publisher colophon

Index

Abramowitsch, Sholom, 146, 153

Agricultural utopianism. See Ideology

Agriculture (Jewish), 10–11, 15–20, 23–26, 29–40, 51, 54, 61, 67–68, 70–72, 75, 77–84, 88–99, 104–6, 109, 112–21, 124, 131, 133, 157–58, 160, n. 13. See also Farm colonies; Farming

Agro-industrialism in colonies, 82–84, 89, 92, 99, 104, 106, 113, 118, 120–21, 123–32

Ahad Ha-Am. See Ginsberg, Asher

Aiken County, S.C., 72

Alexander I, 19

Alexander II, 16, 20, 148

Alexander III, 20–21, 148

Alliance, N.J., 73–84, 99, 113, 123, 129–30, 132–33, 152, 154, 156

Alliance Israélite Universelle, 21, 24–25, 32, 35, 37, 49, 52, 73, 88, 108, 123, 151, 156

Alliance Land Trust, 77, 80–81

Alterman family, 157

Amana enterprise, 111

American Hebrew, 23, 71

American Hebrew Agricultural and Horticultural Association, 31

American Israelite, 49, 79–80, 92, 99

Americanization of immigrants, 88–89, 97, 109, 124

Am Olam, 24, 32, 34, 37–39, 45, 49, 53–55, 57, 74–77, 89, 123, 137–39, 142–43, 145–46, 148–52, 156–58

Anshe Chesed Congregation, New York City, 30

Anti-Semitism, 10, 19–25, 29, 31–32, 37, 49, 52, 73, 84, 89, 106, 108–9, 114, 123, 143, 145, 148, 155, 157–58, 172, n. 3

