feature Syndicate, 1936.

74. LL, “Radicalism Once More.”

75. LL, “Counterattack,” Seven Arts Feature Syndicate, 1936.

76. Isaac Goldberg, “Ludwig Backstream Lewisohn,” American Spectator 2 (October 1936): 14.

77. LL, “Counterattack.”

78. LL, “Radicalism Once More.”

79. LL, “Counterattack.”

80. Ibid.

81. CC to Mr. Shimkin, 28 September 1936, LLP II.

82. LL to ES, 10 October 1936, LLP II.

83. LL to BC, 5 November 1936, RHP.

84. BC to LL, 15 November 1936, RHP.

85. LL, “Counterattack.”

86. LL, “Blow the Great Horn for Our Freedom,” Seven Arts Feature Syndicate, 1936.

CHAPTER 31

  1. LL to CC, 30 August 1936, LLP II.

  2. LL, “Concerning a Jewish Poet,” Jewish Standard, September 1936, 8, 19.

  3. LL to Maurice Jacobs, 23 August 1936, and Maurice Jacobs to LL, 25 August 1936, JPS.

  4. LL to Maurice Jacobs, 25 October 1936, JPS.

  5. Maurice Jacobs to LL, 27 October 1936, JPS.

  6. Isaac Husik to LL, 2 November 1936, JPS.

  7. LL to Isaac Husik, 4 November 1936, JPS.

  8. LL to SW, 16 November 1936, SWP.

  9. LL to Louise Waterman Wise, 22 November 1936, SWP.

10. LL to SW, 20 December 1936, SWP.

11. TL to WL, 30 December 1936, WLP.

12. LL to SS, 28 December 1936, LLP I.

13. LL to Mordecai Kaplan, 20 January 1937, Mordecai Kaplan Papers, Reconstructionist Rabbinical College, Wyncotte, Pennsylvania.

14. LL to SS, 28 January 1937, LLP I; also LL, Notebook, n.d., p. 1, II.

15. Myron Chester Nutting, “An Artist’s Life and Travels” (Los Angeles: University of California Los Angeles Oral History Program), 554 (unpublished).

16. Quoted in LL, Haven, 164, 66.

17. LL to BH, 25 September 1936, BHP.

18. LL to TL, Sunday [1937], LLP IV.

19. LL to SS, 27 March 1937, LLP I.

20. LL to SW, 9 April 1937, SWP.

21. LL to SS, 15 April 1937, LLP I.

22. LL to Mr. Marks, 1 April 1937, SWP.

23. LL, “The Jewish Novel,” Seven Arts Feature Syndicate, 1937.

24. LL to Mr. Marks, 1 April 1937, SWP.

25. LL, “The Jewish Novel.”

26. LL, “Utopia and Escape,” Seven Arts Feature Syndicate, 1937.

27. LL, “The Question,” Seven Arts Feature Syndicate, 1937.

28. LL, “A Few Books,” Seven Arts Feature Syndicate, 1937.

29. N. L. Rothman, Review of Trumpet of Jubilee, Saturday Review of Literature, 1 May 1937, 7.

30. Alfred Kazin, Review of Trumpet of Jubilee, New York Herald Tribune Books, 2 May 1937, 2.

31. F. T. Marsh, Review of Trumpet of Jubilee, New York Times, 25 April 1937, 2.

32. Review of Trumpet of Jubilee, Time, 3 May 1937, 88.

33. LL to SS, 9 May 1937, LLP I; and “Defines ‘True Freedom,’” New York Times, 26 April 1937, 13.

34. LL to SS, 21 May 1937, LLP I.

35. “LL Swaps Book for Divorce,” unidentified clipping [19 May 1937], LLP II.

36. LL to CC, 11 June 1937, LLP II.

37. LL to Lewis Gannett, 14 June 1937, Gannett Papers, Harvard University.

38. ML, “Coquine,” in Margaret Mayorga, ed., Twenty Short Plays on a Royalty Holiday (New York: Samuel French, 1937), 21–44.

39. LL to SS, 17 June 1937, LLP II; “Mrs. Lewisohn Seeks Divorce,” New York Times, 17 June 1937, 21; and Keller, States of Belonging, 183.

40. LL to SS, 21 May 1937, LLP I.

41. Saturday Review of Literature, 12 June 1927, 6.

42. LL to SS, 9 May 1937, LLP I.

43. LL, “Hard Times,” Seven Arts Feature Syndicate, 1937.

44. LL, “Summing-Up,” Seven Arts Feature Syndicate, 1937.

45. Dora Maccoby to Charles Madison, 17 October 1970, LLP I; and LL, Haven, 161.

46. LL, Haven, 41.

47. Ibid., 70–71.

48. Ibid., 91.

49. Ibid., 83.

50. LL to SW, 5 October 1937, SWP.

51. TL, “Dangerous Paradise,” 43–44; “Thelma Spear Gives Town Hall Recital,” New York Times, 12 October 1937, 23; and “Thelma Spear in Recital,” New York Times, 20 October 1937, 26.

52. LL, Notebook, [1937], pp. 18–21, LLP II.

53. Susan Brown to Charles Madison, 5 July 1970, LLP I.

54. LL to TL, n.d., LLP IV.

55. LL to SW, 9 November 1937, SWP.

56. LL, “An Instrument of Salvation and Self-Determination,” New Palestine, 8 October 1937, 5; “Long Island Zionist Unit Elects,” New York Times, 11 October 1937, 19; and “Brooklyn Zionists Elect L. J. Moss,” New York Times, 22 November 1937, 2.

57. LL, “Age of Persecution,” Seven Arts Feature Syndicate, 1937; and “Lewisohn Calls Oppression Mania,” New York Times, 21 April 1937, 7.

58. LL, Notebook, 31 October 1937, p. 22, LLP II; and LL to SS, 15 November 1937, LLP I.

59. LL to Pascal Covici, 13 November 1937, LLP V; and Charles Madison, Jewish Publishing in America (New York: Sanhedrin Press, 1976), 267–68.

60. LL, Notebook, 20 January 1938, p. 22, LLP II; and “Thelma Spear Lewisohn,” Who’s Who in American Jewry (New York: National News Association, 1938).

61. Shalom Asch to LL, 18 January 1938 [misdated 1937], LLP I.

62. LL, “Shalom Asch,” Seven Arts Feature Syndicate, 1937.

63. “Jews Who Protest Rumanian Status,” New York Times, 23 January 1938, 27.

64. SW to Darwin Luntz, 2 February 1938, SWP.

65. LL, Notebook, 6–12 February 1938, p. 22, LLP II.

66. Arthur Garfield Hays to LL, 11 February 1938, LLP I.

67. LL to Arthur Garfield Hays, 19 February 1938, LLP I.

68. Upton Sinclair, quoted in Mark Shorer, Sinclair Lewis: An American Life (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1961), 635.

69. Arthur Garfield Hays to Sinclair Lewis, 21 February 1938, LLP I.

70. Sinclair Lewis to Arthur Garfield Hays, 23 February 1938, LLP I.

71. LL, “Is There an American Culture?” 1938, LLP II.

72. LL, quoted in Shorer, Sinclair Lewis, 635; and Howard Fast, Being Red (New York: Doubleday, 1960), 17.

73. LL, “Is There an American Culture?”

74. LL, Notebook, 28 March 1938, LLP II.

75. LL to SW, 1 April 1938, SWP; articles on Beer-Hofmann and Friedell appear in Glenda Abramson, The Blackwell Companion to Jewish Culture (Oxford: Blackwell, 1989), 63, 247.

76. LL, Notebook, 1938, n.p. and p. 23, LLP II.

77. Ibid., 1938, p. 22.

78. LL, For Ever Wilt Thou Love (New York: Dial, 1939), 10–11.

79. Ibid., 64–65.

80. Ibid., 82.

81. Ibid., 223–24.

82. Ibid., 226–27.

CHAPTER 32

  1. LL to ES, 24 June 1938, LLP II.

  2. LL to BC, 15 July 1938, RHP.

  3. LL to BC, 22 July 1938, RHP.

  4. LL to BC, 4 August 1938, RHP.

  5. LL to ES, 12 August 1938, LLP II.

  6. LL to BC, 1 August 1938, and LL to Lewis Gannett, 18 August 1938, Gannett Papers, Harvard University.

  7. BC to LL, 2 August 1938, and LL to BC, 4 August 1938, RHP.

  8. LL to BC, 22 July 1938, RHP.

  9. LL to Lewis Gannett, 18 August 1938, Gannett Papers, Harvard University.

10. LL to BC, 27 August 1938, RHP.

11. LL to SW, 17 September 1938, SWP.

12. LL, The Story of American Literature (New York: Modern Library, 1939), 591–95.

13. Ibid., 592, 614.

14. Ibid., 614–15.

15. LL to Upton Sinclair, 11 October 1938, Upton Sinclair Papers, Indiana University, Bloomington.

16. William Russell, “Divided We Fall,” 9 December 1938, author’s collection.

17. Thomas Mann, This Peace (New York: Knopf, 1938), 30.

18. Sara Alpern, Freda Kirchwey: A Woman ofNation” (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1987), 138.

19. LL, Haven, 93.

20. Ibid., 127–28; and EL to Ralph Melnick, 6 January 1980.

21. “Rome, Berlin Blamed for Arab Uprisings,” Rochester Times-Union, 21 October 1938, ELP.

22. LL, Haven, 128–29; and Madeline Heilbrunn to Ralph Melnick, 30 January 1984.

23. SGW to EL, 12 November 1938, and EL to SGW, 12 November 1938, ELP.

24. SGW to EL, 11 and 23 October 1938, ELP.

25. SGW to EL, 6 October 1938, ELP.

26. SGW to EL, 19 October 1938, ELP.

27. Olga Crowell, “Tea Time Topics,” Rochester Times-Union, 23 October 1938, ELP.

28. EL to Sally [?], 19 November 1938, LLP I.

29. EL, interview with the author, 5–9 January 1980.

30. Ibid.

31. LL, Haven, 147.

32. “Ludwig Lewisohn: The Man and His Work” (New York: Covici Friede, 1938), cover, ELP.

33. EL to Charles Madison, [late] June 1970, LLP I.

34. EL, “Note on Ludwig Lewisohn…,” 28 October 1938, LLP I.

35. LL to TL, 22 October 1938, LLP II.

36. TL, “Dangerous Paradise,” 44.

37. LL, Haven, 130–31.

38. Ibid., 146.

39. LL to EL, 4 November 1939, ELP.

40. EL, Journal (cover date July 1938), ELP.

41. LL to EL, 4 November 1938, ELP.

42. LL to EL, 10 November 1938, ELP.

43. LL to EL, 13 November 1938, ELP.

44. EL to Charles Madison, 11 September 1970, LLP I.

45. EL to Charles Madison, 28 February 1971, LLP I.

46. EL to Charles Madison, 30 November 1970, LLP I.

47. EL to Charles Madison, 28 February 1971, LLP I.

48. LL, Haven, 129–30.

49. Ibid., 131.

50. LL to EL, 4 November 1938, ELP.

51. SW to LL, 26 October 1938, SWP.

52. LL to SW, 27 October 1938, SWP.

53. SW to LL, August 1938, SWP.

54. LL to SW, 2 November 1938, SWP.

55. LL to CC, 5 and 19 July 1938, LLP II.

56. LL to SW, 2 November 1938, SWP.

57. “Defeatism Feared in Plight of Jews,” New York Times, 7 November 1938, 15.

58. LL, Notebook 1938, LLP II.

59. LL, Haven, 252.

60. LL to EL, Thanksgiving Day 1938, ELP.

61. “Personalities in the News,” Jewish Ledger, November 1938, ELP.

62. LL to EL, 9 December 1938, ELP.

63. LL, Haven, 253.

64. EL to LL, 4 December 1938, LLP I.

65. LL, Haven, 180.

66. LL, Notebook, 12 and 20 December 1938, LLP I.

67. EL to LL, 26 December 1938, ELP.

68. EL to LL, 29 December 1938, LLP I.

69. EL, Notebook (“Life and Death…”), 30 December 1938, ELP.

70. Ibid., 31 December 1938.

71. Ibid., 1 January 1939.

72. EL to LL, 1 January 1939, LLP I.

CHAPTER 33

  1. EL to LL, 1 January 1939, ELP.

  2. LL to Guy Manley, 2 January 1939, ELP.

  3. SGW to EL, 30 November 1938, ELP.

  4. SGW to EL, 25 December 1938, ELP.

  5. SGW to EL, 27 December 1939, ELP.

  6. SGW to Guy Manley, 30 December 1938, ELP.

  7. EL to LL, 29 December 1938, ELP.

  8. LL to EL, 7 January 1939, LLP I.

  9. LL to EL, 10 January 1939, LLP I.

10. William Bennett to John Bennett, 25 January 1939, John Bennett Papers, South Carolina Historical Society, Charleston; and interview with James G. Harrison by the author, 1983. (Harrison wrote a history of the Poetry Society of South Carolina.)

11. “Randolph Gives Supper in Honor of Lewisohns,” Charleston News and Courier, 13 January 1939, ELP; and interview with Richard Haymaker by the author, 1983.

12. Harrison Randolph to LL, 6 January 1939, LLP II.

13. T. L. Meana, “College of Charleston Activity,” 12 January 1939, COC.

14. Haymaker, interview with the author; and Richard Haymaker to LH, 5 February 1939, LHP.

15. LL to EL, 27 January 1939, LLP I.

16. “Randolph Gives Supper in Honor of Lewisohns.”

