publisher colophon

Subject Index

Achooza, 23–24, 27, 200

Agricultural and Botanical Explorations in Palestine (Aaron Aaronsohn), 24

Agricultural Experiment Station, 24, 145, 199

Agricultural Workers’ Federation, 306n. 213

Agudat Bialik, 77

Agudath Israel, 83

Aḥdut HaAvodah, 105–06, 109–10, 117–18, 120, 209, 220. See also Mapai Party

Aḥva, 200, 203

aliyah (olim), 242; from America, 48, 121–22, 125, 165, 169, 175–76, 180, 184, 186, 193–94, 198–200, 202, 205–08, 211–12, 216–17, 244; Ben-Gurion and, 205–08, 211–12, 216–17, 230; Bialik and, 70; Katznelson and, 105, 110, 121–22, 125; Meir and, 169, 172–73, 175–76, 184, 186, 193–94. See also Palestine: immigration, Second Aliyah, Third Aliyah

Aliyah Bet, 67. See also Palestine: illegal immigration

Allies, 38–40, 191, 238. See also World War I, World War II

Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America, 112, 184. See also Schlossberg

American Academy of Political and Social Science, 190

American Archaeological Instititute (Jerusalem), 31

American Assistance Council (“American Fund”), 30

American Colony (Jerusalem), 21

American Economic Committee for Palestine, 124

American Exploration Society, 24

American Federation of Labor, 110, 117, 190, 192, 215

American Friends of Jewish Palestine (New York Irgun), 66, 230

“American Group.” See Young Farmer society

Americanism, 134, 157, 232

American Jewish Committee, 27, 206, 213, 234–35

American Jewish Conference, 235, 237

American Jewish Congress, 117, 166, 204, 206, 219, 236

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), 80, 111, 205, 213, 275n. 64

American Oriental Society, 32

American Red Cross, 145

American Relief Committee, 108

American School for Oriental Studies, 24

American Zion Commonwealth (AZC), 23, 119, 121, 169, 209, 243

American Zionist Medical Unit (AZMU). See Hadassah: Medical Organization

Am Oved Publishing House, 101, 128, 130–31

antisemitism, 15, 41, 58, 67, 178, 210, 217, 245, 256n. 43; in United States, 31, 39, 155, 157, 162, 190–92, 206, 235. See also fascism, pogroms

Apollo Theater (New York), 77

Arabs, 28, 177, 195; blockade of Jaffa, 139, 189; and Histadrut, 124, 218; and Palestine, 15, 39, 54, 124–25, 138, 188, 195, 216; riots, 42, 54, 58, 105, 109, 123, 126–27, 131, 138, 186–87, 215–16, 221, 224–25, 303n. 189; schools, 148. See also Ben-Gurion, Britain, Iḥud, Jabotinsky, Katznelson, Russia, Szold, United States

Arbayter Ring, 210, 219

Arlington National Cemetery, 124

Armenians, 27–31

“Arsenal of Democracy” (Roosevelt), 232

assimilation, 35, 49; in United States, 16, 70–71, 79, 102, 116–17, 120–21, 199–200, 222, 243, 299n. 15