Apostasy, 137, 149–50, 156

Ararat, N.Y., 29–30

Argentina, 88, 121

Aristocracy, 16, 18, 25, 45–47, 84, 88, 115, 139, 150, 156

Arizona, 138

Arkansas, 37, 53–55

Arkansas River, 55

Asher, Asher, 130

Asmonean, 31

Association of Jewish Immigrants, 77

Atheism, 46, 48, 51

Austria, 15, 21, 37. See also Galicia; Vienna

Baar, Herman, 57

Bachman, Jakob, 153

Bad Axe, Mich., 62, 67, 70

Bailey, Esther Mashbir, 82–83, 138, 140, 152–57

Bailey, Sidney, 11, 75–78, 82–84, 133–58

Bailey family, 134–35, 138, 141, 144, 149, 156–57

Bakal, Moni, 78, 138, 142, 146–52, 156–57, 177, n. 15

Balfour Declaration, 116

Balta, 138, 140–42, 146, 149, 156

Balter, Avromsti, 142

Balter, Dovidl, 140–42, 145

Balter, Naphtali, 153

Balter, Shmuel, 142

Baltimore, Md., 72

Baptist church, Woodbine, N.J., 104

Baron de Hirsch Agricultural School, 98–99, 104

Baron de Hirsch Fund, 24–25, 67–71, 81–84, 88–99, 104–6, 124, 131

Baton Rouge, La., 33

Baum, Moishe. See Bayuk, Judah Moses

Bay City, Mich., 61–62, 68

Bayuk, Judah Moses, 157, 169, n. 24

Beersheba, Kans., 49

Belzer, Nisan, 153

Ben-Ami, Mordecai, 149, 151

Berlin, Germany, 37, 139, 149

Berman, L., 158

Bernstein, Anute, 149

Bernstein, Jacob Cohen, 149–50

Bernstein, Lev Cohen, 149

Beth-El. See Temple Beth El, Detroit

Bethlehem-Jehudah, S.D., 52–53

Bialik, Chaim Nachman, 146

Bible, 82–83, 135–37, 139, 141–45, 147, 149–50, 154, 157–58

Bien, Julius, 39

Bismarck, N.D., 70

Blacks, 36, 140

B’nai B’rith, 22, 30, 78

Bogen, Boris, 93

Borowick (Sicily Island colonist), 35

Boston, Mass., 123, 140

Bourgeoisie, 18, 23, 25, 37, 115

Brafman, Jacob, 21, 160

Brandes, Joseph, 95

Brody, 21, 32, 37, 151

Brody (Am Olamite), 149

Brownsville, N.Y., 147

Buck, Solon, 112

Buffalo, N.Y., 29

Burleigh County, N.D., 70

Butzel, Martin, 62, 67–69

Byelinsky, Vissarion Grigorevitch, 145

Cahan, Abraham, 38, 45–47, 139, 157, 163–64, n. 7

California, 48, 72

Cape May, N.J., 82, 84, 90, 93, 125

Cape May County, N.J., 90, 92, 125

Capitalism, 10, 17, 57, 67, 84, 112–13, 115, 117–21, 137, 153

Carmel, N.J., 73, 132, 142, 152

Carus, Paul, 158

Castle Garden, N. Y., 22, 77

Catahoula Parish, La., 33

Chananel, N.D., 71

Charny, Daniel, 158

Chernovitz, Chaim, 158

Chicago, III., 105, 123, 158

Church. See Religion in colonies

Cincinnati, Ohio, 49, 79–80, 92, 124, 139, 158

Circumcision, 139, 141

Cities. See Urbanization

Clarion, Utah, 162, n. 25

Clergy, 16, 57, 68, 108, 111, 153. See also Rabbis, role in colony establishment

Cohen, Benjamin, 130

Cohen, Jacob, 152

Colonization. See Farm colonies

Colorado, 55–61, 73

Coltun (Alliance colonist), 78

Commerce, 18, 30, 32–34, 52, 59, 62, 77, 79, 89, 106, 109–10, 141–42, 151, 161, n. 21

Committee on Agriculture and Industrial Settlements, 89

Communes, 38, 45, 48, 111, 150

Communism, 45, 47, 52, 121, 137, 149–50, 154

Community (Jewish), 28, 39, 45, 48, 51, 61, 62, 67, 73, 78, 82, 108–11, 114, 118–20, 123, 144, 148, 161, n. 21

Comte, Auguste, 45–46

Congressional Record, 158

Connecticut, 38

Constitutions of colonies, 34, 164, n. 14

Contracts for colony establishment, 69, 74, 90–91, 94–97, 126–28, 168, n. 4

Cotopaxi, Colo., 55–62, 73

Cowen, Philip, 71–72

Crémieux, Adolphe, 49

Crémieux, S.D., 49–55, 82, 166, n. 36

Crops, 36, 39, 50–51, 56, 58, 68, 71–72, 74–78, 80, 90, 92, 104–5, 118, 125–26, 128–31

Cultural life in colonies, 35, 46, 48, 51, 82–83, 115, 119, 139, 145, 147. See also Education in colonies; Literature in colonies; Music in colonies; Social clubs

Dakota Territory, 37, 49, 96, 152, 156. See also North Dakota; South Dakota

Daniels and Blumenthal (Woodbine firm), 104

Darmesteter, James, 9

Darwin, Charles, 144

Davidson, Gabriel, 53, 117

Davison County, S.D., 49, 52

Delaware Bay, 125

Dennis Creek, N.J., 125

Dennis Township, N.J., 90, 105

Denver, Colo., 55, 57, 59–60

Detroit, Mich., 62, 67

Deutscher, Isaac, 121

Devil’s Lake, N.D., 71

Disease in colonies, 35–37, 49, 54, 60, 110, 116, 135

Distilling, 34, 128

Dobroliubov, Nikolai Alexandrovitch, 145

Douglas County, Ore., 39

Draper, John W., 145

Eastern Europe, 11, 28, 33, 49, 53–54, 61, 75, 93, 98, 108, 110, 115, 117, 133, 136, 138–40, 142–43, 145–56. See also Lithuania; Poland; Russia; Ukraine

Eben Ha-Ezer Synagogue, Alliance, N.J., 78

Education in colonies, 31–35, 38, 67, 74, 82–84, 88, 92, 98, 104–5, 124, 126, 129, 131, 134–40, 143, 145–57

Eichoff, Lydia, 45

Einstein, Albert, 144

Elisha ben Abuyah, 140, 144

Ellenville, N.Y., 30

Emigration. See Immigration

English language, 35, 39, 83, 88, 131, 139–40, 152, 158

Eppinger, Isaac, 130

Epstein, Isaac, 135, 146

Epstein, Nahum, 135–36

Epstein, Zalman. See Zeben

Factories. See Manufacturing

Farm colonies, 10–11, 19, 22, 28–40, 45–55, 68, 70–84, 88–99, 108–11, 115–21, 123–34, 148, 152, 156, 158. See also Farming (non-collective)