17. TL to WL, 17 January 1939, WLP.

18. LL, Notebook, 17 January 1939, p. 30, LLP II.

19. LL to EL, 27 January 1939, LLP I.

20. LL to EL, 23 January 1939, LLP I.

21. LL to EL, 27 January 1939, LLP I.

22. LL to EL, 11 February 1939, LLP I.

23. LL, Notebook, pp. 8, 25, n.d. and 4 June 1938, LLP II.

24. SGW to EL, 24 January 1939, ELP.

25. LL to EL, 11 February 1939, LLP I.

26. LL, Notebook, 17 February 1939, p. 23, LLP II.

27. LL to EL, 11 February 1939, LLP I.

28. LL, Notebook, 17 February 1939, p. 23, LLP II.

29. LL, “There Is No Peace,” LLP I; also in Opinion 9 (April 1939): 15.

30. Review of For Ever Wilt Thou Love, New Yorker, 18 March 1939, 86.

31. Review of For Ever Wilt Thou Love, Saturday Review of Literature, 25 March 1939, 20.

32. Beatrice Sherman, Review of For Ever Wilt Thou Love, New York Times, 12 March 1939, 7.

33. Lisle Bell, Review of For Ever Wilt Thou Love, New York Herald Tribune Review of Books, 19 March 1939, LLP I.

34. LL to SS, 24 March 1939, LLP I.

35. LL to EL, 2 April 1939, ELP.

36. LL to SW, 1 April 1939, SWP.

37. LL, Haven, 118.

38. LL to SW, 27 March 1939, SWP.

39. SW to LL, 29 March 1939, SWP.

40. LL to SW, 1 April 1939, SWP.

41. LL, Notebook, 5 April 1939, p. 33, LLP II.

42. LL to SS, 15 April 1939, LLP I. The published version of this letter (LL, Haven, 247–50) not uncharacteristically eliminates all reference to Thelma’s comment, as well as any indication that she accompanied Ludwig that evening (“I came home”). Curiously, as well, “it is my Jewish fate” reads, in the Haven version, “it is my fate,” perhaps a typographical error, perhaps a deletion made for emphasis, perceiving his case for otherness among American writers weakened by his Jewish background.

43. LL to Saxe Cummins, 13 April 1939, RHP.

44. Saxe Cummins to LL, 17 April 1939, RHP.

45. SW to Bernard Rosenblatt, 27 April 1939, SWP.

46. Morris Magulies to SW, 27 April 1939, SWP.

47. Bernard Rosenblatt to SW, 1 May 1939, SWP.

48. LL to SS, 11 May 1939, LLP I.

49. LL to EL, 21 May 1939, LLP I.

50. EL, Diary (“Life and Death…”), 15 January 1939, ELP.

51. Ibid., 1 March 1939.

52. Ibid., 19 January 1939.

53. Ibid., 39 March 1939.

54. LL to EL, 9 May 1939, LLP I.

55. LL to EL, 10 May 1939, LLP I.

56. LL to EL, [13 May 1939], LLP I.

CHAPTER 34

  1. EL, interview and correspondence with the author, 1980–82.

  2. EL, notes attached to correspondence of this period, written years later in preparation for a never written fictionalized account of their reunion; and LL, Haven, 199.

  3. LL, Haven, 48, 253–54.

  4. Ibid., 146, 154.

  5. TL to EL, Wednesday [Spring 1939], LLP I.

  6. P. K. Thomajan, “Temportraits,” Musician 44 (February 1939): 27.

  7. LL to Arthur Hays, 27 May 1929, SWP; and Thomas Mann to LL, 22 May 1939, Thomas Mann Papers, University of Texas, Austin.

  8. SW to Bernard Rosenblatt, 10 June 1939, SWP.

  9. SW to Arthur Hays, 15 June 1939, SWP.

10. LL to SS, 30 May 1939, LLP I.

11. LL, Haven, 273.

12. LL to EL, Wednesday [31 May 1939], LLP I.

13. LL to EL, 1 June 1939, LLP I.

14. LL, Haven, 254–55.

15. LL, “Sonnet of Loneliness,” LLP I.

16. EL, interview with the author, 1979.

17. EL to LL, Birthday [4 June] 1939, LLP I.

18. LL to SS, 30 May 1939, LLP I.

19. LL, The Answer, 341.

20. LL to EL, 6 June 1939, LLP I.

21. LL to EL, 8 June 1939, LLP I.

22. Theodore [?] to LL, [ca. 10 June 1939], LLP I.

23. LL to EL, 13 June 1939, LLP I.

24. LL to EL, 14 June 1939, LLP I.

25. LL to EL, 16 June 1939, LLP I.

26. LL to EL, 20 June 1939, LLP I.

27. LL to EL, 22 June 1939, LLP I.

28. Ibid.

29. LL To EL, 30 June 1939, LLP I.

30. LL to EL, 3 July 1939, LLP I.

31. SGW to EL, 28 June 1939, ELP.

32. SGW to EL, 13 June 1939, ELP.

33. SGW to EL, 9 July 1939, ELP.

34. SGW to EL, 10 July 1939, ELP.

35. LL to EL, 10 July 1939, LLP I.

36. LL to Haven, 26.

37. LL to EL, 10 July 1939, LLP I. In addition to this letter, the untitled poem appears in his notebook (10 July 1939, n.p., LLP II); in a copy retyped, as were all of this series, by EL (28 October 1939, LLP I); and in Haven, 255.

38. LL, “Love and the Word,” 15 July 1939, LLP I.

39. LL, “The Ascent,” 17 July 1939, LLP I.

40. LL, “Invitation,” 18 July 1939, LLP I.

41. LL to EL, 22 July 1939, LLP I.

42. EL to Charles Madison, 47 November 1970, LLP I.

43. Elise Asher (Kunitz), “Sonnet,” unpublished, and LL to EL, 29 August 1939, LLP I.

44. Elise Asher (Kunitz), “Abiding Love,” unpublished, LLP I.

45. SGW to EL, 34 July l.939, ELP.

46. “Anti-Semitism Like Plague, Writer Avers on Visit Here,” Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, 2 August 1939, LLP I.

47. EL to Sally [?], 19 November 1939, LLP I.

48. LL, Haven, 134–35.

49. Ibid., 147.

50. SGW to EL, 11 August 1939, ELP.

51. SGW to EL, 14 August 1939, ELP.

52. SGW to EL, 24 August 1939, ELP.

53. LL, Haven, 147.

54. Ibid., 148.

55. EL to Charles Madison, 17 November 1990, LLP I; and EL, interviews and correspondence with the author, 1980–82.

56. LL, Haven, 278–80.

57. EL to Charles Madison, 17 November 1970, LLP I; and EL, interviews and correspondence with the author, 1980–82.

58. LL, Haven, 281.

59. LL To EL, 2 August 1939, LLP I.

60. LL to EL, 3 August 1939, LLP I; and LL, Haven, 27.

61. LL, “Miracle,” 3 August 1939, LLP I; and LL, Haven, 282.

62. LL, “Invitation,” 4 August and 28 October 1939, LLP I. On August 20, Ludwig wrote a dedicatory poem for this planned volume (untitled, LLP I).

63. LL to EL, 5 August 1939, LLP I.

64. LL to SS, 8 August 1939, LLP I.

65. LL to EL, 7 August 1939, LLP I.

66. Ibid.

67. LL to EL, 9 August 1939, LLP I.

68. TL, “Dangerous Paradise,” 44.

69. LL to EL, 9 August 1939, LLP I.

70. LL, “Autumn Presage,” [19 August 1939], LLP I (dating from LL, Notebook, LLP II).

71. LL, “An Old Fashioned Poem,” [20 August 1939], LLP I (dating from LL, Notebook, LLP II).

72. LL to SS, 21 August 1939, LLP I.

73. LL to CC, 22 August 1939, LLP II.

74. LL to SW, 24 August 1939, SWP.

75. SW to LL, 31 August 1939, SWP.

76. SW to Florence [?], 6 September 1939, SWP.

77. SW to LL, 20 September 1939, SWP.

78. TL to SW, n.d., SWP.

79. J. A. Maber to SW, 19 September 1939, SWP.

80. LL to EL, 24 August 1939, LLP I.

81. LL to EL, Monday morning [29 August 1939], LLP I.

CHAPTER 35

  1. Malcolm Cowley, “A Farewell to the 1930’s,” New Republic, 8 November 1939, in Cowley, Think Back on Us (Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1967), 347.

  2. Abram Sachar, Sufferance Is the Badge (New York: Knopf, 1939), 566.

  3. LL, “Holy Land,” September 1939, LLP I.

  4. LL to SS, 7 September 1939, LLP I.

  5. LL to EL, 11 September 1939, LLP I.

  6. LL to SS, 7 September 1939, LLP I.

  7. LL to EL, 7 September 1939, LLP I.

  8. LL to EL, 9 September 1939, LLP I.

  9. LL, “A Little Anthem for September 1939,” LLP I.

10. LL to EL, 14 September 1939, LLP I.

11. LL to EL, Sunday morning, [17 September 1939], LLP I.

12. LL to EL, 12 September 1939, LLP I.

13. LL to EL, Thursday [21 September 1939], LLP I.

14. LL to EL, Monday, 10 P.M. [25 September 1939], LLP I.

15. EL to LL, 10:30 Tuesday [26 September 1939], LLP I.

16. LL to EL, 28 September 1939, LLP I.

17. Federal Writer’s Project, The WPA Guide to New York City (New York: Random House, 1939), 284–85.

18. LL to EL, Saturday [16 September 1939], LLP I.

19. LL, Haven, 286.

20. LL to EL, 9 October 1939, LLP I.

21. LL to EL, 12 October 1939, LLP I.

22. LL to EL, 28 October 1939, LLP I.

23. LL to EL, 30 October 1939, LLP I.

24. LL, “On a Picture of the Beloved Taken in Her Early Girlhood,” 23–24 October 1939, LLP I.

25. LL to EL, 26 October 1939, LLP I.

26. LL to EL, 21 November 1939, LLP I.

27. LL to EL, 30 September 1939, LLP I.

28. LL to EL, 12 October 1939, LLP I.

29. LL to SS, 23 October 1939, LLP I.

30. SGW to EL, 18 October 1939, LLP I.

31. EL, interview with the author, 1979.

32. EL to Charles Madison, late June 1970, LLP I.

33. Ibid.; and EL, interview with the author, 1979.

34. SGW to EL, 1 November 1939, ELP.

35. SGW to EL, 8 November 1939, ELP.

36. LL, Haven, 308.

37. Ibid., 138.

38. Ibid., 305–6.

39. EL to Sally [?], [late October 1939], quoted in TL, “Was I His Wife or His Mistress?” True Confessions, June 1940, 37.

40. EL to Ida [?], [late October 1939], quoted in TL, “Was I His Wife,” 37.

41. LL to Mrs. Henry Hurwitz, 29 October 1939, LLP I.

42. LL, Haven, 332–34; and “The Parable,” 1 November 1939, LLP I (republished in Opinion).

43. LL to EL, Wednesday morning [14 November 1939], LLP I.

44. EL to Sally [?], 19 November 1939, LLP I.

45. SW to Arthur Garfield Hays, 9 November 1939, SWP.

46. LL to TL, Sunday night [n.d.] and 24 October 1934, quoted in TL, “Was I His Wife,” 37.

47. LL to EL, Wednesday morning [14 November 1939], LLP I.

48. TL, “Dangerous Paradise,” 44.

49. SW to SS, 22 November 1939, SWP.

50. LL, Haven, 44.

51. LL to SS, 25 November 1939, LLP I.

52. LL to EL, 17 December 1939, and EL to SS, 21 December 1939, LLP I.

53. LL to EL, 25 November 1939, LLP I.

54. LL, Haven, 314; and EL to Ralph Melnick, 6 January 1980, author’s papers.

55. SW to Philip Bernstein, 20 November 1939, SWP.

56. LL to EL, 25 November 1939, LLP I.

57. LL to SS, 25 November 1939, LLP I.

58. LL to EL, 27 November 1939, LLP I.

59. Minutes, ZOA Administrative Council, 3 December 1939, ZOA.

60. TL to Philip Bernstein, 15 November 1939, SWP.

61. SW to Philip Bernstein, 20 November 1939, SWP.

62. Philip Bernstein to SW, 8 December 1939, SWP.

63. LL, Haven, 17–18.

64. TL, “Dangerous Paradise,” 44.

65. EL, interview with the author, January 1980.

66. LL, Haven, 317–18.

67. Ibid., 140–41.

68. “Rochester Writer Engaged to Wed Author Ludwig Lewisohn,” Rochester Times-Union, 12 December 1939, 1; “Writer Issues Culture Call for All Jews,” Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, 13 December 1939, 22; and “Ludwig Lewisohn to Marry Again,” New York Times, 13 December 1939, LLP I.

69. “Writer Issues Culture Call for All Jews,” 22; and LL, Haven, 141.

70. LL, Haven, 141.

71. SGW to EL, 1 December 139, ELP.

72. EL to SGW, draft copy, with ibid.

73. LL, Haven, 318.

74. LL to EL, 17 December 1939, LLP I.

75. Philip Bernstein to SW, n.d. [ca. 17 December 1939], and SW to Philip Bernstein, 20 December 1939, SWP.

76. EL to SS, 21 December 1939, LLP I.

77. LL, Haven, 319.

78. LL to SS, 30 December 1939, LLP I.

79. LL, “Of Oneness,” LLP I; and LL, Haven, 74.

80. LL to Philip Bernstein, 6 January 1940, SWP.

81. LL to EL, 4 January 1940, LLP I.

82. LL, Haven, 319.

83. LL to EL, 4 January 1940, LLP I.

84. LL, “In Praise of Beauty,” 12 January 1940, and LL to EL, 12 January 1940 (two letters), LLP I.

85. LL to EL, 13 January 1940, LLP I.

86. SW to Bernard Rosenblatt, 15 November 1939, SWP.

87. LL to EL, 13 January 1940, LLP I; and LL, Notebook, 13 January 1940, LLP II.

88. LL to BH, 13 January 1940, LLP I.

89. LL to EL, 13 January 1940, LLP I.

90. LL, Notebook, 13 January 1940, LLP I.

CHAPTER 36

  1. LL, Haven, 326–37.

  2. Ibid., 327.

  3. Conversion Certificate, 23 January 1940, LLP I.

  4. LL, Haven, 328.

  5. EL, interview with and notes written for the author, January 1980.

  6. LL to SS, 26 January 1940, LLP I.

  7. LL, Haven, 328–29; and “Home,” MSS, LLP I and LLP II.

  8. SGW to EL, 31 January 1940, ELP.

  9. “Mistake Delays Pair’s Wedding,” 2 February 1940, unidentified clipping, LLP I; and “Lewisohn Wedding Deferred,” New York Times, 3 February 1940, 15.