Attica prison, 52

Avukah, 84, 179

Axis, 131, 242. See also World War II

Balfour Declaration, 33, 40, 47, 84, 131, 205, 208, 225, 228, 231

Beit Berl, 132

Beit HaAm (Tel Aviv), 90

Beit Ya’akov Synagogue (Jerusalem), 20

Ben Hur (Wallace), 20, 97

Betar, 61

Bezalel School of Art (Jerusalem), 148

Biltmore Program/Conference (New York), 139, 155, 234–37, 241

Birth of a Nation (Griffith), 36

Blue Laws, 48

B’nai B’rith, 222, 301n. 167

Board of Health (New York), 145

Board of Jewish Education (Chicago), 148

Bolshevik Revolution, 45

Bolshevism/Bolsheviks, 44, 47, 73, 76, 86, 92, 115, 132, 136

Brandeis Group, Brandeisists. See Brandeis

Brit Shalom, 138–39

Bund/Bundists, 107, 115, 218–19, 295n. 110, 332n. 156

Bureau of Jewish Education (New York), 148

Canadian Jewish Congress, 189

capitalism, 49, 60, 199, 236; Katznelson and, 102, 129, 131

Carnegie Hall (New York), 44, 60

Central Bank for Co-Operative Institutions, 111, 118

Central Community Younger Clubs (Brooklyn), 179

Cimarron (Ferber), 59

City College of New York, 179

Civil War, 36, 135

Clinton Hall (New York), 208

Cold War, 162, 245

Colonial Office (Britain), 223, 233

Columbia University, 129

communism, 86, 115, 131, 173, 180; American Jews and, 92, 123, 130, 178. See also Russia, Third International

Congress (U.S.), 145, 238–39

Congress of Industrial Organizations, 192

Conservative Jews/Judaism, 82, 88, 112, 117. See also Jewish Theological Seminary

Cooper Union Hall (New York), 83, 110, 205

Cooperative League, 110

“Cos-Cob formula” (Wertheim and Ben-Gurion), 234

Council of Jewish Federations and Welfare Funds, 189, 195

cultural pluralism, 89, 135, 137, 147–48

Daily Jewish Courier (Chicago), 47

Daughters of Zion, 27, 145. See also Hadassah

Davar, 90, 101, 115–19, 122–31, 141, 187

Democracy in America (Tocqueville), 245

Department of Agriculture (U.S.), 24

Der Iddisher Kemfer, 125–26, 198, 204, 208

Der Morgn Zhurnal (New York), 47, 52, 115, 181

Der Tog, 52

Der Yiddisher Farmer, 103–04

Di Frayhayt, 86

Di Tsayt (New York), 45, 106–07, 111, 115–17, 130

Divine Comedy (Jabotinsky trans.), 47

Di Warheit (New York), 47

Do’ar HaYom, 55, 159, 259n. 79

Dos Iddishe Folk, 93, 107, 278n. 81

Dropsie College for Jewish and Cognate

Studies (Philadelphia), 74

Dvir Publishing House, 72, 74, 77–78, 81, 87, 92–95

Eden (New York), 78

Emancipation, 69

Emergency Committee for Zionist Affairs, 193, 222, 232–36

Entente, 206–08

Ethical Cultural Society, 111

Evian Conference, 60, 190–91, 226

Ex-Lax Company, 95

Ezra, 198

fascism, fascists, 51, 55, 58–60, 63, 73, 136. See also Revisionism

“Fifth Avenue ghetto” crowd, 50

Final Solution, 191

Ford Motor Company, 109

Foreign Office (Britain), 42

Forverts (New York), 86, 107, 112, 115, 117, 123, 125, 130, 169, 210, 219

Free Synagogue (New York), 60

“The Future of Woman’s Work for Palestine” (Szold), 151

Gettysburg Address (Lincoln), 205

Geverkshaften (Trade Union) Campaign, 323n. 123; Ben-Gurion and, 212–13, 217, 219, 232; Katznelson and, 117, 125, 128; Meir and, 170–73, 178, 186–88, 194

Golda on the Park (Tel Aviv), 244

“The Gold Bug” (Poe), 263n. 121

goldene medine, 15, 102, 121, 127, 162, 167, 241

“Golden Fleece,” 76

Gone with the Wind, 63

Gordonia, 179

Grace Church (New York), 157

The Grapes of Wrath (Steinbeck), 59

The Great Betrayal (De Haas and Wise), 62

Great Depression, 49, 62, 95, 121–22, 127, 136, 151, 172, 182, 215

HaAdamah, 106

HaAḥdut, 16, 103, 198–201, 203

HaAretz, 70, 82, 90, 159

Habonim, 234

Hadassah, 180, 223, 225, 243–44; Ben-Gurion and, 155, 211, 217, 221, 226–27, 232, 234, 237, 239; Hospital (Jerusalem), 146; Hospital (Safed), 143; Jabotinsky and, 42–43, 46, 221; Katznelson and, 105–06, 124–25, 155, 211; Medical Organization (American Zionist Medical Unit), 26, 42–43, 46, 105–06, 140, 142, 145–47, 153–57, 168–69; Meir and, 168–69, 172, 176, 181; National Board, 124, 138, 152, 158; School Luncheon Fund, 151; Szold and, 133, 138, 140, 142–59, 211. See also Junior Hadassah