Farming (non-collective), 55, 62, 71, 73–74, 90–92, 99, 114, 139–40, 145, 151

Farm prices, 51, 78–83

Farm products exhibits, 68, 130

Feffer (Alliance colonist), 152, 157

Feinberg, Louis, 158

Feldman, Ephraim, 139–40

Fels, Joseph, 81

Fels, Maurice, 81, 83

Feudalism, 16–18, 25, 115

Filippov, Mikhail Mikhailovitch, 149–50

Financial panics, 70, 79–80, 84, 112

Fires, 48, 50, 62, 75, 110

First Agricultural Colony of Russian Israelites, 34

Floods, 36–37, 54, 110

Fourier, Charles, 26

France, 17, 104, 115. See also Alliance Israélite Universelle

Franzos, Karl Emil, 154

Fraser, Elizabeth, 158

Freeman, Moshe, 137, 145

Fremont County, Colo., 55, 58

Frey, Maria Slavinskaya, 45–47

Frey, William, 45–47, 111

Friedman (Alliance colonist), 78

Fritz, Konstantin, 149

Funkel, Moshe, 141

Galicia, Poland, 15, 21, 29

Gaiter, Dovid, 158

Garden Round, N.J., 152

Garske, N.D., 70

Gartman (Alliance colonist), 78

Gellis family, 142

George, Henry, 23, 26, 80

German language, 83, 143, 149, 156

Germany, 20, 25, 37, 84, 133

Gershel, Leopold, 130

Ginsberg, Asher, 146

Gobineau, Arthur de, 20

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, 82–83

Goldman, Julius B., 37, 89–90, 93–94, 97, 124–25

Goodwin, Charles, 68

Goodwin, Edward, 53

Gordin, Jacob, 143, 172–73, n. 3

Gortenshtein (Am Olamite), 149

Government, municipal, 105, 138

Grand Island, N.Y., 29

Great Britain, 116, 130. See also London

Greenberg, Benoir, 49–50

Greenberg, Benzion, 71–72

Haas Brothers (Woodbine firm), 98

Hackenburg, William, 124

Harvard College, 156

Haskalah, 141–43, 145, 147, 153

Hassidism, 77, 134, 136, 153

Hebrew Emigrant Aid Society, 22–25, 33, 37–39, 50, 55–60, 73–77, 81–82, 129

Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society, 72, 158

Hebrew language, 131, 136–38, 139–40, 143–47, 154, 156–57; press, 146

Hebrew Union College, 139–40

Heidenrich, Moses, 70

Heilperin, Jacob Yossi, 153, 154–55

Heilprin, Michael, 37–38, 40, 49–50, 57, 125, 139–40

Henry, Henry S., 60, 130

Herman, Margaret Bailey, 138, 156

Herzl, Theodor, 150

Hirsch, Maurice de, 84, 88, 124. See also Baron de Hirsch Agricultural School; Baron de Hirsch Fund

Hirsch, Mikhl, 137

Histadrut. See Labor

History (Jewish), 9, 15, 23, 25, 36, 83, 95, 112, 118, 121, 133

Hoffman, James H., 124

Holidays, 143–44, 147. See also Passover; Rosh Hashanah; Sukkot; Yom Kippur

Homestead Act, 48–49

Housing in colonies, 35, 39, 54, 56, 60, 62, 68, 71, 76, 80, 91–94, 97–99, 104, 119–20, 126–29, 131, 156

Hubbard, Elbert, 158

Hubbard, Frank, 62

Hubbard, Langdon, 62

Hubbard Company, 68–70

Humboldt, Wilhelm von, 133

Hungary, 38, 139

Huron County, Mich., 62, 70

Hurvitz, Shmuel, 135, 158

Ideology of agricultural utopianism, 26, 34, 45–48, 52, 75–78, 106–7, 117, 121, 150. See also Communism; Religion in colonies; Socialism, influence on colonies