10. EL to Charles Madison, 30 November 1970, LLP I.

11. LL, Haven, 9.

12. “Lewisohn’s Son’s Mother Gives Up; Author May Wed,” 29 January 1940, unidentified clipping, LLP I.

13. “Bride Taken to New York by Lewisohn,” Baltimore Sun, 7 February 1940, 22.

14. LL, Haven, 9–10.

15. “Bride Taken,” 22, 9.

16. Ibid., 9; and “‘Other Woman,’ Son Delay Lewisohn-Manley Nuptials,” Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, 7 February 1940, 16. Similar articles appeared in the press throughout the country, including Newsweek and the New York Times.

17. LL, Haven, 10.

18. “Bride Taken,” 22, 9.

19. “Author Marries as Alleged Wife Sheds Pleading Tears,” unidentified clipping, 7 February 1940, LLP I. Ironically, its adjoining article is titled “Goebbels Tells Aides Settling War Will ‘Be No Child’s Play.’”

20. “Bride Taken,” 9.

21. LL, Haven, 11.

22. “‘Happily Ever After’ Chapter Begins for Author Lewisohn, Bride,” Rochester Times-Union, 7 February 1940, LLP I.

23. EL, interview with the author, January 1980.

24. “Other Woman,” 6.

25. “Bride Taken,” 9.

26. Ibid.

27. David Charnay, “Lewisohn’s Ex Wants Strip Job,” New York Daily News, 8 February 1940, 3, 22; and “‘Other Woman’ Raps Lewisohn’s Chivalry as He Honeymoons,” New York Times, 8 February 1940, LLP I.

28. “Happily Ever After,” n.p.

29. “Friends Plan Protective Custody for Boy,” New York Daily News, 8 February 1940, 22.

30. “Lewisohn Faces Suit Over Support of Alleged Son,” 9 February 1940, unidentified clipping, LLP I.

31. “Baltimore Seeks Lewisohn Date,” unidentified clipping, LLP I.

32. “Lewisohn’s Ex,” 22.

33. EL, interview with the author, January 1980.

34. LL, Haven, 10.

35. “Lewisohn Reported Still Seeking Son,” unidentified clipping, and “Lewisohn Asks Custody of Son,” New York Times, 12 March 1940, LLP I.

36. LL, Haven, 16–17.

37. Ibid., 18–19.

38. Ibid., 16.

39. EL, interview with the author, January 1980.

40. EL, “Original Manuscript of Edna Lewisohn’s Share of ‘Haven,’” 15 February 1940, LLP I.

41. LL, Haven, 16.

42. EL, interview with the author, January 1980.

43. EL, “Original Manuscript,” 15 February 1940.

44. Ibid., 16 February 1940.

45. Ibid., 17 February 1940.

46. LL to SS, 19 February 1940, LLP I; EL, “Original Manuscript,” 16 February 1940; and LL, Haven, 93.

47. LL to SS, 19 February 1940, LLP II; and EL, “Original Manuscript,” 16 February 1940.

48. LL, Haven, 31–32.

49. Ibid., 23.

50. EL, interview with the author, January 1980.

51. LL, Haven, 23–24.

52. LL, “1940,” LLP I.

53. LL, Haven, 39–40.

54. Ibid., 42.

55. Ibid., 46–47.

56. EL, “Original Manuscript,” 22 February 1940.

57. LL to SW, 23 February 1940, SWP.

58. LL, Haven, 62–63.

59. SW to William Rosenblatt, 15 March 1940, SWP.

60. EL, “Original Manuscript,” 24 February 1940.

61. Ibid., 2 March 1940.

62. LL, Haven, 105–7.

63. Ibid., 124.

64. Ibid., 126.

65. Ibid., 10.

66. Ibid., 136–37.

67. Ibid., 143–44.

68. Ibid., 145, 149.

69. TL, “Dangerous Paradise,” 45. A brief account of the Baltimore wedding and the first round of court battles appears independently of Thelma’s article on p. 53.

70. TL, Many Mansions (North Montpelier, Vt.: Driftwind Press, 1941), 11 (“Auf Wiedersehen”).

71. Ibid., 15 (“For L.L.”).

72. Ibid., 19 (“The Thief”).

73. Ibid., 11 (“Auf Wiedersehen”).

74. Ibid., 14 (“For L.L.”).

75. Ibid., 13 (“Friday Night”).

76. Ibid., 11 (“Auf Wiedersehen”).

77. Ibid., 46 (“The Secret”).

78. Ibid., 43 (“A Poetic Letter for a Child”).

79. Ibid., 45 (“For My Son”).

80. LL, Haven, 154–69.

81. “Lewisohn Note May Win Son,” unidentified clipping, [ca. 15 March 1940], LLP I.

82. “Scorches Mother in Lewisohn Suit,” New York Daily News, 15 March 1940, 4; and “Lewisohn Wins Right to See Son,” New York Times, 15 March 1940, 19.

83. LL, Haven, 162–63, 168; and “Bars Lewisohn Charge,” New York Times, 16 March 1940, 32.

84. “Scorches Mother.”

85. LL, Haven, 163.

86. Ibid., 173–74; and LL to SS, 18 March 1940, LLP I.

87. LL, Haven, 175.

88. Ibid., 179.

89. Ibid., 183–86, 191.

90. Ibid., 190.

91. Ibid., 198.

92. Ibid., 199–200.

93. LL to SS, 20 January 1940, LLP I.

94. LL to SS, 18 July 1940, LLP I.

95. LL, Haven, 208–9.

96. Ibid., 214.

97. Ibid., 236.

98. Ibid., 242–44.

99. Ibid., 245.

100. Ibid., 205–7.

101. EL, “Original Manuscript,” 26 March 1940.

102. LL, Haven, 211.

103. Ibid., 211–14.

104. Ibid., 214–16.

105. Ibid., 229.

106. Ibid., 230–32; and “Mrs. Lewisohn Sought,” New York Times, 1 April 1940, 21.

107. LL, Haven, 236–39.

108. Ibid., 250–52.

109. LL to Arthur Hays, 5 April 1940, SWP.

110. LL, Haven, 255–56.

111. EL, “Original Manuscript,” 6 April 1940.

112. EL to Ralph Melnick, 3 January 1980; and EL, interview with the author, 1979.

113. Robert Hodesh to Ralph Melnick, 13 March 1984.

114. LL, Haven, 256–57.

CHAPTER 37

  1. EL to Charles Madison, late June 1970, LLP I; and EL to Ralph Melnick, 3 January 1980.

  2. For example, LL, Haven, 259–61.

  3. Ibid.

  4. Ibid., 277–78.

  5. Ibid., 262, 278–79.

  6. Ibid., 269–71.

  7. Ibid., 271.

  8. Ibid., 278.

  9. Ibid., 284.

10. Ibid., 291–93.

11. LL to Mr. Enselman, 24 April 1940, SWP.

12. LL, Haven, 301–3.

13. Ibid., 339–40.

14. “Child Is Awarded to Lewisohn After Picking Him Over Mother,” New York Daily News, 4 May 1940, LLP I.

15. “Lewisohn Happy at Winning Son,” New York Journal and American, 4 May 1940, LLP I; and “Son Goes to Lewisohn,” New York Times, 4 May 1940, 19.

16. LL, Haven, 297–98.

17. Ibid., 298–300.

18. Ibid., 310–11.

19. Ibid.

20. Ibid., 315–16.

21. Ibid., 330.

22. Ibid., 324.

23. Ibid., 331.

24. Ibid., 319–20.

25. Ibid., 318.

26. Ibid., 320.

27. Ibid., 334–35.

28. EL, “Original Manuscript,” n.d.

29. SGW to EL, 3 June 1940, ELP.

30. EL, “Original Manuscript,” 1 June 1940.

31. LL to SS, 21 May 1940, LLP I.

32. SS, Affidavit, 14 July 1941, LLP I.

33. LL to SW, 11 April 1940, and SW to Rachel Frank, 19 April 1940, SWP.

34. LL to SW, 4 June 1940, SWP.

35. LL to SS, 21 May 1940, LLP I; and LL, Haven, 321.

36. Franz Hoellering, The Defenders (Boston: Little, Brown, 1940); and “Army in Palestine Offered to Britain,” New York Times, 1 July 1940, 19.

37. LL, “Foreword,” in A. M. Klein, Hath Not a Jew… (New York: Behrman’s Jewish Book House, 1940), v–viii.

38. Ibid., 34.

39. LL to SS, 18 July 1940, LLP I.

40. SGW to EL, 3 July 1940, ELP.

41. LL to SS, 18 July 1940, LLP I.

42. SGW to EL, 18 July 1940, ELP.

43. LL to Mark Van Doren, 10 August 1940, Mark Van Doren Papers, Columbia University; and Thomas Mann to LL, 15 August 1940, Mann Papers, University of Texas.

44. Fred Millet, Contemporary American Authors (New York: Harcourt, 1940), 79, 179, 193, 200.

45. Ibid., 79.

46. LL to SW, 3 September 1940, LLP I.

47. LL to SS, 3 September 1940, LLP I.

48. LL to SS, 25 September 1940, LLP I.

49. LL to Upton Sinclair, 21 September 1940, LLP I.

50. LL to HM, 21 September 1940, HMP.

51. Thomas Mann to LL, 30 September 1940, Mann Papers, University of Texas.

52. Lawrence Emery, “Lewisohn’s Diary of a Self-Confessed Genius,” Daily Worker, LLP I.

53. LL, “Renegade: A Novel—I,” Opinion 10 (October 1940): 19.

54. LL, Notebook, 24 October 1940, p. 35, LLP I.

55. EL, Journal, 30 September 1940, LLP I.

56. LL to SW, 27 November 1940, SWP.

57. LL to BC, 8 December 1940, RHP.

58. EL, Journal, 13 November 1940, LLP I.

59. LL to SS, 5 December 1940, LLP I.

60. EL, Journal, 30 September 1940, LLP I.

61. Ibid., 27 November 1940.

62. LL to SW, 16 November 1940, SWP.

63. LL to SW, 29 November 1940, SWP.

64. LL to CC, 26 January 1941, LLP II.

65. LL to SS, 13 February 1941, LLP I.

66. EL, Journal, 16 February 1941, LLP I.

67. LL, “The Princess,” Notebook, 24 March 1941, LLP II.

68. Ibid., 19 March 1941.

69. LL to SS, 9 April 1941, LLP I; Edna speaks of several March lectures in a letter to her parents, 26 February 1941, ELP; and “Ends Action Against Lewisohn,” New York Times, 18 June 1940, 25.

70. LL to SW, 10 April 1941, SWP.

71. LL to Billie [Jacob Billikopf], 10 April 1941, LLP I.

72. EL, Journal, 17 April 1941, LLP I.

73. L v. L, summary of investigative report attached, LLP I.

74. LL, “Statement of Case Involving Custody of James Elias Lewisohn,” 12 July 1943, LLP I; and Keller, States of Belonging, 183.

75. On May 7, 1941, he spoke at a United Jewish Appeal rally in New Jersey (EL, Journal, invitation tipped in, ELP).

76. EL, Journal, 5 May 1941, LLP I.

77. Maurice Jacobs to Ralph Melnick, 30 July 1980; and LL to SS, 15 May 1941, LLP I.

78. Jewish Publication Society, Minutes of Publication Committee, 11 May 1941, JPS.

79. LL, “New Literary Responsibilities, 11 May 1941, JPS.

80. Jewish Publication Society, Minutes of Publication Committee, 11 May 1941, JPS.

81. Burton Hoffman to Maurice Jacobs, 12 and 14 May 1941, JPS.

82. J. Solis-Cohen to Harry Scherman, 17 May 1941, JPS.

83. Solomon Grayzel to J. Solis-Cohen, 19 May 1941, JPS.

84. LL to SS, 16 May 1941, LLP II; and “Lewisohn Denied Custody of Son,” New York Daily News, 14 June 1941, 21.

85. EL, interview with the author, January 1980.

86. LL to SW, [ca. 19 May 1941], SWP.

87. EL, Journal, 26 May 1941, LLP I.

88. EL, interview with the author, January 1980.

89. EL, Journal, 14 June 1941, LLP I.

90. Burton Hoffman to J. Solis Cohen, 22 May 1941, JPS.

91. J. Solis-Cohen to Harry Scherman, 24 May 1941, JPS.

92. J. Solis-Cohen to Burton Hoffman, 10 June 1941, JPS.

93. Sidney Philip to J. Solis-Cohen, 12 June 1941, JPS.

94. Sidney Philip to J. Solis-Cohen, 12 June 1941, copy dated 25 June 1941, JPS.

95. “Lewisohn Denied Custody of Son,” New York Daily News, 14 June 1941, 21, and “Mother Beats New Lewisohn Plea for Son,” New York Daily Mirror, 14 June 1941, n.p., LLP I.

