publisher colophon

Contents

        Illustrations

        Acknowledgments

        System of Transliteration

The Seal in the Middle Ages

Jewish Symbols and Legends on Medieval Seals

The Heraldic Shield on Jewish Seals

The Jew as Moneylender

ENGLAND

        Personal Seals

               1. Seal of Jacob of London

               2. Seal of Mildegode the Jew

               3. Seal of Bonefay Son of Barton

               4. Seal of Yosi Son of Bonefay

               5. Seal of Aaron

        Official Seals

               6. Seal of the Jewish Exchequer

        Apocrypha and Falsely Dated “Medieval” Seals

               7. Ritual Hebrew Marker: Kasher

               8. Seal of Nathan Son of Frederic

               9. Seal of Purnel Son of Matthias

The Legal Validity of the Jewish Seal in England

FRANCE

        Personal Seals

             10. Seal of Samson Son of Samson

             11. Seal of Tobiah Son of Master Chiyya

             12. Seal of Meyer Son of Judah

             13. Seal of Chalafta Son of David

             14. Seal of Gedaliah Son of Jekuthiel

             15. Seal of Judah Son of Reuben Chasdai

             16. Seal of Jechiel Son of Menachem Chaim

             17. Seal of Solomon Son of Gedaliah

             18. Seal of Isaac Judah Son of Judah Lobel

             19. Seal of Kalonymos Son of Todros/Moumet of Narbonne

             20. Seal of Todros Son of Kalonymos/Toros Momet

             21. Seal of David Son of Samuel/Mielet of the Portal

             22. Seal of Solomon Vidal of the Portal

             23. Seal of Dulcie of the Portali

             24. Seal of Solomon Son of Joshua/Salamon of the Rampart

             25. Seal of Masip Crechet

             26. Seal of Tobi[ah] Son of Isaac/Cresques

             27. Seal of Kalonymos Son of Solomon/Crescas of Masela

             28. Seal of Josce: The Jew

             29. Seal of Isaac Son of Jacob

             30. Seal of Menesier the Jew of Dôle

             31. Seal of Moiroudi the Jew

             32. Seal of Beniet (or Beniot)

             33. Seal of Jacob Son of Judah, Called Jacob of Nantes

             34. Seal of Aaron Son of David, Called Haranc of Segré

        Official Seals To Confirm Jewish Contracts

             35. Seal of Debt of the Jews of Paris

             36. Counterseal of Debt of the Jews of Paris

             37. Seal of Debt of the Jews of Pontoise

             38. Seal of Debt of the Jews of Provins

             39. Seal of the Jews

Conclusions Regarding Jewish State Seals

        Questionable Seals and Miscellanea

             40. Seal of the Jewish Baliffs of Orgon

             41. Seal of [the Jews of] Avignon

             42. Seal of Bartoli of Alvenno the Jew

             43. Seal of Gervais the Jew

             44. Seal of Aster [or Asterius]

             45. Seal of Astruc of Canoniga

             46. Seal of Simon Judas of Trote

             47. Seal and Counterseal of the Paraige of Jewry [of Metz]

             48. Anti-Semitic Seal of Metz

The Use and Validity of Jewish Seals in French-Speaking Areas

CHRISTIAN SPAIN

The Significance of the Seal

        Personal Seals

             49. Seal of Moses Son of Nachman (Nachmanides)

             50. Seal of Todros Halevi Son of Samuel Halevi of the Levi

             51. Seal of Abraham Son of Saadia

             52. Seal of Seneor Son of Master Don Samuel

             53. Seal of Joseph Son of Judah

             54. Seal of Chaim Son of the Sage Master Chaim Navon (or Nakon)

             55. Seal of Abraham Son of Moses Crudo

             56. Seal of Master Joshua Co[n]stantini

        Community Seals

             57. Seal of the Holy Jewish Community of Seville

        Passover Marking Seals