Immigrant Aid Society, New Orleans, 34

Immigration, 10–11, 15, 17, 21–26, 28–40, 45, 49, 53, 55, 61–62, 67, 74–78, 88–89, 95–98, 108–11, 113, 123–34, 139, 143–45, 148, 150–52, 154, 156–57

Indiana, 38

Industrialism, 10–11, 16–18, 26, 70, 80–83, 89, 92, 97–99, 104, 111, 115–20, 123–25, 129–32. See also Manufacturing

Industrial revolution, 10, 26

Iola, N.D., 70–71

Isaacs, Meyer S., 88, 97, 124–25

Isler, J. M., 70, 166

Isolation, 33, 39, 48

Israel. See Kibbutzim; Palestine (Ottoman Empire)

Jerusalem, 105, 145, 158

Jewish Agency, 120

Jewish Agricultural and Industrial Aid Society, 89

Jewish Agricultural Society, 89, 114, 117

Jewish-Christian relations, 33, 35, 45–47, 51, 62, 68–70, 74, 90, 97, 104, 126, 131–32, 158. See also Anti-Semitism

Jewish Farmer, 11, 32, 123

Jewish Messenger, 39, 57

Jewish National Fund, 158

Jewish Theological Seminary of America, 140

Jonasson Cloak Factory, 93–95, 98

Joseph, Samuel, 104

Kansas, 37, 45, 49, 96, 121, 152, 161

Kaplan, Paul, 47, 89, 125, 150, 170, n. 31

Kasovich, Israel Isser, 149, 152, 157

Katsovey. See Kasovich, Israel Isser

Kempner, Walter, 139

Kibbutzim, 116, 118

Kiev, Russia, 32, 138–39, 149, 156; University, 149

Kirschbaum, Eliezer, 29, 31

Kishinev, 139, 149–50

“Know-Nothings,” 30

Kohler, Kaufman, 139

Kohn, George H., 59–60

Konefsky (Alliance colonist), 78

Kossuth, Louis, 38, 139

Krassenstein (Alliance colonist), 82

Krauskopf, Joseph, 139

Labor, 11, 17, 24, 30, 33, 38, 45–46, 54, 69, 74–76, 78, 88, 93, 99, 104, 120, 126, 130–31, 142, 148, 156; federations, 120

Lavrov, Peter, 147

League of Nations, 116

Lebensohn, Adam Ha-Cohen, 137

Lee, Francis B., 92–93

Lehman, Emanuel, 88

Leib, Moshe, 135–36

Lermontov, Mikhail Yurievitch, 154

Leroy-Beaulieu, Henri, 17

Levi Yitzchok of Berditchev, 153

Levy, Abraham R., 105

Lewenberg, Hyman, 61–62, 70

Lewisohn, Leonard, 76, 130

Libraries in colonies, 34, 46, 48, 83, 123–24, 131

Lilienblum, Moshe Leib, 135, 140–44, 147

Lipman family, 157

Literature in colonies, 29, 32, 35, 82–83, 137, 142, 144–46, 153–54

Lithuania, 143, 145–47

Litigation, 59, 68–70, 94–95, 97

Little Rock, Ark., 53

Litvin, A. See Hurvitz, Shmuel

Livestock, 50, 71, 75, 78, 84, 91, 95–97,

Loans to colonists, 32, 39, 52, 62, 67–71, 74, 79–80, 91, 94, 96–97, 99, 120, 127, 131