96. LL to Editors of the Atlantic Monthly, 19 May 1941, LLP I.

97. LL to ES, 7 June 1941, LLP I.

98. LL to EL, 6 June 1941, LLP I.

99. EL, interview with the author, January 1980.

100. EL, Journal, 14 June 1941, LLP I.

101. Ibid., 15 June 1941.

102. Ibid., 22 June 1941.

103. EL, Journal, 29 June 1941, LLP I.

104. LL, [“A Man Named Uriel”], “Chapter One,” 25 June 1941, LLP I.

105. EL, Journal, 22 and 29 June 1941, LLP I.

106. LL, Journal, “The Pact,” 29 July 1941, LLP II.

CHAPTER 38

  1. EL, Journal, 17 April 1941, LLP I.

  2. SGW to EL, 14 March 1941, ELP.

  3. EL, Journal, 17 April 1941, LLP I.

  4. EL to LL, 4 June 1941, LLP I.

  5. EL to LL, 5 June 1941, LLP I.

  6. LL to EL, 6 June 1941, LLP I.

  7. EL to SGW, 7 June 1941, ELP.

  8. EL, Journal, 15 June 1941, LLP I.

  9. Ibid., 2 August 1941.

10. Ibid., 29 June 1941.

11. LL to CC, [July 1941], LLP II.

12. Jewish Publication Society memo, 3 July 1941, JPS.

13. Solomon Grayzel to Maurice Jacobs, 20 July 1941, JPS.

14. LL, “1933 and After,” completed 1 August 1941, LLP II (later published in Opinion).

15. Maurice Jacobs to Burton Hoffman, 4 September 1941, JPS.

16. LL to J. Solis-Cohen, 23 August 1941, JPS.

17. Maurice Jacobs to LL, 29 August 1941, JPS.

18. LL to SS, 4 September 1941, LLP II.

19. EL, Journal, 2 August 1941, LLP I.

20. Ibid., 14 June 1941.

21. Ibid., 10 August 1941.

22. LL to EL, 3 June 1941, LLP I.

23. EL to SGW, 20 August 1941, ELP.

24. “Legion for American Unity Speaks Out Against Mr. Lindbergh,” EL Diary enclosure, ELP; and letters to LL from Joseph Brainin, Mrs. Dembitzer, et al., LLP I and Leo Baeck Institute, New York.

25. LL to SS, 3 October 1941, LLP I.

26. EL to Edward Israel, 23 August 1941, LLP I.

27. EL, Journal, 3 October 1941, LLP I.

28. Ibid., 12 October 1941.

29. Ibid., 14 October 1941.

30. EL to the Manleys, 16 October 1941, LLP I.

31. EL to the Manleys (“Eastern Friends”), 19 October 1941, LLP I.

32. Ibid.

33. “Our Apathy Shocks Ludwig Lewisohn,” San Francisco Chronicle, (n.d.), LLP I.

34. “Jewish Author in S.F. on Town,” San Francisco Call-Bulletin (n.d.), LLP I.

35. “Novelist Urges Return to Moses and Jesus,” Los Angeles Times, 30 October 1941, LLP I.

36. EL to Guy Manley, 1 November 1941, LLP I.

37. Ibid.; and EL to Adele Manley, 5 November 1941, LLP I.

38. EL to Guy Manley, 10 November 1941, LLP I.

39. EL to Adele Manley, 5 November 1941, LLP I.

40. EL to Guy Manley, 1 November 1941, LLP I.

41. EL to Adele Manley, 16 November 1941, LLP I.

42. Bernice Cosulich, “American People Concerned Only with Terror,” Tucson Daily Star, 15 November 1941, LLP I.

43. EL to Mr. and Mrs. Guy Manley, 23 November 1941, LLP I.

44. EL to Mrs. Guy Manley, 2 December 1941, LLP I.

45. EL to Guy Manley, 7 December 1941, LLP I.

46. LL to EL, 4 December 1941, LLP I.

47. EL to Mr. Guy Manley, 21 December 1941, LLP I.

48. EL to Mrs. Guy Manley, 21 December 1941, LLP I.

49. LL to Upton Sinclair, 23 December 1941, Sinclair Papers, Indiana University.

50. LL to Mr. and Mrs. Guy Manley, 25 December 1941, LLP I; LL, Notebook, 28 December 1941, LLP II; and EL, interview with the author, 1980.

51. LL to SS, 12 May 1942, LLP I.

52. LL to SS, 2 January 1942, LLP I.

53. LL to Maurice Jacobs, 3 January 1942, JPS.

54. Maurice Jacobs to Herbert Askwith, 9 January 1942, JPS.

55. LL to BC, [January 1942], RHP.

56. EL to Mr. and Mrs. Guy Manley, 28 January 1942, LLP I.

57. LL to BC, 20 February 1942, RHP.

58. EL to Mr. and Mrs. Guy Manley, 22 January 1942, LLP I.

59. LL, “Joy: A Screen Story,” January 1942, LLP I.

60. LL to BC, [January 1942], RHP.

61. EL, Journal, 8 January 1942, ELP.

62. Ibid., 24 March 1942.

63. LL to SS, 21 March 1942, LLP I.

64. Marriane Hauser, Review of Renegade, New York Times, 22 February 1942; and LL, Notebook, 19 January 1942, LLP II.

65. Review of Renegade, New Republic, 22 April 1942, 559.

66. Milton Hindus, New York Herald Tribune Books, 22 February 1942, 8.

67. LL to SS, 1 February 1942, LLP I; and LL, Notebook, 31 January 1942, LLP II.

68. LL to SS, 9 March 1942, LLP I.

69. Ibid.

70. LL to CC, 2 March 1942, LLP II.

71. LL to BC, BC to LL, 2 February–11 March 1942, RHP.

72. EL to Mrs. Guy Manley, 19 February 1942, LLP I.

73. EL to Guy Manley, Jr., 8 May 1942, LLP I.

74. EL to Mr. and Mrs. Guy Manley, 15 March 1942, LLP I.

75. EL to Mr. and Mrs. Guy Manley, 11, 15, and 23 March 1942, and EL to Guy Jr. and Adele Manley, 8 February 1942, LLP I.

76. EL to Guy Jr. and Adele Manley, 8 February 1942, and LL, “Statement of Case Involving Custody of James Elias Lewisohn,” 12 July 1942, LLP I.

77. EL to Mr. and Mrs. Guy Manley, 6 April 1942, LLP I.

78. EL to Mr. and Mrs. Guy Manley, 11 March 1942, LLP I.

79. EL to Mr. and Mrs. Guy Manley, 6 April 1942, LLP I.

80. EL to Mr. and Mrs. Guy Manley, 11 March 1942, LLP I.

81. EL to Mr. and Mrs. Guy Manley, 23 February 1942, LLP I; and Lawrence Lader, The Margaret Sanger Story (New York: Doubleday, 1955), 331–33.

82. EL to Mr. and Mrs. Guy Manley, 6 April 1942, LLP I.

83. EL to Mr. and Mrs. Guy Manley, 11 March 1942, LLP I.

84. EL to Mr. and Mrs. Guy Manley, 6 April 1942, LLP I; and EL, Journal, March 1942, ELP.

85. EL to Guy Manley, Jr., 8 May 1942, and LL to SS, 12 May 1942, LLP I; and LL, Notebook, 7 May 1942, LLP II.

86. EL, Journal, 12 May 1942, ELP.

87. Ibid., 20 May 1942.

88. EL to Mr. and Mrs. Guy Manley, 14 May 1942, LLP I.

89. EL, Journal, 20 May 1942, ELP.

90. EL to Charles Madison, late June 1970, LLP I.

CHAPTER 39

  1. LL to WL, 4 July 1942, WLP.

  2. EL, Journal, May 1942, ELP.

  3. Ibid., 12 July 1942.

  4. EL to Mr. and Mrs. Guy Manley, 14 May 1942, LLP I.

  5. LL to CC, 21 May 1942, LLP II.

  6. LL to SS, 2 July 1942, LLP I.

  7. LL to Maurice Jacobs, 19 July 1942, JPS.

  8. Burton Hoffman to Maurice Jacobs, 3 June 1942, JPS.

  9. LL to SS, 2 July 1942, LLP I.

10. EL, Journal, 15 June 1942, ELP.

11. Morris Aron to LL, 29 July 1942, LLP I; later published in pamphlet form, together with essays by Bernard Rosenblatt and Albert Epstein, under the title A Jewish Commonwealth in Palestine (Washington, D.C.: Zionist Organization of America, 1944), 7–11.

12. For an analysis of Zionist politics of this period, see Melvin Urofsky’s We Are One! American Jewry and Israel (New York: Doubleday, 1978) and his A Voice That Spoke for Justice.

13. LL to SS, 2 July 1942, LLP I.

14. Philip Herstein, “A Message from the Publisher,” Jewish Mirror 1 (August 1942): 3.

15. LL, “Clarifying Democracy,” Jewish Mirror 1 (August 1942): 10–11.

16. LL, “Before Lidice and After,” Jewish Mirror 1 (September 1942): 9–10; and Urofsky, A Voice That Spoke for Justice, 327.

17. LL to WL, 4 July 1942, WLP.

18. LL to SS, 11 August 1942, LLP I.

19. LL to WL, 4 July 1942, WLP.

20. LL, “The Jewish Contribution to American Literature,” Jewish Mirror 1 (November 1942): 32–38.

21. EL, Journal, July 1942, ELP.

22. Ibid., 31 July 1942.

23. EL to LL, 12 August 1942, copy in EL, Journal, ELP.

24. EL, Journal, [late fall 1942], ELP.

25. Ibid., 1 September 1942.

26. Ibid., 2 September 1942.

27. Ibid., 6 September 1942.

28. EL to Guy Manley, 11 September 1942, LLP I.

29. LL, “Statement of Case Involving Custody of James Elias Lewisohn,” 12 July 1943, LLP I.

30. EL to Mrs. Guy Manley, 23 September 1942, LLP I.

31. EL to Mrs. Guy Manley, 27 September 1942, LLP I.

32. LL to George Bye, 30 September 1942, J. O. Brown Papers, Columbia University.

33. George Bye to LL, 15 December 1942, Brown Papers, Columbia University.

34. ES to LL, 16 October 1942, LLP I.

35. LL to SS, 24 October 1942, LLP I.

36. SS to SW, 26 October 1942, SWP.

37. EL to Mrs. Guy Manley, 27 September 1942, LLP I.

38. Abraham Cronbach to Stanley Chyet, 23 December 1958, LLP I.

39. LL to EL, 12 November 1942, LLP I.

40. EL to LL, 11 November 1942, LLP I.

41. EL to LL, 13 November 1942, LLP I.

42. EL to LL, 14 November 1942, LLP I.

43. LL to EL, 14 November 1942, LLP I.

44. EL to LL, 16 November 1942, LLP I.

45. EL to LL, 18 November 1942, LLP I.

46. EL to LL, 20 November 1942, LLP I.

47. EL to LL, 21 November 1942, LLP I.

48. LL to EL, 25 November 1942, LLP I.

49. LL to EL, 28 November 1942, LLP I.

50. EL to LL, [25 November 1942], LLP I.

51. EL to LL, 28 November 1942, LLP I.

52. EL, Journal, 27 November 1942, LLP I.

53. EL to LL, 3 December 1942, LLP I.

54. LL to EL, 1 December 1942, LLP I.

55. SW to SS, 30 November 1942, LLP I.

56. SS to SW, 4 December 1942, SWP.

57. SW to LL, 4 December 1942, SWP.

58. LL to SS, 15 January 1943, LLP I.

59. Abba Hillel Silver to LL, 7 January 1943, LLP I.

60. LL to Abba Hillel Silver, 12 January 1943, LLP I.

61. LL to Ted Robinson, 14 January 1943, Allison-Shelley Collection, Pennsylvania State University.

62. LL to SS, 27 January 1943, LLP I.

63. LL to EL, 30 January 1943, LLP I.

64. EL to LL, 30 January 1943, LLP I.

65. EL to LL, 1 February 1943, LLP I.

66. EL to LL, 4 February 1943, LLP I.

67. EL to LL, 2 February 1943, LLP I.

68. LL to EL, 5 February 1943, LLP I.

69. Patricia to EL, [8 February 1943], and EL to LL, 14 February 1943, LLP I.

70. EL to LL, 14 February 1943, LLP I.

71. LL to EL, 16 February 1943, LLP I.

72. EL to LL, 17 February 1943, LLP I.

73. “Distinction Is Noted” and “Jews Won’t Go Back to Reich,” clippings from Cincinnati newspapers, 24 February 1943, LLP I.

74. LL to EL, 16 February 1943, LLP I.

75. EL to LL, 27 February 1943, LLP I.

76. LL to EL, 2 March 1943, LLP I.

77. EL to LL, 6 March 1943, LLP I.

78. LL to EL, 6 March 1943, LLP I.

79. LL to Charles Cowen, 24 March 1943, LLP I.

80. LL to SS, 22 March 1943, LLP I.

81. LL to Charles Cowen, 24 March 1943, LLP I.

82. Franz Werfel, The Song of Bernadette, in Ladies Home Journal, March 1943, 61–94.

83. LL to SS, 22 March 1943, LLP I.

84. Ibid.

85. EL, Journal, 10 May 1944, ELP.

86. EL, interview with the author, January 1980; EL to Charles Madison, late June 1970, and LWL to Charles Madison, 3 May 1971, LLP I.

87. LL to EL, 22 April 1943, LLP I.

88. EL, Journal marked “Farewell to Tucson, April 1943,” ELP.

89. EL, Journal, n.d. [April 1943], ELP.

90. Ibid.

91. Ibid., 26 April 1943.

92. Ibid., 1 May 1943.

93. LL to SS, 8 May 1943, LLP I.

94. LL, “A Call to Order,” Jewish Mirror 2 (June/July 1943): 4–5.

95. LL, “The Central Wrong,” in Stephen Wise, ed., Never Again! Ten Years of Hitler: A Symposium (New York: Jewish Opinion, 1943), 30–31.

96. LL, “Statement of Case Involving Custody of James Elias Lewisohn,” 12 July 1943, LLP I.

97. EL, Journal, 27 June 1943, ELP.

98. Ibid., [July 1943].

99. Carl Alpert to LL, 15 June 1943, ZOA.

100. LL to Carl Alpert, 21 June 1943, ZOA.

101. LL to SS, 25 July 1943, LLP I.

102. LL to Jacob Billikopf, 21 September 1943, LLP I.

103. Jacob Billikopf to Louis Posner, 4 October 1943, LLP II.

104. Louis Posner to Jacob Billikopf, 8 October 1943, and Louis Posner to LL, 8 October 1943, LLP I.

105. Jacob Billikopf to Louis Posner, 13 October 1943, LLP I.

106. LL to EL, 29 September 1943, and LL to SS, 4 October 1943, LLP I.

107. Marc Lee Raphael, “Abba Hillel Silver, the Holocaust, and American Politics: 1943–1946,” Menorah Review 20 (Fall 1990): 1–2.