HaDo’ar (New York), 77–78, 87–88, 94

Ḥadshot HaAretz, 43. See also HaAretz

HaḤavatzelet, 16, 20

HaIvri, 32

HaKoach (Palestinian soccer team), 82

ḥaluka, 151

HaMashbir, 101, 212

Hapo’el HaTza’ir, 109, 220. See also Mapai Party

HaPo’el HaTza’ir, 30, 40, 198

Harvard Law School, 124

Harvard University, 83, 97, 179

HaSefer, 52

HaShiloaḥ, 74–75, 83, 283n. 117

HaShomer HaTza’ir, 179–80

Hat and Capmakers’ Union of America, 187

“HaTikva,” 234

HaToren, 74

HaTzefira (Warsaw), 77

Haverim (book series), 94

HaYarden (Jerusalem), 59

Hebraism/Hebraists, 70–77, 82; in America, 71, 73, 86, 91, 117, 124. See also Eden, HaDo’ar, HaIvri, HaShiloaḥ, HaToren, HaTzefirah, Hebrew Writer’s Association, Histadruth Ivrith

Hebrew, 16–17, 32, 40, 123, 244; Ben-Gurion and, 104, 122, 198, 202–05, 209, 213; Berkson and, 148–49; Bialik and, 52–53, 70, 72, 76–77, 84–87, 92–93; Ginzberg and, 88; Jabotinsky and, 52, 84; Katznelson and, 208; Lipsky and, 83, 89; Meir and, 163; Szold and, 150, 157; Viteles and, 118. See also Ben-Yehuda, Diesendruck, Hebraism, Hebrew culture, Russia, United States

Hebrew Cultural Garden. See Shakespeare Garden

Hebrew culture and literature, 115, 127; Bialik and, 69–98; Katznelson and, 101, 110, 131. See also Ahad HaAm, Reuben Brainin, Halkin, Hebraism, Hebrew, Russia, Schwartz, Silkiner, United States

Hebrew/English Dictionary (Silkiner), 74

Hebrew Geographical Atlas (Perlman and Jabotinsky), 52

Hebrew Health Station for Bacteriological Research, 24

Hebrew Publishing Company (New York), 78

Hebrew Teacher’s College (Boston), 52, 123

Hebrew Union College (Cincinnati), 74, 86, 92–93, 181

Hebrew Union College Annual, 92

Hebrew University, 39, 73, 86, 92, 96, 122, 127, 296n. 117

Hebrew Writer’s Association, 91, 159, 281n. 102

Hebrew Youth Association (Histadrut HaNo’ar HaIvri), 122

Hed HaḤinuch, 149

HeḤalutz, 179–80, 202–03, 208

Herzliya Gymnasium (Tel Aviv), 32

Histadrut: Ben-Gurion and, 111–13, 140, 175, 209–19, 232, 238; convention (4th), 120; Council, 127, 177, 185, 193; Executive Committee (HEC), 141, 169, 171, 178, 184, 186–90, 211–12, 215, 219, 238; Katznelson and, 101, 108–13, 119–31, 170, 209–12; Meir and, 169–94, 212, 216; “study month,” 128; Szold and, 140–41, 211; Youth Department, 123. See also Am Oved, Arabs, Geverkshaften Campaign, Kupat Ḥolim, Naḥshon, Solel Boneh, Tiyur veTiyul, Working Women’s Council, Yachin