Loeb, Isadore, 88

London, England, 22, 47, 74

Long Island, N.Y., 38

Los Angeles, Ca., 138

Lousiana, 33–38, 45, 48–50, 52–53, 55, 123

Luberoff (Alliance colonist), 78

Lumber. See Timber, as source of colony income

Lutostanski, Hippolyte, 20

Macomb County, Mich., 67

Mandelkorn, Israel, 48

Mansion House Relief Committee, 22, 74

Manufacturing, 18, 75–77, 81, 93–99, 104–5, 124, 129–31

Margolis-Kalvariski, Haim, 151

Marxism, 45, 121. See also Socialism, influence on colonies

Maryland, 72

Mashbir, Lazar (Eliezer), 142, 149, 152, 154, 156, 178, n. 24

Mashbir, Mordechai, 153

Mashbir, Shlomo, 152–55

May Laws, 19

McEnery, Samuel D., 33

Medicine. See Professionals, influence on colonies

Meeker, Ezra, 152

Menaker, Solomon, 53–54

Mendel, M. W., 130

Mendele. See Abramowitsch, Sholom

Menorah (B’nai B’rith monthly), 78

Metchnikov, Ilya Ilich, 147

Michigan, 61–62, 67–71, 109

Middlesex County, Va., 72

Mikhailovski, Nikolai Konstantinovich, 145

Mikveh Israel School, 32

Mill, John Stuart, 147

Miller, Levi, 152

Mining, 55–56, 58–60

Mintz, Moishe, 157

Mississippi River, 33, 54

Missouri, 45

Mitchell, S.D., 49–50

Mizrahi. See Labor

Montagu, Samuel, 130

Montefiore Agricultural Aid Society, 24, 40, 50, 54–55, 165, n. 26

Morais, Sabato, 140

Mormonism, 111, 148, 173, n. 6

Moses, Abraham, 135–36

Mounier, Louis, 24, 83, 169, n. 22

Mount Pleasant, N.J., 125

Music in colonies, 35, 46, 51, 83, 137, 142, 149, 153

Nation, The, 140

Netter, Charles, 21, 32, 151

Nevada, 72

New Jersey, 24, 73–84, 89–99, 104–6, 121, 123–33, 138, 142, 152, 157; State Board of Agriculture, 92; state legislature, 104

New Odessa, Ore., 37, 39–40, 45–48, 51, 53–55, 70, 78, 82, 111, 150

New Orleans, La., 33–36

Newport, Ark., 53

New York City, 22, 26, 29–32, 36–39, 48–50, 53, 55, 57–59, 67, 72, 75–77, 83, 88, 90, 105, 108, 123–24, 131, 133–34, 138–39, 151, 156–57

New York Evening Post, 99

New York State, 29–30, 38, 96

New York Sun, 79

Nicholas I, 16, 19

Noah, Mordecai M., 29, 31, 162–63, n. 2

North Dakota, 70–72

Ocean City, N.J., 125

Odessa, Russia, 20, 37, 75, 134, 136–38, 141–43, 145–49, 151, 154–55

Oleynikov, Nikolai, 139, 149, 152

Opachinsky, Israel, 76

Oregon, 37–40, 45–48, 50, 78, 121, 150

Orshansky, Ilya, 143

Orthodox Judaism, 37, 57, 59, 62, 68, 77, 135, 140–42, 148–49, 152–54, 157. See also Hassidism

Owens, Robert, 26

Painted Woods, N.D., 70–71

Pale of Settlement, 15, 18, 53, 160, n. 13

Palestine (British Mandate), 114–21, 139, 150

Palestine (Ottoman Empire), 28, 32, 61, 76, 114–21, 143, 146, 158, 167, n. 53

Palestine, Mich., 61–62, 67–71, 109

Palitz, Bernard A., 106–7

Paris, France, 104, 138, 147, 151

Passover, 57, 67, 131, 139, 143

Paternalism, 61, 93–94

Paul I, 19

Peasants, 16–18, 21, 25, 96, 158

Peisochovitch, Chaya, 150

Peisochovitz (Paisochovitz), Jacob, 78, 150, 152, 157

Pennsylvania, 139, 158. See also Philadelphia, Pa.

Petach-Tikvah, 115

Philadelphia, Pa., 73, 76–77, 81, 83, 90, 106, 123–24, 138, 145

Philanthropy, 22–26, 31–32, 34, 36–40, 54–62, 67–70, 74–77, 81, 83–84, 88–99, 104–6, 108–11, 113, 115, 124–31, 151, 156, 167, n. 52

Pisarev, Dmitri Ivanovitch, 145–46

Pittsgrove Township, N.J., 73, 81–82

Place Mining Co., Colo., 58, 60

Pobyedonestsev, Constantin, 20

Poland, 15, 25, 77, 157, 163, n. 5. See also Galicia, Poland

Polinkovsky, Monish, 137, 146

Politics, influence on colony establishment, 30, 33, 105, 138, 140, 151

Porjes, Aaron, 146

Portland, Ore., 39–40

Press (New York), 95–96

Priluker, Jacob, 143

Professionals, influence on colonies, 37, 48, 53, 55, 59, 78, 93, 97, 130, 138–40, 149–50. See also Scientists, role in colonies