108. LL, Breathe Upon These (Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1944), 172; LL to SS, 2 January 1942, LLP I; and Martin Buber to JPS, 26 December 1941, JPS.

109. Maurice Jacobs to Martin Buber, 16 November 1943, and Martin Buber to Maurice Jacobs, 9 November 1943, JPS.

110. Martin Buber to Maurice Jacobs, 29 November 1943, JPS.

111. Maurice Jacobs to Martin Buber, 9 December 1943, JPS.

112. LL to Maurice Jacobs, 7 January 1944, JPS.

113. LL to Maurice Jacobs, 10 October 1943, JPS.

114. Bernard Frankel to Solomon Grayzel, 1 November 1943, JPS.

115. LL to Maurice Jacobs, 12 November 1943, JPS.

116. D. L. Chambers to Mr. Livingstone, 10 November 1943, JPS.

117. LL to Maurice Jacobs, 13 December 1943, JPS.

118. Solomon Grayzel to LL, 14 December 1943, JPS.

119. LL, Breathe Upon These, 23–24.

120. Ibid., 16.

121. Ibid., 14.

122. Ibid., 82–83.

123. Ibid., 107.

124. Ibid., 119–20.

125. Ibid., 123–24.

126. Ibid., 124–25.

127. Ibid., 180, 183–84.

128. Ibid., 145.

129. Ibid., 184–87.

130. Ibid., 195–98.

131. LL to EL, 29 September 1943, LLP I.

132. LL to EL, 7 October 1943, LLP I.

133. EL, Journal, September 1943, for a story to be titled “The Love Life of Dr. & Mrs. Rathenheller,” ELP.

134. Ibid., 3 September 1943.

135. Ibid., 9 September 1943.

136. Ibid., 29 September 1943.

137. LL to SS, 6 October 1943, LLP I.

138. EL, Journal, 11 October 1943, ELP.

139. EL to LL, 30 October 1943, LLP I.

140. LL to EL, 9 November 1943, LLP II.

141. EL, Journal, 20 December 1943, ELP.

142. Ibid., February 1944.

143. Ibid., 24 December 1943; and LL to EL, 17 December 1943, LLP I.

144. EL to Mr. and Mrs. Guy Manley, 26 November 1943, LLP I; and LL to EL, 11 November 1943, LLP II.

145. EL, Journal, 20 December 1943, ELP.

146. LL to SS, December 1943, LLP I; and LL to Maurice Jacobs, 7 January 1944, JPS.

147. EL, Journal, 24 December 1943, ELP.

148. LL, “American Jewry and the Commonwealth Idea,” New Palestine, 10 December 1943, 138.

149. Henry Montor, “Ludwig Lewisohn,” Universal Jewish Encyclopedia, December 1942.

CHAPTER 40

  1. LL, “Not Less Than Justice,” New Palestine, 7 January 1944, 175.

  2. LL, “An Open Letter to Archibald MacLeish,” New Palestine, 7 January 1944, 185.

  3. LL, “If England Were…,” New Palestine, 21 January 1944, 204.

  4. Archibald MacLeish to LL, 27 January 1944, LLP II.

  5. LL to SS, 15 January 1944, LLP II.

  6. LL, untitled poem, Journal, 5 February 1944, LLP II.

  7. LL to EL, 20 January 1944, LLP I.

  8. LL to EL, 25 January 1944, LLP I.

  9. LL to SS, 26 February 1944, LLP I.

10. Erica Friedman to Ralph Melnick, 4 December 1979.

11. SS to Charles Madison, 16 November 1970, LLP I.

12. LL to EL, 20 January 1944, LLP I.

13. LWL to Stanley Chyet, 21 July 1975, LLP I.

14. LL, “The Two Loves,” Forum 53 (May 1915): 634.

15. LL, “Introduction,” in The Dramatic Works of Gerhart Hauptmann, ed. LL, vol. 6 (New York: Huebsch, 1915), ix–xi.

16. EL, Journal, February 1944, ELP.

17. Ibid., 10 May 1944.

18. Ibid., 30 June 1944.

19. Ibid., 6 June 1944.

20. LL to EL, 25 January 1944, LLP I.

21. LL to SS, 20 February 1944, LLP I.

22. LL, “An Émigré Zionist Speaks Out,” New Palestine, 3 March 1944, 292–93.

23. LL, “Greater Than His Greatness,” Opinion 14 (March 1944): 14.

24. LL, “The Leader as Transformer,” in Meyer Weisgal, ed., Chaim Weizmann: Statesman, Scientist, Builder of the Sixth Commonwealth (New York: Dial, 1944): 68.

25. LL, “The Voice We Need,” New Palestine, 3 March 1944, 275.

26. LL, “Summing Up,” New Palestine, 21 April 1944, 347.

27. LL, “Pesach,” New Palestine, 31 March 1944, 319.

28. LL to SS, 20 February 1944, LLP I.

29. LL to Louis Posner, 3 March 1944, LLP I.

30. LL to SS, 28 March 1944, LLP I.

31. LL to Louis Posner, 18 and 19 May 1944, LLP I; and James Lewisohn, “Reform School, Part IV: Mother,” in Finkel (Southwest Harbor, Maine: Horizon, 1990), 28.

32. LL to SS, 13 May 1944, LLP I.

33. LL to Louis Posner, 18 May 1944, LLP I.

34. LL to John Whyte, 21 May 1944, John Whyte Papers, University of Wisconsin, Madison.

35. LL to Guy Manley, 20 June 1944, LLP I.

36. EL to Charles Madison, late June 1970, LLP I.

37. EL, Journal, May 1944, LLP I.

38. Attached to ibid.

39. EL to SGW, [September 1944], ELP; and LWL to Charles Madison, 20 May 1971, LLP I.

40. SGW to EL, 8 September 1944, ELP.

41. EL to Charles Madison, [1970], LLP I.

42. N. E. Monroe, Review of Breathe Upon These, Catholic World, April 1944, 91.

43. Review of Breathe Upon These, New Yorker, 26 February 1944, 86.

44. LL to SS, 26 February 1944, LLP I.

45. LL, Breathe Upon These, 128–29.

46. Henry Pachter, “The Radical Émigré in the Metropolis,” in Rosenberg, Creators and Disturbers, 113, 123.

47. Thomas Mann to LL, 10 March 1944, LLP I.

48. John Haynes Holmes to LL, 13 March 1944, LLP II.

49. LL in answer to a Bobbs-Merrill “Biographical Questionnaire,” [1944], Bobbs-Merrill Papers, Indiana University, Bloomington. It is interesting to note that Ludwig here continues the reduction of a year from his birth date and adds a Ph.D. from Columbia University to his educational record.

50. LL to Solomon Grayzel, 6 March 1944, JPS.

51. LL to Maurice Jacobs, 18 April 1944, JPS.

52. Maurice Jacobs to LL, 22 May 1944, JPS.

53. LL to Maurice Jacobs, 24 July 1944, JPS.

54. Martin Buber, “The Address to the Sixty,” trans. LL, New Palestine, 14 July 1944, 464–65.

55. LL to Maurice Jacobs, 21 May 1944, JPS.

56. Solomon Grayzel, Memorandum, 15 August 1944, JPS.

57. LL to SS, 8 May 1944, LLP I.

58. LL to SS, 6 June 1944, LLP I; and “Ludwig Lewisohn,” Dictionary of American Biography, Supplement, vol. 5 (New York: Scribner, 1951), 426.

59. LL to SS, 10 June 1944, LLP I.

60. LL to SS, 28 March 1944, LLP I.

61. LL to SS, 10 June 1944, LLP I.

62. LL to SS, 21 June 1944, LLP I.

63. Minutes, ZOA Administrative Council, 7 July 1944, ZOA.

64. LL to SS, 18 July 1944, LLP I.

65. LL, “Protest and Rescue,” New Palestine, 14 July 1944, 451.

66. LL, “The Test,” New Palestine, 18 August 1944, 479.

67. LL, “Victory,” New Palestine, 15 September 1944, 500.

68. Ibid.

69. LL, “Jewish Brigade,” New Palestine, 13 October 1944, 3.

70. Quoted in Meyer Weisgal, “The American Jewish Conference,” New Palestine, 17 November 1944, 36–37.

71. LL to SS, 18 July 1944, LLP I.

72. LL to SS, 29 August 1944, LLP I.

73. TL v. LL, 29 January 1945, and LL to EL, 21 April 1945, LLP I.

74. LL to SS, 2 September 1944, LLP I.

75. Maurice Jacobs to LL, 6, 7, 21, and 25 September 1944, JPS.

76. LL to Maurice Jacobs, 9 October 1944, JPS.

77. LL to Solomon Grayzel, 22 October 1944, JPS.

78. Solomon Grayzel to LL, 19 December 1944, JPS.

79. Solomon Grayzel to Shalom Spiegel, 2 January 1945, JPS.

80. Shalom Spiegel to Solomon Grayzel, 4 January 1945, JPS.

81. Solomon Grayzel to LL, 11 January 1945, JPS.

82. LL to Solomon Grayzel, 12 January 1945, JPS.

83. Solomon Grayzel to LL, 15 January 1945, JPS.

84. Solomon Grayzel to Shalom Spiegel, 8 March 1945, JPS.

85. LL to Maurice Jacobs, 11 July 1945, JPS.

86. Press release accompanying the publication of For the Sake of Heaven, [26 July 1945], JPS: 4.

87. Minutes, ZOA Administrative Council, 7 January 1945, ZOA.

88. LL, “Cooperation with Britain,” New Palestine, 19 January 1945, 79.

89. LL, “Purim,” New Palestine, 16 February 1945, 104.

90. LL, “Yalta and After,” New Palestine, 15 March 1945, 128.

91. LL, “History Passes Judgment,” New Palestine, 18 May 1945, 192.

92. “Lewisohn Backs Zionist Play,” New York Times, 28 August 1945, 16.

93. Minutes, ZOA Administrative Council, 7 January 1945, ZOA.

94. LL, “Comment on Writing,” New Palestine, 19 January 1945, 99; and “Lewisohn Backs Zionist Plan,” New York Times, 28 August 1945, 16.

95. LL, “Letters to a New Member,” New Palestine, 19 January, 16 February, 16 March and 13 April 1945, 175.

96. LL to SS, 15 March 1945, LLP I.

97. LL, ed., Jewish Short Stories (New York: Behrman House, 1945): 5–6.

98. Ibid., 157.

99. LL to SS, 2 June 1945, LLP I.

100. LL, “News and Views,” Der Tag, 16 May 1945, 1.

101. LL to SS, 2 June 1945, LLP I.

102. LL to Barthold Fles, 27 May 1945, Barthold Fles Papers, University of Southern California.

103. Jacob Rader Marcus to Solomon Grayzel, 1 June 1944, JPS.

104. Jacob Rader Marcus to Solomon Grayzel, 29 July 1944, JPS.

105. Solomon Grayzel to LL, 28 March 1945, JPS.

106. LL to Maurice Jacobs, 6 May 1945, JPS.

107. Solomon Grayzel to LL, 11 May 1945, JPS.

108. LL to EL, 21 April 1945, and William MacFarlane to Guy Manley, 11 April 1945, LLP I.

109. EL to Guy Manley, 30 April 1945, LLP I.

110. EL, Journal, 14 January 1945, ELP.

111. Ibid., 26 April 1945.

112. Ibid., 29 September 1945.

113. Ibid., 16 October 1945.

114. EL, “The Wedding Is Ready,” ELP.

115. EL to Charles Madison, late June 1970, LLP I.

116. LL to LWL, 15 November 1945, LLP I.

117. LL to LWL, 16 November 1945, LLP I.

118. LL to LWL, 18 November 1945, LLP I.

119. Ibid.

120. LL to SS, 22 December 1944, LLP I.

121. LL to SS, 14 October 1945, LLP I.

122. LL to Emanuel Neumann, 28 June 1945, LLP II.

123. LL to SS, 30 November 1945, LLP I.

124. LL to SS, 22 December 1945, LLP I.

125. LL to Solomon Grayzel, 7 December 1945, JPS.

CHAPTER 41

  1. LL to Abba Hillel Silver, 1 January 1946, LLP II.

  2. LL to Emanuel Neumann, 18 January 1946, LLP II.

  3. LL, “Scandal Spreads” and “Things to Remember,” New Palestine, 15 February 1946, 104.

  4. LL to SS, 7 March 1946, LLP I.

  5. LL, “American Judaism,” New Palestine, 12 April 1946, 155.

  6. LL, Journal, 19 April 1946, LLP II.

  7. Questionnaire headed “Ludwig Lewisohn,” n.d., James Gray Papers, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.

  8. Erica Friedman to Ralph Melnick, 27 October 1979.

  9. LL to Solomon Grayzel, 10 and 27 February 1946, JPS; and Selma Stern, The Spirit Returneth, trans. LL (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1946).

10. LL to SS, 18 September 1945, LLP I.

11. Rainer Maria Rilke, Thirty-One Poems, trans. and with an Introduction by LL (New York: Beechhurst Press, 1946), [7–10], 43, 47; Rilke, “Wir sind die Treibenden,” trans. LL, music by Gordon Birkerd (New York: Boosey and Hawkes, 1970); and Rilke, “Liebeslied,” trans. LL, music by Gordon Birkerd (New York: Boosey and Hawkes, 1967).

12. Louis Kaplan to Solomon Grayzel, 25 March 1946, JPS.

13. LL to Solomon Grayzel, 28 April 1946, JPS.

14. Maurice Jacobs to LL, 29 April 1946, JPS.

15. LL to Maurice Jacobs, 9 May 1946, JPS.

16. LL to Maurice Jacobs, 29 May 1946, JPS.

17. LL to CC, 9 April 1946, JPS.

18. Alexander Lindey to CC, 26 April 1946, LLP II.

19. CC to Edward Aswell, 7 May 1946, LLP II.

20. Edward Aswell to LL, 9 May 1946, LLP II.

21. Roger Straus, interview with Roy Lekus, videotape, 1991; and LL to SS, 8 June 1946, LLP I.

22. LL to SS, 6 May 1946, LLP I.

23. LL to SS, 8 June 1946, LLP I

24. “Agreement made … 2nd day of October 1946…,” LLP I.