Histadruth Ivrith, 81, 205

Histadrut Nashim Ivriot (Federation of Hebrew Women), 151

Holocaust, 58, 194, 235, 244–45, 323n. 35. See also Nazism in, World War II

Holy Landers, 18

Horace Mann School (New York), 149

Hotel Astor (New York), 83

Hotel Pennsylvania (New York), 188

Ḥovevei Zion, 301n. 167

Hull House, 145

Iḥud, 139

Imperial Labor Conference (London), 175

Indians (American), 59, 74

Institute of Contemporary Jewry (Jerusalem), 122

International Health Board, 146

International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union, 125, 181, 184

International Longfellow Society, 157

Irgun (National Military Organization), 66

Irish Americans, 231

Iron Curtain, 245

Israel in the Mind of America (Grose), 246

jazz, 50, 57

Jewish Agency, 54, 129, 139, 144, 175; Ben-Gurion and, 154, 184, 195, 213–17, 220–21, 227–37; Bialik and, 95; Council, 213–14, 217, 226; Executive, 101, 154, 158–59, 195, 213–17, 220, 229, 231, 233, 235; Jabotinsky and, 49, 55–56, 95, 119, 213; Katznelson and, 101, 119, 128, 154; Meir and, 173, 190, 195; Szold and, 149, 152, 154, 158–59. See also Warburg, Weizmann

Jewish Army, 58, 64–67, 230–34, 237

Jewish Brigade, 67

Jewish Educator’s Council (New York), 125

Jewish Encyclopedia, 74

Jewish Frontier, 130, 181–82, 216

Jewish Herald (Johannesburg), 66

Jewish Instititute of Religion (New York), 60, 79, 84, 93

Jewish Legion, 19, 26, 33, 168, 188, 242; Ben-Gurion and, 32, 40, 104–05, 129, 204, 206–09; Jabotinsky and, 37–42, 48, 51, 58, 64, 67–68, 105, 109, 129, 206–09, 255n. 34; Katznelson and, 104–06, 108–10, 125, 129, 208–09. See also Jewish Army

Jewish Marine School, 58

Jewish National Fund (Keren Kayemet), 52, 83, 119, 124, 178, 187, 231, 236

Jewish National Home. See Palestine

Jewish People’s School (Milwaukee), 165

“The Jewish Problem and How to Solve It” (Brandeis), 135

Jewish Question, 130

Jewish Telegraphic Agency Bulletin, 52

Jewish Theological Seminary (New York), 79, 84–86, 88, 92–94, 124, 135, 137, 179

Jewish unions. See Geverkshaften Campaign, United States: Jewish labor in

Johnson-Jeffries prize fight, 36

Joint Congressional Resolution (1922), 47, 84

Judea Insurance Company, 55–56, 68

Junior Hadassah, 148, 157, 225

“Kentucky,” (Schwartz), 79

Keren HaYesod (Palestine Foundation Fund), 81, 178, 211, 236; Ben-Gurion and, 213; Bialik and, 77, 80, 83–84; Jabotinsky and, 43–46, 48, 59; Katznelson and, 119; Szold and, 158

Ketuvim, 281n. 102

kibbutzim, 101, 154, 186. See also Merḥavya

King-Crane Commission, 131

Kinneret Training Farm, 23, 103–04, 129

Knesset, 171, 239

Knesset Yisrael, 150, 152; Social Service Department, 153–54

Kolel America, 25

kolelim, 25

Korean War, 245

Ku Klux Klan, 48, 50

Kuntres, 101, 105, 108, 117–19, 209

Kupat Ḥolim, 155, 168, 178, 211

labor movement. See Britain, Geverkshaften Campaign, Histadrut, Labor Zionism, Mapai Party, Poale Zion, United States