             58. Seal of Guarded [Pure] Matzoh: N’Astruc Isaac Rossell

             59. Seven Days You Shall Eat Unleavened Bread: In Peace

        Miscellanea

             60. Seal of Judah Son of Abraham

             61. Seal of Jacob

             62. Seal of Jochebed

             63. Seal of Jochebed (or Jochanan)

             64. Seal of Dulce

             65. Seal of Astruga

             66. Seal of Aaron Alnacoua (or Al-Nakawa)

             67. Seal of Tárrega

SOUTHERN SPAIN OR SICILY

             68. Seal of Solomon Son of Isaac

THE HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE

The Relevance of the Seal

The Situation of the Jews in the Empire

        Switzerland

             69. Seal of Mordechai Son of Menachem/Gumprecht

             70. Seal of Moses Son of Menachem/Mose

             71. Seal of Israel Son of Master Samuel/Susman

             72. Seal of Jacob Son of Solomon

             73. Seal of Vivlin Son of Moses/Vifli

             74. Seal of Viflin Son of Master Isaac

             75. Seal of Benjamin

Background of the Swiss Seals

        German States

        Überlingen, Württemberg

             76. Seal of Moses Son’ of Joseph Halevi (Moysse Tannebach)

             77. Seal of Merolt Son of Joseph Halevi

             78. Seal of Meir Son of Asher Halevi (Mayer Aenseli)

        Augsburg, Bavaria

             79. Seal of the Jews in Augsburg

             80. Seal of Asher Son of Pesach Solomon/Lamb

             81. Seal of Judah Son of Baruch Hacohen/Judeli

             82. Seal of Michel the Jew

        Regensburg (Ratisbon), Bavaria

             83. Seal of Petter Son of Moses Halevi

             84. Seal of Gaedel Son of Master Petter Halevi

             85. Seal of Jacob of Ful

             86. Seal of Aferlein Son of Nachman

             87. Seal of Nachman Son of Jacob

             88. Seal of the Community of Regensburg

             89. Seal of the Community of Regensburg

             90. Seal of Gnendel the Jew

             91. Seal of Chalmon [Chalman] the Jew

             92. Seal of Saadia the Jew

             93. Seal of Saadia Son of Eleazar

             94. Seal of Saadia Son of Our Teacher Master Eleazar

             95. Seal of Disslob Daughter of Moses

             96. Seal of Disslaba Daughter of Master Moses

             97. Seal of David Son of Joseph

             98. Seal of Veivel the Jew

             99. Seal of Meir Hesse

           100. Seal of Petter Son of Moses

        Rothenburg, Bavaria

           101. Seal for the Jews in Rothenburg

        Ingolstadt, Bavaria

           102. Seal of Gutmann

        Oettingen-Wallerstein

           103. Seal of Pfefferkorn

        Fürth, Bavaria

           104. So-Called Jewish Community Seal of Fürth

        Ulm, Württemberg

           105. So-called Jewish Community Seal of Ulm

        South and Central Rhineland

           106. Seal of Jacob Son of Nathanael

           107. Seal of Abraham Son of Isaac

           108. Seal of Solomon Son of Samuel

           109. Seal of Moses Son of Isaac

           110. Seal of Michel

           111. Seal of Samuel Son of Isaac

           112. Seal of Jacob Son of Master Nathanael

           113. Seal of Vivelin (the Red)

           114. Seal of Jacob the Jew (the Scribe)

           115. Seal of Joseph

           116. Seal Used by Reynette

           117. Seal of Moses Son of Our Teacher Master Jacob

           118. Seal of Aaron the Jew

           119. Seal of Azriel Son of Menachem

           120. Seal of Joseph (Josel of Rosheim)

           121. Seals of Natan and Six Other Jews

           122. Seal for the Aschaffenburg [Jewish] Debt

           123. Seal of Abraham

           124. Seal of Samuel Son of Abraham

           125. Seal of Joseal [Joselin] Son of Isaac