25. LL to SS, 7 July 1946, LLP I.

26. Robert Adams to Charles Madison, 25 May 1970, LLP I.

27. LL to Emanuel Neumann, 16 June 1946, LLP II.

28. LL to SS, 20 June 1946, LLP I; and LL to Solomon Grayzel, 30 June 1946, JPS.

29. LL to [Irving] Miller, 19 July 1946, LLP II.

30. LL to SS, 1 November 1946, LLP I.

31. LL to Carl Herman Voss, 22 September 1946, LLP I.

32. Soma Morgenstern to Maurice Jacobs, 19 June 1946, JPS.

33. Rosenberg, Creators and Disturbers, 92.

34. LL to Maurice Jacobs, 11 August 1946, JPS.

35. Soma Morgenstern to Solomon Grayzel, 22 September 1946, JPS.

36. LL, Journal, 8 August, [?] August, 1 September, 19 October, and 16 December 1946, LLP II.

37. LL to Solomon Grayzel, 18 January 1946 [1947], JPS; and LL to Barret Clark, 21 January 1947, Barrett Clark Papers, Beinecke Library, Yale University.

38. LL to SS, 24 January 1947, LLP I.

39. LL to Solomon Grayzel, 18 January 1947, JPS.

40. Solomon Grayzel to LL, 22 January 1947, JPS.

41. See Urofsky, We Are One, 65–120, for a detailed account of the political battles that raged throughout the world Zionist movement.

42. LL, “American Jewry: A New Era,” New Palestine, 17 January 1947, 47–49.

43. LL to SS, 8 June 1947, LLP I.

44. LL, “Blood and Shame,” New Palestine, 21 February 1947, 69.

45. Urofsky, We Are One, 334.

46. LL to SS, 24 February 1947, LLP I.

47. LL to SS, 21 March 1947, LLP I.

48. LL to SW, 27 March 1947, SWP.

49. LL to SS, 6 April 1947, LLP I.

50. LL to Abba Hillel Silver, 8 April 1947, LLP II.

51. LL to Israel Goldstein, 18 April 1947, LLP II.

52. LL to Emanuel Neumann, 28 June 1948, LLP II.

53. Papers re lawyers’ communication, 30 April–5 May 1947, LLP I.

54. Review of Crump, New Yorker, 29 March 1947, 110.

55. R. G. Davis, Review of Crump, New York Times, 30 March 1947, 4.

56. Florence Bullock, “Powerful and Bitter Book,” New York Herald, 6 April 1947, 2.

57. LL to SS, 6 April 1947, LLP I.

58. LL to SS, 18 December 1947, LLP I.

59. Thomas L. Bonn, Heavy Traffic and High Culture: New American Library as Literary Gatekeeper in the Paperback Revolution (Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1988), 85–86; and “Ludwig Lewisohn Titles,” September 1947, LLP II.

60. LL to SS, 25 January 1946, LLP I.

61. LL to SS, 24 February 1947, LLP I; and LL, “The Endless Test,” Esquire, June 1947, 88–89, 229–31.

62. LL, Journal, 15 August 1947, LLP II.

63. LL to SS, 25 October 1947, LLP I.

64. LL to Solomon Grayzel, 25 September 1947, JPS.

65. Solomon Grayzel to LL, 26 September 1947, JPS.

66. LL to Maurice Jacobs, 27 October 1947, JPS.

67. Ibid.; and LL to SS, 18 December 1947, LLP I.

68. LL, “Introduction,” in Renya Kulkielko, Escape from the Pit (New York: Sharon Books, 1947), ix–x.

69. LL to Emanuel Neumann, 28 June 1948, LLP II.

70. LL to Maurice Jacobs, 27 October 1947, JPS.

71. LL to SS, 25 October 1947, LLP I.

72. LL to Emanuel Neumann, 29 June 1948, LLP II.

73. LL to SS, 18 December 1947, LLP I.

74. LL and LWL to SS, 27 December 1947, LLP I.

75. M. C. Manley, Review of Anniversary, Library Journal, 1 December 1947, 1685.

76. F. H. Bullock, Review of Anniversary, New York Herald Tribune Weekly Book Review, 25 January 1948, 9.

77. Review of Anniversary, New Yorker, 17 January 1948, 17.

78. Robert Graham Davis, “Another Footnote on Divorce,” New York Times Book Review, 18 January 1948, 5, 26.

79. “People Who Read and Write,” New York Times Book Review, 8 February 1948, 8; and LL, Anniversary, MS, LLP II.

80. LL, “Introduction,” in W. Somerset Maugham, Jacques de Lacretelli, John Galsworthy, and Thomas Mann, Among the Nations (New York: Farrar, Straus, 1948), ix–xviii.

81. Maurice Jacobs to Bernard Rafferty, 18 December 1947, and LL to Solomon Grayzel, 26 March 1948, JPS.

82. LL to Solomon Grayzel, 27 October 1947, JPS.

83. CC to LL, 26 May 1948, LLP II.

84. LL, Will, September 1948, LLP I.

85. LL, Journal, [1948], LLP I.

86. LWL to Charles Madison, 13 November 1970, LLP I.

87. LL, Journal, [1948], LLP I.

88. LL to Kurt Kersten, 13 July 1948, Leo Baeck Institute.

89. LL, Journal, 11 January 1948, LLP II.

90. Ibid., 7 February 1948.

91. Ibid., 15 and 22 May, and 22 July 1948.

92. This recounting of events appears in LL to Emanuel Neumann, 28 June 1948, LLP II.

93. LL to SS, 17 March 1948, LLP I.

94. LL to SS, 6 April 1948, LLP I.

95. LL, untitled poem, Journal, 15 May 1948, LLP II.

96. Chaim Weizmann to LL, 21 May 1948, LLP II.

97. LL to Emanuel Neumann, 28 June 1948, LLP II.

98. LL to SS, 2 June 1948, LLP I.

99. Albert Einstein Foundation for Higher Education, “The Jewish University,” [ca. February 1947], LLP I.

100. Ibid., 11.

101. Ibid., 12.

102. “Einstein’s College for All,” Newsweek, 2 September 1946, 74; and “Darling Baby,” Time, 2 September 1946, 63.

103. Abram Sachar, A Host at Last (Boston: Little, Brown, 1976): 8–23.

104. “Quota Free,” Newsweek, 2 February 1948, 70.

105. “The Jews Are Hosts,” Time, 19 November 1956, 59.

106. Trustees Minutes, 25 April 1948, Brandeis University Archives.

107. Sachar, A Host at Last, 44.

108. “Jewish University,” 23.

109. Ibid., 19.

110. Abram Sachar, interview with Daniel Walden, ca. 1980.

111. Milton Hindus, interview with the author, 1982.

112. LWL to Charles Madison, 20 November 1970, LLP I.

113. LL to SS, 2 June 1948, LLP I.

114. Sachar, A Host at Last, 44–45.

115. Trustees Minutes, 26 June 1948, Brandeis University Archives; and Susan Pasternack, ed., From the Beginning: A Picture History of the First Four Decades of Brandeis University (Waltham, Mass.: Brandeis University, 1988): 7.

116. Allen Field, “Executives Are Executives Are Executives,” Jewish Spectator 14 (December 1948): 21–22.

CHAPTER 42

  1. LL to SS, 5 July 1948, LLP I.

  2. “Brandeis University…,” [ca. March 1949], LLP II.

  3. LL, Journal, 22 July 1948 and 12 March 1949, LLP II.

  4. LL, The Magic Word (New York: Farrar, Straus, 1950).

  5. LL to SS, 28 September 1948, LLP I.

  6. Denise Solomon to Ralph Melnick, [1979].

  7. LL to SS, 28 September 1948, LLP I.

  8. Sachar, A Host at Last, 29; John Fenton, “Sachar Installed as Brandeis Head,” New York Times, 8 October 1948, 22; and Pasternack, From the Beginning, 9.

  9. Ebony, February 1952, quoted in Pasternack, From the Beginning, 133.

10. Milton Hindus, interview with the author, 1979.

11. John Fenton, “Brandeis University Urged to Analyze,” New York Times, 9 October 1948, 17.

12. LL, “Opening Remarks of Dr. Ludwig Lewisohn, Presiding Officer of the Academic Conference, October 8, 1948,” LLP II.

13. Abram Sachar, interview with Daniel Walden, ca. 1980.

14. Ari Schwartz, “Where Are We?” Watch 14 (September 1993): 13.

15. LL to SS, 30 October 1948, LLP I.

16. LL to SS, 10 January 1949, LLP I.

17. LL to SS, 30 October 1948, LLP I.

18. LL to SS, 10 January 1949, LLP I.

19. LL to SS, 14 February 1949, LLP I.

20. LL to SS, 8 May 1949, LLP I.

21. Sachar, A Host at Last, 31.

22. Faculty Minutes, 3 March 1949, Brandeis University Archives.

23. Sachar, A Host at Last, 31–32.

24. Ibid., 194.

25. LL to SS, 30 October 1948, LLP I.

26. LL to Roger Straus, 5 November 1948, LLP I.

27. LL to Harold Ribalow, 14 November 1948, LLP I.

28. LL, Notebook, 4 December 1948, LLP II.

29. Ibid., 1 January 1949.

30. LL, “Notes on Yiddish Poetry,” Jewish Frontier 16 (April 1949): 19–22; and Howard Sachar, A History of the Jews in America (New York: Knopf, 1992), 707.

31. LL to CC, 4 January 1949, LLP II; and Sachar, Jews in America, 707.

32. Charles J. Rosenbloom to Mr. Calmenson, 23 April 1948, Morris Margulies to S. P. Benamy, 25 May 1948, and Morris Margulies to LL, 4 April 1949, LLP II.

33. Combined Jewish Appeal, 4 May 1949, American Jewish Historical Society, Waltham, Massachusetts.

34. Opinion 19 (July 1949): 3.

35. Dora Maccoby to Charles Madison, 17 October 1970, LLP I.

36. BC, “Trade Winds,” Saturday Review of Literature, 18 June 1949, 5.

37. LL to SS, 24 May 1949, LLP II; LL, The Vehement Flame (New York: Farrar, Straus, 1948; Signet, 1949); and LL, The Tyranny of Sex (New York: Signet, 1949).

38. Leah Salisbury to Francis Goodrich and Albert Hackett, 8 April 1949, Francis Goodrich and Albert Hackett Papers, Wisconsin State Historical Society, Madison; and Roger Straus to Lillian Hellman, 26 May 1950, Lillian Heilman Papers, University of Texas, Austin.

39. LL, Goethe: The Story of a Man, MS, LLP II; and “Brandeis University Receives Manuscript,” New York Times, 25 May 1949, 31.

40. John Farrar to LL, 10 September 1948, LLP I.

41. Thomas Mann to Roger Straus, 14 January 1949, LLP I.

42. Claude Hill, Review of Goethe, Saturday Review of Literature, 25 June 1949, 10.

43. Max Fischer, Review of Goethe, Commonweal, 3 June 1949, 204.

44. LL, Goethe: The Story of a Man (New York: Farrar, Straus, 1949), xi–xii.

45. LL, “Goethe and Ourselves,” Nation, 29 June 1921, 920.

46. LL, Goethe, xii.

47. LL to GV, 18 May 1949, LLP III; for a detailed account of Viereck’s involvement in pro-Nazi activities and his subsequent arrest and conviction, see Neil Johnson, George Sylvester Viereck: German-American Propagandist (Urbana: University of Illinois, 1972), and Keller, States of Belonging, 174–86.

48. Peter Viereck, Metapolitics: The Roots of the Nazi Mind (1940; reprint, New York: Capricorn, 1961), 317–19.

49. LL to GV, 18 May 1949, LLP III.

50. LL to GV, 30 September 1925, LLP III.

51. LL to GV, 18 May 1949, LLP III.

52. “Brandeis University Receives Manuscript,” New York Times, 25 May 1949, 31.

53. Peter Viereck to George Saiger, 23 June [1991], carbon to the author.

54. LL to GV, 11 June 1949, LLP III.

55. “Brandeis Expands Faculty,” New York Times, 10 July 1949, IV, 9.

56. Abram Sachar, “Convocation Address,” 19 June 1949, LLP II.

57. LL to CC, 24 July 1949, LLP II.

58. LL to GV, 24 June 1949, LLP III.

59. LL, Notebook, 12 March 1949, LLP II.

60. LL to GV, 24 June 1949, LLP III.

61. LL to Winfield Scott, 28 June 1949, Winfield Scott Papers, Boston University; LL to GV, 29 June 1949, LLP III; and LWL to Charles Madison, 3 May 1971, LLP I.

62. LL to CC, 24 July 1949, LLP II.

63. LL, Notebook, 30 June 1949, LLP II; and “Thelma Spear Dies,” New York Times, 17 June 1968, 39.

64. LL, Notebook, 2 August 1949, LLP II.

65. Ibid., 11 August and 8 May 1949.

66. Ibid., 12 August 1949.

67. Ibid., 21 August 1949, 63.

68. Ibid., n.d., 65.

69. LL to Winfield Scott, 14 July 1949, Scott Papers, Brown University.

70. LL to SS, 10 September 1949, and LWL to Charles Madison, 3 May 1971, LLP I.

71. LL to GV, 18 May 1949, LLP III.

72. LL, Magic Word, vii.

73. Ibid., 66.

74. Ibid., 106, 108.

75. Ibid., 151.

76. Ibid., 23–25.

77. LL, “On Jewish Fiction,” Commentary 8 (November 1949): 499–500.

78. LL, “The Jewish Novel in America,” Congress Weekly; 5 December 1949, 5–6.

79. “University with a Mission,” Time, 28 November 1949, 60.