Labor Party (Israel), 105, 120. See also Histadrut, Mapai Party, Poale Zion

“The Labor Problem in Palestine” (Ben-Gurion), 204

Labor Zionism, 81, 168–69; American, 45, 62, 75, 123, 127, 142, 176, 193, 203, 220, 226 (see also Di Tsayt, Geverkshaften Campaign, League for Labor Palestine); Ben-Gurion and, 107, 154, 175, 211–13, 216–221, 226, 236, 329n. 123; Bialik and, 101; Jabotinsky and, 45, 59, 62, 66–67; Katznelson and, 105–10, 113–121, 125–29, 131–32; Meir and, 170–72, 174–86, 189–93, 323n. 35; and Revisionists, 62, 181–82, 215; Szold and, 139–41, 149, 152–53, 159. See also HaAḥdut, Hapo’el HaTza’ir, Poale Zion

Labour Party (Britain), 187, 194

The Land of Israel in Past and Present (Ben-Gurion and Ben-Zvi), 204

League for Labor Palestine, 170, 180–82, 186, 221, 236, 329n. 123, 330n. 127

League of Nations, 43, 46–47, 228

Lexington Avenue Armory (New York), 44

Liberals (Britain), 38

Library of Congress, 124

Likud Party, 35

“Little Mother” circles, 145

Luaḥ Eretz Yisrael, 28

Macy’s Department Store (New York), 20

Madison Square Garden, 234

Maḥal, 231

Manchester Guardian, 38

Mandate, Mandatory Government, 21, 47, 56, 84, 127, 136, 148, 169, 212, 223, 225, 228

Mandates Commission, 228

Manhattan Center, 65

Manhattan Opera House, 111

Manifesto Against Internal Terror, 139

Mantrap (Lewis), 50

Mapai Party, 220; Ben-Gurion and, 216–17, 221, 224–25, 228, 231–33, 237–38, 245; Center, 126, 176, 178, 184, 221, 225, 228, 232; Central Committee, 184; Conference (1932), 121; Council, 126, 130–31; Katznelson and, 120–21, 123, 126–28, 130–31; Meir and, 167, 175–76, 178, 180, 184; Political Committee, 217, 228; Secretariat, 237

Marxism, Marxists, 50, 107, 199; Ben-Gurion and, 198, 202, 341n. 72

Masonic Temple (Cleveland), 83

Mayflower, 193

McDonald’s, 243–44

Mecca Temple (New York), 62, 82

Medical Sanitary Expedition (HMO), 146

Menorah Society, 179

Menorat HaMa’or, 93

Metropolitan Museum of Art, 49, 124

Metropolitan Opera, 49

Mikan u-Mikan (Brenner), 102

Min HaSafa VeLifnim (Diesendruck), 92

Mish’an, 303n. 186

Mizraḥi, 28, 32, 137, 232, 236, 238

Mo’adim, 281n. 102

Moriah Publishing House, 74, 76–78, 87, 272n. 33

Mormons, 48

moshavei ovdim (smallholders’ settlements), 23, 101, 186

Motza settlement, 301n. 167

Moznayim, 159

Mul Ohel Timura (Silkiner), 74

“Murders in the Rue Morgue” (Poe), 263n. 121

Naḥshon, 189

Nathan and Lena Straus Health Center (Jerusalem, Tel Aviv), 96, 151

Nathan Straus Soup Kitchen, 151–52, 158

The Nation, 136, 215

National Arbayter Farband, 125

National Committee for the Jewish Workers in Palestine, 187

National Conference on Palestine, 236

National Council of Jewish Women, 176, 180

National Cultural Corporation (ZOA), 86

National Emergency Committee for Palestine, 226

National Hebrew School (New York), 86

National Jewish Labor Commitee, 125, 219, 234

National Labor Committee for Palestine, 172

National Labor Delegation, 186

National Recovery Act (1935), 137

Nazism, 60, 63–64, 73, 120, 129, 139, 142, 150, 152, 190, 214–15, 228, 234, 237, 244