Protectionism, U.S., influence on colonies, 70, 80

Prussia, 15

Putran, Moshe, 136–37

Rabbis, role in colony establishment, 46, 49, 52, 70, 105, 135–37, 139–42, 146–48, 152–54, 158

Rabinovitz, Elka, 137

Rabinovitz, Ephraim-Froike, 137–38

Rabinovitz, Max, 147, 149

Rabinovitz family, 137, 139

Rabinovitz-Kempner, Leike (Lydia), 137–39

Rabinowitz, Sholem, 137, 146

Racialism, philosophy of, 20

Railroads, influence on colonies, 39–40, 56, 79–80, 90, 93, 125–26, 138

Ramsey County, N.D., 70–71

Rappahannock River, 72

Ravnitzky, Feye Polinkovsky, 146

Ravnitzky, Yehoshua, 135–37, 140, 143–44, 146

Reis, J. C., 81–82

Religion in colonies, 16, 37, 46, 51, 57, 59, 61, 67–69, 77, 82, 104, 107–8, 111, 134–37, 139, 144–45, 148, 152. See also Orthodox Judaism; Synagogues, role in colonies

Rice, Charles, 83

Rice, Henry, 69, 124

Rishon-le-Zion, 115

Robinson, Leonard, 33, 36

Rosas family, 157

Rosenblith, Z., 150

Rosenblitt (Rosenblueth?), Joseph, 125

Rosenfeld, Morris, 83

Rosenhayn, N.J., 73, 132, 152

Rosenthal, Herman, 11, 32, 35–36, 49–50, 74, 79, 89–90, 123–32, 152, 156

Rosh Hashanah, celebration of, 141

Rothschild, Edmond de, 115, 117

Roumania, 67, 88, 150

Ruppin, Arthur, 28, 117, 120–21, 159, 175

Russia, 10–11, 15–23, 26, 32, 37, 45, 49, 67, 74, 76–77, 84, 88, 91, 94, 108, 113, 121, 123, 128–31, 134, 137, 142–43, 148–56

Russian Emigrant Relief Fund Committee, 22

Russian language, 35, 131, 136–39, 142–47, 149, 154

Russo-Jewish Committee, 22

Russophilia, 32, 123, 143

Sabbath, celebration of, 57, 143, 147

Sabsovich, Hirsch L., 24–25, 89–90, 92, 94, 96, 98, 105–6, 125

St. Petersburg, Russia, 35, 45, 140–41, 147–48

Salem, N.J., 79

Salem Building and Loan Association, 79, 81

Salem County, N.J., 73, 99

Saltiel, Emanuel H., 58–60, 166

San Francisco, Ca., 48

San Francisco Overland Monthly, 47

Schiff, Jacob H., 67, 88, 124

Schiller, J. C. F. von, 82–83

Schnitkover, Susel, 135

Schwartz (Alliance colonist), 78, 152, 157

Schwarz, Julius, 55–60

Scientists, role in colonies, 89, 125, 136–38, 144, 157

Sea Isle City, N.J., 90, 125

Seldes, George, 78, 152, 157

Self-hate, 109, 172, n. 3

Seligman, Jesse, 124

Sephardic Jews, 58, 157

Shabshovitz, Yegor, 149

Shaikewicz, Nahum Meier, 142

Shapiro (Lithuanian intellectual), 147

Sholem, N.Y., 30

Sholem Aleichem. See Rabinowitz, Sholem

Sicily Island, La., 33–37, 45, 48–49, 52–54, 164, n. 13

Simon (Am Olamite), 149, 151

Slonimsky, Chaim Zelig, 136

Slouschz, Nahum, 135

Social clubs, 105

Socialism, influence on colonies, 32, 34, 117–21

Solomons, Adolphus S., 78–79, 99

South Carolina, 72

South Dakota, 49–52

Spies (Am Olam colonist), 53–54

Spivack (Spivak), Charles D., 78, 83, 152, 157

Spivakovsky, Chaim. See Spivack (Spivak), Charles D.