80. Joseph Berger, “In Search for Diversity, Brandeis Is Challenged,” New York Times, 1 February 1989, B7.

81. Gordon Fellman, “Brandeis in the Balance,” Tikkun 5 (November 1990): 28,33.

82. LL, Diary, 29 November 1949, LLP II.

83. Ibid., 15 December 1949.

84. Ibid., 1 December 1949.

85. Ibid., 15 December 1949.

86. Ibid., 2 December 1949.

87. Ibid., 10 December 1949.

88. Ibid., 15 December 1949.

89. Ibid., 23 December 1949.

90. Ibid., 30 December 1949.

CHAPTER 43

  1. LL, Diary, 23 December 1949, LLP II.

  2. Ibid., “1950.”

  3. Ibid., 15 January 1950.

  4. “Christmas Tree Controversy,” Justice 2 (January 1950): 3.

  5. LL, “Introduction,” in Judah Stampfer, Jerusalem Has Many Faces (New York: Farrar, Straus, 1950), xiv.

  6. LL, Diary, 27 January 1950, LLP II.

  7. LL to SS, 31 January 1950, in LL, Diary, LLP II.

  8. LL, Diary, 12 February 1950, LLP II.

  9. Ibid., 19 February 1950.

10. Ibid., 12 February 1950.

11. Ibid., 19 February 1950.

12. LL to Milton Steinberg, 26 February 1950, in LL, Diary, LLP II.

13. Ibid.

14. LL, Diary, 23 February 1950, LLP II.

15. LL to LWL, 19 January 1950, LLP I.

16. LL, Diary, 11 March 1950, LLP II.

17. Ibid.

18. Ibid.

19. Ibid.

20. Ibid., 2 April 1950; and Howard Fast, The Naked God: The Writer and the Communist Party (New York: Praeger, 1957).

21. LL, Diary, 2 April 1950, LLP II.

22. Ibid., 15 April 1950.

23. Ibid., 23 April 1950.

24. Ibid.

25. Ibid.

26. Ibid., 29 April 1950.

27. Ibid.

28. Ibid., 6 May 1950, LL II.

29. LL to SS, 31 January 1950, LL II.

30. LL, Diary, 30 December 1949, LLP II.

31. Ibid., 6 May 1950.

32. Ibid., 14 May 1950; and Milton Hindus, interview with the author, 1979.

33. LL, Diary, 14 May 1950, LLP II.

34. Ibid., 15 December 1949.

35. Ibid., 14 May 1950.

36. Ibid., 23 May 1950.

37. Ibid.

38. Ibid.

39. Ibid., 30 May 1950.

40. “Addresses Students,” Justice 2 (June 1950): 5.

41. LL, Diary, 30 May 1950, LLP II.

42. Ibid., 1 July 1950.

43. Ibid.

44. Ibid.

45. Ibid., 5 July 1950.

46. LL to Harold Ribalow, 14 June 1950, LLP I.

47. LL to Harold Ribalow, 13 May 1950, LLP I.

48. LL to Harold Ribalow, 14 June 1950, LLP I; anthology published in 1951 by Thomas Yoseloff.

49. LL, Diary, 5 July 1950, LLP II.

50. Ibid., 25 July 1950.

51. Ibid., 14 August 1950.

52. Ibid., 31 August 1950.

53. LL, The American Jew: Character and Destiny (New York: Farrar, Straus, 1950), 1, 175.

54. LL, Diary, 31 August 1950, LLP II.

55. LL, “The Future of American Zionism,” Commentary 10 (August 1950): 117.

56. Ibid., 117–18.

57. Ibid., 119.

58. Ibid., 120–22.

59. Ibid., 121, 124.

60. Ibid., 123–24.

61. LL, Diary, 7 September 1950, LLP II; and Brandeis University, Catalog, 1950–1951 (Waltham, Mass.: Brandeis University, 1950), 30.

62. LL to SS, 18 September 1950, LLP I.

63. LL, Diary, 7 September 1950, LLP II.

64. Ibid., 20 September 1950.

65. Ibid., 30 September 1950.

66. Ibid., 20 September 1950.

67. Ibid., 30 September 1950.

68. Ibid., 22 October 1950.

69. Ibid.

70. Ibid., 2 November 1950.

71. LL, American Jew, viii–ix.

72. Ibid., 168–69.

73. Ibid., 112–15.

74. Ibid., 12–15.

75. Ibid., 46–48.

CHAPTER 44

  1. LL, Notebook, 24 October and 1 December 1950, LLP II.

  2. “Brandeis Is Center of English Parley,” Justice, 8 November 1950, 1.

  3. LL, Diary, 2 November 1950, LLP II.

  4. Ibid.

  5. G. F. Whicker, Review of Magic Word, New York Herald Tribune Weekly Book Review, 16 July 1950, 15.

  6. W. Y. Tindall, “Behind the Word,” New York Times Book Review, 29 October 1950, 32.

  7. George Seldes, “Life on the Tinsel Standard,” Saturday Review of Literature, 28 October 1950, 9.

  8. LL, Diary, 5 November 1950, LLP II.

  9. Ibid., 21 November 1950.

10. Joseph Blau, Review of American Jew, Jewish Social Studies 12 (November 1950): 83–85.

11. Abraham Joshua Heschel, “Deep Calls to Deep,” Jewish Frontier 17 (December 1950): 30–31.

12. LL to SS, 29 December 1950, LLP I.

13. LL, Diary, 21 December 1950, LLP II.

14. Ibid., 1 January 1951.

15. Humanities Committee Minutes, 6 January 1951, Brandeis University Archives.

16. LL to Richard Thornton, 30 December 1950, LLP I.

17. LL, Diary, 18 January 1951, LLP II.

18. Ibid., 1 February 1951.

19. Ibid.

20. Ibid.

21. Ibid., 5 February 1951.

22. Ibid., 9 February 1951.

23. Ibid., 5 February 1951.

24. LL to SS, 22 February 1951, LLP I.

25. Milton Hindus, interview with the author, 1979

26. Stanley Chyet, interview with the author, 1979.

27. LL, “The Jew and the Book,” Congress Weekly, 13 November 1950, 4.

28. LL, American Jew, 114–15.

29. LL to SS, 22 February 1950, LLP I.

30. LL, “The Jew and the Book,” 4.

31. LL to SS, 22 February 1950, LLP I.

32. LL, Diary, 1 March 1951, LLP II.

33. Ibid., 20 March 1951.

34. Roger Straus to Solomon Grayzel, 7 March 1951, JPS.

35. Solomon Grayzel to Roger Straus, 15 March 1951, and Roger Straus to Solomon Grayzel, 23 April 1951, JPS.

36. LL, Diary, 20 March 1951, LLP II.

37. Ibid., 29 March 1951.

38. Ibid., 10 April 1951.

39. Ibid., 24 April 1951.

40. Ibid., 1 May 1951.

41. LL to LWL, 1 May 1952, LLP I.

42. LL, Diary, 1 May 1951, LLP II.

43. Ibid., 13 May 1951.

44. Ibid., 20 May 1951.

45. Ibid., 30 May 1951.

46. “Anti-Semitism Breaks Out in Boston Area,” Justice, 29 May 1951, 1.

47. LL, Diary, 14 June 1951, LLP II.

48. Ibid., 30 May 1951.

49. Ibid., 14 June 1951.

50. Ibid., 22 July 1951.

51. Solomon Grayzel to LL, 20 July 1951, JPS.

52. LL, Diary, 22 July 1951, LLP II.

53. LL to Roger Straus, quoted in Roger Straus to Solomon Grayzel, 17 July 1951, JPS.

54. LL, Diary, 26 July 1951, LLP II.

55. Ibid., 22 July 1951.

56. Ibid., 30 July 1951.

57. Ibid., 22 July 1951.

58. Dorothy Thompson, “Middle East Problems,” New York Times, 29 July 1951, IV, 8 (written 19 July 1951).

59. LL, “Middle East History,” New York Times, 6 August 1951, IV, 8 (written 29 July 1951).

60. LL, Diary, 30 July 1951, LLP II.

61. Ibid., 10 August 1951; and LWL to Charles Madison, 3 May 1971, LLP I.

62. LL, Diary, 10 August 1951, LLP II; and “Tillich, Maritain, Buber to Represent Major Faiths Here,” Justice, 24 September 1951, 1.

63. LL, Diary, 10 August 1951, LLP II.

64. LL to SS, 5 August 1951, LLP I.

65. LL, Diary, 5 October 1951, LLP II.

CHAPTER 45

  1. LL, Diary, 5 October 1951, LLP II.

  2. Harry Warfel, American Novelists of Today (New York: American Books, 1951), 268–69.

  3. LL, Diary, 5 October 1951, LLP II.

  4. “An Ivy Curtain of Fear,” Justice, 21 May 1951, 2.

  5. “Shift of Emphasis,” Justice, 12 December 1951, 2; and “Text of Douglas Speech,” Justice, 14 November 1951, 4.

  6. “McCarthyism Won’t Win the Peace,” Justice, 17 September 1951, 1.

  7. LL, “The Great Revision,” Congress Weekly, 8 October 1951, 13.

  8. LL, Diary, 20 October 1951, LLP II.

  9. LL, untitled notes for “Religion and Literature” lecture, 24 October 1951, LLP II.

10. LL, Diary, 3 November and 8 December 1951, LLP II.

11. LL, in “Seven Professors Look at the Jewish Student,” Commentary 12 (December 1951): 529–31.

12. LL, Diary, 3 November 1951, LLP II.

13. Ibid., 20 October 1951.

14. Ibid., 8 December 1951.

15. LL, “Is an American Jewish Culture Possible?” taped lecture, ca. 1950, LLP I.

16. LL, Diary, 8 December 1951, LLP II.

17. Research Fund Committee Minutes, 27 November 1951, Brandeis University Archives.

18. LL, Diary, 26 December 1951, LLP II.

19. Ibid., 1 January 1952.

20. Ibid., 12 January 1952.

21. Ibid., 15 January 1952.

22. LL to SS, 23 January 1952, LLP I.

23. LL to S. Samorodin, 25 January 1952, LLP I.

24. LL, Diary, 27 January 1952, LLP II.

25. Ibid., 9 February 1952.

26. LL, “Tribute to Edward Titus,” New York Times, 12 February 1952, 26.

27. LL, Diary, 9 February 1952, LLP II.

28. Ibid.

29. Ibid., and Justice, 12 February 1952, 2.

30. LL, Diary, 9 February 1952, LLP II.

31. Ibid., 19 February 1952, LLP II.

32. LL to E. E. Cummings, 14 February 1952, E. E. Cummings Papers, Harvard University; and Robert Frost to LL, 23 February 1952, LLP II.

33. LL, Diary, 23 February 1952, LLP II.

34. LL, “Meaning of the Holy Days,” New York Herald Tribune, 9 March 1952, LLP II.

35. LL, Diary, 9 March 1952, LLP II.

36. Ibid., 9 April 1952; “Literature Chair at Brandeis,” New York Times, 6 April 1952, 12; LL to SS, 23 January 1952, LLP I; and Justice, 26 March 1952, 4.

37. LL, Diary, 9 April 1952, LLP II.

38. LL, “Lewisohn Hails Prophetic Vision of Mizrachi,” Mizrachi Outlook, April 1952, LLP II.

39. Reprint of LL, “To the Young Jewish Intellectuals,” Jewish Frontier 9 (April 1952): 1–4.

40. LL, Diary, 8 May 1952, LLP II; and Trustees Minutes, 4 April 1952, Brandeis University Archives.

41. Harry Weddeck, “Ludwig Lewisohn at Seventy,” Jewish Spectator 17 (March 1952): 13–15, 25.

42. Leon Feuchtwanger to LL, 28 May 1952, Leon Feuchtwanger Papers, University of Southern California.

43. LWL to Charles Madison, 20 November 1970, LLP I.

44. “Brandeis Offering Bernstein’s Opera,” New York Times, 17 June 1952, 20; and LL, Diary, 8 May 1952, LLP II.

45. “Brandeis to Hold First Graduation,” New York Times, 15 June 1952, 64.

46. “Brandeis Graduates 101 in Its First Class,” New York Times, 17 June 1952, 25.

47. LL to SS, 14 August 1952, LLP I.

48. LL, Diary, 20 June 1952, LLP II.

49. Ibid., 11 July 1952.

50. LL to Harold Ribalow, 19 July 1952, LLP I.

51. LL, Diary, 29 July 1952, LLP II.

52. LL, “A Glory and a Doom,” Saturday Review of Literature, 19 July 1952, 20.

53. LL to SS, 14 August 1952, LLP I.

54. LL, Diary, 12 August 1952, LLP II;

55. Ibid.

56. LL, Diary, 14 August 1952, LLP II.

57. LL to SS, 14 August 1952, LLP I.

58. LL, Diary, 6 September 1952, LLP II.

59. Ibid., 15 September 1952; and GV to LL, 14 September 1952, LLP III.

60. LL, Diary, 15 September 1952, LLP II.

61. Ibid.

62. LL to SS, 14 August 1952, LLP I.

63. LL, Diary, 22 July 1951, LLP II.

64. Mrs. Connolly, interview with the author, 1980.

65. LL to Lawrence Kalik, 18 September 1952, LLP I.

66. LL, Diary, 7 October 1952, LLP II.

67. James Lewisohn, “Brandeis University/the early years,” in Finkel, 40–41.

68. LL, Diary, 7 October 1952, LLP II.

69. LL to Roger Straus, 18 November 1952, LLP I.

70. LL, Diary, 7 October 1952, LLP II.

71. Brandeis University, Catalog, 1952–1953 (Waltham, Mass.: Brandeis University, 1952), 136.

72. Manfred Wolf, “At Brandeis in the Fifties,” Brandeis Review 15 (Spring 1995): 42.

73. Brandeis University, Catalog, 1952–1953, 68, 77.

74. LL, Diary, 7 October 1952, LLP II.

75. “Stevenson Wins Campus Poll,” Justice, 22 October 1952, 1.

76. LL, Diary, 29 July 1952, LLP II.

77. “Rosenbergs a Campus Issue,” Justice, 26 November 1952, 1.

78. “The Rosenberg Case,” Justice, 26 November 1952, 2.