Nettie Lasker Foundation (New York), 153

New Deal, 60, 137, 182–84

The New Palestine, 42, 52, 75, 81–82, 238

New Yishuv. See yishuv

New York Kehilla, 205

The New York Times, 81

New Zionist Organization, New Zionist Party. See Revisionism

Nordau Plan, 64

North American Relief Society for the Indigent Jews in Jerusalem, 25

Northwest Passage, 63

The Occident, 25

Ohel Shem (Tel Aviv), 96, 99

Okies, 59

Old Yishuv, 25, 151

Opinion, 60

Orthodox Jews/Judaism, 82, 93, 137, 155, 200. See also Agudath Israel, Mizrahi, Old Yishuv

OSS, 236

Ottoman Empire. See Turkey

“Outlines for Zionist Policy” (Ben-Gurion), 233

pacifism, 39, 208. See also Magnes, Szold, Wise

Pale of Settlement, 102, 104

Palestine Economic Corporation, 121, 157

“Palestine or America?” (Ben-Yehuda), 16

Palestine Settlement Office, 16, 23, 31, 103

Palestine Workers’ Fund, 200

Palestine Writer’s Asociation, 96

Palestine Zionist Executive (WZO), 45, 101, 118–19, 140–41, 144, 147–52, 157, 212–13, 223, 276n. 68, 313n. 90

Pan-American Zionist Conference. See Biltmore Conference

Passover, 27, 135

Pearl Harbor, 129, 131, 231, 236

Peel Commission, 225

People’s Relief, 205, 212

Pioneer Women, 122, 176

Pioneer Women’s Organization, 171–78, 182–83, 187, 221, 327n. 106; Consumers’ League, 187

Pittsburgh Program (ZOA), 106, 118

Poale Zion (Labor Zionist party), 105; Action Committees, 205; American, 32, 106–18, 130, 166, 180–81, 189, 200, 202–11, 216, 218–21, 226, 234, 294n. 106; Ben-Gurion and, 32, 106, 113, 125, 182, 198–212, 216, 218–20, 226, 232, 234; Central Committee (American), 202, 208–09, 232; Katznelson and, 106–18, 125, 130, 220, 291n. 61; Left Poale Zion, 107, 115, 220; Meir and, 166, 171–72, 179–82; Palestine Committee (American), 202, 205–06; Workers’ Council, 205. See also Der Iddisher Kemfer, Di Tsayt, HaAḥdut

Poale Zion-Zeire Zion Party, 125, 171–72, 182, 220, 291n. 61

pogroms, 46, 72, 108–09, 164; in Russia, 16, 36, 102, 157, 161–62, 269n. 13; in Ukraine, 45

Polo Grounds (New York), 82

Porte. See Turkey

“Program for War and Peace” (Ben-Gurion), 232

Progressive Party, 24, 134–36, 139–50, 153–54, 160, 209, 222. See also Brandeis, Szold

Prohibition, 48, 50, 90

Provisional Executive Committee for General Zionist Affairs (WZO), 22, 27, 32, 135, 205

Quakers, 141

radicalism, 49, 101, 106

“The Raven” (Poe), 36

Reconstruction Era, 36

Reform Jews/Judaism, 74, 82, 88, 112, 137, 155, 211, 299n. 146, 331n. 145. See also Hebrew Union College, Jewish Institute of Religion, Magnes, Silver, Wise)

“Report on the Condition of the Jews in Palestine” (Wertheim), 27

Reshumot, 92–93

Revisionism (New Zionism), 17, 118, 179, 184; in America, 57, 62–64; Ben-Gurion and, 218, 232; Executive Committee, 62, 230; Jabotinsky and, 41, 51–67; Meir and, 181–82, 191–92; Szold and, 141. See also Britain, Do’ar HaYom, Jewish Army, Labor Zionism, Poland