        The Rhine Flowing North

        Koblenz

           126. Seal of Byfegin

           127. Seal of Jacob Son of Joel

           128. Seal of Anselm Son of Joseph

           129. Seal of Bonheym Son of Joseph

        Cologne

           130. So-Called Jewish Community Seal of Cologne

           131. Seal of Aaron Son of Master Simcha Tson (Selichman Schaifsoen)

           132. Seal of Meyer

           133. Seal of Moyszyn [Moses] Son of Meyer

        Duisburg

           134. Seal of Alert (Converted Jew)

        Dortmund, Westphalia

           135. So-Called Seal of Vyvus

           136. Seal of Vyvelin

        Münster, Westphalia

           137. Seal of Ephraim Son of Jacob/Gumpert

           138. Seal of Simon

           139. Seal of Isaac

           140. Seal of Hartwich Said the Jew

        Minden, Lower Saxony

           141. Seal of Jesse

        Braunschweig (Brunswick), Lower Saxony

           142. Seal of Akiva the Jew

           143. Seal of Abraham the Jew

           144. Seal of Jordan the Jew

        Halberstadt, Magdeburg District

           145. Anti-Semitic Seal of Halberstadt Cathedral

        Magdeburg

           146. Seal of Samuel (of Derenburg)

        Meiningen, Thuringia

           147. Seal of Gutkind [or Gutkint] Jew

        Breslau, Silesia [Wroclaw, Poland]

           148. Seal of Abba Son of Abba

           149. Seal of Jekuthiel Son of Bienush/Kussiel

        Holland

        Gelderland

           150. Seal of Daniel, Said the Jew

           151. Seal of Berwout the Jew

           152. Seal of Johan the Jew

        Austria

        Vienna

           153. Seal of Lublin

           154. Seal of Isaac the Jew

           155. So-Called Jewish Community Seal of Austria

        Klagenfurt, Carinthia

           156. Seal of Suezzlein

           157. Seal of Muschlein

        Crain [Kranj] [Formerly in Carinthia]

           158. Seals of Abraham Son of Jacob, Ishmaël Son of Isaac, and Three Other Jews

        Graz, Styria

           159. Seal of Musch

           160. Seal of Jana Son of Maul

           161. Seal of Nachman Son of Aaron

           162. Seal of Hyrsch Son of Isaac

        Judenburg, Styria

           163. City Seal of Judenburg

        Bohemia and Moravia

           164. Seals of Beness and Pincas

HUNGARY

The Jewish Seal

Count Teka of Austria-Hungary

        Numismatic Evidence for Jewish Counts

                   Count Teka

                   Count Chenok (Ḥenok)

                   Count Altman

                   Count Lublin

                   Count Samuel

                   Count Fredman

        Seals of Mendel and His Descendants

           165. Seal of Mendel

           166. Seal of Jacob Mendel

           167. Seal of Jacob Mendel

           168. Seal of Jacob Mendel

ITALY

        Verona

           169. Seal of the Verona Community

        Mantua

           170. Seal of Mordechai Ben Abraham/Angelo Finzi

           171. Seal of Angelo

           172. Seal of Leone and Jacob Norsa

        Lucca

           173. Seals Used by Isaac da Pisa and David da Tivoli

MISCELLANEA

        Poland

           174. Seal of Bohadamer Raszcicz

        Portugal

           175. Seal of the Chief Rabbi of Portugal

           176. Seal of the Magistrate of the Communities

        Byzantium

           177. Seal of Theudatos Kurkutes[?]

        Islamic Seals

Bibliography

Index

Credits

Previous Chapter

Dedication

Next Chapter

Illustrations

Additional Information

ISBN
9780814344859
MARC Record
OCLC
1055142843
Pages
7-12
Launched on MUSE
2018-10-02
Language
English
Open Access
Yes
Creative Commons
CC-BY-NC-SA
Back To Top

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Without cookies your experience may not be seamless.