Spurgeon, Charles H., 108

Stainsby, William, 81–82, 99, 104, 114

Stavitsky (Alliance colonist), 82

Steinberg, D. (Alliance colonist), 78

Sternberg, David, 130

Stoecker, Adolf, 20

Straus, Oscar S., 124

Sukkot, 68, 143

Sulzberger, Mayer, 124

Synagogues, role in colonies, 30, 62, 68, 78, 82–83, 92, 104, 129, 135, 137, 141, 143–44, 153

Tailoring, as colony industry, 75–76, 81–82, 99, 138–39, 142–43

Talmud, 77, 82–83, 134–35, 139–40, 144, 146–48, 151

Taxes, U.S., influence on colony finances, 80, 105, 128

Tel Aviv, Palestine, 124, 146

Temple Beth-El, Detroit, 68

Temple Beth-El Hebrew Relief Society, Detroit, 62, 67

Texas, 38

Timber, as source of colony income, 35, 39–40, 53–54, 56, 62, 90–92, 126, 129, 156

Tiphereth Israel Synagogue, Alliance, N.J., 78

Toltchinsky (Ukrainian millionaire), 146

Treitschke, Heinrich von, 20

Tuska, Morris, 57

Ukraine, 19–20, 32, 37, 74–75, 134, 140, 143, 145–46. See also Kiev, Russia; Odessa, Russia

Ulster County, N.Y., 30

Union Grove, N.J., 82

United States government, 48, 55, 80, 158. See also Homestead Act

Universal Lock Company, 98–99, 104

University of Pennsylvania, 139

Urbanization, 18, 24, 26, 38, 83, 112–13, 118, 120, 123

Utah, 72, 148, 162, n. 25

Utopianism. See Ideology of Agricultural Utopianism

Vienna, Austria, 149, 151

Vincennes, Ind., 38

Vineland, N.J., 24, 73, 90, 129, 138

Virginia, 72

Voorhees, Foster M., 104

Voskoblinikov, Mordechai, 147

Voskoboinik, Mordechai, 142

Washington, D.C, 78

Washington (state), 38

Waterview, Va., 72

Wawarsing, N.Y., 30

Weber, John B., 97

Wechsler, Judah, 46, 48, 52, 70

Weil (South Dakota businessman), 50

Weinreich, Max, 134

Weitzman family, 138

Wet Mountain Valley, Colo., 56, 58

Willow Grove, N.J., 82

Winchevsky, Morris, 157

Wines, 129–30

Wischnitzer, Mark, 11

Wise, Isaac M., 49

Witkowski, L. (Denver merchant), 59–60

Women’s Club, 157

Women’s Medical College, 138

Women’s rights, colony attitude toward, 52, 118

Woodbine, N.J., 73, 81–82, 84, 89–99, 104–7, 112–13, 123–31, 170, n. 31, 176, n.5

Woodbine Brick Company, 104

Woodbine Land and Improvement

Company, 90–91, 97–98, 127

Woodbine Machine and Tool Company, 98, 104

Woodic, Emanuel, 62, 67, 109

World Zionist Organization, 118, 121

Yiddisher Farmer, 158

Yiddish language, 32, 83, 93, 123–24, 126, 134, 138, 140, 145, 149–50, 157–58; press, 11, 32, 123, 140, 145, 157–58

Yiddish Scientific Institute (YIVO), 133–34

Yom Kippur, 50, 139, 141

Young Men’s Hebrew Association, 22

Youth, role in colonies, 105, 113, 152, 171, n. 58

Zager, Joseph, 76

Zeben, 135, 145–46

Zederbaum, Alexander, 140

Zeire Hazon Association, 29–30

Zelikovitz, Getzl, 158

Zhypnik family, 145

Zionism, 28, 61, 115–21, 143, 147, 167, n. 53

Zolotarov family, 139

Zunser, Eliakum, 26

Zusman, Druk, 158

Zweifel, Eliezer, 136

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Selected Bibliography

Additional Information

ISBN
9780814344644
Related ISBN
9780814344651
MARC Record
OCLC
1055139115
Pages
191-197
Launched on MUSE
2018-10-02
Language
English
Open Access
Yes
Creative Commons
CC-BY-NC
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