Revolutionary Constructivism (Katznelson), 123

“roaring twenties,” 50, 82

Rockefeller Foundation, 146

Romans, 76

Rothschild Hospital (Jerusalem), 146

Royal Fusiliers, 40

Russian Revolution, 204, 241

Salvation Army, 201

Schools Hygiene Department (Jerusalem), 146

Scopes Trial, 50

Sears Roebuck, 24, 56

Second Aliyah, 23, 103–05, 129

Senate (U.S.), 43

Sephardim, 20, 25, 28

Shakespeare Garden (Cleveland), 83, 85

Shaw Commission, 126

Shirim (Silkiner), 74

Six-Day War, 245

Social Gospelists, 141

socialism, 15, 21, 40; in America, 80, 113–15, 122, 166, 200; Ben-Gurion and, 205, 212–13, 218–20, 222, 236; Jabotinsky and, 49, 259n. 76; Katznelson and, 101–03, 121, 124, 126, 129–32; in yishuv, 106, 242; and Zionism, 42, 50, 103, 180, 208, 210. See also Cahan, Forverts

Socialist Party of America, 181, 219

Socialist Pro-Palestine Commitee, 225

Social Reformers, 141

Solel Boneh Construction Company, 169, 212

Sons of Zion, 54–55, 57

Spanish-American War, 20, 135–36

S.S. Berengaria, 229

S.S. Patria, 159, 232

Standard Oil Company, 136

State Department (U.S.), 28, 31, 44, 63, 235, 256n. 44

Statue of Liberty, 201

Stern Group, 242

St. James Conference (London), 227–28, 230

Supreme Court (U.S.), 39, 118, 124, 137

The Survey Graphic, 136, 154

Talmud Torah (Minneapolis), 111

Tammany Hall, 206

Teacher’s College (Columbia University), 149

Technical Institute (Technion), 149

Tel Aviv Council, 159

Tel Aviv Exposition, 55

Theories of Americanization (Berkson), 148

Third Aliyah, 164

Third (Communist) International, 106

Third World, 43, 246

Thomas Cook’s Tours, 21

Thorndike-Terman measurement system, 149

Tiyur veTiyul (Sightseeing and Touring), 186

Toldot Halkarim BeYisrael (Neumark), 272n. 33

Tom Sawyer (Twain), 102

“Tool Campaign,” 106

“Torah of Monroe,” 43

Totzeret HaAretz, 187

Town Hall (New York), 52

Trade Union Congress (Britain), 187

Trade Union Council (Britain), 186

Triple Alliance, 206

Uncle Tom’s Cabin (Stowe), 36, 162, 198

“Under the Cross” (Berkowitz), 78

United Aged Home (Jerusalem), 316n. 143

United Fruit Company, 190

United Hebrew Charities, 153

United Hebrew Trades, 117, 170. See Geverkshaften Campaign

United Jewish Appeal, 217

United Mine Workers of America, 184

United Palestine Appeal, 87, 91, 189, 219, 222, 228, 232, 234, 236, 333n. 70

United States Naval Academy (Annapolis), 230

University of Chicago, 179

University of Wisconsin, 163

Up from Slavery (Washington), 135

USS North Carolina, 27

USS Tennessee, 28–29

Va’ad Le’umi (National Council in Palestine), 17, 101, 154

vegetarianism, 50

Versailles, Treaty of, 43, 214

“Virginia” (Jabotinsky), 37

Wall Street, 141

Wall Street Journal, 49

War of Independence (Israel), 193, 230–31

Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, 323n. 35

The War Time Journal of a Georgia Girl, 1864–65 (Andrews), 135

The Washington Post, 69

“We Bourgeois” (Jabotinsky), 49

Weizmann Institute (Rehovot), 81

Wellington House, 39

West Point Academy, 230

White House, 44, 82–84, 222, 235

Wisconsin Normal School, 179

women’s liberation, 117

Workers’ Bank, 108–116, 118, 189, 209, 212, 291n. 61, 294n. 106

Working Women’s Council (Histadrut), 169–70, 172, 174–77

Workmen’s Circle, 181

World Congress for Labor Palestine (Berlin), 218–19, 227, 329n. 123

World Jewish Congress, 219, 227

World War I, 15, 21, 26–31, 38–40, 43, 75–76, 90, 98, 104, 121, 128–29, 131, 135, 144–45, 166, 191, 200–201, 210, 230, 231, 234, 237, 241. See also Jewish Legion