79. LL, “Civil Liberties: 1952,” Commentary 13 (May 1952): 491.

80. LL, Diary, 23 December 1952, LLP II.

81. Ibid., 6 September 1952.

82. Ibid., 23 December 1952.

CHAPTER 46

  1. LL, Diary, 2 January 1953, LLP II.

  2. LL, “Literature and the Arts on the Threshold,” n.d. [December 1952], LLP II.

  3. LL, Diary, 2 January 1953, LLP II.

  4. Lawrence Kushner, God Was in This Place and I, I Did Not Know (Woodstock, Vt.: Jewish Lights, 1991), 149.

  5. LL, What Is This Jewish Heritage? (New York: B’nai B’rith Hillel Foundations, 1957), 1–7.

  6. Ibid., 9–10.

  7. Ibid., 15–17.

  8. Ibid., 18.

  9. Ibid., 22–23.

10. Ibid., 30–34.

11. Ibid.

12. Ibid., 36–41.

13. Ibid., 41–44.

14. Ibid., 45–48.

15. LL, “God’s Law and Man’s Need,” New York Herald Tribune, 8 March 1953, LLP II.

16. LL, “Guide and Example for Our Times,” Congress Weekly, 9 March 1953, 14–15.

17. LL, Diary, 17 February 1953, LLP II.

18. Ibid., 27 March 1953.

19. Ibid., 17 February 1953.

20. LL to SS, 17 March 1953, LLP I.

21. Margarite Hirshberg to LL, 15 April 1953, LLP II.

22. LL, Diary, 17 February and 27 March 1953, LLP II.

23. Ibid., 16 April 1953.

24. LL, “Paternal Apologia,” Saturday Review of Literature, 28 March 1953, 14.

25. “Lewisohn, Farrell, Fast Tackle Censorship and the Arts in America,” Justice, 21 April 1953, 3.

26. LL, Review of Conservatism Repeated, unidentified clipping (1949), LLP II.

27. LL, Diary, 5 May 1953, LLP II.

28. Ibid., 1 June 1953.

29. “Ludwig Lewisohn at Seventy,” Boston Jewish Advocate, 8 June 1953, clipping, LLP II.

30. LL, Diary, 1 June 1953, LLP II.

31. Maurice Samuel, “Apostle to the Jews,” Congress Weekly, 15 June 1953, 9.

32. Charles Glicksberg, “Ludwig Lewisohn: Critic and Novelist,” Congress Weekly, 15 June 1953, 11.

33. Thomas Mann to LL, 12 May 1953, Mann Papers, University of Texas, and published in Congress Weekly, 15 June 1953.

34. James G. McDonald to LL, 29 June 1953, LLP II.

35. Robert Gordis to LL, 29 June 1953, LLP II.

36. GV to LL, 27 June 1953, LLP I.

37. LL, Diary, 1 June 1953, LLP II; and “Enchanted Evening,” News week, 22 June 1953, 61.

38. I. Halevy-Lewis to LL, 3 June 1953, LLP II.

39. LL to Solomon Grayzel, 5 June 1953, JPS.

40. LL, Journal, 1 July 1953, pp. 83–84, and LL, Diary, 30 December 1953, LLP II.

41. LL, In a Summer Season (New York: Farrar, Straus, 1955), 205.

42. Ibid., 206–7.

43. Ibid., 211–12.

44. Ibid., 212–13.

45. Ibid., 214–15.

46. Dan Morgenstern to Ralph Melnick, 16 April 1980.

47. “New Chapel Will Be Jewish Sponsored,” Justice, 21 January 1953, 1.

48. “The Berlin Chapel,” Justice, 21 January 1953, 2.

49. LL, “Editorial in Error,” Justice, 18 February 1953, 2.

50. “That Altar in the Field,” Justice, 18 February 1953, 2.

51. Walter J. Furlong to Abram Sachar, 30 April 1953, addendum to Trustees Minutes, Brandeis University Archives.

52. “A Question of Values,” Justice, 4 March 1953, 2.

53. Trustees Minutes, 20 March 1953, Brandeis University Archives.

54. LL, In a Summer Season, 215.

55. Trustees Minutes, 25 September 1953, Brandeis University Archives.

56. Jules Bernstein, “Lewisohn: Freedom Entails Obedience,” Justice, 20 September 1953, 1.

57. “Existentialism Denies All Values; Appears to Offer Nothing to Man,” Justice, 17 November 1953, 1.

58. LL, Journal, 23 October 1953, LLP II.

59. LL, Diary, 30 December 1953, LLP II.

60. LL, Journal, 13 December 1953, LLP II.

61. LWL to Solomon Grayzel, 6 January 1954, JPS.

62. LL to Solomon Grayzel, 30 October 1953, JPS.

63. LL to Solomon Grayzel, 4 October 1953, JPS.

64. LWL to Solomon Grayzel, 6 January 1954, JPS.

65. LL to Solomon Grayzel, 19 January 1954, JPS.

66. LL to Ms. Zussman, 5 February 1954, JPS.

67. LL, Diary, 20 February 1954, LLP II.

68. Ibid.

69. Ibid.

70. LL, Journal, 27 February 1954, LLP II.

71. LL, Diary, 20 February 1954, LLP II.

72. “Sachar Answers Ghetto Charge,” Justice, 2 November 1953, 1.

73. LL, Diary, 20 February 1954, LLP II.

74. LL, “Hayim Greenberg,” Jewish Frontier 21 (March 1954): 5–6.

75. “Internal Barbarism a Threat: Lewisohn,” Justice, 9 March 1954, 2.

76. LWL to GV, 13 April 1954, LLP III.

77. LL to Solomon Grayzel, 9 May 1954, JPS.

78. LL, Heritage, (New York: Schocken, 1964), n.p. (verso of title page).

79. LL, Heritage, n.p. (vi).

80. LWL to Charles Madison, 3 May 1971, LLP I.

81. Abraham Joshua Heschel to LL, 10 May 1954, LLP II.

82. LL, “Education for Freedom,” Jewish Frontier 21 (June 1954): 5–7.

CHAPTER 47

  1. LL to Solomon Grayzel, 2 June 1954, JPS.

  2. LL to Solomon Grayzel, 20 July 1954, JPS.

  3. LL to Solomon Grayzel, 30 July 1954, JPS.

  4. LL to Solomon Grayzel, 6 August 1954, JPS.

  5. LWL to Less Zussman, 15 September 1954, and LWL to Solomon Grayzel, 17 September 1954, JPS.

  6. LL, “Two Histories,” Saturday Review of Literature, 18 September 1954, 20–21.

  7. “Jewish Youth Key to Future: Lewisohn,” Justice, 6 October 1954, 3.

  8. LL, “Israel, American Jewry, and the State Department,” Jewish Frontier 21 (October 1954): 7–10.

  9. LL to Solomon Grayzel, 20 and 25 October 1954, JPS.

10. LL to SS, 8 November 1954, LLP I.

11. “Manuel Urges Acceptance of Varieties of Jewish Experience,” Justice, 12 January 1954, 1.

12. Abbie Hoffman, Soon to Be a Major Motion Picture (New York: Putnam, 1980), 24. Much of this same posture remained years later when the present author studied under Manuel at New York University.

13. LL to SS, 8 November 1954, LLP I; Hoffman, Soon to Be, 24; and Brandeis University, Catalog, 1954–55, Brandeis University Archives.

14. Arthur Polansky to Charles Madison, 30 September 1970, LLP I.

15. LL, “The Writer and the Reader,” Congress Weekly, 6 December 1954, 6.

16. “Christmas … Chanukah … the Spirit’s the Thing,” Justice, 21 December 1954, 1.

17. LL, “Tribute to Edmond Fleg,” Congress Weekly, 3 January 1955, 11–12.

18. “Lewisohn Affirms Heritage, Views Life, Works at General Education,” Justice, 11 January 1955, 3.

19. Ibid.; and “Affirmation,” Justice, 18 January 1955, 2.

20. LL to GV, 20 February 1955, LLP III; Jack Steele, “Peddlers of Hate,” New York World-Telegram and the Sun, 3 May 1955, clipping, LLP II.

21. LL to Jenny Bradley, 16 February 1955, Ludwig Lewisohn Papers, University of Texas,

22. LL to GV, 20 February 1955, LLP III.

23. Jacob Picard to LL, 27 January 1946; and LL to Jacob Picard, 29 January 1946, Leo Baeck Institute.

24. Jacob Picard to LL, 2 March 1955, Leo Baeck Institute.

25. LL to Jacob Picard, 3 March 1955, Leo Baeck Institute.

26. Jacob Picard to LL, 2 March 1955, Leo Baeck Institute; and Jacob Picard, The Marked One (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1956).

27. David Ben-Gurion, “Preface,” in LL, Theodor Herzl: A Portrait for This Age (Cleveland: World Publishing, 1955), 15.

28. LL, Herzl, 19.

29. Ibid., 89–91.

30. George Salamon, “Lewisohn Does Polished Job on Theodor Herzl’s Life,” Justice, 23 May 1955, 4.

31. “Death of General Studies—or New Life?” Justice, 8 March 1955, 1.

32. LL, “Jewish Reading List,” Saturday Review of Literature, 5 March 1955, 36–38.

33. Stevie Sale, “Library Rapidly Outgrowing Space, Ideal Structure Still in Dream Stage,” Justice, 8 March 1955, 1.

34. “Literary Critic Named Librarian at Brandeis,” New York Times, 17 March 1955, 22.

35. LL to SS, 2 May 1955, and LWL to Charles Madison, 3 May 1971, LLP I.

36. Nathan Rothman, Review of In a Summer Season, Saturday Review of Literature, 21 May 1955, 19.

37. LL to SS, 2 May 1955, LLP I.

38. LWL to Solomon Grayzel, 1 June 1955, JPS.

39. Maurice Samuel, Review of Third Pillar, New York Times, 14 August 1955, 5; and Herbert Kupferberg, Review of Third Pillar, New York Herald Tribune Book Review, 26 June 1955, 6.

40. Brandeis University, Catalog, 1955–1956, 9, 13, Brandeis University Archives.

41. Jacob Picard to LL, 7 September 1955, Leo Baeck Institute.

42. LL to Jacob Picard, 16 September 1955, Leo Baeck Institute.

43. Jacob Picard to LL, 19 September 1955, Leo Baeck Institute.

44. LL to Jacob Picard, 16 September 1955, Leo Baeck Institute.

45. “Feeney Followers in Clash in Boston,” New York Times, 7 September 1955, 18.

46. John Fenton, “Catholic Chapel at Brandeis Open,” New York Times, 10 September 1955, 19.

47. “Berlin Chapel Dedicated,” New York Times, 12 September 1955, 50; and “Two Chapels Dedicated, Sachar Defines Concept,” Justice, 23 September 1955, 1.

48. Minutes of Meeting of Senior Faculty, 23 September 1955, Brandeis University Archives.

49. LL, “Ghetto Boyhood,” Saturday Review of Literature, 3 September 1955, 14.

50. LL, “A Small Essay on a Large Topic,” Jewish Frontier 22 (September 1955): 19–20.

51. Shlomo Katz to LL, 18 October 1955, LLP II.

52. LL, “Lewisohn: Bar-Ilan,” [1955], LLP I.

53. “Four to Receive Degrees, Chapels to Be Dedicated,” Justice, 21 October 1955, 1, 23; and “Three Faiths in Harmony,” Life, 21 November 1955, 113.

54. LWL to Jacob Picard, 19 December 1955, Leo Baeck Institute.

55. Jacob Picard to LL, 20 December 1955, Leo Baeck Institute.

56. Jacob Picard to LL, 28 December 1955, Leo Baeck Institute.

57. LL to Jacob Picard, 16 September 1955, Leo Baeck Institute.

58. LWL to Solomon Grayzel, 30 October 1956, JPS.

59. LL, “Introduction,” 3, Leo Baeck Institute; and LL, “Introduction,” in Jacob Picard, The Marked One (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1956), xii.

60. LWL to GV, [January 1956], LLP III.

61. “L. Lewisohn Dead, Noted Author, 72,” New York Times, 1 January 1956, 50.

62. LL, Herzl, 91.

63. Joseph Shubow, “Ludwig Lewisohn—A Tribute,” Opinion 26 (January/February 1956): 4–5.

64. Harold Ribalow, “Ludwig Lewisohn’s Legacy,” Jewish Spectator 21 (March 1956): 18.

65. Milton Hindus, “Ludwig Lewisohn,” Jewish Frontier 23 (May 1956): 24.

66. “Hillel Sessions Feature Jewish Creative Arts,” Justice, 14 March 1956, 7.

67. Dan Morgenstern, “In Memoriam: Ludwig Lewisohn,” Justice, 18 January 1956, 5.

68. Turret 8 (Winter 1956): n.p.

69. Quoted in James Lewisohn, “My Father, Ludwig Lewisohn,” Midstream 12 (November 1966): 50.

70. Milton Hindus, “In Memoriam Ludwig Lewisohn,” 4, LLP I.

71. “Tribute to Dr. Lewisohn at Seifer Hall Tonight,” Justice, 14 February 1956, 1.

72. Arthur Lelyveld, “Ludwig Lewisohn: In Memoriam,” American Jewish Archives 8 (November 1956): 109–11.

73. SS, “Ludwig Lewisohn the Jew,” Jewish Review and Observer, 4 April 1962, clipping, LLP II.

74. LL, Up Stream: An American Chronicle (New York: Boni & Liveright, 1922), 245–46.

75. LL, “Reflections on Crisis,” Judaism 5 (Spring 1956): 203.

76. LL, In a Summer Season, n.p.

77. LL, Journal, 18 August 1946, LLP II.

78. LL, “Teshuvah,” n.d., LLP II.

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47. On Some Tomorrow

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Bibliography

Additional Information

ISBN
9780814345030
Related ISBN
9780814345047
MARC Record
OCLC
1056689244
Pages
528-579
Launched on MUSE
2018-10-14
Open Access
Yes
Creative Commons
CC-BY-NC
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