World War II, 58, 64, 105, 130, 146, 162, 184, 190–94, 197, 222, 228–34, 242, 244. See also Holocaust, Nazism

World Zionist Congress, 92, 201, 218, 221; 1907, 73; 1923, 117; 1927, 118–19, 148; 1929, 149, 172–73; 1933, 121, 181; 1935, 182, 189; 1937, 138, 225, 229; 1939, 121, 334n. 192

World Zionist Organization (WZO), 82, 108, 118, 237, 304n. 195; Ben-Gurion and, 154, 206–09, 212–13, 219, 224, 231, 233, 238; Bialik and, 77, 90; Jabotinsky and, 42, 44–45, 48, 50–51, 53, 58–60, 63, 113, 255n. 34; Katznelson and, 105–07, 109; Szold and, 140–41, 144, 147–49, 151–52, 157, 313n. 90. See also Palestine Settlement Office, Palestine Zionist Executive, Zionist Commission, Zionist Smaller Actions Committee

Yachin, 178

Yahoodim, 49

Yeshiva University, 80

Yeshurun Synagogue (Jerusalem), 138

Yiddish, 35, 70, 75; Ben-Gurion and, 202, 204, 208–09, 213; Meir and, 163, 168, 173; in U.S., 113–16; in yishuv, 107. See also United States: Yiddish press in, Yiddish culture

Yiddish culture, Yiddishists, 40, 78, 82; in America 86, 91, 94, 103–04, 113–15, 131, 174; Bialik and, 78–79, 86, 91, 94, 97; Katznelson and, 109, 131, 296n. 117. See also Berkowitz, Bialik, Liessin, Niger, I. J. Schwartz, Sholem Aleichem, Yehoash

yishuv: agriculture in, 16, 21–24, 106–08, 145 (see also Aaron Aaronsohn, Kinneret Training Farm, Merḥavya); culture in, 52, 72, 79, 89–91, 94–97, 106, 131; education in, 21, 91 (see also Berkson, Hebrew University, Szold); pioneers in, 16, 103–04 (see also Achooza, Ben-Gurion, Jabotinsky, Katznelson, Meir, Szold, Young Farmer society); spiritual life, 16, 137–38. See also Palestine, socialism, Yiddish

Yizkor, 204

Y. L. Peretz Writer’s Association (New York), 86

YMCA, 151

Young Farmer society, 21–24

Young Judea, 84

Young Poale Zion, 179

Youth Aliyah, 138, 141–42, 154–59; National Youth Aliyah Committee, 159

Zeire Zion. See Poale Zion-Zeire Zion Party

Zionist Commission (WZO), 40, 42, 107, 206–09, 255n. 34, 256n. 44

Zionist Federation, Zionist Organization of America (ZOA), 60–61, 92, 219, 222, 225, 256n. 44; Administrative Council, 232; Ben-Gurion and, 213, 217, 219, 221, 226–27, 232, 237–38; Bialik and, 80–86, 89, 91; Education Department, 147; Jabotinsky and, 39–42, 44–47, 52–55, 62, 89; Katznelson and, 106–07, 112, 117–18, 121; Meir and, 189, 193; National Executive Committee, 83, 221, 227; Szold and, 83, 91, 136, 140, 147, 151, 156–58. See also American Zion Commonwealth, Brandeis, Dos Iddishe Folk, Solomon Goldman, Lipsky, The New Palestine, Pittsburgh Program, Silver, Weizmann

Zionist Smaller (Inner) Actions Commitee (WZO), 219, 224, 231, 233, 238

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Geographic and Name Index

Additional Information

ISBN
9780814344583
Related ISBN
9780814344590
MARC Record
OCLC
1055142971
Pages
389-396
Launched on MUSE
2018-10-02
Language
English
Open Access
Yes
Creative Commons
CC-BY-NC
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